The Auction was held on 12/03/19
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Brief letter, regarding the Eretz Israel fund and containing blessings for a good year, handwritten and signed by R. Tzvi Hirsch Lehren, president of the Pekidim and Amarkalim, addressed to R. Chaim Avraham Gagin Rabbi of Jerusalem. Amsterdam, 1837.
In the letter, dated 7th Elul 1837, R. Tzvi Hirsch Lehren blesses R. Avraham Chaim Gagin: "May his honor, our beloved friend, the outstanding Torah scholar and kabbalist… R. Chaim Avraham Gagin, be inscribed and sealed immediately in the book of good life…". R. Tzvi Hirsch then requests that R. Avraham Chaim should personally deliver what is enclosed, and signs: "Tzvi Hirschel son of R. Avraham Moshe Lehren".
The letter presumably pertains to charity funds which R. Tzvi Hirsch Lehren, head of the Pekidim and Amarkalim, sent from Amsterdam to Eretz Israel, to the hands of R. Gagin, so that he may distribute them himself to the recipients.
On the verso of the leaf: "To the holy city, Jerusalem, to the hands of R. Chaim Avraham Gagin"
R. Tzvi Hirsch Lehren of Amsterdam (1784-1853) was the founder and head of the Pekidim and Amarkalim society, which centralized the fundraising for Eretz Israel, from the communities of western and central Europe, and transferred the funds to their destination, to benefit the settlement in the Holy Land.
 leaf, 22X17.5 cm. Fair condition. Hole to center of text, with old paper repair and replacement of text. Marginal tears, not affecting text. Stains. Wear. Folding marks.
Torah finials ornamented with a Star of David. [Iraq?, first decades of the 20th century].
Silver, cast and engraved; granulation.
Conical rhombus-shaped finials, topped with a spherical knop and a Star of David with the word "Zion" within. The finials are decorated with engraved foliate and floral patterns and granulation, and with five chains with bells.
Height: approx. 27 cm. Good condition. Bends. Some fractures.
Zohar, Part II, Shemot. Brody: R. Moshe Leib Harmelin, 1873.
On the front endpaper, handwritten signature: "Avraham Yehoshua Heshel son of R. Gedalia of Malyn, residing in Radomyshl", and inscriptions of names for prayer and blessing. On the first page following the title page, stamp of R. "Tzvi Hirsh Rokeach son-in-law of the rabbi of Alesk". A notepaper containing a handwritten inscription of a curative segulah formula was found between the leaves.
Rebbe Avraham Yehoshua Heshel Twersky (d. 1919, Encyclopedia of Chassidut, I, p. 96), eighth generation from the Baal Shem Tov, son of R. Gedalia of Malyn (who was the grandson and disciple of R. Aharon of Chernobyl, and son of R. Yisrael of Breslov, descendant of R. Nachman of Breslov and of the Baal Shem Tov). R. Avraham Yehoshua Heshel's wife was the granddaughter of R. Chanoch Heinich Meyer of Alesk (Olesko), author of Lev Same'ach (she was presumably the daughter of Rebbe Tzvi Hirsh Rokeach son-in-law of the Lev Same'ach, whose stamps appear in this book). R. Avraham Yehoshua Heshel succeeded his father as rebbe of Malyn in Radomyshl. He was murdered together with his son R. Gedalia in the pogrom against Radomyshl's Jews in Iyar 1919. His son and successor was Rebbe Chanoch Heinich Dov Twersky of Lev Same'ach (1886-1971), who was born in Alesk and served as rebbe in place of his father in Malyn. In 1924, he immigrated to the United States, founding the Lev Same'ach community in Chicago, and in 1968, he immigrated to Jerusalem.
His father-in-law [?], Rebbe Tzvi Hirsh Rokeach (Encyclopedia of Chassidut, III, p. 614), son of R. Sender, who was the son of R. Eliezer, eldest son of the Sar Shalom, Rebbe of Belz. R. Tzvi Hirsh was the son-in-law of Rebbe Chanoch Heinich Dov of Alesk, author of Lev Same'ach, who was the son-in-law of the Sar Shalom of Belz.
, 1, 3-280 leaves. 20 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains. Worming. Worming affecting the Rebbe's signature. Original leather binding, damaged.
LeZecher LeYisrael, on Pirkei Avot and Talmudic novellae, by R. Yechiel Michel son of R. Tzvi Hirsh. Vilna-Horodna: Menachem Mann and Simcha Zimmel, 1833. On the verso of the title page, censorship stamp and handwritten signature in Russian.
Signatures and ownership inscriptions of R. Yitzchak Isek Lifshitz of Neshviz, and of R. "Yehuda… Lifshitz". On the back endpaper, ownership inscriptions of R. Shimshon Zakow of Ruzhany and R. Shmuel Leib Levin.
The author was a disciple of R. Chaim of Volozhin, and he founded his teacher's yeshiva in Volozhin, where he served as lecturer for seven years (R. Hillel of Horodna, son-in-law of R. Chaim, writes that "the yeshiva in Volozhin was founded by him, and he studied there, and taught many disciples before my father-in-law R. Chaim"). He later established a yeshiva in Minsk, which he relates to in the preface to this book.
This copy includes 4 rare leaves, "In Commemoration of the Donors", which were appended to some of the copies only. These four leaves contain: regulations of the Minsk yeshiva; correspondence between the rabbis of Minsk and R. Itzele of Volozhin regarding the Minsk yeshiva; letter of R. Hillel of Horodna, son-in-law of R. Chaim of Volozhin; and yeshiva donors listed according to the various Lithuanian towns.
, , 36; 10 leaves. 21.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Wide margins. High-quality paper, with stains and worming. Detached leaves. Original binding, damaged and detached, lacking spine.
Regarding the author, see: An Anonymous Yeshiva Dean in Volozhin - R. Yechiel Michel of Neshviz, Y. Rivkind, Sefer Turov, Boston, 1938.
Manuscript, Et Sofer, texts of marriage, divorce and other documents. El Jadida, Morocco, [20th century?].
Semi-cursive Sephardic script. The first page features a flowery text serving as title page, with the name of the book and place of writing. The book includes the texts of many monetary and marriage related contracts.
Inscription on front cover: "This is my Et Sofer, Señor [word deleted] HaKohen".
, 1-3, 5-62, 64-70 leaves. Lacking leaves 4 and 63. Altogether:  leaves. 18 cm. Good condition. Stains. Several detached leaves. Several places reinforced with tape. Original binding, partially detached, with damage.
Manuscript, sample booklet of a composition, supercommentary to Rashi on the Torah and to Rashi's commentators, by R. Meir son of R. Nachman HaLevi. [Samov (Belarus), ca. 1870].
The booklet begins with the copying of an approbation by R. Yosef Shaul Nathansohn, author of Shoel UMeshiv, written in Lviv, Shevat 1870; and the copying of an approbation by R. Baruch son of R. Sh. Kahana - the rabbi of Yelisavet (Kropyvnytskyi) author of Mekor Baruch VeSefer HaDerushim (R. Baruch Kitaiski of Minsk, a Belarusian rabbi and chassid of the Maharash of Lubavitch). The approbations are followed by a preface and introduction. On the last page: "One Grain as a Sample" of the composition, and at the foot of the page, an inscription disclosing the author's place of residence: "I did not write this in Horki, since I am presently residing in Samov with my son Zalman, and only one booklet is with me here".
The composition, of which this is a sample, was presumably never published. The name of the author is also not known from any other source. The Samov and Horki towns in Belarus (in the Minsk and Mohilev governates), where typically Chabad towns, with a predominance of residents who were Lubavitch chassidim. The Chabad rabbi, R. Meshulam Zalman Neumark (see item 262; and Kedem Auction 63, item 131) served as rabbi of Horki (near Shklow and Lubavitch) between ca. 1850-1862, and in Samov, ca. 1850, R. Eliyahu David son of R. Moshe, who exchanged halachic correspondence with the Tzemach Tzedek, served as posek (see: Indexes to Responsa Tzemach Tzedek, list of rabbis who posed questions, p. 164).
 pages. 17 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains and wear.
Tirat Kesef, homily on the Torah and eulogies, by R. Chaim Avraham Gattegno. Salonika, . Only edition.
Calligraphic signature at the top of the title page: "The young David Farhi". Alongside the signature, R. David Farhi added an inscription recording the locations of his glosses in the book: "I will say all that is noted in the margins, p. 244b, p. 262a, p. 226a". Indeed, handwritten glosses appear on pp. 244b and 262a. A particularly lengthy gloss on leaf 244, beginning with: "These are the words of David…". The lower margin of leaf 226, where the gloss was presumably inscribed, was trimmed (perhaps due to him retracting his words).
We were not able to ascertain the identity of this R. David Farhi, signer and writer of these glosses. He may have been a member of the noted Farhi family from Damascus (whom R. Chaim Farhi belonged to), or perhaps a Torah scholar of Izmir or Salonica. He may have been the father-in-law of R. Moshe Israel of Rhodes, who quotes his father-in-law's responsa in his book Moshe Yedaber (Salonika, 1815).
Other ownership inscriptions on the title page: "Acquired from the wealthy philanthropist R. Binyamin Mosseri"; "And I acquired it, I the young Shlomo Suchami"; "The young Bechor Matzliach Taconi".
, 320 leaves. 30.5 cm. Fair condition. Stains and dampstains. Worming, affecting text. Tear to title page, repaired, and tears to several other leaves. Library stamps. Non-original binding.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. Chaim Nathansohn Rabbi of Wreshna (Września), addressed to R. Eliyahu Guttmacher Rabbi of Greiditz (Grodzisk Wielkopolski). Wreshna, Elul 1855.
In the letter, R. Chaim relates that the fundraising for Kollel Warsaw (Kollel Polin) in his region is under his responsibility, and ends the letter with blessings for a good year "…for him and his household for posterity, they should be inscribed for good life in the book of the absolute righteous on the upcoming Rosh Hashana". At the beginning of the letter, R. Chaim Nathansohn mentions his mourning over his eldest son "who passed away before his time… in the city of Toruń from cholera… and still today, my heart is not with me since solace is concealed from my eyes…".
R. Chaim Nathansohn (1814-1878), a disciple of R. Akiva Eger Rabbi of Posen (Poznań). A son-in-law of R. David Weisskopf Rabbi of the principality of Wallerstein. A leading rabbi in north-western Poland (region of Posen and the vicinity, then known as Greater Poland, later under German rulership). In 1858, he left the rabbinate in favor of studying in the Kloiz of R. Leib son of R. Shaul in Hamburg (the men studying in the Hamburg Kloiz were leading Torah scholars, including illustrious rabbis who quit their rabbinic position and moved to Hamburg to delve in Torah and worship of G-d, and were supported by a monthly stipend provided from the endowments of the wealthy founder of the Kloiz, R. Leib son of R. Shaul). In 1872, he published Avoda Tama against the initiative of R. Kalischer to renew the offering up of sacrifices in present times. In his preface to this book, he mentions and blesses his only son, R. Avraham. This letter discloses that he once had another son, who passed away at a young age in 1855. His book Even HaTo'im on the laws of cooking on Shabbat was published in 1890.
 double leaf. 21 cm. Good condition. Folding marks. Address inscribed on the back leaf.
Printed Tena'im, Jerusalem: Sh. Weingarten. Filled in by hand, for the betrothal of the groom R. Aryeh Leib Finkel son of R. Chaim Zev Finkel, to the bride Esther Gittel daughter of R. Shmuel Aharon Yudelevitch. Jerusalem, Shevat 1953.
Signed by the witnesses: R. "Zalman Rotberg" (later dean of the Beit Meir yeshiva, and member of the Moetzet Gedolei HaTorah) and R. "Moshe Mordechai Tz---?". The Tena'im was filled-in in the beautiful handwriting of the bride's grandfather R. Aryeh Levin (the Tzadik of Jerusalem, father-in-law of R. Shmuel Aharon Yudelevitch). The guarantors listed in the Tena'im are R. Chaim Leib (Shmuelevitz, uncle of the groom) and R. Aharon Jacobovitz (uncle of the bride, son-in-law of R. Aryeh Levin).
The groom R. Aryeh Leib Finkel (1931-2016), later served as a dean of the Mir yeshiva in Jerusalem and Modiin Illit (Mir-Brachfeld). A member of the Moetzet Gedolei HaTorah of Degel HaTorah. He was renowned for his righteousness and erudition, for his profound lectures and moving discourses. He greeted one and all with a hearty smile, and showed concern for his fellow Jew with exceptional friendliness and warmth. Many would turn to him in quest of blessings and salvation, and to merit to gaze upon his glowing countenance. He was a member of the directorate of reputed charity organizations and participated in the prayer journeys they arranged to the gravesites of great rabbis in Europe. Since its founding by a group of his disciples, he also served as president of the international youth organization Avot UBanim (where fathers and sons learn together on Shabbat and festivals).
 leaf. 41 cm. Good condition. Folding marks and filing holes.
Two manuscripts of Torah thoughts, handwritten by Hungarian rabbis in the 19th century:
• Letter handwritten and signed by R. Shaul Friedenthal head of the Bonyhád Beit Din, addressed to R. Eliyahu Menachem Goitein Rabbi of Hőgyész. At the foot of the letter, a draft of the reply letter appears, handwritten and signed by R. Eliyahu Menachem Goitein. Bonyhád and Hőgyész, Adar I 1867.
• Official stationery paper of R. Eliyahu Menachem Goitein Rabbi of Hőgyész - four pages of Torah novellae in his handwriting.
R. Eliyahu Menachem Goitein (1839-1902. Otzar HaRabbanim 2287), son and successor of R. Tzvi Hirsh Goitein Rabbi of Hőgyész (d. 1859. Otzar HaRabbanim 17220), and grandson of R. Bendit Goitein Rabbi of Hőgyész, author of Kesef Nivchar (1770-1841. Otzar HaRabbanim 4191). The Torah novellae of these three generation of Hőgyész rabbis were published in the book Zichron Avot (The Kesef Nivchar and his Descendants, Bnei Brak, 1971). These manuscripts were not included in the book (section 71 contains a lengthy correspondence between R. Shaul Friedenthal, other rabbis and R. Eliyahu Menachem, on the topic discussed in these letters. The published letters are from the dates: Rosh Chodesh Adar I Eve 1867, 2nd Adar I, 14th Adar I, 20th Adar II - yet this letter from R. Friedenthal dated 8th Adar I 1867 was not included).
R. Shaul Friedenthal (d. 1883. Otzar HaRabbanim 17986) was the head of the Bonyhád Beit Din, a position he held for 50 years (since 1833). Son of R. Yehuda Leib Lisa Rabbi of Rechnitz (Otzar HaRabbanim 7326), and son-in-law of R. Shmelke Meisels Rabbi of Jelšovce (1781-1855. Otzar HaRabbanim 19656). In 1856, he published Geviat Shmuel - ethical will of his father-in-law R. Shmelke Meisels and eulogies.
2 items, 5 written pages. Varying size, good condition. Stains.
Beit Hillel, Parts I and II, on Shulchan Aruch Yoreh De'ah and Even HaEzer, by R. Hillel Hertz. Dyhernfurth: R. Shabtai Meshorer Bass author of the Siftei Chachamim super commentary to Rashi on the Torah, . First edition. Bound with: Knesset HaGedola, on Shulchan Aruch Choshen Mishpat, by R. Chaim Benveniste. Fürth, . Second edition.
On the title page of Beit Hillel, several ownership inscriptions (partially trimmed and deleted): "Acquisition of my money… Zelig Bielfel[d], 17th Adar 1714…"; "…Binyamin son of R. Hirsch Nieder---"; "Presented to me as a gift --- son of R. Zalman ---"; stamp of Baron Wilhelm Carl von Rothschild's collection (from Frankfurt); and more. Signature on the title page of Knesset HaGedola: "Zelig Bielfeld".
R. Binyamin Niederhofheim (1810-1855), owner of this book, was a merchant and outstanding Torah scholar, a renowned and expert Mohel (who circumcised 7,110 babies!). A prominent member of the Frankfurt am Main community in the time of R. Shimshon Refael Hirsch (he even merited to have R. Shimshon Refael Hirsch buried near him). He authored Dinei Milah - a composition printed in R. Moshe Brück's Sefer HaBrit (Frankfurt am Main, 1841). He hosted in his home the minyam (prayer quorum) perpetuating the distinctive customs of R. Natan Adler of Frankfurt am Main, teacher of the Chatam Sofer. R. Natan Adler had originally established a private minyan in his home, which prayed following the Sephardi rite. After his passing, his disciple R. Leib Emmerich upheld this minyan, and in 1818, it was transferred to the home of the son-in-law of his son-in-law, R. Binyamin Niederhofheim, where it continued being held until the Holocaust, and was known as the "Niederhofheim'sche Shul". R. Binyamin owned a large private library, which also included rare manuscripts.
Two books in one volume. , 134; , 49; 196 leaves. 29.5 cm. Several darkened leaves. Most leaves in good condition. Stains. Marginal worming to title page and several subsequent leaves. Ink stain to foot of title page, with tears from ink erosion. Old binding, with damage.
Biur Milot HaHigayon by the Rambam, with the commentary of "R. Moshe of Dessau author of Netivot HaShalom" (Moshe Mendelssohn). Berlin, 1784.
Copy of R. Binyamin Wolf Hamburg of Fürth. On the title page, subsequent leaf and last leaf, ownership inscriptions and signatures in his handwriting: "I acquired it with my wealth in honor of my Creator, Wolf Hamburger here, Fürth", "I acquired it with my wealth in honor of my Rock and Creator, Wolf Hamburger son of R. Lipman Hamburger, residing here - Fürth".
R. Avraham Binyamin Zev Wolf Hamburg (1770-1850) was a leading German rabbi in his generation. A close disciple of the Maharzach, author of Bigdei Kehuna, and his successor as rabbi and yeshiva dean of Fürth. An outstanding Torah scholar and leader of German Jewry, he was also a wealthy figure. He authored Shaar HaZekenim (two parts), Simlat Binyamin and others. A native of Fürth, he was raised and continued elevating himself there, later replacing his teacher the Maharzach in various functions, and after the latter's passing, succeeding him in all his positions, as rabbi and yeshiva dean. He battled against the Reform movement, and during his tenure, the yeshiva was shut down due to his refusal to introduce secular subjects and transform it into a modern seminary for rabbinical training. He expended almost all his wealth on this battle. He edified many disciples, including R. Yaakov Yukev Ettlinger, the Aruch LaNer. The Chatam Sofer in his letters to him addresses him as "The outstanding and renowned Torah scholar… a double-edged sword… first to speak up in every place…". The Ketav Sofer eulogized him: "The prominent Torah scholar, erudite and sharp… who served as yeshiva dean for many years in Fürth, he was the leading Torah scholar of the generation and a righteous man, pillar of the world, stood in the breach to stave off destructive forces, he gave up his life for Torah and fulfilled the commandment of loving G-d with all one's being and possessions - even if He takes one's life and wealth" (see: Kinstlicher, Ishim UTeshuvot Chatam Sofer, pp. 39-40; see Hamburger, HaYeshiva HaRama BeFiurda, vol. III, pp. 35-144 for a detailed biography of R. Wolf Hamburg).
, 30 leaves. 20 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains and wear. Binding damaged, lacking back cover.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. Moshe Freund-Grieshaber. [Gyönk, 1868].
Addressed to his friend R. Eliyahu Menachem Goitein Rabbi of Hőgyész. Lengthy letter, mostly consisting of Torah thoughts. He mentions in passing a thought he heard from his teacher the Chatam Sofer, who remarked that pilpul is considered the crown of the Torah.
At the end of the letter, he writes in a somewhat enigmatic way, about buying copies of "the renowned book which is a great necessity for upholding Torah observance". He writes that he agreed together with R. Avraham Pollak to purchase ten copies of the book, and is willing to absorb the cost if he does not succeed in selling them. It is unclear which book he is referring to. This letter was published in Zichron Avot, 1971 (section 81), together with a letter which R. Eliyahu Menachem had sent earlier to R. Moshe Freund. That letter also mentions the book only in elusive terms, yet it appears that R. Azriel Hildesheimer, close friend of R. Eliyahu Menachem, was also involved in this matter.
R. Moshe Freund-Grieshaber (also known as R. Moshe Paks, 1797-1873), leading disciple of the Chatam Sofer. Son of R. Yitzchak Itzek Grieshaber-Freund Rabbi of Paks. After his marriage in 1815 to the daughter of a wealthy man from Gyönk, he settled there, delving in Torah and worship of G-d without needing to serve as rabbi. Several of the Chatam Sofer's responsa are addressed to him (see: Kinstlicher, HaChatam Sofer VeTalmidav, pp. 358-360).
The recipient of the letter, R. Eliyahu Menachem Goitein (1838-1902), was the son of R. Tzvi Hirsch Goitein and grandson of R. Baruch Bendit Goitein author of Kesef Nivchar. He was a disciple of the Ketav Sofer. Like his father and grandfather, he served as rabbi of Hőgyész. See previous item.
 double leaf. 21 cm. Fair-poor condition. Thin paper, dark ink showing through to verso, tears from ink erosion, affecting text.
Four letters related to R. Pinchas Shlomo HaLevi Reisels, who served as a shochet and bodek in the town of Slisht (Sosnove). These include three letters of protest by rabbis of Zvhil (Novohrad-Volynskyi) and Rivne, which were sent to the rabbi of Slisht upon his dismissal as shochet and bodek, and a lithograph letter by Rebbe Moshe Mordechai Twersky of Makariv sent to R. Pinchas Shlomo.
1-2. Two large leaves, a letter from R. Moshe Shmuel Sde-Lavan Rabbi of Zvhil (author of Nachalat Avot, Jerusalem 1926), to R. Mordechai Merkil Rabbi of Slisht. Zvhil, 1900. Protest against the dismissal of R. Pinchas Shlomo HaLevi Reisels from his position.
On the verso of the same leaf, after the end of R. Moshe Shmuel's letter, is the beginning of another letter from R. Yitzchak Shlomo Yoel Sherman Rabbi of Rivne. Rabbi Sherman's letter continues on another leaf. This letter, too, is addressed to R. Mordechai Merkil Rabbi of Slisht, protesting his dismissal.
3. Letter by R. Shmuel Rothenberg, dayan and posek in Rivne, to R. Mordechai Merkil Rabbi of Slisht concerning the same issue.
4. Lithograph of a handwritten letter, by Rebbe Moshe Mordechai Twersky of Makariv, containing a request to give a donation to his emissary "R. Chaim Ze'ev Shapira". Sent to "R. Pinchas Shlomo shochet and bodek" (the aforementioned R. Pinchas Shlomo Reisels). The names of the recipient and of the emissary are filled in by hand (apparently, in the Rebbe's handwriting).
Rebbe Moshe Mordechai Twersky of Makariv (1845-1920, Encyclopedia of Chasidut, III, pp. 363-364), son of Rebbe Yaakov Yitzchak of Makariv, descended from the Chernobyl dynasty. Son-in-law of Rebbe Yehoshua of Belz. In 1892 he was appointed Rebbe in Makariv, and in 1910 relocated to Berdychiv.
4 documents. Size varies. Fair condition. Stains, tears and wear.
These letters have been published with an extensive introduction by R. Moshe Shochet, in the Bet Aharon V'Yisrael anthology, Year 33, Issue 1 (193), Tishrei-Cheshvan 5778, pp. 28-36.
Avodat Yisrael, Israelitish Prayer Book, for all the public services of the year, edited by M. [Marcus] Jastrow. Philadelphia, 1885. Hebrew and English. Two volumes.
Non-traditional siddur and machzor, based on Ashkenazi-rite. Hebrew with English translation, on facing pages. Stereotyped from the 1873 Philadelphia edition.
Separate title page: Songs and prayers and meditations for Divine services of Israelites. Compiled by B. [Benjamin] Szold. This part contains poems and prayers in English, translated from German by Marcus Jastrow.
Five parts in two volumes. Vol. I: VIII, 124, , 530-590, , 104, IV pages. Vol. II: , 128-526 pages. 18 cm. Overall good condition. Stains. Several detached leaves. Original binding, with minor damage.
Singerman 2399 (mentioned there in a note). Not listed in Goldman.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. Amram Tzvi Grünwald, "writing at the behest of the Rebbe", regarding fundraising. Addressed to "The great Torah scholar… rabbi of Shotz (Suceava)". [No place and date indicated, presumably Visheve, ca. 1935].
R. Amram Tzvi Grünwald (1907-1951), was a renowned and righteous Torah scholar. Grandson of R. Moshe Grünwald Rabbi of Khust author of Arugat HaBosem, and son of R. Yekutiel Yehuda Grünwald Rabbi of Yara (Yaruha). He was the disciple of his uncle R. Avraham Yosef Grünwald Rabbi of Ungvar author of Avnei Shoham, and of his great-uncle R. Eliezer David Grünwald Rabbi of Satmar author of Keren LeDavid. Following his wedding, he settled in Oyber-Visheve (Vişeu de Sus), and after several years, was appointed maggid and posek of the city. In ca. 1935, the rabbi of the city Rebbe Menachem Mendel Hager travelled to the United States, and appointed R. Amram Tzvi to replace him as head of the yeshiva (it is unclear on behalf of which Rebbe this letter was written: whether on behalf of Rebbe Menachem Mendel Rabbi of Visheve, in whose yeshiva R. Amram Tzvi served as lecturer, or perhaps in the name of his teacher, his great-uncle R. Eliezer David Grünwald, while studying under him in the Satmar yeshiva, in his youth in the 1920s]. Following the Holocaust, in which he lost his wife and entire family, he remarried and served as rabbi in the Föhrenwald DP camp. In 1949, he reached the United States, yet shortly later passed away suddenly at the age of 45. His surviving novellae where published in Zichron Amram Tzvi (Brooklyn N.Y., 2010).
 leaf. 14.5X11.5 cm. Good condition. Stains.
Two books printed in Karlsruhe, bearing signatures of R. Meir (Marcus) Lehmann, Rabbi of Mainz, foremost Orthodox rabbi and author in 19th century Germany.
• Yaarot Devash, homilies by R. Yehonatan Eybeschutz. Part I. Karlsruhe, . First edition. Signature on title page: "Meir Lehmann", and other handwritten inscriptions.
, 116 leaves. 20.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Wear and stains. Detached leaves. Original binding, torn and damaged.
• Shemot BaAretz. Novellae on Tractates Rosh Hashanah, Yoma and Sukkah, by R. Moshe ibn Chaviv, author of Get Pashut. Karlsruhe, . Second edition. Signature on title page: "Meir Lehmann"; early ownership inscription signed "…Yaakov Schwab" and other handwritten inscriptions.
, 16; 30; 41 leaves. 33.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains and wear. Original, quarter-leather binding, slightly damaged.
R. Meir (Marcus) Lehmann (1831-1890), Rabbi of Mainz, was a foremost German rabbi, editor of Der Israelit and champion of Jewish Orthodoxy in Germany. He composed many books, including commentaries to Pirkei Avot and to the Bible, books of Jewish thought and philosophy, in addition to dozens of story books written with the purpose of drawing Jewish youth to fear of G-d and moral conduct.
Leaf of a manuscript, two large pages handwritten and signed by R. Avraham Yitzchak Glick Rabbi of Tolcsva.
A fragment of his responsa notebook (leaf 31), containing the end of section 76 with his signature "Avraham Yitzchak Glick", section 77 with his signature, and the beginning of section 78 (these responsa were numbered 76-78 in the notebook, but in the printed book Responsa Yad Yitzchak, part III, Satmar, 1909, they were numbered 74-76. By comparison of the printed text with this manuscript, it appears that the book was printed based on this manuscript, with a few copying errors and omissions).
R. Avraham Yitzchak Glick, author of Yad Yitzchak (1826-1909), renowned Torah scholar and leading Hungarian posek. He served as rabbi of Tolcsva for over 50 years (from 1858) and was considered one of the foremost Halachic authorities in Hungary. Many rabbis took pride in the semicha they received from him, and in some Hungarian communities, a semicha from him was a precondition for rabbinical appointments. He studied the writings of his grandfather, the Maharam Banet (father of his father-in-law, R. Yeshaya Banet, rabbi of Kalov) extensively, and published his books: Responsa Parashat Mordechai, and others.
 leaf. 33 cm. Two pages of tiny, close handwriting, approx. 130 lines. Fair condition. Wear and stains. Tears, repaired.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. Chaim Berlin. [Kobryn, 1895].
Letter requesting to assist R. Gedalia Leib Kreitman, emissary of the Etz Chaim yeshiva in Jerusalem which was under the superintendence of R. Chaim Berlin ("the Etz Chaim yeshiva, founded by leading Torah scholars of Jerusalem, and whose matters are under my supervision for the past thirty years…"), emphasizing the importance of supporting Torah study in Eretz Israel: "…since no Torah study is comparable to that of Eretz Israel, behold it is our duty… to courageously go out… to bolster this great, holy and lofty matter…", with blessings for "longevity in peace and tranquility… he will continue flourishing in his old age… and his prominence will be raised in his community…". The recipient of the letter is R. Shlomo Dov Ber Filstein, posek in Odessa. His name was erased (scratched away) from the opening sentence of the letter.
R. Chaim Berlin (1832-1912), foremost Torah scholar in his generation, was an illustrious Torah figure of Lithuania and Jerusalem. Eldest son of the Netziv of Volozhin. He served as chief rabbi of Moscow, and his Torah influence spread throughout Russia. He served for a while as yeshiva dean and rabbi in Volozhin, and in the rabbinates of Kobryn and Yelisavetgrad (Kropyvnytskyi). He immigrated to Jerusalem in 1906, where he soon became recognized as a leading rabbinic authority in the city.
Letter,  pages. Approx. 21 cm. Fair condition. Stains. Large tears to margins and folding marks, affecting text, repaired with acidic tape.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. Eliezer Deutsch, Bonyhád, [ca. 1900-1910s].
Halachic responsum addressed to the young man, R. Daniel Fuchs son of "the great Torah scholar of Grosswardein (Oradea)" (R. Moshe Hirsch Fuchs Rabbi of Grosswardein). R. Eliezer Deutsch notes that "I already wrote about this at length in a responsum to Deutschland… and I do not wish to go into further detail". Further in the letter, R. Eliezer Deutsch advises him to turn to his father, the great Torah scholar, with his questions: "…and forgive me for not responding in detail, in something which is not so necessary, especially since he has someone whom he can ask - his father, my close friend, R. ---, whose eyes are open in the sea of Talmud and halachic literature…".
R. Eliezer Chaim Deutsch (1850-1915), foremost halachic authority of his generation, a renowned Hungarian Torah scholar. A disciple of R. Yehuda Aszód and of R. Meir Eisenstädter. He authored Responsa Pri HaSadeh, Tevuot HaSadeh, Helkat HaSadeh and more. In 1876, he was appointed rabbi of Hanoshovitz (Hanušovce), and in 1897, went to serve as rabbi of Bonyhád. His son was R. Moshe Deutsch Rabbi of Lemesh (Lemešany) and his son-in-law was R. Yosef HaKohen Schwartz author of VaYelaket Yosef.
 leaf. 20.5 cm. Approx. 18 autograph lines. Good condition. Minor tears to folds, with some repairs to verso.
A large decorated vase with a matching plate. Iran, ca. mid-20th century.
Silver (marked), cast, engraved and repouseé.
A gadrooned vase, decorated with symmetric vegetal patterns and medallions. Narrow-waisted, widening towards its rim. The vase is accompanied by a matching scalloped plate, decorated with finely engraved vegetal and symmetric geometric patterns.
Height: 14.5 cm. Diameter of rim: 8.5 cm. Diameter of plate: 16.5 cm. Good condition. Some bends.
Literature: Lights and Shadows, the Story of Iranian Jews (Hebrew). Tel Aviv: The Museum of the Diaspora, Museum of the Jewish People, 2010. P. 195.
Sefer HaShorashim, Part II of HaMichlol authored by R. David Kimchi (the Radak). Venice: Daniel Bomberg, 1546.
The title page contains various signatures in cursive and square Sephardic script: "Avraham Rofeh son of R. Chalfon Rofeh"; "Avraham son of R. Chalfon HaRofeh"; "Shlomo Rofeh son of R. Avraham Rofeh"; "Yaakov son of Sonbal"; and other inscriptions and signatures. Handwritten inscriptions in Arabic on the verso of the title page and on the last page.
143,  leaf. 28.5 cm. Fair-good condition. Stains and wear. Damage and worming to the title page and several other leaves. Tears to the first two leaves, repaired with paper. Tears (repaired) and glue stains to the last two leaves. Margins of some leaves trimmed on text border, slightly affecting the verse references in the margins. New, cloth-covered, quarter-leather binding.
Provenance: Collection of Dr. Israel Mehlman.
Siddur Beit Tefillah, prayers for the whole year, according to Sephardi rite. Pisa ("Amsterdam typeface"): Samuel Molcho, .
Miniature volume, with original leather binding.
, 210 leaves. 7.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains. Several detached leaves. Early leather binding, with gilt embossed ornaments (owner's initials: R.G.). Damage and tears to binding.
Ben Tzion, prayers and kabbalah, piyyutim and poems, by R. Yosef son of R. Elimelech of Turobin. Amsterdam: R. Moshe son of Avraham Avinu, . Illustrated title page with ornamental borders and figures.
Includes the text of LeShem Yichud for many mitzvot, examples of flowery introductory sentences to letters, and plays consisting of dialogs between the Good inclination and the Evil inclination.
The title on p. 2, "Approbations of the three shepherds, prominent Torah scholars… of the Sephardi and Ashkenazi communities in Amsterdam", is followed by an approbation signed by one signatory only, R. Moshe Yehuda son of R. Kalonymus HaKohen, rabbi of the Ashkenazi community in Amsterdam. He describes the author: "The elderly Torah scholar, R. Yosef son of R. Elimelech, resident of Poland, from the community of Turobin".
Signature on the title page of "Feivelmann son of R. Seligmann [Gold---?]". Signature on p. 27b from 1724: "I, Falk son of Shlomo Zalman. 1724".
, 35 leaves. 14.5 cm. Varying condition, fair-good to fair-poor. Wear and stains. Severe worming to approx. half the leaves, with loss of text, professionally repaired with paper. New, cloth binding.
Shulchan HaTahor, abridged halachot for the whole year, based on Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim and Yoreh De'ah, by R. David Pardo, with the Rema's additions inserted by R. Tzvi Hirsh son of R. Itzek Premishla. Amsterdam, .
Miniature volume. Title within fine engraved border (depicting a deer at the top in reference to the publisher's name R. Tzvi Hirsch Premishla. At the bottom is an illustration of three men sitting by a table, alluding to the name of the book).
, 92 leaves. 9.5 cm. Good condition. A few stains. Minor marginal damage to title page. Margins of a few leaves trimmed close to text. Worming to endpapers. Original leather binding, with gilt ornaments. Damage and worming to binding.
This edition is listed in the Bibliography of the Hebrew Book according to a copy from a private collection.
Tov VeYafeh, regarding faith and grammar, by R. Yehuda Leib Margolies of Zborov (Zboriv), rabbi of Frankfurt an der Oder. Frankfurt an der Oder, . Only edition. The book is divided into three "gates": Shaar HaMelech - G-d's unity, Shaar HaTorah - grammar, and Shaar HaTefillah - "regarding prayer and its benefit".
Author's dedication in tiny handwriting at the top of the title page: "…the great Torah scholar, astute and erudite… Yehuda Leib Rabbi of Mezeritch… it is a gift sent to you, Yehuda Leib son of R. A.Z. Margolies". The dedication is dated in his handwriting: "Today… first day of Rosh Chodesh Adar, year [---?]. Another signature on the title page: "Moshe son of R. Leib Segal".
R. Yehuda Leib Margolies (1747-1811), one of the renowned and leading Torah scholars of his generation. He served as rabbi of Shebreshin (Szczebrzeszyn), Plotsk (Płock), Leslau (Włocławek) and Frankfurt an der Oder (where he succeeded the Pri Megadim), receiving his rabbinical ordination from the Noda BiYehuda. He exchanged halachic correspondence with R. Yaakov of Lissa and other leading contemporary rabbis. He presented before the Gaon of Vilna a large booklet of novellae he had composed to resolve a difficulty on the words of the Mordechai in tractate Shevuot. The Gaon reviewed his deep words in one instant, and immediately responded that there is no question to begin with, since there is a scribal error in the words of the Mordechai (Aliyot Eliyahu, 31b). He authored: Responsa Pri Tevua, Korban Reshit, Or Olam, Beit Middot, Beit Tefillah, Tal Orot, and more.
The Noda BiYehuda acclaims him in the approbation he accorded to one of his books: "R. Yehuda Leib son of R. Asher Zelig of Zborov… he was here [in Prague] for a few days, and delivered sermons in several synagogues, and on Shabbat, he preached in the Altneuschul, and I noticed that he has straight reasoning and pure intellect, and also in my home he voiced his thoughts several times… and he draws the hearts of his listeners to fear of G-d through words of mussar which are sweeter than honey, as he is proficient in books like Akeda and Ikrim, therefore it is my duty to publicize his praise".
21 leaves. Lacking last leaf. 15.5 cm. Good condition. Stains and wear. Inner margins of title page and last five leaves reinforced with tape. Top of dedication damaged and trimmed. New binding.
Machzor LeMoadei HaShem (The Festival Prayers), for the Three Festivals and High Holidays, according to Polish-rite, with English translation. London, 1860. Hebrew and English. Six volumes.
Complete set of six volumes. Pagination varies. 17.5 cm. Good condition. Stains. Gilt edges. Original leather bindings and gilt clasps. Damage and wear to bindings.
Manuscript, pizmonim (songs) for Yom Kippur night. [Casale Monferrato, Italy, ca. second half of 18th century].
Square Italian script, vocalized. The main part of the manuscript consists of "Pizmonim for Tehillim on Yom Kippur night", to be recited after the first four Psalms and at the end of each of the five books of Tehillim. Followed by the prayers: "Hashem Aseh Lemaan…" and "Elokeinu ShebaShamayim…".
After the prayers, the following instruction appears: "Then they should read in a pleasant voice the Order of Kodashim, Zevachim, Menachot, Tammid and Middot, Shabbat, Yoma, and other tractates if time allows, and then they should recite Keter Malchut by Gabirol and the Lecha Keli Teshukati pizmon, as well as Et Shaarei Ratzon…". The full text of the Et Shaarei Ratzon piyyut is then presented. On the last page, the following concluding words are inscribed: "Until here are the pizmonim recited on Yom Kippur night, and the service according to the custom of the Casale community, and there are communities who have the custom to then recite the book Kenaf Renanim…".
 leaves (and several more empty leaves). 19.5 cm. Good condition. Stains. Original binding, with minor damage.
Three Ketubot on parchment. Correggio, 1844; Rome, 1873; Trieste, 1903.
1. A Ketubah recording the marriage of the groom Moshe Avraham Finzi with the bride Mazal Tov Finzi. Correggio, 2nd Nissan 1844.
Signed by the witnesses: Moshe Aharon son of Mazal Tov Refael ibn Yahya and Yaakov Chaim son of Shlomo Aharon Moshe d'Italia. Approx. 27X28 cm. Good condition. Stains and creases.
2. A Ketubah recording the marriage of the groom Yonah Manoach Yosef Netanel della Seta with the bride Laura de Amati. Rome, 10th Adar 1873.
The text is surrounded by a red frame. Signed on the bottom by the witnesses: Mordechai Yaakov Yosef son of Avraham Yitzchak di Capua and Moshe son of Yaakov Yosef. An inscription following the signatures indicates that an additional copy of the Ketubah was prepared for the community's archive. Approx. 25.5X33 cm. Good condition. Stains, creases and folds. Faded text.
3. A Ketubah recording the marriage of the groom Aharon Ettore Canarutto, with the bride Esther Clementina Jarach. Trieste, 12th Sivan 1903.
The text is surrounded by a frame composed of verses inscribed in red ink. The signatures were apparently erased. Approx. 24X35 cm. Good condition. Stains and creases.
The Ketubot are framed and were unexamined out of frame.
Beit Shmuel Mahadura Batra, commentary on Shulchan Aruch Even HaEzer with the Shulchan Aruch text, by R. Shmuel son of Uri Shraga Phoebus of Wodzisław. Fürth, .
Many ownership and other inscriptions on the endpapers.
On the back endpaper, lengthy inscription written in Metz, documenting a ruling issued in 1724 by the rabbi of the city, R. Yaakov Reischer author of Shevut Yaakov, regarding names in divorce documents, and a further documentation of another divorce document which was written following this ruling, in 1753.
On the verso of the same leaf, at the foot of the leaf, an inscription containing the text of the signature of R. Yehonatan Eybeschutz (who also served as rabbi of Metz, between 1741-1750): "Yehonatan son of R. Nata Hamburg residing here". (Presumably not written by R. Yehonatan Eybeschutz).
Another inscription on the same page: "The young man Leib Falk…".
Signature at the top of the title page: "Belongs to me Yosef Guggenheimer" (this may be the signature of R. Yosef Guggenheim, rabbi in Dittenheim in 1805-1832, or the signature of R. Yosef Guggenheimer, rabbi in Alsace, born in the 1820s).
Several brief glosses in Ashkenazic script, from various writers.
5, 5-101, 103-147,  leaves. 32 cm. Fair condition. Stains and wear. Dampstains. Large tears, creases and wear to margins, affecting border of title page. Original leather binding, worn and damaged, front cover detached.
Printed postcard concerning Heter Me'ah Rabbanim, containing a request to concur with the ruling of R. Tzvi Hirsch Plato Rabbi of Cologne, allowing a man "whose wife had lost her mind, to marry another woman…". With approx. 7 lines handwritten and signed by R. Chaim Berlin, writing on behalf of his father the Netziv. Volozhin, Sivan .
"…and in so far as my father, the great Torah scholar, rabbi and yeshiva dean of this city, is not home at the moment, and I, his son, am replacing him in the leadership of the city and holy yeshiva, I am therefore signing in his name… so says Chaim son of R. Naftali Tzvi Yehuda Berlin, previously rabbi of Moscow, presently residing in Volozhin".
R. Chaim Berlin (1832-1912, Otzar HaRabbanim 5925), foremost Torah scholar in his generation, was an illustrious Torah figure of Lithuania and Jerusalem. Eldest son of the Netziv of Volozhin. He served as chief rabbi of Moscow, and his Torah influence spread throughout Russia. He served for a while as yeshiva dean and rabbi in Volozhin, in view of the plans of his father, the Netziv, to hand over to him all his responsibilities in leading the yeshiva and as rabbi of the city, but the plans did not come to fruition since a short while later, the yeshiva was shut down by government order, and the Netziv and his son were barred from residing in Volozhin. The Netziv went to Warsaw, and his son R. Chaim Berlin was appointed rabbi of Kobryn. In 1896, he went to serve as rabbi of and Yelisavetgrad (Kropyvnytskyi), and in 1906, he immigrated to Jerusalem, where he soon became recognized as a leading rabbinic authority in the city.
Postcard. Approx. 14X9 cm. Good condition. Light creases.
Machaneh Efraim, on Rambam's Mishneh Torah, by R. Efraim Navon. Sudylkiv, 1835.
Handwritten inscription on the front endpaper: "This precious Machaneh Efraim belongs to our teacher, the illustrious and world-renowned…R. Yehoshua Izek, rabbi of Slonim". On the same page, signature: "Yaakov Ben Tzion Shapiro" (presumably a descendant of R. Izel Charif).
R. Yehoshua Izek Shapira (1801-1873), known as R. Izel Charif of Slonim, was renowned throughout the Jewish world as a tremendous, brilliant and astute Torah scholar, who mastered the entire Torah. Since his youth, he was proficient in both the Babylonian and the Jerusalem Talmuds. In 1832, he was appointed dean of the Minsk yeshiva. He later served as rabbi of Kalvarija, Kutno, Tiktin (Tykocin) and Slonim in Lithuania. He authored many compositions reputed for their depth and brilliance. The most renowned ones are Emek Yehoshua and Noam Yerushalmi on tractates of the Jerusalem Talmud. R. Izel Charif was also famous for his perspicacity and wit in worldly matters, and many of his riddles and witty comments became widespread amongst the masses, and were even published in special anthologies (attributing to him most folk jokes about the wisdom and wit of rabbis in general).
Ownership stamps of R. "Yosef Ferber director and dean of the Or Yisrael yeshiva, Slabodka-Kovno" - R. Yosef Ferber (d. 1970), later founder and director of the Heichal HaTalmud yeshiva in Tel Aviv. Foremost disciple of the Saba of Slabodka, who even selected him as the groom of his granddaughter Rebbetzin Rivka Leah (daughter of his son-in-law - the brilliant Torah scholar R. Shlomo Yehuda Leib Palchinsky, a rabbi in Dvinsk). R. Y. Ferber's brother-in-law was from the Shapiro family, a descendant of R. Izel Charif. This copy of Machaneh Efraim, previously owned by R. Izel Charif, may have reached R. Y. Ferber through the family of this brother-in-law.
, 65, 67-68; 44 leaves. 37.5 cm. Good condition. Stains and wear. Original binding, damaged. Front cover detached. Leather spine, damaged.
Ketubah recording the marriage of the groom Eliyahu Chai son of Avraham with the bride Rachel daughter of Mordechai. Cochin, 17th Elul 1927.
A Ketubah on parchment. Verses and blessings typical of Ketubot from Cochin appear at the top: "Beshem Rachman Maleh Rachamim… Matza Isha Matza Tov…". Signed by the groom and by the witnesses Avraham Dandaf and Nechemia Nechemia.
Approx. 44.5X34.5 cm. Good condition. Stains. Creases. Framed, unexamined out of frame.
Passport of R. Shmuel Greineman, with his photograph and signature.
American passport issued in September 1945, including visas, revenue stamps and border control stamps, from his travels in the 1940s to the United States, Eretz Israel, France, the Netherlands and England.
R. Shmuel Greineman (1889-1957), son-in-law of R. Shemaryahu Yosef Karelitz father of the Chazon Ish. An outstanding Torah scholar and highly accomplished. He was a close associate of the Chafetz Chaim and R. Chaim Ozer, and a confidant of his brother-in-law R. Avraham Yeshayahu Karelitz the Chazon Ish. He arranged and published his brother-in-law's books Chazon Ish, and handled all matters relating to the printing (most of the books were published anonymously, and bear R. Shmuel's address in Bnei Brak for matters pertaining to the book). He authored Chafetz Chaim on the Torah and other books based on the teachings of his master the Chafetz Chaim. The Chazon Ish detected R. Shmuel's aptitude for communal activity while the latter was still a youth studying in Vilna, and he encouraged him to engage in communal work on behalf of Vaad HaYeshivot and Agudat Yisrael. R. Shmuel thereby developed a personal and close connection with R. Chaim Ozer and the Chafetz Chaim, who held him in high esteem. During his stay in the United States, he served as director of the Tiferet Yerushalayim yeshiva of R. Moshe Feinstein. He was one of the founders of the Kollel in Bnei Brak initiated by the Chazon Ish (now named Kollel Chazon Ish), and would travel to the United States to raise funds for the Kollel. During the time R. Shmuel used this passport, he also travelled extensively throughout Europe, operating in matters of rescue and education of Holocaust refugees.
15.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains and wear. Passport cancelled with stamps and corners cut off.
Mikra Kodesh supplications, supplications for the Blessing of the New Month, with the times of the new moon's appearance for each month. Zhitomir: Shapira Brothers, 1862. Yiddish.
List of Moladot (date and time of the appearance of the new moon) for the years 1862-1867, with the Yiddish text for announcing in the synagogue.
Incomplete copy. 34 pages (lacking pp. 35-45). 16 cm. Blueish paper. Fair-good condition. Stains and wear. Reddish stains. Minor damage to title page and other leaves. Marginal creases and tears to some leaves, mostly the last leaves. New cloth binding.
Rare edition. The copy listed in the NLI catalog is lacking the title page.
Bikurei Chinuch, Verzameling van Stukken in de Hebreeuwsche en Nederduitsche Talen dienende tot Proeve van Opvoedingsgeschriften en Schoolboeken, book for Jewish youths, for learning Hebrew, the fundamentals of Jewish faith and correct conduct. Amsterdam, 1809. Hebrew and Dutch.
Textbook for adolescents, published by Chevrat Chanoch LaNaar Al Pi Darko. Includes a Hebrew-Dutch glossary, letters and various reading passages on the fundamentals of faith and significant events in the history of the Jewish people. Hebrew (vocalized), with Dutch translation - on facing pages.
The book was printed as a response to the impact of emancipation on Dutch Jewry, and the Jews' adoption of the local language and culture.
The book opens with an interesting foreword, in which the publisher Yaakov Kohen Belinfante describes the tolerance of the Dutch ruler, King Louis Napoleon Bonaparte (in Dutch: Lodewijk Bonaparte, 1778-1846; brother of Napoleon Bonaparte), who proclaimed as he acceded to the throne: "The faculty of actions and science will in my kingdom raise its head, and there is no difference between the various faiths". He also discusses the "the edict regarding the Jews", which discloses Louis Napoleon's desire to 'rectify' the language, culture and education of the Jews. The publisher further describes the difficult state of Jewish education in the Netherlands: "Only one in a thousand children… can read by the time he graduates. The majority attend school for eight or nine years and then graduate aged fourteen not able to translate even one verse of the Torah…".
Original blue printed covers, with a list of books by the same publisher, and their prices. A piece of paper is pasted inside the front cover, containing a notice in Dutch from the printer and publisher. This notice is mentioned in the publisher's foreword ("and behold, the number of sheets printed… how much they will cost… and the price… are mentioned in the adjoined notice in Dutch…").
, VI, , XVI, 55,  pages. Good condition. Stains. Stamps. Front wrapper mounted on paper for strengthening. Minor damage to wrappers. Old binding.
Not listed in the Bibliography of the Hebrew Book.
Three letters handwritten and signed by Rebbe Baruch Hager of Seret-Vizhnitz and Haifa:
• Letter of recommendation to assist a man wishing to live near Haifa. The Rebbe implores on behalf of this person, as if it were for himself: "…and you are literally doing me a personal favor. He is an elevated and G-d fearing person. I hope you will do whatever you are able. Your friend Baruch". Haifa, Adar I 1951.
• Letter to the Gaon of Turda R. Yosef Adler - congratulations for his daughter's wedding: "…may his honor merit to see from her and from all his descendants blessed, upright and learned generations, as is fitting for his honor and his holy ancestors, and may we all merit to rejoice upon the holy land with the coming of the true redeemer, to hear and inform only good tidings… Baruch son of R. Y.". Haifa, Tammuz 1953.
• Letter of Torah thoughts, addressed to R. Naftali HaKohen. The Rebbe concludes the letter with blessings: "May G-d lengthen his years in good health, to serve G-d in contentment and tranquility. His friend… who awaits Heavenly mercy. Baruch son of R. Y.". Ramat Vizhnitz, Haifa, Tevet 1957.
Rebbe Baruch Hager of Seret-Vizhnitz (1895-1963) was the fourth son of the Ahavat Yisrael of Vizhnitz. He was granted rabbinical ordination by R. Meir Arik and R. Avraham Menachem Steinberg of Brody, and served in the rabbinate from 1923. In 1936, he was appointed Rebbe in Seret (Siret). In 1947, he immigrated to Haifa, where he reestablished his Beit Midrash and community institutions, which exist until this day in Haifa and other cities. Over the years, he formed the Ramat Vizhnitz neighborhood in Haifa. A member of the Moetzet Gedolei HaTorah of Agudat Yisrael.
Three letters, official stationery. 22-18.5 cm. Varying condition, good to good-fair. Creases, ink stains and traces of past dampness.
Or Torah, Kabbalistic and Chassidic essays on the Torah, by the Maggid R. Dov Ber of Mezeritch. [Korets, 1804]. First edition.
The teachings of the Maggid of Mezeritch were first published in Korets, 1781, in the book Maggid Devarav LeYaakov - Likutei Amarim, by his disciple R. Shlomo of Lutsk; but the contents were not organized in a specific order. In Or Torah, the teachings were arranged following the order of the Torah, Shir HaShirim, Tehillim and Aggadot (this copy is lacking the essays on Shir HaShirim, Tehillim and Aggadot). This book was printed based on a manuscript found in the home of R. Yeshaya of Dinovitz, Rabbi of Janów, a disciple of the Maggid of Mezeritch and R. Pinchas of Korets. Most of the essays are nonetheless identical to those contained in Maggid Devarav LeYaakov, apart from several textual variations between the two books.
Incomplete copy.  leaves, out of the original  leaves. Lacking: title page and subsequent leaf (replaced in handwriting), a leaf from Parashat Re'eh, and the last 76 leaves (with commentaries to Shir HaShirim, Tehillim and Aggadot). Altogether lacking: 79 leaves. 17 cm. Fair-good condition. Stains. Tears and wear, primarily to margins (leaves unevenly trimmed). New binding.
Stefansky Chassidut, no. 33.
Hanukkah lamp decorated with a Star of David. London, 1925.
Silver (hallmarks indicating location, date and manufacturer, most probably Morris [Moses?] Salkind), turned and soldered.
Upright Hanukkah lamp on a round base with plain arms, decorated with a Star of David on top of the middle arm.
Height: approx. 35.5 cm. Good condition. Some bends.
Kehunat Avraham, poetic commentary to the five books of Tehillim, with Eleh Bnei Ketura - The Song of Creation in rhyming verses, six parts, by R. Avraham son of Shabtai HaKohen of Zante (Zakynthos). Venice, . Seven title pages.
Each of the six parts has its own title page. At the beginning of the book, a general title page for all parts of the book, featuring many illustrations. The title pages of the first five parts are illustrated with trumpet-bearing angels.
Title page of Part I: Signature of R. Ben Tzion Ghirondi, and signatures of his son R. Mordechai Shmuel, who signed with his acronym: "HaGeSheM", and with his full signature: "Mordechai Shmuel son of my father, the wise and sage R. Ben Tzion Ghirondi".
Another ownership inscription on the front endpaper: "For Avraham as possession, Avraham HaKohen of Głogów, Abraham Cohn - Posen" (author of Be'er Avraham, Poznań 1896). The preceding page contains rhyming verses in Italian script.
R. Mordechai Shmuel Ghirondi (1799-1852), Rabbi of Padua, was a kabbalist, bibliographer, teacher in the rabbinical seminary of Padua and researcher of the biographies of Italian rabbis. He served as rabbi of Padua since 1831, for 21 years. He composed several books on Halacha and ethics, yet is renowned primarily for his book Toldot Gedolei Yisrael U’Geonei Italia (Trieste, 1853). One of the leading Torah scholars of his generation praised his eminence in Kabbalah: "I have never seen anyone proficient in Kabbalah like the Kabbalist R. Mordechai Shmuel… Ghirondi". His son, R. Efraim Refael Ghirondi, describes his father: "A father to the poor… humble like Hillel, brought back many from sin… very well-versed in responsa and Halacha, rabbis of his time posed halachic questions to him, and his wise responsa to them are written in his book of responsa named Kevutzat Kesef which remains in manuscript…".
1,  leaves, (lacking leaf  following title page, with author's portrait), 2-8; 49; 40; 30 (lacking 4 leaves in Part IV - leaves 9-12, erroneously replaced with leaves 9-12 of Part V); 26; 64 leaves. General title page (of all six parts of the book) bound after title page of Part I. 20 cm. Good condition. Tear to title page of Part I, repaired. General title page mounted on paper for preservation. Inner margins of first three leaves reinforced with paper. Stains. Worming. Parchment binding.
Ketubah, in neat handwriting (square and Rashi script), recording the marriage of R. Shlomo "son of the late, pious R. Yeshaya" Bardaki, to the bride Chaya, daughter of R. Shmuel Salant Rabbi of Jerusalem. Jerusalem, 1864.
Signed by the witnesses: R. "Yitzchak son of R. Yehuda, beadle of Kollel Prushim" and R. "Yosef son of R. Avraham Binyamin Rivlin". Signature of the groom: "Shlomo son of R. Yeshaya", and additional signatures of these witnesses.
On the verso: Attestation dated 1869 - Tosefet Ketubah, signed by the witnesses R. "Meir son of R. Asher of Aniksht" and R. "Michel HaKohen son of R. Eliezer". With another attestation signed by the husband R. "Shlomo son of R. Yeshaya", and additional signatures of these witnesses.
The groom - R. Shlomo Bardaki was an acknowledged Torah scholar, who served for over forty years as chief chazan of the Churva Synagogue. He bequeathed this position to his grandson R. Yisrael Bardaki (Bar Zakai, 1890-1970), who held this office until the destruction of the Old City in 1948.
The witnesses: R. Yosef Rivlin (1838-1896), a Jerusalem public leader. Grandson of R. Hillel Rivlin, disciple of the Gaon of Vilna. An administrator of the Vaad HaKlali, he founded the first neighborhoods outside the Old City walls, as well as Petach Tikva. Among the first residents of Nachalat Shiva.
R. Meir son of R. Asher Kamaikin of Aniksht (Anykščiai, d. 1885), eminent Torah scholar, a trustee of Jerusalem institutions. Son-in-law of R. Moshe Meshel Luria Rabbi of Krakinova. He immigrated to Jerusalem in 1862 and served as trustee of Kollel Vilna and emissary.
R. Michel son of R. Eliezer HaKohen (1834-1914), immigrated to Eretz Israel as a child in 1845. A talented scribe and printer. He served for many years as scribe and clerk of the Ashkenazi community in Jerusalem. In 1893, he resigned and went to work for the institutions of the Sephardi community, and was among the founders of the Misgav Ladach hospital.
 large leaf. 50X38 cm. Rounded top. Fair condition. Wear. Small tears to folding marks.
Certificate of accreditation as Orthodox teacher, with the handwritten signature of R. Yosef Leib Bloch, dean of the Telz yeshiva. [Telz (Telšiai)], Kislev 1926.
"As I have heard and as I know for several years… R. Lipman Rakow from Frankfurt, I affirm… that he is fit to be a lecturer and teacher in the Rabbinical seminary in Germany, in all Hebrew and religious subjects…".
At the foot of the leaf, a confirmation, handwritten, signed and stamped by Rabbi Dr. Yaakov Hoffmann, rabbi and yeshiva dean in Frankfurt am Main. December 1926.
R. Yosef Yehuda Leib Bloch (1859-1929), a student of Volozhin and Kelm, a foremost leader of the musar movement and one of its noblest members. He married the daughter of R. Eliezer Gordon of Telz and was appointed lecturer and mashgiach in his yeshiva. After the first musar polemic, he left the yeshiva and went to serve as rabbi in Vorne (Varniai) and Shadova (Šeduva). With his father-in-law's passing in 1910, he returned to Telz and succeeded him as rabbi and yeshiva dean. Under his resolute and wise leadership, the yeshiva flourished with intensive study in accordance with the method he instituted, which is the forerunner of the Telz approach to study and musar. This system is perpetuated until this day, by his sons, grandsons and followers, in Telz yeshivot in Lithuania and the United States. His teachings were published in the books Shiurei Halacha and Shiurei Daat.
Recipient of the certificate: R. Yom Tov Lipman Rakow (1884-1950), native of Lithuania and one of its finest products. From 1920, he lectured in R. Breuer's yeshiva in Frankfurt am Main, and after a year, went to teach in the yeshiva of R. Hoffman in Frankfurt am Main, position he held for close to 20 years (the reason R. Rakow needed this certificate in 1927, after actively serving as teacher and lecturer in the yeshiva in Frankfurt for several years, is not known, R. Rakow was also not a student of the seminary for Orthodox teachers in Telz, established after WWI). At the outbreak of WWII, he moved to London where he continued teaching Torah in yeshivot. His sons were R. Benzion Rakow - dean of the Chayei Olam yeshiva in London, and R. Betzalel Rakow - renowned rabbi of the British Torah town, Gateshead. His biography is recorded in the Orchot Yesharim books (London, 1991-1997).
 leaf, official stationery. 28.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Marginal tears and wear.
Torah Staves. Morocco [probably from the area of Fes, early 20th century].
Carved and painted wood; engraved silver.
The top part of the staves is made of carved wood shaped as a hand holding a wooden shaft. The wrist is surrounded by a frill cuff, above a wide gadrooned band with spiral silver threads. Above the band and below it are narrow silver bands, engraved with vegetal patterns. An inscription is engraved on the top bands (identical in both staves): "Simcha Bat Yosef Attar".
The bottom part of the staves is carved in a stepped design.
Height: 112.5 cm. Fair-good condition. Fractures and defects to wood. Faded color. The top part is detached from the poles.
Sefer HaGilgulim, the Arizal's kabbalistic teachings, by R. Chaim Vital. [Johannisburg (Prussia, present day: Pisz), 1859].
On the title page, inscriptions handwritten and signed by R. Yosef Zundel of Salant (Salantai): "Zundel of Salant"; "Donated by R. Akiva son of R. Gershon of Vilna"; "To Zundel of Salant"; "2 1/2 grush for binding". On the front endpaper: "Donated by Rachel, in the memory of R. Yosef Zundel" and the stamp of a Petach Tikva synagogue.
R. Yosef Zundel of Salant (1787-1866) was a foremost disciple of R. Chaim of Volozhin, and the prime teacher of R. Yisrael of Salant, who cleaved to him in his youth in Salant, and under his directives began studying mussar intensely, and later disseminated the mussar approach to the multitudes. As the teacher of R. Yisrael of Salant, and the one who transmitted to him the teachings of the Gaon of Vilna, R. Yosef Zundel is considered the father of the mussar movement. R. Zundel studied in the Volozhin yeshiva, and was attached to the yeshiva dean, R. Chaim of Volozhin, who recognized his great stature and drew him close as a member of his entourage, transmitting to him all the teachings of his great teacher the Gaon of Vilna, in revealed and hidden realms of the Torah.
R. Zundel considered R. Chaim as his prime teacher and he refers to him in all his writings as "my master and teacher", whilst he quotes the Gaon of Vilna as "the great rabbi". His writings contain numerous excerpts and notes from the teachings and ways of his teachers, of which he was the main transmitter. Parts of his writings were published in the book HaTzadik R. Yosef Zundel MiSalant VeRabbotav (Jerusalem, 1927), which includes his biography, his writings and those of his teachers R. Chaim of Volozhin and the Gaon of Vilna.
, 1-64, 64-82 leaves. 18.5 cm. Darkened and stained leaves. Good condition. Stains. New leather binding.
Or HaGanuz, novellae on the Torah according to allegoric, Kabbalistic and Chassidic approaches, with a second part - VeZot LiYehuda, novellae on Mishnayot "according to allegoric and Kabbalistic approaches, lofty secrets", by R. Yehuda Leib HaKohen of Anipoli (Hannopil). Lviv, 1866. First edition.
The book bears approbations of great Chassidic leaders, including the only approbation to a book ever issued by the Tzemach Tzedek of Lubavitch. Another approbation, by R. Mordechai of Chernobyl (the Maggid of Chernobyl), extols the segulah and protective qualities of the book: "Every person should purchase this holy book for merit and excellent protection for himself and his descendants". His holy sons - R. Aharon of Chernobyl, R. Avraham of Trisk (Turiisk) and R. David of Tolna - also mention in their approbations the segulah for protection that their father described. In the publisher's foreword, the author's grandson likewise cites the protective qualities of the book.
The author, R. Yehuda Leib HaKohen of Anipoli (d. 1807, Encyclopedia L'Chassidut, 2, pp. 33-34), was a disciple of the Maggid of Mezeritch. According to one source, he was previously a disciple of the Vilna Gaon. He was ostensibly one of the four disciples who were at the side of the Maggid at the time of his death (together with R. Avraham HaMalach, the Baal HaTanya and R. Zusha of Anipoli). He and his friend R. Zusha of Anipoli were approached by R. Shneur Zalman of Liadi to grant their approbation to the Tanya. At the time of printing, Or HaGanuz received enthusiastic approbations from prominent Chassidic leaders of the time, including the only book approbation ever given by Rebbe Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch, the Tzemach Tzedek. The book was also accorded approbations by R. Mordechai of Chernobyl and his holy sons - R. Aharon of Chernobyl, R. Avraham of Turiisk and R. David of Tolna, and by his nephew R. Yitzchak Yaakov of Makariv, as well as approbations by R. Chaim of Sanz and R. Yitzchak Meir of Ger, the Chiddushei HaRim.
Owner's signatures: R. "Avraham Chaim Rosenbaum" - R. Avraham Chaim Rosenbaum of Pleshnitz (Pleszczenice; 1840-Kislev 1914), a Chabad rabbi in Czarist Russia and founder of the Chabad community in the United States at the end of the 19th century. In his youth, he studied under the Tzemach Tzedek, Rebbe of Lubavitch, together with the renowned Torah scholar R. Chaim Yaakov Widerwitz. Known as one of the foremost Chassidim of Rebbe Maharash and his son the Rashab. In the 1890s, he was imprisoned several times by the Russian authorities. In 1898, he immigrated to the United States, where he laid down the cornerstones of Chabad settlement in the United States (for his biography, see: R. Shalom Ber Levin, Toldot Avraham Chaim, New York, Tevet 1998; Toldot Chabad B'Russia HaTzarit, New York, 2010, chapters 92-99; Toldot Chabad B'Artzot HaBrit, New York, 1988, pp. 3-4).
Part I: , 12; 84 leaves; Part II (separate title page): 33 leaves. 23 cm. Thin, high-quality paper. Good condition. Stains and wear. Minor worming. Original binding, worn and detached.
Stefansky Chassidut, no. 21.
Pesher Davar, commentary to the book of Iyov, by "one of the men of the generation" [Zev Wolf of Dessau]. Berlin, .
Handwritten leaves, consisting of novellae on Tractate Chullin, were bound at the end of the book. Cursive Ashkenazic script [Europe, 19th century]. We were unable to identify the author. He may have been a Torah scholar of Prague or the vicinity (on p. 118a, he mentions the siddurim printed in Prague) and he engages in profound pilpul with the teachings of the Rishonim and Acharonim, especially R. Yehonatan Eybeschutz, the Noda BiYehuda and others.
The manuscript is paginated 118-141, and is presumably a part of a larger composition. These leaves contain novellae on Tractate Chullin, folios 87 to 103 (approximately).
Pesher Davar: , 35; 1,  leaves. Manuscript:  leaves. 21 cm. Fair-good condition. Stains and wear. Several tears. New binding.
Handwritten booklet (8 pages), "Sermon for Shabbat HaGadol 1833" - Sermon consisting of Aggadah and halachic topics, handwritten by R. Bendit Goitein Rabbi of Hidjess (Hőgyész, Hungary). 1833.
R. Bendit Goitein (1770-1841), renowned Torah scholar, rabbi of Hidjess and author of Kesef Nivchar, was a leading rabbi of his times in Hungary. He was born in Kojetín, Moravia, and was a close disciple of R. Moshe Münz, Rabbi of Alt-Ofen (Óbuda). After his marriage, he lived in Yarmit (Balassagyarmat), and received rabbinic ordination from the rabbi of the town, R. Ze'ev Wolf Boskowitz, author of Seder Mishna. After R. Ze'ev Wolf left the city, R. Meir Eisenstädter (Maharam Ash) succeeded him as rabbi, and R. Bendit was appointed dayan in his Beit Din. In ca. 1799-1800, R. Bendit went to serve as rabbi of Hidjess, a position he held for 45 years, establishing there a prominent yeshiva. His book Kesef Nivchar, published in Prague in 1827, earned him world-renown until this day. The book summarizes various Talmudic topics, bringing together all the sources on the topic, starting from the words of the Talmud and including the teachings of foremost Acharonim. This book became a fundamental and essential work in Hungarian yeshivot in subsequent generations (as the Chatam Sofer foresaw in his approbation to the book: "This book will become a guide to Torah students"). After toiling for some ten years on a revised edition of this work, R. Bendit passed away before he succeeded in publishing it, and the manuscripts of the second edition were lost during WWII. Parts of his writings which were preserved by the family were published in Zichron Avot - Baal HaKesef Nivchar VeToldotav (Bnei Brak, 1971), and the beginning of this sermon was printed there (with slight variations), in section 113 (pp. 247-250). The last page and a half of this manuscript were not published, and instead the following note appears at the end of the section: "It appears that the end of this homily is lacking, but we nevertheless decided to print it, since it still contains beautiful thoughts, and also the Midrash quoted at the beginning is more or less elucidated" (this manuscript is also lacking the ending, and p. 8 ends in the middle of a sentence. It is unclear why the editors of Zichron Avot decided to omit the last sections of the sermon, whether because they were not in possession of this original manuscript, or because they did not wish to print thoughts which end abruptly in the middle of a sentence).
4 leaves. 21.5 cm. Thick, high-quality, blueish-greenish paper. Good condition. Light stains.
11 Ketubot printed on parchment, filled in by hand by the community scribe and signed by the regular community witnesses. Amsterdam, 1802-1803, 1818-1819, 1856.
Most of the Ketubot were printed by Proops, at the start of the 19th century, apart from the 1856 Ketubah, which was printed by Israel Levison. All the Ketubot are decorated with ornamented borders featuring similar illustrations: a gateway with decorative columns, topped by trumpet-bearing angels flanking a Star of David - emblem of the Ashkenazi community of Amsterdam, inscribed "K.A.A." or "K.Y.H.A.".
11 Ketubot, 30-31 cm. Varying condition, very good to good-fair. Creases and folding marks. Stains and minor tears.
Passover Seder plate designed by Ze'ev Raban. Made by Bezalel. Jerusalem, [first decades of the 20th century].
The text of "Ma Nishtana" appears in the center, surrounded by five depressions for the traditional foods of Passover. Five scenes depicting the exodus from Egypt appear on the margins, with small medallions inscribes with captions describing the scenes set between them. On the back of the plate is a soldered plaque, inscribed: "Made in Palestine".
Diameter: 32.5 cm. Good condition. Some bends. Corrosion. A suspension loop on the back.
Provenance: Purchased at the Hammersite auction house. According to the auction house this item is from the estate of Prof. Victor Deutsch, and was purchased at Sotheby's in May 1998 (item no. 36).
Candle lighting supplications, order of blessings over candle lighting for women, with supplications for the High Holidays and Three Festivals, by R. "Yisrael G.b. of Ivnytsia". Zhitomir: [Shapira], 1864. Yiddish and a bit of Hebrew.
The supplications were composed by R. Yisrael Goldberger of Ivnytsia, Zhitomir region, who authored many Yiddish supplications: "Six New Supplications", for reciting on various occasions, were printed under the name Techinat Imrei Shefer (Zhitomir, 1870), and supplications for reciting at the time of Torah reading, a specific supplication for every Shabbat pertaining to that week's portion, entitled Techinah Kriat HaTorah, were printed in Jerusalem, 1885.
36,  pages. 14 cm. Light-greenish paper. Fair-poor condition. Stains and wear. Tears and damage (repaired) significantly affecting text. Several leaves trimmed, affecting text. New binding.
Bibliographically unknown edition.
Lengthy letter (2 pages), handwritten and signed by R. Bendit Goitein. Hidjess (Hőgyész, Hungary), Shevat 1828.
Halachic responsum pertaining to laws of Mikvaot (ritual baths), addressed to R. Yehuda Leib. The responsum begins with an analysis of the ell and fingerbreadth measurements, which concern the volume of water required for a Mikveh. He concludes the responsum: "These are the words of his friend, who is prepared to be of assistance to him and to all those who seek wisdom, Bendit Goitein, who resides here, Hidjess".
R. Bendit Goitein (1770-1841), renowned Torah scholar, rabbi of Hidjess and author of Kesef Nivchar, was a leading rabbi of his times in Hungary. He was born in Kojetín, Moravia, and was a close disciple of R. Moshe Münz, Rabbi of Alt-Ofen (Óbuda). After his marriage, he lived in Yarmit (Balassagyarmat), and received rabbinic ordination from the rabbi of the town, R. Ze'ev Wolf Boskowitz, author of Seder Mishna. After R. Ze'ev Wolf left the city, R. Meir Eisenstädter (Maharam Ash) succeeded him as rabbi, and R. Bendit was appointed dayan in his Beit Din. In ca. 1799-1800, R. Bendit went to serve as rabbi of Hidjess, a position he held for 45 years, establishing there a prominent yeshiva. His book Kesef Nivchar, published in Prague in 1827, earned him world renown until this day. The book summarizes various Talmudic topics, bringing together all the sources on the topic, starting from the words of the Talmud and including the teachings of foremost Acharonim. This book became a fundamental and essential work in Hungarian yeshivot in subsequent generations (as the Chatam Sofer foresaw in his approbation to the book: "This book will become a guide to Torah students"). After toiling for some ten years on a revised edition of this work, R. Bendit passed away before he succeeded in publishing it, and the manuscripts of the second edition were lost during WWII. Parts of his writings which were preserved by the family were published in Zichron Avot (Bnei Brak, 1971), including this responsum which was printed (with slight variations) in section 31.
 leaf. 24 cm. Written on both sides, approx. 42 autograph lines and signature. Good-fair condition. Creases and stains.
Letter of halachic queries pertaining to laws of divorce, signed by the rabbi of the city R. Mordechai Michael Yoffe (a disciple of R. Akiva Eiger) and the dayanim in his Beit Din: R. "Yisrael Frenkel" and R. "Yehuda Leib son of… [Yoffe?]". Fordon, Cheshvan 1846.
Halachic queries addressed to the rabbi of Posen (Poznań) R. Shlomo Eiger, regarding a divorce which was not delivered in accordance with Halacha, and the ban of Rabbenu Gershom prohibiting polygamy and divorcing a woman against her will. Parts of this question were analyzed at length in his responsa book (Responsa of R. M. Yoffe, Hamburg, 1852, section 4). This letter discloses details of the account and halachic aspects which are only mentioned briefly and alluded to in the book. In sections 5-10 of the book, more responsa letters regarding this same affair are quoted, including R. Shlomo Eiger's response to this letter.
R. Mordechai Michael Yoffe (1803-1868, Otzar HaRabbanim 14219), was a foremost disciple of R. Akiva Eiger, who's yeshiva he studied in for some eight years, earning the title of "the Rebbi's Bachur" for the latter's great fondness of him. After his wedding with the daughter of R. David of Krotoszyn, his birthplace, he sat studying Torah, adamantly refusing to assume a rabbinic position, until all his possessions were destroyed in the great fire which struck Krotoszyn in 1827. He then began serving as rabbi of nearby Zduny, and later of Schneidemühl (Piła) in the Poznań area. In ca. 1845-1846, he went to serve as rabbi of Fordon (Bydgoszcz, northern Poland-Prussia), leaving the rabbinate in 1849 in favor of studying Torah in the famous Hamburg Kloiz, where he disseminated Torah for 18 years. He exchanged extensive Halachic correspondence with his teacher R. Akiva Eiger and the latter's son R. Shlomo Eiger. See for instance in Teshuvot Chadashot by R. Akiva Eiger (Jerusalem 1978, Even HaEzer, section 1) a responsum from R. Akiva Eiger to his disciple R. Mordechai Michael Yoffe, where he expresses his amazement at the latter addressing him with additional honorific titles apart from "rabbi". In 1834, he published his first book Beit Menachem (Krotoszyn, 1834). In 1852, he published in Hamburg his second composition named Responsa of R. M. Yoffe, consisting of Halachic rulings and correspondence he exchanged with the rabbis of his generation, including his teacher R. Akiva Eiger and his son R. Shlomo Eiger. He edited Responsa Maharach Or Zarua from an early manuscript, inserting sources and notes (published in Leipzig, 1860), together with his colleague from the Kloiz R. Elyakim Getschlik Schlesinger (the holy R. Getsch). A small number of his novellae were printed in the Shomer Tzion HaNe'eman periodical, published in Altona by the Aruch LaNer. Four of the Aruch LaNer's responsa to R. Mordechai Michael Yoffe were published in Responsa Binyan Tzion in 1860. His novellae and glosses to different books were published in various forums: his glosses to Responsa Chacham Tzvi were printed in Likutei He'arot of the Dovev Mesharim institute edition (Jerusalem, 1998) and in Moriah - Sefer Zikaron L'Rabbi Moshe Swift (Jerusalem, 1996); his glosses to Mor UKetzia were printed in the Machon Yerushalayim edition (Jerusalem, 1996); his glosses to Responsa Panim Me'irot were published in Moriah (issues 277-278, Tamuz, 2011).
 folded leaf:  written pages +  page with address and postmarks. 21 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains and tears. Folding marks. Tears to p. , with loss of text.
Greeting banner for King Umberto. [Italy, late 19th century?].
Paint on fabric.
A large fabric banner, surrounded by a black frame and inscribed in Hebrew: "For the Righteous and Honorable King Umberto… may angels of mercy greet him…".
King Umberto I (1844-1900) visited the synagogue in Florence in 1887. The banner may have been prepared in his honor.
153X133 cm. Fair condition. Tears and open tears. Unraveling. Stains.
Amudei Gola, known as Sefer Mitzvot HaKatzar, by R. Yitzchak of Corbeil. [Constantinople: Samuel ibn Nachmias, ca. 1510]. First edition.
Several glosses in Oriental script.
Incomplete copy.  leaves, out of  leaves. Lacking  leaves: first 13 leaves and 8 leaves [37-44] in middle of book. Some leaves bound out of sequence (leaf  bound between leaves [140-141]). 19 cm. Fair condition. Stains. First five leaves detached, with open tear to first leaf (slightly affecting text), dampstains and worming. Rest of leaves professionally restored (tears, worming and margins repaired, and leaves bound together as one volume). Without binding.
The Bibliography of the Hebrew Book lists the book as originally comprising  leaves, but Yaari in HaDefus HaIvri BeKushta (no. 36) records only  leaves. Other copies that we checked show the same (the NLI lists an incomplete copy with  leaves). No copy with  leaves is known to us.
Pair of Torah Finials. Vienna (Alt Wien), 1846.
Silver (marked), cast, embossed and engraved.
Round base. Shafts, bases and body of finials are decorated with bands of floral and foliate patterns. The finials are surmounted by crowns, topped in turn with bud-like foliate knops. Six decorated chains are suspended from each finial, each consisting of a flower-shaped elongated link between two round links and ending with small medallions embossed with flowers (four medallions on one finial were replaced with 19th-century Persian coins). A Hebrew dedication is engraved on the base of one finial: "Eliezer [with his spouse] / Gittel Gestetner".
Height: 37 cm. Good overall condition. Some bends and cracks to crowns. Loose knop. Soldering repairs to one finial. Missing bells (?).
Meir Einei Chachamim, profound and inspiring Chassidic essays on the holiness of Chanukah and the commandment of lighting the Chanukah lights, by R. Meir Rabbi of Korostyshiv and Chodorkov (Khodorkiv). Sde Lavan (Bila Tserkva, presently: Ukraine), . First edition. With approbations of R. Mordechai of Chernobyl, R. Avraham Dov of Ovruch author of Bat Ayin and others. Title page printed in red and black.
Contents of the book: "Explanation of the commandment of lighting the Chanukah lights, arranging them, inserting the wicks, lighting with olive oil, the location of the lighting and the time of lighting… and adequate commentary for all the laws which are practiced during the eight days of Chanukah… we also added a homily for Parashat Shekalim and Parashat Zachor, homilies for Purim, for weddings and for Pidyon HaBen". R. Mordechai of Chernobyl writes in his approbation: "I am convinced that whoever studies his holy words, will find serenity for his soul, and they will light up his eyes and enthuse his heart to worship G-d… words emanating from the pure and holy heart of the author".
The author, R. Meir was the close disciple of R. Zev Wolf of Zhitomir author of Or HaMeir, who was the inspiration for this book, as Chassidic tradition relates: "…This R. Meir once came to his teacher R. Zev Wolf of Zhitomir on Chanukah eve, and saw his holy teacher standing with his face aglow, cleaning the Chanukah lamp, for several hours, and he sensed the Kavanot that his teacher was concentrating on at that time. When R. Meir returned home, he composed this book on Chanukah, beautiful homilies according to various levels of interpretation… and he was a great wonder-worker and kabbalist" (Emunat Tzadikim).
The book bears several stamps: R. "Pinchas Rabinowitz" - Rebbe Pinchas Rabinowitz of Kontikoziva (1861-1926, Otzar HaRabbanim 16957), Rebbe of Kontikoziva (Pribuzhany, Kherson region). He succeeded his father R. Yitzchak Yoel Rebbe of Linitz (Illintsi). He is described as "an outstanding scholar in the revealed realms of the Torah". His composition Avodat Yitzchak on the Torah remained in manuscript. His sons include: R. Yaakov Yisrael, Rebbe of Kherson and R. Menachem Nachum Rabinowitz Rabbi of Haifa. His sons-in-law include: Rebbe Moshe of Stolin and Rebbe Yitzchak of Skver. (See: Encyclopedia of Chassidut, III, p. 539).
, 1-2, , 7-111 leaves. 19.5 cm. Greenish paper. Varying condition, good-fair to fair. Worming and severe stains to title page and several more leaves (first and last). Marginal paper repairs to some of these leaves. Rest of leaves in good-fair condition. New leather binding.
Stefansky Chassidut no. 28.
Less than five Hebrew titles were ever printed in Sde Lavan.
The true name of town - Bila Tserkva, means "White Church". The Jews nicknamed it Sde Lavan (White Field), and it was sometimes euphemistically referred to in Yiddish as "Schwartze Tumme".
Neviim Acharonim and Ketuvim. Venice: Daniel Bomberg, .
Part of a Bible edition, identical to the previous edition published by Bomberg, in 1517, with the exception of the book of Tehillim, which in this edition was printed with a different typographic layout: two narrow columns per page.
Divisional title pages. This volume contains the title pages of "Arbaa Neviim Acharonim" and "Ketuvim".
Colophon on the last leaf: "Printed a second time with much scrutiny by the brothers, sons of Baruch Adelkind, in the month of Elul, 1521, for Daniel Bomberg and in his printing press". The colophon further mentions the Bomberg Talmud edition and the Rif edition being published at that time: "Likewise, may G-d grant us the merit of completing the entire Talmud and the large book of Alfasi, in accordance with the wishes of our master Daniel, for until this day we have printed twenty-five tractates of the Talmud and twelve sections of the Rav Alfas book".
This volume belonged to a Christian scholar who annotated it with lengthy glosses and many inscriptions in Latin, Greek and Hebrew, including lengthy inscriptions on the divisional title pages. In many places, he added the verse numbers. On the last page, following the colophon, and on the blank leaves at the end of the book - lengthy Latin inscriptions, with tables of the alphabet in various languages, numerical values of the Hebrew letters, the names of the Hebrew months and the corresponding months in the Christian calendar, and more.
A French ownership inscription, recording the presentation of the book to the writer's son by his brother-in-law the priest, in 1762, is followed by an additional inscription documenting the finding of the book in the Froideville castle, and it being bound in its present binding.
Signatures at the beginning of the volume: "Model son of Mr. Kashel Segal", "Model Segal".
277-528,  leaves. Leaf 407 bound after leaf 408, and leaf 413 after leaf 414. 21 cm. Varying condition. Most leaves in good condition, several leaves in fair condition. Dark stains, wear and tears to several leaves. Early leather binding, damaged.
Nachalat Shimon, ethical and Chassidic essays on the Torah Parashiot, by R. Shimon Deutsch Ashkenazi Rabbi of Dobromyl, disciple of R. Elimelech of Lizhensk. [Łaszczów, 1815]. First edition.
This first edition was published by the disciple of the author, R. Shmuel of Premisla (Przemyśl), and does not contain Torah thoughts on Parashat Bereshit. The publisher mentions this fact at the end of the foreword (leaf ) and in the concluding words on p. 20b (of the first pagination), and he surmises that the author's decision not to elaborate on the ten generations between Adam and Noach was based on profound Kabbalistic reasons. (It must be noted that the second edition of the book, Polonne 1821, contains novellae to Parashat Bereshit as well as to other Parashiot which do not appear in the first edition. These additions were included in the Polonne 1821 edition only, whilst subsequent editions, [Lemberg, 1858 edition onwards], follow the first edition and omit the additions). The publisher, disciple of the author further writes: "One must know that the author was trouble stricken his entire life… and whenever his weakness overtook him, … his words were concise rather than expansive".
The author R. Shimon Deutsch Ashkenazi Rabbi of Dobromyl (d. Cheshvan 1801), was a great and holy Torah scholar, a foremost disciple of R. Elimelech of Lizhensk. Held in high esteem by Chassidic leaders, his Torah thoughts are quoted reverently in the writings of great Chassidic masters such as the Bnei Yissaschar, Melo HaRo'im, R. Alexander of Komarno, R. Moshe of Kozhnitz, and others. He exchanged halachic correspondence with leading rabbis of his times, leaving behind many compositions in manuscript form, on the Talmud, Halacha and responsa. After his passing, a fire destroyed all his writings. This composition was written by his disciples who recorded the sermons he delivered every Shabbat. The author did not leave behind any descendants. The book was named Nachalat Shimon by the publisher, since "this is his portion from all his toil, as he did not leave behind any offspring, rather alone he came and alone he left, and this will be his legacy" (publisher's foreword). The Yeshuot Yaakov wrote in his approbation to the book: "When I resided in Jarosław, he was in close proximity to me, and several times he presented before me his insight on a ruling, and all his words are taken as verified". The author quotes in this book ideas from his great teacher from Lizhensk: "and so it says in the book of my teacher the holy R. Elimelech" (p. 13a).
R. Shimon Ashkenazi's gravesite in Dobromyl was until the Holocaust a focal point for prayer, attracting the multitudes. Since he did not merit to have offspring, the synagogue of his community adopted the custom of reciting Aleinu LeShabe'ach following the Shabbat morning prayer, before the Torah reading, with a special Kaddish in his memory (Or Yekarot L'R. Shalom Chaim Porush, IV, p. 379).
The Beit Avraham, Rebbe of Slonim would relate (based on an oral tradition) the way the Nachalat Shimon would describe the exalted atmosphere of the Shabbat day which reigned in the home of R. Elimelech of Lizhensk. He reported that the Shabbat holiness was so palpable in the house of his teacher, that every Friday, the kitchen maids would ask forgiveness from one another, similar to the prevailing practice in all Jewish places on Yom Kippur eve, "so that the grievances they bore against each other would not preclude their experiencing the holiness of the Shabbat". R. Shimon of Dobromyl recounted that when he witnessed this, R. Elazar, son of R. Elimelech declared: "See how far-reaching the light of the holy Shabbat of my father is… even the maids can perceive this light" (Beit Avraham, Slonim, p. 67, 259).
, 2-20; 38 leaves, 17.5 cm. Good condition. Stains. Some darkened leaves. New leather binding.
Stefansky Chassidut, no. 390.
Divorce document (Get), with an official document in Polish, and a confirmation letter from the Kraków Beit Din, signed by its head - R. Yosef Engel:
• Divorce document (handwritten on parchment), recording the divorce of Sala daughter of Tzvi, from her husband Moshe son of Naftali, drawn up in Kuzmir (Kazimierz, Poland) on Monday, 4th Tevet 1906; bound (with a string sealed with wax) with an official document in Polish recording the divorce.
• Letter of confirmation from the Kraków Beit Din, confirming that this woman was divorced from her husband via an agent of the Kraków Beit Din ("as is listed in our divorce registry of that year"). Signed by R. Yosef Engel, and the dayanim of the Beit Din: R. Avraham Moshe HaKohen Rappaport, R. Moshe Shmuel Bleicher; with the Beit Din stamp. Kraków, .
R. Yosef Engel (1859-1919), foremost Torah scholar in Poland and Galicia. Born in Tarnów, he lived in Bendin and from 1906, served as head of the Kraków Beit Din. He authored dozens of compositions, including: Atvan DeOraita, Lekach Tov, Beit HaOtzar, Otzrot Yosef, Tziyunim LaTorah, Gilyonei HaShas and others. His works are renowned in the yeshiva world for their brilliance and foundations of in-depth study (his works were also famous in the world of Lithuanian yeshivot. Reputedly, R. Eliezer Gordon invited him to serve as dean of the Telz yeshiva). Approximately ten of his compositions were published in his lifetime, and another ten after his passing. R. David Morgenstern of Kotzk, grandson of R. Yosef, allegedly took with him on his flight from the Holocaust some one hundred manuscript volumes on Halacha and Aggadah, already arranged for print, of his grandfather's many compositions, yet he was compelled to relinquish most of them on the way.
Divorce document - parchment leaf (26.5 cm) + double leaf - Polish document (34 cm) + letter (23 cm). Varying condition: Parchment leaf and document in fair condition (stains, tears and wear). Letter in good condition (folding marks).
Crown for a small Torah scroll. [Eastern Europe - Russia or Poland, 18th century].
Silver (marked), cut and sawn, repoussé and embossed; rivets; gemstones; gilding.
A small-sized Torah crown intended for a small Torah scroll. The crown's base is made of silver openwork attached with rivets to a silver loop and decorated with vegetal and geometric patterns and three pairs of heraldic animals [a pair of lions, langued, a pair of oxen (?) and a pair of wolves (?)]. Six arms extend upwards from the crown's base, topped by another, small and gilt crown decorated with tiny flowers, gemstones, globular silver beads of various sizes and silver threads. The crown's arms are decorated with vegetal patterns and rocaille. Between the arms are six (identical) decorations that combine rocaille and large birds (each of the decorations has two holes, apparently intended for bells or other missing decorations).
Height: 19 cm, base diameter: 13 cm. Good overall condition. Slightly bent. Some of the bells are marked with English stamps. Missing bells. Decorations missing from upper crown and from the rocaille-and-bird pattern.
Meor Einayim, Chassidic essays on the Torah, by Rebbe Menachem Nachum [Twersky] of Chernobyl. Slavita: [R. Moshe Shapira, 1798]. First edition.
Bound with: Yismach Lev (Part II of Meor Einayim), commentary on Aggadot and Midrashim (following the order of the Talmudic tractates), by Rebbe Menachem Nachum [Twersky] of Chernobyl. Slavita: [R. Moshe Shapira, 1798]. First edition.
Meor Einayim is a fundamental work of the Chassidic movement, and one of the first Chassidic compositions presenting the teachings of the Baal Shem Tov and the Maggid of Mezeritch (Mezhirichi). The author, the maggid R. Menachem Nachum of Chernobyl (1730-1798, Encyclopedia of Chassidut III, pp. 168-175), was one of the founders of Chassidism and the progenitor of the Chernobyl dynasty. He studied directly from the Baal Shem Tov and was a close disciple of the Maggid of Mezeritch. He served as maggid in Noryns'k, Prohobitch (Pohrebyshche) and Chernobyl. He acceded to his disciples' entreaties to print his teachings and delegated the task to his disciple R. Eliyahu son of R. Zev Wolf Katz, instructing him to publish his writings in the "fine and exceptional printing press established in Slavita…" (the printing press of R. Moshe Shapira, then in its early years).
The book was allegedly eighteen times longer, but when arranging it for printing, R. Nachum of Chernobyl commanded his disciples to burn many leaves, leaving only the teachings which were divinely inspired. His writings were divided by his disciples into two parts, one part on the Torah, including selections, published under the title Meor Einayim, and a second part pertaining to Talmudic Aggadot, named Yismach Lev. The two parts were printed concurrently in Slavita, the same year. In later editions, the two parts were combined and published together. R. Nachum of Chernobyl passed away during the course of the book's preparation for print.
Chassidic leaders ascribed great importance and holiness to the book, studying it every day and preserving it as a protection. The Chozeh of Lublin and R. Yitzchak of Skvyra (grandson of the author) reputedly said that the book has the power to light up the person's soul, similarly to the Zohar, and R. Yitzchak Eizik of Komarno asserted that Meor Einayim should never depart from before one's eyes, as all the teachings it contains are lofty and holy.
Copy lacking 7 leaves. Meor Einayim: 3-158 leaves. Lacking: Title page, leaves 1-2 and 159-160. Yismach Lev: 1-29, 31-33,  leaves. Lacking: Title page and leaf 30. 19 cm. Fair condition. Stains, worming affecting text. Handwritten inscriptions. All the leaves were professionally cleaned and restored, worming repaired with paper and margins trimmed. Missing leaves replaced with photocopies. Restored binding, with original leather spine.
Torah, Neviim and Ketuvim translated into Spanish, Biblia en lengua española traduzida palabra por palabra dela verdad Hebrayca por muy excelentes letrados vista y examinada por el officio dela Inquisicion. [Ferrara: Duarte Pinel (Abraham Usque) for Jerónimo de Vargas (Yom Tob ben Levi Atias), 1553]. First edition presenting the Spanish translation of the entire Bible.
Some fine, woodcut, ornamental initials.
Several glosses and inscriptions.
This is the first edition in which the entire Bible was translated to Spanish, known as the Ferrara Bible, after the town where it was printed in 1553. The publishing of this translation was initiated by the Portuguese printer Abraham Usque, and the Spanish publisher Yom Tob Atias, known by their 'Christian' names Duarte Pinel and Jerónimo de Vargas, names adopted due to the threats of the Inquisition. This edition was presumably intended for the use of Marranos and Jews who had fled the Spanish Inquisition.
This edition was printed on high-quality paper, in an impressive folio format, the body of the text was printed in two columns, in semi-Gothic typeface. The size and beauty of this edition is reminiscent of other large and renowned translations of the Bible.
This translation, reprinted in subsequent centuries, is of particular importance for Spanish speaking Jewry, due to the unique way the verses were translated, and it forming an important basis for subsequent translations.
There are several known variants of this edition, featuring differences in the text of the colophon (dedications to various figures, the printers referred to by the Hebrew or 'Christian' names, and the date of printing), as well as the existence of two leaves appearing only in some copies, containing a table of Haftarot, in Spanish. Another noteworthy difference pertains to the translation of the word "Alma" in Yeshayahu, chapter 7 verse 14 (leaf 186, column 2 in this edition): One variant translates it as moça - Spanish for "young woman", one variant (the more common one in extant copies), simply transliterates the Hebrew word - "alma", thereby avoiding having to interpret it, and a third variant - the Christian one, translates it as "virgen" (virgin), following the Christian interpretation of the book of Yeshayahu. This copy belongs to the second category, and the word "alma" was used.
This copy begins in the middle of the first chapter of Shemot, and ends in the middle of chapter 37 of Iyov. Apart from the lacking books, the Five Megillot are also missing, originally appearing after Divrei HaYamim.
Incomplete copy. 26-240, 240-333 leaves. Altogether containing 309 leaves, out of 412 original leaves. Lacking 103 leaves: 33 leaves at the beginning, and 70 leaves at the end, including illustrated title page, introduction leaves, table of Haftarot and colophon leaf. 31 cm. Fair condition. Stains and wear. Many stains, extensive wear and creases to some leaves. Many tears and worming in several places, affecting text. Large open tear to one leaf, with loss of text. Detached gatherings. Without binding.
See enclosed material for more information regarding the printing of this Bible, the text of the translation and the various variants.
Lengthy letter (3 pages) with the full signature of R. "Yisrael Meir HaKohen, author of Chafetz Chaim and Mishna Berura". Hrodna (Grodno), Elul 1924.
Written by a scribe, with the line of the signature handwritten by the Chafetz Chaim. The letter was sent to the World Rabbinical Conference taking place at that time in Kraków. The Chafetz Chaim writes that due to his weakness and old age, he is unable to make this long journey to Kraków, "I am unable to come participate in your esteemed conference. I am hereby sending my words via the rabbis, bearers of this letter, regarding one critical matter…". The Chafetz Chaim arouses to devise a plan of action to save the yeshivot, which were in dire straits due to financial crises. He mentions the objective of his presence in Hrodna - to participate in a meeting for saving the yeshivot (and to found Vaad HaYeshivot), and he writes that two meetings on the matter had already taken place: "…the first one in Vilna and now in Hrodna, and it has been decided to impose on whoever has the means, to contribute a dollar semiannually for the support of the yeshivot… This regulation has so far been instituted in the regions of Vilna and Hrodna, but this small amount is not enough to provide for all the needs of the yeshivot… I therefore take the liberty to request that at the conference, it should be resolved to assign a respectable sum of money from the Keren HaTorah fund, for our yeshivot - Torah centers, to rescue this surviving ember, since at the moment their survival is entirely contingent upon miracles…".
The Chafetz Chaim concludes the letter by blessing the participants with a good year: "And all those who have gathered for the honor of G-d and His Torah, should be blessed with a good year, a year of raising the prestige of the Torah and its learners. So is the plea of the one who honors and respects you… who blesses you with a good inscription and sealing, who awaits bountiful Divine mercy - Yisrael Meir HaKohen, author of Chafetz Chaim and Mishna Berura".
The Rabbinical Conference in Kraków for strengthening Judaism was initiated by R. Alter Chaim Levinson of Reisha (Rzeszów; author of Tikun Olam. A disciple of R. Tzadok HaKohen of Lublin). In this conference, all the rabbis and rebbes from throughout Poland, Galicia, Austria and other European countries came together for the sake of Heaven, to institute regulations for the strengthening of religious observance in the aftermath of WWI, to bolster the observance of Shabbat, Kashrut, Taharah, and the education of children to Torah and fear of G-d. This blessed venture followed, and was inspired by, the success of the first world Knessia Gedolah which convened in Vienna in Elul 1923, which still merited the participation of the Chafetz Chaim. It must be noted that the conference in Kraków had the exclusive objective of reinforcing Shabbat observance and religion in general (and did not have any political agenda of organizing the Orthodox communities), therefore it received the support of many rebbes and rabbis who did not endorse Agudat Yisrael (such as the Rebbe of Belz and other Galician and Polish rabbis).
R. Yisrael Meir HaKohen of Radin (1837-1933), leader of the Jewish people, was widely known by the name of his first book, the Chafetz Chaim. He founded the Radin yeshiva and authored many halachic and ethical works: Mishna Berura, Shemirat HaLashon, Ahavat Chessed and dozens more. This letter was written in his later years, at the age of about 87. Despite his advanced age, he travelled to Hrodna to take part in this meeting for saving the yeshivot, and from there, sent this letter via his representatives to the large conference in Kraków.
 double leaf (3 written pages). 20.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Folding marks, wear and minor tears. Stains.
To the best of our knowledge, this letter was hitherto unknow and never published.
Darchei Noam, responsa on the four parts of Shulchan Aruch by R. Mordechai HaLevi Rabbi of Egypt, with Milchemet Mitzva, by R. Avraham HaLevi, son of the author (with separate title page). Venice: Bragadin Brothers, 1697. First edition. On the verso of the title page, an illustrated map of the Temple.
Ownership inscriptions and various signatures on the main title page: "Eliezer Papo"; "…Binyamin Pinto"; "Eliyahu HaKohen". Some marginal glosses in Sephardic script, one of them signed "says Shimon Pesach" (p. 182b). Most of the other notes were presumably written by this same author.
R. Eliezer Papo (1786-1827), author of Peleh Yoetz, a great and holy Torah scholar, was a foremost Sephardi rabbi in the Balkans. Born in Sarajevo (Bosnia), he was a leading Torah scholar of the city. He served as rabbi of Silistra (Bulgaria) and for a time of the Sephardi community in Bucharest (Romania). He authored many books: ethics and homily books, prayer and piyyutim books, books of Halacha and novellae on Shulchan Aruch, responsa and novellae on the Talmud. He is particularly renowned for his book Peleh Yoetz, which until this day is one of the basic ethics books studied by the entire Jewish people (the Chatam Sofer would regularly precede his lectures on Talmudic topics with the study of a section of Peleh Yoetz with his disciples. R. Tzvi Hirsh Michel Shapira of Jerusalem was particularly fond of the book and would keep it constantly on hand. R. Yaakov Yisrael Kanievsky - the Steipler would instruct teachers and parents to study Orchot Tzadikim and Peleh Yoetz with their children. The kabbalist R. Mordechai Sharabi would advise those who turned to him to study Reshit Chochma and Peleh Yoetz).
R. Eliezer Papo was known for his great piety, living his entire life with outstanding asceticism and great devotion in his worship of G-d. Already in his lifetime, he earnt the reputation of a wonder worker. The ledger of the Silistra Jewish community reports miraculous stories about him, of journeys being shortened and other wonders. He passed away prematurely during a Cholera epidemic, reputedly declaring before his death that his passing would arrest the epidemic, and promising his community that whoever would pray at his gravesite with a broken heart after immersing in a Mikvah would have his prayer accepted and would merit a redemption (see Melitzei Aish, part VII in the addenda, p. 89a, based on the Silistra community ledger). Until this day, people come from around the world to pray at his gravesite in Silistra, and many stories of salvations were publicized in recent years by people who travelled there to pray.
R. Moshe Shimon Pesach (1869-1955) was the rabbi of Volos (Greece). After the German invasion of Greece during WWII, the elderly rabbi endeavored to save his community from the Nazis, and succeeded in smuggling the Jewish residents to mountain villages. After the war, he was appointed Chief Rabbi of Greece.
, 2-282 leaves; , 2-41 leaves. 28 cm. High-quality paper. Good-fair condition. Dampstains and wear. Minor tears. Early binding, with leather spine, worn. In the endpapers, leaf fragments from a printed book on grammar principles.
Enclosed is a report from an expert on rabbinic manuscripts, authenticating the handwriting of the Peleh Yoetz.
Prominent Jewish Rabbis, chromolithograph. [Published by S. Schottlaender [?]. Breslau, ca. last decade of the 19th century].
Portraits of 40 leading rabbis throughout the generations, including the Rambam, Isaac Abarbanel, Rabbi Shmuel Eidels (the Maharsha), the Vilna Gaon, the Maggid of Koznitz, the Chatam Sofer and his sons, Rabbi Akiva Eiger and others; each portrait is within a medallion with a golden frame. In the center of the lithograph, above the portrait of the Rambam, appears a Torah Crown.
The group portrait, a common cultural phenomenon at the time, portrayed the rabbis of that generation as part of a larger whole - as partners in the historic enterprise which started with the great rabbis of the Middle Ages, continuing the chain of tradition of the Oral Torah.
49.5X36.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Suspension holes. Minor blemishes. All margins are trimmed, with loss of the printing details and location. Open tears at margins of leaf.
Literature: And Your Eyes Shall See Your Teachers: The Rabbi as Icon, by Yerachmiel Cohen and Richard I. Cohen. Zion, vol. 58. 1993. Pp. 445-446.
Manuscript, novellae on Talmudic topics, handwritten by an unidentified author - presumably a disciple of the Chatam Sofer. Pressburg, [after Tishrei 1839].
A number of leaves (not a complete composition), containing novellae on Talmudic topics of Tractate Ketubot. Author's autograph. We were unsuccessful in identifying the author, though he appears to be a disciple of the Chatam Sofer. One heading mentions the place of writing as Pressburg.
The writer quotes "My master, teacher and rabbi" - referring to the Chatam Sofer. On p. 2a, he writes: "I saw in the writings of my master, teacher and rabbi, of blessed memory…". On p. 4a, he writes: "See the responsa of my master, teacher and rabbi, of blessed memory, printed with the Ri Migash", in reference to the responsa and novellae of the Chatam Sofer printed at the end of the book Chiddushim al Masechet Shevuot L'Ri Migash (Prague, 1825). Since the Chatam Sofer is mentioned as having passed away, this manuscript is dated after Tishrei 1839 (time of the Chatam Sofer's passing).
Collection of leaves (not complete). 4,  leaves (altogether 13 written pages). 22 cm. Fair condition. Stains. Tears and wear. Tears affecting text in several places.
Document attesting to the passing of a Jew in Safed, with an interesting letter regarding his son, a Russian citizen wishing to immigrate to Eretz Israel, signed by the Sephardi rabbis of Safed and R. Shmuel Heller. Safed, 1882.
This document is written in Arabic and bears the signatures of the rabbis of Safed: R. Shmuel Heller and R. Yaakov Abbo (with the stamps of the Ashkenazi and Sephardi Batei Din), and other signatories (three Ashkenazic signatures: "Ze'ev Tzof—", "Elazar Reis", "Shoel - Fränkel", and two Sephardic signatures: "Maimon Jian" - secretary of the Kollel of Safed and "Yaakov Yosef Afriat"). This document contains a testimony regarding a Jew named Petachia Deyote from Mohilev (Mogilev) who passed away in Safed, authenticated and signed by the rabbis.
Attached to the document is a letter by Safed rabbis, R. Shlomo Hazan, R. Yehuda Shabtai Refael Antebi and R. Mordechai Maman, with their calligraphic signatures. The letter is addressed to Avraham Leon, Vice-Consul of the Netherlands in Haifa, requesting he authenticate the signatures of the rabbis in the enclosed document before the consular agent of Russia. They write that the son of the deceased wishes to immigrate to Eretz Israel, yet is unable to sell his father's house in Mohilev without a legalized confirmation of his father's death in Safed. Vice-Consul Avraham Leon's authentication of the signatures in French is inscribed in the lower part of the letter, followed by a further authentication by the consular agent of Russia.
R. Shmuel Heller (1786-1884, Otzar HaRabbanim 19134). A leading Torah scholar, well-versed in secular wisdoms and a physician, he was raised in the home of the Chozeh of Lublin and immigrated to Eretz Israel upon his advice. He served as rabbi of Safed for sixty years (see: HaRav HaManhig VehaRofeh, Safed 1989 for his biography and the history of the Safed settlement).
R. Yaakov Hai Abbo (1852-1900), leader of the Sephardi community in Safed for decades. He served as honorary consul of Safed, and is also mentioned as such in the letter.
Letter + document, attached to each other. Height of the letter: 29 cm. Height of the document: 39 cm. Fair condition. Stains. Folding marks. Many tears to the folding marks (slightly affecting text in several places), repaired on the verso of the leaf.
Invitation of Rebbe David Twersky of Skver to the wedding of his granddaughter, daughter of his son R. Yitzchak. New York, 2005.
On the right side of the invitation, a special dedication is printed, addressed to Rebbe Menachem Nachum Twersky of Chernobyl (Bnei Brak) from the Rebbe of Skver, containing many flowery blessings for abundance and joyous events. The printed letter concludes with the Rebbe's handwritten signature: "David son of R. Yaakov Yosef".
21.5 cm. Very good condition.
Three first editions of the book Shita Mekubetzet, by R. Betzalel Ashkenazi, on four Talmudic tractates:
1. Asefat Zekenim, Shita Mekubetzet - Novellae on Tractate Bava Metzia, by R. Betzalel Ashkenazi. Amsterdam, . First edition. Signatures and ownership inscriptions on title page: "Yaakov Yosef", "I purchased it… Yosef Shmuel", "This book is from… R. Avraham Herrera called Mercado…", and others.
2. Shita Mekubetzet, Asefat Zekenim - Novellae on Tractate Bava Kama, by R. Betzalel Ashkenazi. Venice, . First edition. Signature on title page: "R. Yisrael Benveniste".
3. Asefat Zekenim, Shita Mekubetzet - Tractates Bava Batra and Nazir, by R. Betzalel Ashkenazi. Livorno, 1774. First edition. Ownership inscription on title page.
3 books. Size and condition vary.
Torah finials. [Greater Iran?, 19th or 20th century].
Silver, repouseé, soldered and engraved.
Pear-shaped Torah finials with a spherical base, surmounted by a dome. The body of the finials is decorated with foliate and floral patterns. Two rows of chains ending with bells are hanging on the finials. A dedication is engraved on the shafts: "Tova Bat Moshe Shem Tov".
Height: approx. 29 cm. Fair-good condition. Bends. Fractures. Soldering repairs. Missing chains and bells, some were replaced.
Avkat Rochel, "many novellae and great secrets", selections regarding the End of Times, the wars in the days of Mashiach, the World to Come and resurrection of the dead, by R. Machir son of Yitzchak Sar Chesed (disciple of R. Yehuda son of the Rosh). Venice: Giorgio di Cavalli, 1567. On the title page appears the printer's device: an armored elephant carrying warriors (see A. Yaari, Diglei HaMadpisim HaIvriim, illustrations nos. 32-34).
Glosses and ownership inscriptions in the margins and on the two blank pages which were omitted in printing (pp. 30b-31a).
Incomplete copy: 12, 14-15, 17-28, 30-31, 34-35 leaves. Originally: 40 leaves. Lacking 10 leaves: 13, 16, 29, 32-33, 36-40. Pages 30b and 31a are blank (omitted due to a printing error). 14 cm. Fair-good condition. Stains and light wear. Worming, slightly affecting text. Old, worn binding, with strings for fastening.
Manuscript, Taamei Shechita UTerefot, and other compositions pertaining to the laws of ritual slaughter. [Morocco, ca. early 20th century].
After the "Taamim", the following compositions appear: "Mekoman shel Zevachim" (poem on the laws of Shechita by R. David ibn Hassin. Concludes with: "The book Mekoman shel Zevachim I established… as the rabbis of Castile were accustomed to and instituted… and as was accepted and practiced in most of the Maghreb…"), "Responsa on the Laws of Shechita" and "Customs of Shechita and Terefot" (on p. [20a]: "This is an episode which took place in the times of the pious and holy R. Yaakov Pinto…").
The writer's signatures appear in several places. On p. [8b]: "I, the writer, David son of Yehuda known as Vanunu". On p. [5a] of the third pagination: "I, the writer, youngest of the young and poorest of the poor, who licks the dust beneath the feet of Torah scholars, David son of Yehuda known as Vanunu". Other signatures on pp. [16b] and [28b].
, 47, ,  leaves (and several more blank leaves). 17 cm. Overall good condition. Stains. Wear and minor tears, primarily to margins. New binding.
"Kollel emissary sent from Safed…" - emissary letter issued by the Safed community for the emissary R. Yeshua Vaish, signed by the Torah scholars of Safed. Safed, .
The letter is addressed to the philanthropist R. Yitzchak HaKohen, and is signed by the rabbis: R. Yosef Yehuda Hakim, R. Gavriel Sithon, R. Shmuel HaKohen, R. Aharon Carsenti, R. Yisrael Ventura, R. Yaakov Hai Abu and R. Yosef Mizrahi.
 leaf. 30 cm. Fair condition. Marginal tears. Ink erosion affecting some letters. Repairs on verso.
Nine letters from the archives of the family of the Rebbes of Lelov, Rebbe Shimon Natan Nota Biederman (the first), and his sons R. Moshe Mordechai and R. Yaakov Yitzchak. Jerusalem - Tiberias, 1920-1948.
• Letter of good wishes in Yiddish, handwritten and signed by Rebbetzin Ettel Biederman, wife of Rebbe Moshe Mordechai, and daughter-in-law of Rebbe Shimon Natan Nota (the first). Addressed to "My dear sister-in-law and brother-in-law" [?]. Written on the official stationery of her father-in-law Rebbe Shimon Natan Nota. Jerusalem, [ca. 1930s].
• Letter from one of the sons of Rebbe Shimon Nota Biederman (presumably from Rebbe Yaakov Yitzchak Biederman). Addressed to R. Mordechai Shlomo Beimann (of Brooklyn, son-in-law of R. Shlomo Yehuda Leib Eliezerov of Hebron). Written on the official stationery of his father Rebbe Shimon Natan Nota (the first). Jerusalem, [ca. 1930s]. The letter contains good year wishes, and a request for assistance for the family of his brother R. Moshe Mordechai, who are living in extreme poverty: "…My brother R. Moshe Mordechai was compelled due to his dire straits… to wander far away [Rebbe Moshe Mordechai travelled abroad in 1932-1933 and 1938], and his family here [in Jerusalem], are literally dying of starvations… Picture before you the image of our holy father, as if he was standing before you and imploring you: Have mercy on my sons who are undergoing a crisis. And you have certainly heard of his promise before he passed away, to advocate for those who come to our assistance… and may you be blessed with a good and happy year, like the good years…".
• Letter addressed to Rebbe Shimon Natan Nota Biederman (the first), The writer - "Avraham Yissachar son of Tzimla" - describes his business dealings and family matters in great detail, and requests a blessing from the Rebbe, for his family and the success of his business. Tchebin (Trzebinia, Poland, Kraków region), 4th Adar 1920.
• Draft of an appeal letter, from an unidentified writer. Addressed to the "Presidents of the Holy Land in Poland" - the rabbis: R. Yaakov Meir Biederman; R. Avraham Weinberg; R. Pinchas Natan Ehrlich; R. Yechezkel Shpiegelglas. Jerusalem, Erev Rosh Chodesh Nissan, 1937. Appeal to assist the widow Elisheva Lifshitz and her family (written erroneously as Bat Sheva), widow of R. Menashe Lifshitz (d. 1935), daughter of Rebbe Shimon Natan Nota Biederman.
• Four letters from R. Alter Chaim HaLevi Shifman of Tiberias, a prominent Karlin Chassid, addressed to his son-in-law Rebbe Yaakov Yitzchak Biederman in Jerusalem, son of Rebbe Shimon Natan Nota (the first). Tiberias, 1929-1939. These four letters contain a wealth of information regarding the personal and familial life of Rebbe Yaakov Yitzchak in his early years, and disclose the warm and affectionate relationship of the father-in-law and his son-in-law.
• Letter from Jerusalem Torah scholars (22 signees), addressed to the administration of the Chayei Olam yeshiva, demanding that Rebbe Yaakov Yisrael Biederman be accepted as a member of the yeshiva management. [Jerusalem], 6th Kislev 1948.
9 letters. Most in poor condition. Some with tears affecting text. Stains and wear.
Sefer Tovia - Historia Tobiae per Sebastianum Munsterum juxta hebraismum versa - with Latin translation, foreword and notes by Sebastian Münster. Basel: Henricus Petrus, 1556. Hebrew and Latin.
Independent composition printed together with Münster's Melechet HaDikduk HaShalem. Before the Latin translation, a Hebrew letter addressed to Münster is printed, from his close friend Erasmus Oswald Schreckenfuchs. Additional title page: "Tobias, Cum versione & annotationibus Munsteri".
Sefer Tovia is a Jewish composition from the Second Temple era, whose original nature is somewhat undefined and is considered of the Jewish Apocrypha.
On leaf , printer's device of Henricus Petrus (see: A. Yaari, Diglei HaMadpisim HaIvriim, p. 8, illustration no. 11; p. 127).
Inscription on back endpaper: "Borrowed from the Torah scholar R. Tzvi Hirsh". Scrawls and inscriptions on the endpapers and title pages.
 leaves. 14.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains, dampstains. Early, half-leather binding.
Volume comprised of two Tehillim books with commentaries, followed by a leaf with a handwritten piyyut and a section with Shimush Tehillim (directives for Tehillim usage).
• Tehillim with the Ben Beiti commentary, according to Chassidic teachings, by Rebbe Eliezer Tzvi Safrin of Komarno. Uzhhorod-Ungvar, 1926. First edition. Two title pages. The book is preceded by a "Megillat Yuchsin" section, documenting the genealogy of the Rebbe and the Komarno dynasty. The page of approbations contains a lengthy handwritten note pertaining to this Megillat Yuchsin.
Bound with it, at the beginning and end of the volume:
• Tehillim, with five commentaries: Mishpat Tzedek and Shoshanei Leket, Kiflayim LeTushiya, Mata LeShem and Mashal UMelitza. With the Igeret HaGra (letter of the Gaon of Vilna), and the abridged Sefer Charedim. Vilna, 1885. • Handwritten leaf - the Yedid Nefesh piyyut in square script. Signed at the foot: "Yosef Yozpa Schwartz". • Shimush Tehillim. 8 leaves from an unidentified Tehillim edition.
6 leaves; , 384,  pages; 16 pages, 263,  pages;  handwritten page; 8 pages. 21 cm. Varying condition, good to good-fair. Stains, tears and wear. Margin of leaf 131 of Ben Beiti Tehillim trimmed on text border. Title page of Kiflayim LeTushiya Tehillim mounted on paper for preservation. Marginal tears and damage to last three leaves of Kiflayim LeTushiya Tehillim, affecting text. Old binding.
Large and diverse collection of letters, from rabbis in various countries, Lithuania, Hungary and Eretz Israel [ca. first half of the 20th century].
The collection includes: letters from various rabbis in Lithuania and Hungary, [1888-1942]; documents from the rabbinate of Petach Tikva - R. Citron, first rabbi of Petach Tikva [ca. 1915-1925]; letters sent to the Merkaz HaRav yeshiva and to R. Shalom Natan Raanan Kook [ca. 1930-1950] and more.
The letters include: • Letter of recommendation handwritten and signed by the Rebbe of Skierniewice, R. Yoseph Tzvi Kalish, first rabbi of Bnei Brak. • Letter of recommendation for a widow from renowned rabbinic families [Brisk and Rosenberg], by R. Mordechai Moskowitz rabbi of Hajdúszoboszló. Hajdúszoboszló (Hungary), 1941. • Letter of recommendation for the same widow, by R. Chizkiyahu Feivel Rosenberg dayan and posek in Debrecen. Debrecen (Hungary), Cheshvan 1941. • Letter of Torah discussion between two friends - from R. "David Yehuda son of R. Y. Gross", sent to Tzelem to his friend the young man R. Yom Tov Lipman Goldman. Jibou, 1888. (R. David Yehuda Gross, later dayan in Nagykőrös, studied in the yeshiva of R. Menachem Katz Prostitz in Tzelem, between 1885-1886, together with his friend R. Yom Tov Goldman (d. 1938), later dayan in Tzelem). • Letter from R. Yehuda Idel Bengis rabbi of Liva (Liepāja, Latvia). Tevet 1928. • Letter regarding immigration to Eretz Israel, from R. Yonatan Mirski Rabbi of Zabłudów. 1935. • Letter from R. Abba Yaakov Boruchov, halachic responsum regarding work accident insurance. Jerusalem. 1934. • Lengthy responsum letter by R. Shmuel Meir Hollander, addressed to R. David Sperber. Tel Aviv, 1949. • Letters from R. Pinchas Zelig Schwartz of Kleinwardein, R. Chaim Yehuda Ehrenreich of Deva, R. Alter Yechiel Nebenzahl of Stanislav and others.
Approx. 23 items, of which approx. 18 are letters and signed documents. Size and condition vary.
Letter handwritten and signed by Rebbe Zev Twersky of Rachmastrivka. [Jerusalem, ca. 1935-1936].
Letter of acknowledgement to a lawyer for his assistance in handling the purchase of his home in Jerusalem: "Thanks to his honor for his efforts and assistance… in the purchase of my home from start to finish, may G-d repay him for his kindness with all his heart's desires for the good. Zev son of the Rebbe".
The letter begins with a blessing: "May he be inscribed and sealed for a good year".
Rebbe Zev Twersky of Rachmastrivka, son of Rebbe Yochanan of Rachmastrivka, led the court after the passing of his father in 1895 together with his brother Rebbe Menachem Nachum of Rachmastrivka. In 1926, the latter immigrated to Jerusalem, and was joined by R. Zev in 1935, who passed away there in 1937. His son, R. Nachum Moshe Twersky of Kovel perished in the Holocaust together with his entire family. His second son R. David, was the son-in-law of his cousin Rebbe Avraham Dov of Rachmastrivka. His daughter Rebbetzin Margalit Hager was the wife of Rebbe Chaim Meir Hager, the Imrei Chaim, royal mother of the Vizhnitz Chassidic dynasty.
 leaf, official stationery. 27.5 cm. 4 lines in the Rebbe's tiny and beautiful handwriting. Good condition. Light folding marks.
Sefer HaZechirot, the verses of the seven Zechirot (remembrances), with a Chassidic commentary, by R. Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev. [Mezhibuzh (Medzhybizh)], 1812. Second edition.
This book presents the Torah verses containing a commandment of remembrance: Shabbat, the exodus from Egypt, the giving of the Torah, the manna, Eretz Israel, the sin of the Golden Calf, Miriam and Amalek. Beneath each one is a Chassidic commentary by R. Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev. The book was first printed in the author's lifetime (Mezhirov 1794) by his disciple R. Yissachar Ber. This was the author's first published work, and contains the fundamentals of his doctrine, which were later expounded upon in his book Kedushat Levi.
The commentaries to the verses of the sin of the Golden Calf and Eretz Israel are not from R. Levi Yitzchak, but rather were authored by R. Refael son of R. Zecharia Mendel, author of Marpeh LaNefesh on Chovot HaLevavot.
 leaves ( pages). 17 cm. Good condition. Stains and wear. New leather binding.
The Bibliography of the Hebrew Book - listing 000168122, notes that the title page states: "We also appended an order composed by R. Yisrael Baal Shem Tov to be recited at the gravesite of righteous men", yet in practice, this order was not included in the book.
Stefansky Chassidut, no. 198.
Manuscript, emissary's ledger of donations collected in Hebron and during his visit to Libyan cities. [1920s].
The ledger contains many lists, including hundreds of names, accounts and other details.
The ledger was not thoroughly examined. Some of the pages are titled Hebron (acronym) or "Donations of Hebron". Other titles: "That which was contributed to the Russian", "Donation from out of town", "The remaining funds", etc.
Leaves - bear indistinct stamps (apparently, of a Hebron rabbi).
Leaves - contain inscriptions from the writer's visit to Libya, recording donations he collected there: "…15th Av 1922… that which was collected in Tripoli… funds and pledges… from Benghazi… Tobruk… Darnah… Al Khums…".
 leaves (including 15 blank leaves). 11 cm. Fair-good condition. Stains and wear. Original binding, damaged and worn.
Letter by Sir Moses Montefiore. London, Menachem Av 1854.
Written by a scribe, with Montefiore's Hebrew and English signatures.
Sent to R. Yessel Hirsh of Mir, resident of Jerusalem, and deals with matters related to funds received by Montefiore from two Königsberg philanthropists.
 leaf. 28 cm. Good condition. Marginal tear, not affecting text. Stains. Folding marks.
Maaseh Roke'ach, Kabbalistic allusions relating to the number of chapters in Mishnayot, by R. Elazar Roke'ach. Amsterdam, . First edition.
The author, R. Elazar Roke'ach, was a holy Torah scholar and Kabbalist, who served as rabbi of Brody and Amsterdam. He published his book Maaseh Roke'ach in 1740, while journeying towards Eretz Israel, near the end of his life. The book presents lofty Kabbalistic allusions and secrets, relating to the number of chapters comprising the Six Orders of Mishna, the number of chapters in each order, and the number of chapters in each tractate. As the author writes in his preface: "For not by coincidence nor happenstance did it be so, rather all was written with Heaven-guided understanding, and arranged deliberately for allegoric and esoteric allusions". The author likewise writes that "the first and last letters of the chapters were purposefully selected for their numeric values, following allegoric and esoteric allusions".
The book was published in several editions, with enthusiastic approbations by leading Torah scholars, acclaiming the holiness of the book and its author. R. Moshe Berin Blum Rabbi of Vyshnivets writes in his approbation (to the second edition, printed in Mohyliv-Podilskyi, 1817): "…he was endowed with Heavenly inspiration, as is universally acknowledged that this Torah scholar availed himself of Divine Inspiration akin to the early Sages…". The current Rebbe of Belz wrote in his approbation to the 1993 edition: "It is well known that this holy book was particularly cherished by our holy rabbis (Rebbes of the Belz dynasty, descendants of the author), and in 1955, my uncle the Rebbe (Rebbe Aharon Rokeach) gave his blessings for publishing this book, quoting his father the Maharid, who asserted that studying this holy book is a Segulah for happiness".
Stamp on title page: "Yaakov Tzalach Mansour, Jerusalem" (renowned Torah scholar, one of the disciples of the Ben Ish Chai who immigrated to Jerusalem from Baghdad in the late 19th century).
, 121; 6 leaves. 24.5 cm. Exceptionally wide margins. Good-fair condition. Dampstains. Worming, mostly to margins (with some old paper repairs). Old quarter-leather binding, slightly damaged.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. "Shlomo Sofer son of R. A. Sh. B. Sofer". Beregsaz (Berehove), Shevat 1926.
Addressed to the Tomchei Torah society in New York, and to the society head Rabbi Dr. Hillel Klein, a leading New York rabbi. Letter of acknowledgement for the funds donated to the Torah institutions in Beregsaz. In the letter, R. Shlomo Sofer notes that the yeshiva students in the city number "approximately one hundred" and the students of the Talmud Torah Yesodei HaTorah total "approximately two hundred young boys". R. Shlomo blesses "those who engage in these great deeds, to continue offering blessing and assistance… may G-d bless their strength and favorably accept the work of their hands…".
R. Shlomo Sofer (1853-1930) was the son of the Ketav Sofer. In 1879, he was appointed rabbi of Derecske, and from 1884, served for over 45 years as rabbi of Beregsaz. He authored Chut HaMeshulash and Igrot Sofrim, apart from publishing the books of his father the Ketav Sofer and many other books.
 leaf, official stationery. 22.5 cm. Good condition. Minor stains.
"For a girl" - leaf of protection from destructive forces and celestial sorcerers, for a woman who gave birth to a girl and for the newborn. [Fürth, ca. 1760s]. Ornamented border. At the top right, a figure bearing a sheaf of wheat and a sickle is depicted.
The amulet contains various names, for adjuring demons and sorcerers to refrain from harming the baby girl. Printed in Germany, based on a similar protection leaf printed in Amsterdam, ca. 1740. The border ornaments and typeface of the letters bear strong resemblance to those of the Passover Haggadah printed in Fürth, 1762, by Itzik Buchbinder. A protection leaf "for a boy" was printed concurrently in Fürth, with oaths specific for the protection of newborn boys.
 leaf. Approx. 21 cm. Good condition. Folding marks and stains.
Chovot HaLevavot with the Marpe LaNefesh commentary, Part I, by Rabbenu Bachye ibn Pakuda. Zhitomir: Shapira Brothers (R. Chanina Lipa, R. Aryeh Leib and R. Yehoshua Heshel, grandsons of the rabbi of Slavita), 1850.
, 415 pages. 21 cm. Some darkened leaves. Good-fair condition. Stains and wear. Dampstains. Light worming. Original leather binding, damaged, lacking front cover.
Collection of important and rare books, from the 18th and 19th centuries, with notable signatures and ownership inscriptions:
1. Responsa Pnei Yehoshua, Part I, by R. Yehoshua of Kraków author of Meginei Shlomo. Amsterdam: . First edition. Ownership inscriptions attesting that the book belonged to R. Gumpel Beer - prominent dayan of Frankfurt am Main (R. Mordechai Gumpel Beer, d. 1762, Avnei Zikaron 3106), and many other ownership inscriptions from the 18th century, of rabbis of Frankfurt am Main and their family members (from the Beer, Scheuer, Rappschwihr, Rapp and Kann families). Scholarly gloss on p. 9a.
2. Kavod Chachamim, laws and practices, compiled from four books of the author, R. Yehuda Leib Puchowitzer. Venice, . Only edition. In some copies, the book ends with leaf 92, and some copies contain an additional 93-126,  leaves. This copy includes the additional 93-125 leaves, but is lacking leaf 126 and the  final leaf. Signatures on the title page: "Reuven Rocknitz"; "Shmuel Leib son of R. Reuven Rocknitz" (R. Shmuel Leib Rocknitz Rabbi of Bátorkesz [Bátorove Kosihy] and Urmín [Mojmírovce], d. 1836, son of R. Reuven Rocknitz Rabbi of Veszprém and Zsámbék, d. ca. 1819, see: HaChatam Sofer VeTalmidav, p. 37; Beit Aharon VeYisrael, issue 61, pp. 5-8).
3. Tiferet Yosef, supercommentary to Rashi on the Torah, by R. Yosef Yozel Segal. Prague: . Only edition. Lacking 4 leaves at the end of the book. Various ownership inscriptions, including an ownership inscription of the woman Merli daughter of R. Leib Oppenheim of Frankfurt.
4. Responsa Masat Binyamin, by R. Binyamin Aharon Slonik. Sudylkiv, . Owner's stamp of R. "Lapidot Chławna son of R. Chaim - Chławna Brandiburg".
4 books. Size and condition vary.
Lengthy letter handwritten and signed by the young student "Moshe HaLevi" Soloveitchik. Lenzerheide (mountainous resort in Switzerland), Av 1941.
Addressed to one of his friends who escaped Lithuania during the Holocaust, and was wandering in Switzerland. R. Moshe advises him to come study in the Montreux yeshiva, though he is unsure if it will be possible without the required travel documents, and discusses the difficulty in finding a family who will agree to host an illegal student, mentioning the names of various Swiss figures and families (Mr. and Mrs. Sternbuch, Mr. Blechschmidt of Lugano and Family Bollag of Baden).
Towards the end of the letter, R. Moshe mentions his plans to return from the resort to the yeshiva in Montreux, to study together with his partner the young student Aharon Leib Steinman, who intends to return to Montreux for the Elul session.
R. Yaakov Moshe HaLevi Soloveitchik (1916-1995) was the son of R. Yisrael Gershon of Brisk (1875-1941 - eldest son of R. Chaim HaLevi of Brisk). He escaped Brisk in his youth to the Montreux yeshiva in Switzerland, together with his friend Aharon Leib Steinman, to evade conscription in the Polish army. Ultimately, he was the only survivor of his family who all perished in the Holocaust. He disseminated Torah in Switzerland after the Holocaust, and from his home in Zurich served as the foremost Torah authority in Europe. R. Moshe's journey to Switzerland in the summer of 1938 resulted in the miraculous rescue of two outstanding Torah leaders, who impacted the rebuilding of today's Torah world - R. Moshe Soloveitchik in Zurich, who headed the entire European Torah world, and R. Aharon Leib Steinman in Bnei Brak, who in the last two decades of his life stood at the helm of the Torah world in Eretz Israel.
 leaf. 27 cm. Written on both sides, approx. 37 handwritten lines. Good condition. Folding marks and filing holes.
Siddur, weekday and Shabbat prayers, according to the Sephardi rite. Amsterdam, 1771.
The last six leaves contain a calendar for the years 1770-1883.
At the end of the siddur (p. 159b): handwritten signature of the publisher Jacob da Silva Mendes, cantor of the Sephardi synagogue in Amsterdam in the second half of the 18th century.
, 159,  leaves. 18 cm. High-quality paper. Good condition. Stains. Original leather binding, with gilt ornamentation. Damage to binding, open tears to spine.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. Eliezer Deutsch Rabbi of Hanušovce and Bonyhád. Hanušovce (Hungary), Av 1894.
Letter of ordination for the shochet R. Baruch son of R. Shaul Grünfeld of Stropkov. In this lengthy letter, R. Eliezer testifies to the expertise and character of the shochet.
R. Eliezer Chaim Deutsch (1850-1915. Otzar HaRabbanim 2651), leading halachic authority in his generation, and one of the most prominent Hungarian Torah scholars. A disciple of R. Yehuda Aszód and R. Meir Eisenstaedter. Author of Responsa Pri HaSadeh, Tevuot HaSadeh, Chelkat HaSadeh and others. In 1876, he was appointed rabbi of Hanušovce, and in 1897, he went to serve as rabbi of Bonyhád. His son was R. Moshe Deutsch Rabbi of Lemešany and his son-in-law - R. Yosef HaKohen Schwartz, author of VaYelaket Yosef.
 leaf, 33.5 cm. 18 autograph lines and signature. Fair condition. Stains. Tears and wear to the folds, slightly affecting text. Tears repaired with acid-free tape. Open tear to the top margin.
Drush V'Chiddush Rabbi Akiva Eger, novellae (on Berachot and Seder Moed, and on Tractates Yevamot and Ketubot) and homilies. Warsaw, 1839. First edition.
Fine copy. At the beginning of the book, an interesting preface by the author's children describing their father's study methods.
Many signatures, stamps and ownership inscriptions on the endpapers and on the title page. Signatures of R. Menachem Mendel Baharir of Lissa - Rabbi of Zduńska Wola (died 1873, a prominent Kotzker Chassid, later a chassid of R. Yitzchak Meir of Gur. Son of R. Natan Nota Rabbi of Lutomiersk, who would always wear festive attire to be ready to greet the Messiah. R. Natan Nota was the brother of R. Zecharia Mendel of Jaroslaw, author of Darkei Tzedek), inscription handwritten by his father-in-law, R. Moshe Efraim Zuckerman: "Belongs to my father-in-law, the outstanding and famous R. Zecharia Mendel, Moshe Efraim…", and more.
44; 38; 48; 13 leaves. 31 cm. Thick, high-quality paper. Good condition. Stains. Dark stains to a few leaves. Light damage and worming (repaired) to title page. New leather binding.
Certificate, confirmation of the state of poverty of the woman "Fanny Franziska Mendelsohn geb. (born) Katz", bearing the (German) signature of R. Simcha Bunim Sofer, author of Shevet Sofer. Pressburg, 1893. German.
R. Simcha Bunim Sofer (1843-1907), author of Shevet Sofer, was the son of the "Ktav Sofer" and from 1872 his successor as rabbi of Pressburg and head of the yeshiva. A prominent rabbi in his times, he stood at the helm of Hungarian Chareidi Jewry. Most of the Hungarian rabbis of that generation were his disciples. Among his works are Responsa Shevet Sofer on the four parts of the Shulchan Aruch, Shevet Sofer novellae on the Talmud and Shaarei Simcha on the Torah.
 leaf. 24 cm. Good condition. Folding marks. Small tears.
Letter (26 lines) handwritten and signed by Rebbe Moshe Hager. Kosov (Kosiv), 1921.
The letter pertains to the collection and transfer of Eretz Israel monies, intended for "the members of our Kollel" (Kollel Kosov).
Rebbe Moshe Hager (1860-1925, Encyclopedia of Chassidut, III, p. 263), son of R. Yaakov Shimshon of Kosov, a profound and multifarious Torah scholar, proficient in Torah and general sciences. His books include: Leket Ani, Or HaEmuna, Hegyon Levavi. His writings were arranged and published by his disciple R. David Sperber (1875-1962, Otzar HaRabbanim 5075), foremost Galician and Romanian rabbi, rabbi of Brașov, author of Afarkasta D'Anya.
 leaf. 21.5 cm. Good condition.
Handwritten leaf, draft letter (unsigned) handwritten by R. Yosef Shalom Elyashiv. [Jerusalem], 22 Av 1951.
Written in response to a discussion regarding the laws of Grama and chametz on Passover, during the engagement of R. Elyashiv's eldest daughter with R. Chaim Kanievsky (the wedding took place in Kislev 1951). R. Elyashiv addresses the Steipler with great titles of honor.
This responsum was published in Kovetz Teshuvot IV, section 39 (see there, section 38, for another draft of this letter, in which R. Elyahsiv writes to the Steipler: "Your son R. Ch. told me that you mentioned that I have not yet responded to the last letter…").
 leaf. Approx. 20 cm. Written on both sides, approx. 30 lines. Good condition.
Machzor for Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, according to the rite of Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Bohemia and Moravia [Nusach Ashkenaz]. Zhitomir: R. Chanina Lipa and R. Yehoshua Heshel Shapira, 1858.
6, 5-164 leaves. 29 cm. Fair-good condition. Stains and wear. Several tears. Worming to last leaves. Old leather binding, partially detached and damaged, with worming.
Manuscript, ruling regarding an agunah, by R. Avraham Segre. Casale (Casale Monferrato, Italy), .
Handwritten leaf, signed by R. Avraham Segre, rabbi and posek in Casale, in which he concurs with a halachic responsum regarding an agunah, writing that despite the great sorrow he feels for her, he is unable to release this agunah. He supports his ruling with several reasons, and signs: "Casale, [Bereshit, 1721], so says the busy and young Avraham Segre ".
R. Avraham Segre, leading Italian Torah scholar in the early 18th century, Halachic authority and kabbalist. Rabbi and posek in Casale. He was involved in the polemic surrounding the Ramchal, when he was asked in 1730 to verify the character of the Ramchal, and he was amongst those who banned and fought against the Sabbatean Nechemia Hayyun. Maharam Chagiz, in addressing R. Shimshon Morpurgo regarding the Ramchal, terms R. Avraham Segre "the great rabbi, perfect in quality, the rabbi… whom hidden things are revealed to him…". R. Avraham was the friend, and some say the rabbi, of R. Yitzchak Lampronti, and the two studied together under R. Yehuda Briel in Mantua. He was amongst those who provided an approbation for R. Yitzchak's book Pachad Yitzchak in 1750, and some of his halachic responsa are quoted in the book.
 leaf. 23 cm. Good condition. A few stains. Hole to center of leaf, not affecting text.
Two letters handwritten and signed by R. Chanoch Tzvi HaKohen Levin Rabbi of Bendin (Będzin). 1931.
Addressed to Dr. Sh. Lieben, the letters concern various missions, on behalf of his brother-in-law R. Avraham Mordechai of Ger. In one of the letters, he requests assistance for his brother-in-law R. Moshe Betzalel Alter of Ger, regarding his financial affairs.
R. Chanoch Tzvi HaKohen Levin (1871-1935), outstanding Torah scholar and leader of Orthodox Polish Jewry. He was the son-in-law of the Sfat Emet, Rebbe of Ger, and a descendant of Rebbe Chanoch Heinich HaKohen of Alexander. In 1887, he married the youngest daughter of the Rebbe of Ger, who supported him while he delved in Torah and Chassidism. Over the years, he became a central figure in the Ger court, in the times of his father-in-law the Sfat Emet, and later as close attendant of his brother-in-law the Imrei Emet. In his kindheartedness and wisdom, he was very involved in public matters, pursuing charity and acts of kindness and endeavoring to restore peace between man and his fellow and husband and wife. In 1921, he was appointed rabbi of Bendin (Będzin) where he was revered and beloved by all sections of society. His teachings were published in the YeKahen Pe'er books.
His son was the renowned R. Yitzchak Meir HaKohen Levin (son-in-law of his uncle, Rebbe Avraham Mordechai of Ger), leader of Agudat Yisrael in Poland and Eretz Israel, later a signatory of the Scroll of Independence, and Minister of Welfare in the first government of the State of Israel.
 leaves, official stationery. 28 cm. Good condition.
Letter handwritten and signed by Rebbe Nachum Mordechai Friedman - Third Chortkov Rebbe. [Vienna], "Wednesday of Terumah" .
In this letter, the rebbe writes that he is on the way to Eretz Israel. "We await our journey, G-d willing, on Sunday next week to our Holy Land, via Poland and Romania, and by Pesach, G-d willing, we will arrive in the Holy Land". Afterward, the Rebbe writes concerning the immigration of his son, R. Shlomo, and his family: "Shlomo'ni and his family are to travel, G-d willing, on the upcoming Monday, directly via Trieste to Eretz Israel…".
The letter ends with the Rebbe's blessings: "G-d should bestow His good and success…".
Rebbe Nachum Mordechai (R. Nachum Moti'nyu) Friedman (1874-1946), son and successor of Rebbe Yisrael of Chortkov, grew up under the influence of his illustrious grandfather Rebbe David Moshe of Chortkov. At the outbreak of WWI, he moved to Vienna with his father the Rebbe, and assisted him in his public activities. After his father's passing in 1934, he was appointed successor as rebbe of the Chortkover Chassidim, which constituted the elite of the Chassidic world in Galicia and Austria, and was known as a genuine "prince" with his upright and aristocratic qualities. A leader of Agudat Yisrael and member of the Moetzet Gedolei HaTorah. In 1939, shortly before the Holocaust, he left Vienna and immigrated to Eretz Israel, settling in Tel Aviv. This letter was written a short while before he immigrated. After the Holocaust, upon learning of the horrific devastation of European Jewry, R. Nachum Mordechai became heartbroken and fell ill, and died soon after. His Torah teachings were printed in the book Doresh Tov. His son R. Shlomo Friedman, author of Divrei Shlomo, succeeded him as Chortkover Rebbe.
 leaf. 29 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains and wear, folding marks.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. Mendel Katz - scribe and trustee of the Pressburg community, addressed to the leaders of the Hamburg community. Pressburg, Shabbat eve, 3rd day of Chanukah 1838.
Letter from the Pressburg community on behalf of a widow "a dear and honored lady", Mrs. Glikel Pollack, who had not received any tidings for four months from her son, who had travelled to Germany. In his last letter, he had mentioned his intent to spend the High Holidays in Hamburg. R. Mendel enjoins the community leaders to investigate and search for the young man ("Bernard Pollack of Pressburg"), "and if he is there, to arouse him to the commandment of honoring his mother, and to refrain from tormenting a widow with protracted anticipation, he should either write to her immediately to put an end to her grief, or return home…".
The addresses of contacts in Vienna and Pressburg are recorded at the foot of the letter.
R. Mendel Katz (d. 1867; Ishim BiTeshuvot Chatam Sofer, pp. 263-264), a disciple of the Chatam Sofer, community trustee and Beit Din scribe in Pressburg for close to fifty years, during the tenures of the Chatam Sofer and his son the Ktav Sofer. The latter wrote about him in 1860: "The pious rabbi, famous for his righteousness, good character and good heart, R. Mendel Katz, veteran disciple of my father… a Kohen, trusty and scribe of the Beit Din in our community". R. Aharon David Deutsch Rabbi of Balassagyarmat, author of Goren David was his son-in-law (in his second marriage).
On the verso of the letter, official wax-seal of the Pressburg community, almost unaffected by the opening of the letter.
 double leaf, 22 cm. Good condition. Folding marks. Several stains.
Lengthy letter handwritten and signed by R. Yosef Shalom Elyashiv. Jerusalem, Yom Kippur eve 1989.
Addressed to the London Beit Din, regarding the mamzer status (product of forbidden union) of members of a family whose mother or grandmother remarried through Reform rabbis, without first receiving a get from the first husband. R. Elyashiv opines that they should not be permitted to marry into the "congregation of the Lord".
R. Yosef Shalom Elyashiv (1910-2012) was a foremost Halachic authority for over seventy years. He was reputed for his outstanding diligence and profound and wide-ranging knowledge of all realms of the Torah, enabling him to issue a clear ruling on any matter. In the last twenty years of his life, he led the Torah world in Eretz Israel and throughout the world. His Torah novellae were published by his disciples in the series of books named Hearot on Talmudic tractates, based on his lectures, and hundreds of his thousands of responsa were compiled in the five parts of Kovetz Teshuvot. This responsum was published in Kovetz Teshuvot, III, Even HaEzer, section 178.
 leaf, official stationery. 25 cm. 28 autograph lines. Good condition.
Letter from R. Shabtai Elchanan MehaZekenim, halachic responsum regarding squeezing lemons on Shabbat. [Casale Monferrato, Italy, ca. 18th century].
"What you asked about the argument which arose in your town concerning squeezing lemons using a specialized utensil, that there are some who are lenient and some who are stringent, and your opinion is to be stringent, you have done well, your reasoning is straight, and I have already ruled to prohibit this…".
R. Shabtai Elchanan MehaZekenim (del Vecchio; 1708-1776), foremost Italian Torah scholar, disseminated Torah in many communities, including Livorno, Ancona and others. In 1739, he was appointed rabbi of Casale Monferrato. He was a close disciple of R. Yitzchak Lampronti, who quotes twenty of his responsa in his book Pachad Yitzchak (something no other Italian Torah scholar of his times merited). R. Chananel Neppi describes the connection between the two as such: "There was intense love between him and R. Y. Lampronti". The Chida met him in his travels through Italian towns, and also grew attached to him. R. Shabtai Elchanan and the Chida exchanged many letters, and the Chida even printed one of his responsa in his Responsa Chaim Shaal. He authored many compositions, all of which remain in manuscript form.
He is known by his signatures "Sheba" or "Malkat Sheba", with which he signed many responsa. This letter is signed "Chashai MehaZekenim" - acronym of Chizkiya Shabtai Elchanan. The name Chizkiya was added in the wake of a fatal illness, as he explains in his description of his various signatures, in Responsa Taam Zekenim (still in manuscript form, in the introduction to the Orach Chaim section).
 leaf. 22 cm. Good condition. Stains. Folding marks. Tear and several holes from ink erosion (affecting text very slightly).
Letter handwritten and signed by R. "Noach Rabbi of Piasetchna". With additional recommendation letter at the foot of the leaf, handwritten and signed by R. Chanoch Tzvi Levin, son-in-law of the Sfat Emet, Rebbe of Ger. [Ger (Góra Kalwaria), Poland, ca. 1900].
Addressed to the philanthropist R. Yosef Yoskovich, the letter contains a request for financial assistance for the wedding of R. Noach's granddaughter. R. Noach writes that he is approaching him by letter rather than personally, since he doesn't have the strength to travel, and he has done this with the rabbi's knowledge (presumably referring to the Sfat Emet, Rebbe of Ger).
At the foot of the letter, R. Chanoch Tzvi Levin adds: "I also inquire of the wellbeing of my dear friend, and I ask on behalf of the rabbi. His beloved one, who seeks his wellbeing, Chanoch Tzvi of Ger". R. Noach Srebrnik (1845-1913, Chachmei Polin p. 429), elder Polish rabbi and prominent Chassid of Ger. Son of R. Natan Natta Rabbi of Biala-Katan (Biala Rawska) and son-in-law of Rebbe Naftali of Sheltz (Sielce). He frequented the courts of the Chiddushei HaRim and of Rebbe Chanoch Heinich HaKohen of Alexander. He was amongst the heads of the Ger court, and was very close to the Sfat Emet. In Siach Sarfei Kodesh, many thoughts are quoted in his name. He served as rabbi of Biala-Katan and in 1893, was appointed rabbi of Piasetchna. In 1909, he was one of the proponents of the appointment of R. Kalonymus Kalman Shapira as rebbe of Piasetchna.
 double leaf. 20.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains and wear. Creases and minor tears.
Letter from the Jews of Helsingør, Denmark, addressed to the Livorno community, in the wake of a ploy machinated by Reform Jews in Germany, alleging that Italian rabbis had issued a ruling sanctioning Shabbat desecration and other grave transgressions. Helsingør, 11th Nissan 1796.
The background of this scandal was a forged news item planted by Reform Jews in several German newspapers, which claimed that a conference of Italian rabbis had convened in Florence and decided to transfer the day of rest from Shabbat to Sunday, to permit pork, and to revoke several other fundamental principles of the Jewish religion. The objective of this deception was to cause the German authorities to exercise pressure on the Jews in their country to also make reforms in their religion. This affair is known to us from several sources. The Chida describes it briefly in a responsum printed in his book Yosef Ometz (section 7): "and slander which has recently been propagated in Germany is already known, that in Italy, Shabbat and other prohibitions have been permitted, and some proponents of these breaches approached the authorities, so that they should compel the Jews in their cities to allow this as well…".
This news item was published in German newspapers on April 8, 1796 (29th Adar II). When Italian rabbis caught wind of this ploy, they hurriedly issued a strongly worded denial letter, in Iyar 1796. The letter was printed in Livorno, and sent to Germany, where it was again printed in Hamburg with the German translation (the response letter by Italian rabbis was publicized by Avraham Meir Vaknin, Letters of Italian Rabbis Against Reform Jews in Germany in 1796, Tzefunot, 1990, Issue V; see there for further details on this affair, including the translation of the news item published in German papers).
This letter discloses the stage which preceded the publicizing of the letter of refutal from the Italian rabbis, wherein the Jewish community in Helsingør informed the Livorno community of the news item printed in the newspaper, enclosing a copy of it as a proof, and requested of the Livorno community and other Italian communities to issue a comprehensive rebuttal, and to act through other mediums against this ploy.
In this letter, the writers include the translation of the libelous news item from a newspaper printed in Altona: "Florence… in a conference of the Jews here… the rabbi of Rome, the rabbi of Mantua, the rabbi of Modena, and other rabbis from other communities gathered here… and after ten days, they unanimously agreed not to uphold Shabbat as the day of rest, but rather to do business on it, and any other form of work, and Sunday will be set as the day of rest. They also decreed to trade and do all activities on festivals, and to shave with a razor, and women will go with their hair uncovered, and they even permitted to eat pork…".
On the verso, inscription of the address in Hebrew and Italian ("to the community leaders of the Jewish community of Livorno"), and a piece of paper attached with the details of the sender.
 leaf. 34 cm. Fair condition. Stains and tears, folding marks.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. Yosef Nechemia Kornitzer Rabbi of Selish (later rabbi of Kraków). Selish (Vynohradiv), Iyar 1924.
Certificate of rabbinical ordination for the student Shmuel Teitelbaum son of R. Aharon Teitelbaum Rabbi of Volovo (Mizhhirya): "I concur with other rabbis to ordain him to serve as rabbi after his marriage, after he builds his home, and may the merit of his holy ancestors guide him on the path of perpetual growth, and may no error be caused by him, and may he succeed in all his endeavors, to lead G-d's nation in tranquility, and to bring merit the public in Torah and fear of G-d…".
R. Yosef Nechemia Kornitzer (1880-1933), born in Kraków to the rabbi of the town, R. Akiva Kornitzer (grandson of the Chatam Sofer) who was the son-in-law and successor of R. Shimon Sofer Rabbi of Kraków. In 1901, he married the daughter of R. Pinchas Chaim Klein Rabbi of Selish, and was appointed dean of the yeshiva there. Over the years, he became the deputy rabbi of Selish, and after his father-in-law's passing, he succeeded him as rabbi of the city. In 1925, he went to serve as rabbi of Kraków, succeeding his father and grandfather. His novellae and responsa were published in Bnei Brak by his son-in-law R. Shabtai Frankel (publisher of the renowned Rambam Frankel edition).
Recipient of the ordination: R. Shmuel Teitelbaum (perished in the Holocaust, 1944, Otzar HaRabbanim 19190), disciple of R. Yoel Teitelbaum Rabbi of Satmar. Son of R. Aharon Rabbi of Volovo, and grandson of R. Yaakov Yisrael Yukel Teitelbaum Rabbi of Volovo, son-in-law of the Yitav Lev. He served from 1932 as rabbi of Nigresht (Negrești-Oaș), after his marriage with the daughter of R. Yoel Rabbi of Ardud, author of Tirat Kesef. See Eleh Ezkera, V, pp. 256-261.
 leaf, official stationery. 22 cm. 18 autograph lines and signature. Good condition.
Likutei Shichecha U'Pe'ah, Kabbalistic novellae on Talmudic Aggadot, by R. Avraham son of Yehuda Almalich. With the commentary by R. Yosef son of R. Chaim on the Ten Sefirot. Ferrara: R. Abraham ibn Usque, 1556. Only edition.
This book is comprised of an anonymous compilation of essays by early kabbalists, such as R. Ezra of Gerona and others. The author's words at the end of the book regarding the text of the Kiddush, are cited by the Shelah as halacha and for practical use.
, 32, 35-36 leaves. Lacking leaves 33-34 in the middle of the book, and leaves 37-40 at the end (the last four leaves [37-40] were not included in all copies).
Book comprised of two copies, varying in size and condition.
The first part of the book is in good condition. Leaves , 1-20. 19.5 cm. High-quality, light-colored paper. Early quarter-parchment binding with marbled paper sides.
The second part (commentary by R. Yosef son of R. Chaim on the Ten Sefirot) was replaced from a different copy. Unbound gathering, on slightly darkened paper. 18.5 cm. Fair-good condition. Stains, tears and worming affecting the first and last lines of text.
Letter solliciting support for the Beit Yisrael-Vizhnitz yeshiva in Oyber-Visheve, signed and stamped by the yeshiva dean, Rebbe Menachem Mendel Hager of Visheve. Oyber-Visheve (Vişeu de Sus), Iyar 1929.
Written by a scribe on the official stationery of the yeshiva (with a group photo of the students, from 1927), with the handwritten signature of the Rebbe. The letter is addressed to R. Nachum Shemarya Schechter Rabbi of Darabani, and requests his renewed financial support, in view of his previous generosity on behalf of the yeshiva - assistance especially vital now, with the expansion of the yeshiva to include boarding.
The letter concludes with blessings, and with the handwritten signature of the rabbi of the town and yeshiva dean: "Menachem Mendel son of the righteous rabbi". Alongside the signature, the stamp: "Menachem Mendel Hager son of the righteous rabbi of Vizhnitz, rabbi of Oyber-Visheve and the region".
Rebbe Menachem Mendel Hager of Visheve (1885-1941, Encyclopedia of Chassidut, III, pp. 95-96), son of the Ahavat Yisrael of Vizhnitz. He served from 1908 as rabbi of Vizhnitz, and from 1921, of Visheve (Oyber-Visheve), where he founded the Beit Yisrael yeshiva. After the passing of his father in 1936, he began serving as rebbe. He was a head of Agudat Yisrael and member of the Moetzet Gedolei HaTorah. His teachings are recorded in the She'erit Menachem series - on Torah, festivals and responsa.
 leaf, official stationery. 30 cm. Good condition. Small tears to lower margin, not affecting text. Stains. Folding marks.
"Abraham binding his son Isaac", color lithograph by Moshe ben Yitzchak Mizrachi [Tehrani]. Jerusalem, .
A large lithograph, designed as a domed structure divided into two horizontal sections, with a different scene in each one, accompanied by inscriptions from the Bible and the Midrash. Seen in the lower section are Abraham with "a knife in his hand and saying to the two lads - Stay here with the donkey", Isaac with "the wood on his shoulder and the fire in his hand", the two lads and the donkey.
Seen in the upper section is Isaac bound on the altar and Abraham raising the knife to slaughter him. Above them, an angel grasps the knife in one hand and points at the ram that is caught in a rose bush. Around the dome appears the verse "…Do not stretch forth your hand to the lad, nor do the slightest thing to him…". In a frame surrounding these images appear the title "And the binding of Isaac remember today for the descendants of our forefather Jacob" and the year. Name of the artist is signed in the plate, within a medallion, at the bottom left corner: "Moshe son of Yitzchak Tahrani, resident of Jerusalem".
47.5X60.5 cm. Fair-poor condition. Tears and open tears with damage to the print, most reinforced with large pieces of paper pasted to verso. Many creases. Stains. Pieces of tape on verso. Some pieces of paper pasted to margins on recto. Framed.
Three letters handwritten and signed by R. Eliezer Berland, leader of the Shuvu Banim community. [Jerusalem], 2010.
Letters of recommendation and support. In one letter, he blesses the recipient that "no stormy winds will be able to dissuade you from your G-dly mission in this generation…".
R. Eliezer Berland (born in 1938), is a prominent Breslov leader in our times. He founded the Shuvu Banim Yeshiva for Baalei Teshuva, originally established in Bnei Brak and relocated to the Old City of Jerusalem after the yeshiva grew. The Shuvu Banim community led by R. Berland boasts thousands of Chassidim and hundreds of families, who reside mainly in the Musrara neighborhood (HaChoma Hashlishit Street) in Jerusalem, and is one of the most dominant Breslov communities in our times.
3 letters. 27 cm. Good condition.
Spice tower. Germany, late 19th or early 20th century.
Silver (marked "800"), engraved, repouseé and chased.
A tower with three pointed medieval turrets topped with flags, decorated with bricks and windows. A door with engraved pattern of wood planks. Footed; the base is decorated with vegetal pattern and rocaille.
Height: approx. 18 cm. Good-fair condition. Bends. One flag is missing. Soldering repairs.
Three Ketubot. Surami, 1959; Staliniri, 1959; Tbilisi, 1964.
1. A Ketubah recording the marriage of the groom Mordechai son of Moshe Chaim with the bride Sarah daughter of Mishael. Surami, 25th Adar I 1959. Witnesses' signatures in Georgian. The text is surrounded by a fine illustrated frame, decorated in blue and red, topped by two doves within arches.
42.5X31 cm. Good condition. Folding marks. Small tears at margins.
2. A Ketubah recording the marriage of the groom Bechor son of Shalom Iosebashvili with the bride Zilpa daughter of Mishael. Staliniri (present day Tskhinvali), 13th Adar II 1959. Witnesses' signatures in Georgian. The text is surrounded by a colorful frame topped by a Star of David within floral decorations.
42X29.5 cm. Good condition. Folding marks. Stains. Small tears at margins.
3. Ketubah DeIrkasa for She'altiel son of Chaim Aharon and Nana daughter of Yaakov. Tbilisi, 2nd Tevet 1964. Signed at the bottom by the witnesses Yisrael son of Aharon and Nachum Moshe son of Yosef. Decorated with a frame in a vegetal pattern and Stars of David.
41.5X29 cm Good-fair condition. Tears at margins. Folding marks. Stains.
Enclosed: A small pouch made of ikat-dyed silk and satin patches. [Central Asia, 20th century]. 26.5X17 cm. Fair-good condition. Unraveling. Stains.
Collection of early leaf fragments of manuscripts, from a "binding geniza" (from the same binding). The collection includes:
• Leaves from a manuscript of Zohar. Semi-cursive Sephardic script, [ca. 17th/18th century].
• Leaves from a manuscript of an unidentified composition, Midrashim and novellae on Yeshaya, chapter 54.
• A fragment of a letter addressed to "the noted dayan" R. Saadia Ben Amor and to "the dear, honorable philanthropist… Masoud Abdoun…".
• Leaf containing a list of dozens of names. The following surnames are mentioned, among others: Azoulay, Ben Hamu, Ben Chaim, Sebaoun, Sultan, Shetrit, Abbou.
• Fragment of a legal document or a ruling on monetary laws. Mentions: "Avraham… bar Shalom…".
• Other leaf fragments.
Approx. 11 leaves and leaf fragments. Size varies. Extent of damage varies, including tears and severe damage, affecting text.
Enclosed: printed leaves of the book VeZot LiYehuda by R. Yehuda Ayash, Sulzbach 1776, presumably retrieved from the same binding.
Letter sent from the "Special Committee for Eretz Israel in Telz", addressed to R. Avraham Dov Ber Kahana Shapiro Rabbi of Kovno. Telz (Telšiai), Shevat 1930. At the foot of the letter, 5 lines handwritten and signed by R. Avraham Dov Ber Kahana, confirming transfer of funds. Kovno (Kaunas), Shevat 1930.
The letter sent from Telz, signed by R. "Ch.M. Katz - son-in-law of R. Y.L. Bloch" and by R. "A.D. Levin", states: "To the United Central Committee for Eretz Israel in Lithuania under R. A.D. Shapiro, Kovno. Apart from the 3000 litas we have already sent on behalf of the victims of the massacres in our Holy Land, we are now sending the committee 700 litas, to be transferred to Eretz Israel… 500 litas for the benefit of the Hebron yeshiva and 200 litas for R. Diskin's large orphanage…".
At the foot of the letter, the Devar Avraham writes a confirmation to the senders: "…On the basis of this letter, I am sending today through the bank this sum to be divided between the two designated institutions. Peace and blessing, Avraham Dov Ber Kahana Shapiro.
R. Avraham Dov Ber Kahana Shapiro (1871-1943), author of Devar Avraham, an eminent rabbi in his times, son of R. Zalman Sender Kahana Shapiro and son-in-law of "the Gadol of Minsk", R. Yerucham Yehuda Leib Perelman. A student of the Volozhin yeshiva. His scholarly book Devar Avraham, the first part of which was first printed in 1906, earned him worldwide fame and already in his times, leading rabbis discussed its contents. He was renowned as a prominent leader of Lithuanian Jewry. In 1924, he joined the famous expedition of rabbis to America together with the Kli Chemda, R. Kook and R. Epstein. The outbreak of WWII caught him on a visit to Switzerland, yet he returned to Kovno, stating that a captain does not abandon his ship during a storm. He perished in the Kovno Ghetto and thousands of Jews attended his funeral.
R. Chaim Mordechai Katz (1894-1964), a dean of the Telz yeshiva in Lithuania and the United States. He was the son-in-law of R. Yosef Leib Bloch, dean of the Telz yeshiva. Renowned from his youth as an outstanding Torah scholar, he headed the Kollel in Telz and after the Holocaust founded and headed the Telz yeshivot in Cleveland and Chicago. In 1940, R. Chaim Mordechai travelled to the USA together with his brother-in-law R. Eliyahu Meir Bloch, on a perilous journey via Siberia and Japan, to attempt to rescue the yeshiva students and their families who remained in war-ravaged Telz. Upon their arrival in the US, they decided to establish a new yeshiva there, and in Cheshvan 1941, Telz yeshiva was opened in Cleveland, Ohio. Until 1945, they were not informed of the extent of the destruction and horrific annihilation, and only after the war did they discover that most of the rabbis and students of the yeshiva as well as their families were brutally murdered upon the German invasion of Lithuania. However, Telz Torah was saved by their tremendous efforts to strengthen and glorify the Torah.
 leaf. 18X23 cm. Good condition. Filing holes. Creases and folding marks.
Passover Haggadah with the Bizat Mitzrayim commentary, by R. Akiva Rabbi of Borisov (Barysaw). Jerusalem: R. Israel Back, "in the printing press donated by Moses Montefiore and his pious wife Yehudit", 1865.
On the verso of the title page, approbations by R. Meir Auerbach and R. Eliyahu Yosef Rivlin (head of Chabad Chassidim in Jerusalem), with an illustration of the houses of Jerusalem. The last page features an engraving of the Temple site. At the end of the Haggadah, the commentary on Chad Gadya by the Gaon of Vilna is presented, with a super-commentary by his disciple R. Shlomo of Tulchyn.
, 3-26,  leaves. 21 cm. Good condition. Stains, wear and minor tears. Old binding.
Yaari 932, Otzar HaHaggadot 1257, Sh. HaLevi 110.
Knesset Yisrael, novellae on the Six Orders of the Mishna, the 613 commandments, Sefer Yetzira and Sitrei Torah, and other topics, by R. Gedalia Lifshitz. Breslau (Wrocław), 1818.
On the front endpaper, dedication handwritten and signed by the author - R. Gedalia Lifshitz, on behalf of R. Yisrael Lifshitz, author of Tiferet Yisrael. The dedication is written in a tremulous, difficult to decipher script, presumably due to his old age: "A gift - to the faithful friend of my son the great Torah scholar rabbi of Wronki, R. Avraham, shochet of Friedland, so says Gedalia Lifshitz".
R. Gedalia Lifshitz (1746-1826), rabbi of Chodzish (Chodzież), author of Regel Yeshara and other works, father of R. Yisrael Lifshitz author of Tiferet Yisrael on Mishnayot, and son of R. Yisrael Lifshitz Rabbi of Cleves (renowned from the Cleves divorce affair). R. Gedalia was an outstanding Torah scholar, and was rabbinically ordained at the young age of 24 by R. Aryeh Leib Gunzberg of Metz the Shaagat Aryeh. He served in his youth as rabbi of Emden, and then of Obertzishk (Obrzycko), and finally, of Chodzish until his passing.
His son, R. Yisrael Lifshitz, is famous for his work Tiferet Yisrael on Mishnayot, which was accepted throughout the Jewish world and printed in hundreds of editions until this day. The Tiferet Yisrael served as rabbi in several German communities, including Wronki - where he served at the time of the printing of this book (as stated in the title page). His father R. Gedalia was his prime teacher who greatly influenced him with his unique style of learning. His preoccupation in explaining Mishnayot with a straight understanding and profundity was also inherited from his father, as can be seen from this work, which for the main part is a commentary to the six orders of the Mishnah. The Tiferet Yisrael quotes his father extensively in his work, referring to him with great honor, and in his preface to Order Nashim, he writes about him: "And all this I attained through the guidance of my teacher from birth… my father, the renowned Torah scholar, who already from a young age urged me to study the holy Mishnayot, and to delve into it incessantly…" (see: Mordechai Meyer, R. Gedalyahu son of Yisrael Lifshitz, Father of the Tiferet Yisrael, Yeshurun 18, pp. 804-823).
This book includes novellae from R. Gedaliah's father - R. Yisrael Lifshitz Rabbi of Cleves, and from his two sons - R. Yisrael Lifshitz author of Tiferet Yisrael, and R. Eliezer Lifshitz (who passed away in his youth, leaving behind eight compositions in manuscript). This book contains the first published novellae of the Tiferet Yisrael, whom R. Gedalia praises in the title page as having surpassed him in wisdom and Torah.
, 50 leaves. 20 cm. Fair condition. Darkened leaves. Stains and wear. Worming, primarily to first and last leaves. Original binding, damaged.
Manuscript, Tolaat Yaakov, kabbalistic commentary to the prayers, by R. Meir ibn Gabai [Yemen, 18th/19th century?].
Scribal copying in Yemenite script. Many dozens of interlinear and marginal kabbalistic glosses, which elucidate and explain the kabbalistic hints and secrets contained in the Tolaat Yaakov book. Presumably, these are copyings of the glosses of R. Yitzchak (Mahari) Wanneh, leading Yemenite kabbalist and Torah scholar in the 16th and 17th century (1575-ca. 1670), who wrote important compositions, including the Paamon Zahav commentary on the Tiklal, Rechev Elokim and Shaar HaShamayim on kabbalistic topics, halachic works and more. He reputedly wrote glosses to several works, including to Tolaat Yaakov (see: preface of his biography by R. Yitzchak Ratzabi, at the beginning of his book Rechev Elokim, Pe'ulat Tzadit institute, 1999). R. Yitzchak Wanneh's glosses remained in manuscript and have not been published.
On the first page - the order of the Sefirot, illustrated and ornamented with a colorful border (leaf damaged).
72, , 73-75 leaves (slight mispagination), lacking end. 22 cm. Overall good condition. Tears and damage to first leaf, with loss of text on both sides. Stains and wear. Worming to last few leaves, affecting text. Binding damaged.
Halachic responsa regarding permission for agunot to remarry, three typewritten leaves with handwritten additions, from the "special Beit Din for releasing agunot" of the "Central Bureau of the Autonomous Orthodox Jewish Communities in Hungary". [Budapest, 1946].
This responsa, regarding the releasing of agunot after WWII, consists of three typewritten leaves (mimeographed). The leaves bear handwritten additions and corrections, in pencil. The versos of two of the leaves bear the letterhead of "A Magyarországi Autonom Orthodox Izr. Hitfelekezet Központi Irodája - Budapesten" (Central Bureau of the Autonomous Orthodox Jewish Communities in Hungary - Budapest). This is a draft of the responsa, which was apparently intended for sending to a number of rabbis to solicit their opinion.
The responsa opens with: "We, the members of the special Beit Din for releasing agunot, hereby request that the rabbis and Torah authorities in each place, join us in releasing agunot who do not have clear evidence of their husbands' death…".
The writers specifically mention the opinion of Rebbe Yoel Teitelbaum of Satmar: "…We have also seen a telegram from London… that Rebbe Yoel Teitelbaum Rabbi of Satmar, now living in Eretz Israel (Rebbe Yoel lived in Jerusalem in 1946)… also agrees to permit… Nearly nine months have passed since the war which raged throughout Europe…".
The responsa ends with a request: "…We hereby request that you study the issue and inform us of your opinion by telegram, since the matter is very urgent and we must give the aforementioned permission in the near future".
 leaves. Approx. 34 cm. Good-fair condition. Small marginal tears, not affecting text. Stains. Folding marks.
Hanukkah lamp decorated with lions and a Menorah. Warsaw, late 19th century.
Stamped, cast and engraved copper alloy; silver plate, and appliqué; marked "B. Henneberg Warszawa".
The back plate is surrounded by a frame of Acanthus leaves , with a pair of lions supporting a seven-branched Menorah in the center. A Shamash is fixed on the left side, and on the right side there is a base for an oil jug (missing).
Height: 27 cm. Width: 25 cm. Good condition. Worn silver plating. Bends. Corrosion. Ornament on top of the lamp (probably a crown) is possibly missing. Oil jug is missing.
Likutei Maharich - Three Parts, by R. Yisrael Chaim Friedman Rabbi of Rachov (Rakhiv). Part I - on weekday prayers and conduct, second edition, printed by the author's grandson in Satmar (Satu Mare), 1932. Parts II and III - "on the orders of Erev Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh, on festivals, on circumcisions and weddings", first edition, printed by the author in Sighet [Sighetu Marmaţiei, 1903-1911].
Hundreds of handwritten glosses from two writers - the majority handwritten by R. Tzvi Moskowitz, and a small portion in an earlier handwriting. Parts II and III contain glosses and additions, presumably handwritten by the author. A single leaf was found between the leaves of Part I (leaf 80) from a copy of the first edition, with glosses and additions in the handwriting of the author. By comparison to the second edition of Part I, it is apparent that these glosses were incorporated in the second edition (see there, foreword of the publisher - the author's grandson, R. Yaakov Tzvi Kaufman, dayan in Margareten [Marghita], who writes that these glosses originate from his grandfather, the author: "…from the moment his book was published, he continuously worked on it, correcting it from beginning to end, and in several places he deleted, and he organized it in a different order, and refined it thirteenfold… he also inserted in the margins many new and essential additions, resulting in a whole new creation… he wished to reprint the book in a second edition, but he was not able to do so, since unfortunately, he perished suddenly on 24th Sivan, 1922").
Throughout the three parts: hundreds of glosses, corrections and additions handwritten by R. Tzvi Moskowitz. In the third volume, ownership inscription with his signature from his youth: "This book belongs to my dear father. I, the writer… Tzvi Moskowitz of Oyber-Visheve (Vișeu de Sus)".
(R. Yaakov Tzvi Kaufman only succeeded in publishing Part I in a revised edition. In 2013, a new edition of Likutei Maharich was published in Jerusalem, including the author's additions to all three parts, based on a manuscript preserved by his family. It is possible that some of the glosses by R. Tzvi Moskowitz featured in these volumes, are passages copied in Margareten from the author's own additions, whilst preparing for print a new edition of the book. These glosses were however presumably not known to the editors of the 2013 edition).
The author - R. Yisrael Chaim Friedman (1849-1922), rabbi of Rachov (Rakhiv, in Hungarian: Rahó). A renowned and pious Torah scholar. A foremost and elder Chassidic rabbi in the Maramureș region (Carpathian Ruthenia). A disciple of the Divrei Chaim of Sanz and a close disciple of the Yitav Lev, Rebbe of Sighet. He was also an associate of the latter's son, the Kedushat Yom Tov (Rebbe Yoel of Satmar held him in high esteem, and quotes in his books a parable which the rabbi of Rachov said regarding Zionists and the Mizrachi). From 1884, he served as rabbi of Rachov (his epitaph attests that he held this position for 38 years), and was the first rabbi of this community (Sefer Marmarosh, p. 356). His book Likutei Maharich - "on the order of prayer and man's daily conduct, from the moment he rises until he goes to sleep" - was accepted and renowned as one of the most reliable books concerning the prayer customs and various laws, following the tradition of great Chassidic leaders, and his words are quoted until this day in all books of Halacha and customs. He quotes in his books first hand testimonies of practices he personally observed applied by his masters and teachers: the Divrei Chaim, the Yitav Lev, and the rebbes of Belz (in the section on Passover customs in his book, he records the Divrei Chaim's special practices, which he observed when he attended the Divrei Chaim's last Passover of his life).
His descendants include prominent dynasties of rabbis and rebbes. R. Yisrael Chaim perished suddenly in a flood, while supervising the Kashrut of cheese production in a pasture. The area unexpectedly became flooded with torrents of water, resulting from heavy rain (a cloud burst), and the small wooden bridge the rabbi and his assistants were walking on gave way, sending the rabbi plummeting down, and he was swept away into the depth of the river (Olami, Memorial Book of the Seplak Community and Margareten Region, p. 291).
The author of most glosses: R. Tzvi Moskowitz (ca. 1905-1893), the famous printer from Margareten and Jerusalem. An outstanding Torah scholar, chassid and kabbalist, a disciple of R. Shlomo Zalman Weinberger Rabbi of Margareten. He was closely associated with the rebbes of Belz and Munkacs, Nadvorna and Komarno. He printed books in Margareten (Romania) between 1933 and 1947. He immigrated to Jerusalem in 1947, and dealt in printing and selling books. He edited and published the Torah anthology Otzrot Yerushalayim, between 1955 and 1983. He authored and published dozens of books on Halacha and Aggadah, Chassidism and Kabbalah. He edited the writing of the Daat Sofer, rabbi of Pressburg, and of other rabbis and Torah scholars.
Vol. I: , 213,  leaf. Vol. II: 100 leaves (lacking title page). Vol. III: , 136 leaves. 19.5-22.5 cm. Dry paper. Overall good to good-fair condition. Stains. Tears to several leaves, mostly not affecting text. Old and new bindings.
Manuscript, "Aggadta DePischa" (Passover Haggadah), and Azharot for Shavuot with the Etz Chaim commentary. [Yemen, ca. 19th century].
Neat, calligraphic script. The Haggadah is decorated with red ink. In the Hallel service of the Passover Haggadah, the abbreviation "Hal." (ornamented) indicates each instance where, according to Yemenite rite, the participants respond with "Hallelukah". At the end of the Azharot, a signature appears in calligraphic script: "Yosef son of Saadia Tzefira".
R. Yosef Tzefira (ca. 1850-ca. 1932), was born in Tan'am to the scribe R. Saadia son of Yosef Tzefira (HaPartzi), author of Kesef Tzaruf U'Maayan Ganim. In 1882, R. Yosef copied books in Tan'am, and in 1885, he is already recorded as living in Sana'a and earning a living as a book copyist. In 1890, he immigrated to Eretz Israel, where he published his father's books (in 1891 and 1932). Known as a holy and pious man, he was a Torah scholar in the Beit El yeshiva of Kabbalists. He worked as a scribe, and many ordered Mezuzot and Tefillin from him, owing to his righteousness and holiness (see: Encyclopedia LeChachmei Teiman, I, pp. 535-536).
 leaves (64 written pages). 16 cm. High-quality, handmade paper (Yemen). Fair condition. Extensive worming. Wear and stains. Loose and detached leaves. Without binding.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. "Aryeh Leib son of R. Reuven HaLevi Levin". Denenburg (Dvinsk, present day: Daugavpils, Latvia). Tishrei, 1879. On the second leaf of the letter: nine lines handwritten by his father R. Reuven HaLevi, with four signatures of R. Reuven: "Reuven HaLevi residing in Denaburg"; and "the abovementioned Reuven" - three times.
In the letter addressed to his friend R. Yaakov Rabinowitz of Rozhinoy (Ruzhany, son of R. Mordechai Gimpel Jaffe), R. Aryeh Leib describes their acclimation to Denenburg (Dvinsk), where his father began serving as rabbi. He mentions his anticipation to hear good tidings from his friend "…so may he inform us only good news with Mazal Tov shortly, since I heard that the matter is very close and G-d is hurrying to implement it… and from the depth of my heart I bless him with a good year, with a good and joyous final sealing, and all good things…".
On the verso of the leaf, R. Reuven HaLevi writes: "I also inquire of the wellbeing of my friend the young, astute and diligent Torah scholar, Yaakov of Rozhinoy, may G-d accord him a good sealing in general… the words I spoke on his behalf, and I heard that he has decided to conclude this match, and in my opinion it is a fitting match, since she is an only daughter, and I heard that she is perfect, may G-d grant him only good… Reuven HaLevi residing here, Denaburg". R. Reuven then sends regards to three different people, each signed with his signature: "the abovementioned Reuven". The first regards are addressed to the rabbi "the great Torah scholar of your camp", the second to "R. Refael and the mashgiach R. Shimon", and the third to a relative, the young student "and if my sister's grandson from Ilya is studying there, please send him regards and ask him to study diligently. The abovementioned Reuven".
R. Reuven HaLevi Levi Rabbi of Denenburg (1815-1887). Leading Lithuanian Torah scholar. Close disciple of R. Aryeh Leib Shapiro Rabbi of Smorgon and Kovno. In his youth, he was already considered a foremost Torah scholar of the generation, with his profound understanding and original novellae plumbing the depth of Talmudic topics. He served as rabbi in various cities: Ilya, Ivyanets, Omtchislav (Mstsislaw) and others. In 1879, he was appointed rabbi of the Ashkenazi community in Dvinsk (then named Dinaburg, Denenburg). Ranked amongst the leading Torah scholars of the generation, he was regularly summoned to meetings of foremost Torah scholars with R. Yitzchak Elchanan, and his opinion on current matters was weighed with serious consideration by all Lithuanian rabbis. In 1879, he was appointed by Lithuanian Torah leaders as one of the three rabbis who would advise on matters of religion and Halacha, at the rabbi's convention in St Petersburg (together with R. Lipa of Mir and R. Eliyahu Eliezer of Vilna). Thanks to his lobbying, the government recognized the Orthodox rabbinate's absolute authority over divorce and marriage in the Jewish community. His book Rosh LaReuveni was printed many years following his passing, and contains only a small part of his brilliant novellae, which at the time stirred the world of Torah erudition in Lithuania.
Recipient of the letter: R. Yaakov Rabinowitz Jaffe (d. 1919), son of R. Mordechai Gimpel Jaffe Rabbi of Rozhinoy. While living in Luchin (Ludza), he taught the young prodigy student Avraham Yitzchak Kook. He was a prominent Torah scholar, and his opinion was influential regarding rabbinical appointments in his region, yet he himself did not serve in the rabbinate.
 double leaf (2 written pages). 22.5 cm. Fair-good condition. Wear and tears. Tape repairs.
Midrash Rabba, with the Matnot Kehuna commentary and Asefat Amarim, on the books Bereshit, Vayikra, Bamidbar and Devarim; with Midrash Shir HaShirim, Midrash Ruth, Midrash Eicha and Midrash Kohelet. Zhitomir: Shapira Brothers - R. Chanina Lipa, R. Aryeh Leib and R. Yehoshua Heshel, 1851. Four volumes (out of five).
On the endpaper of the Bereshit volume, lengthy dedication handwritten and signed by Rebbe Shlomo Shmuel Twersky of Chernobyl. The dedication is based on Tehillim, Psalm 119, using verses beginning with the letters which spell out the recipient's name: Avraham son of Moshe. The dedication concludes with the Rebbe's signature: "As a souvenir of love and friendship, Shmuel Twersky".
Rebbe Shlomo Shmuel Twersky of Chernobyl (1866-1936), born to Rebbe Baruch Asher of Chernobyl (son of R. Aharon of Chernobyl) and Raizel daughter of Rebbe Moshe of Koristchov. Son-in-law of his uncle Rebbe Yeshayahu Meshulam Zusia of Chernobyl, and in his second marriage, of Rebbe Dan of Radvil. In 1905, he succeeded his father as rebbe of Chernobyl. With the Russian Revolution, he moved to Kiev and then Riga, from there he immigrated to the United States and established his court in Brooklyn. His son was Rebbe Yaakov Yisrael Twersky of Chernobyl, and his son-in-law was Rebbe Yitzchak Twersky of Skver-Kishinev (son of Rebbe David of Skver).
Four volumes. Bereshit: , 572 pages. Vayikra: , 454 pages. Bamidbar: 5-498 pages. Lacking 2 leaves at the beginning. The last leaves are bound out of sequence. Devarim: 4, 9-264; 178 [i.e. 176] pages. Lacking 2 leaves in the middle and last leaf. 19.5 cm. Darkened paper. Fair condition. Stains, dampstains. Worming in several places. Minor tears and damage (also to some title pages). Non-original bindings.
Handwritten letter, "from the Torah scholars and rabbis of Eretz Israel", signed by foremost Jerusalem rabbis: R. Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky, R. Zelig Reuven Bengis and R. Shimshon Aharon Polonsky. [Jerusalem, ca. 1944].
Appeal to save the yeshivot in Jerusalem, who are bereft of their financial support from Europe, due to WWII and the Holocaust.
"The large wave of blood and antisemitism that has swept over the entire world, has deeply affected one of the Torah fortresses, the large and ancient school and yeshiva in Jerusalem… this significant source of spirituality, was supported by our generous brethren in Austria, Czechoslovakia and Hungary. With the destruction of Europe and the major upheaval these countries have underwent in recent years, this source of income has almost completely dried up… We therefore turn to you… Save and rescue this illustrious Torah stronghold before it is too late!...".
 leaves. 27 cm. Fair-good condition. Dampstains. Marginal wear and tears.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. Yitzchak Aharon Ettinger (Etting)Rabbi of Lviv. Lviv, Elul 1887.
Addressed to R. Yehoshua Falk Zev (Wolfson) Rabbi of Foltshen (Fălticeni, Romania), regarding a scandal of breach of monopoly caused by the appointment of an additional Shochet, without the approval of the rabbi. The letter opens with blessings for the new year: "As the sound of the Shofar resounds, may G-d bless my honorable friend, the renowned, proficient, astute rabbi…". The letter concludes: "It is the duty of the distinguished members of the city to courageously support you in eliminating thorns from G-d's vineyard, and in this merit may G-d bless them with a good and blessed year, and drape upon them His sukkah of peace. So is the plea of your friend, who seeks your wellbeing with great love. Yitzchak Aharon Ettinger".
R. Yitzchak Aharon HaLevi Ettinger (1827-1891), prominent Galician Torah scholar, was the son of R. Mordechai Zev HaLevi Ettinger, foremost Galician Torah scholar, author of Mefarshei HaYam and Magen Giborim, and son-in-law of R. Mordechai Zev Orenstein. He spent most his life in Lviv and was one of its leading Torah scholars. Despite receiving offers of rabbinic positions in large cities, he refused to abandon his town, apart from serving as rabbi of Pshemishel (Przemyśl) for a short time. After the passing of his uncle the Shoel UMeshiv in 1875, the Chassidic communities wished to appoint him rabbi of Lviv, due to his closeness to the Rebbes of Ziditchov, but ultimately, R. Tzvi Hirsh Orenstein received the position. After the latter's passing in Nisan 1888, R. Yitzchak Aharon Ettinger was appointed rabbi of Lviv, yet even previously, his opinion bore weight in all communities of Galicia and the surroundings (as this letter discloses). His novellae were published in his illustrious father's book - Maamar Mordechai, and in his book Responsa of R. Yitzchak Aharon HaLevi.
 leaf. 18 cm. Approx. 14 autograph lines, apart from the signature. Good-fair condition. Marginal wear and minor tears, repaired with (acid-free) tape. Stains.
Lengthy responsum letter (4 pages) from R. Dov Berish Weidenfeld Rabbi of Tchebin (Trzebinia), with his signature. Jerusalem, Kislev 1948.
Addressed to the great Torah scholar R. Yissachar Dov Goldstein, one of the deans of the Kollel Shomrei HaChomot yeshiva. The letter is written by a scribe, apart from the last five lines which the Gaon of Tchebin wrote himself. Halachic responsum regarding the prohibition of trapping and slaughtering on Shabbat. The responsum was published in his book Dovev Meisharim, part II section 25, apart from the handwritten lines which were not printed there.
The Gaon of Tchebin, R. Dov Berish Weidenfeld (1881-1965), was the son of R. Yaakov Rabbi of Rimalov (Hrymailiv), author of Kochav MiYaakov, foremost Galician Torah scholar. From 1923, he served as rabbi of Tchebin, Galicia, and already in his youth was renowned as a foremost Torah scholar and halachic authority in his generation, with exceptional proficiency in the entire Talmud and halachic literature. During his tenure in Tchebin, he established a prominent yeshiva, which attracted the finest, most astute students in Galicia. After the passing of R. Meir Shapiro, he joined the spiritual administration of the Chachmei Lublin yeshiva, together with the Gaon of Koziegłowy R. Aryeh Tzvi Frumer and Rebbe Moshenyu of Krakow. A chassid, he was attached to the Rebbes of the Belz and Ruzhin dynasties. During the Holocaust, he was exiled to Siberia then Bukhara, reaching Jerusalem in 1946, where he founded the Kochav MiYaakov - Tchebin yeshiva. The Tchebiner Rav was revered by all the leading rabbis of his times, Rebbes and yeshiva deans, including R. Isser Zalman Meltzer, the Chazon Ish and R. Yitzchak Zev of Brisk. His teacher Rebbe Aharon of Belz would refer to him the gravest halachic questions. On his first Shavuot in Jerusalem, he went to pray in the Beit Midrash of the Imrei Emet, Rebbe of Ger, who declared upon seeing him: "Today we shall honor the Torah itself with the reading of the Ten Commandments".
 leaves (4 written pages), official stationery. 27.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Minor stains. Tears to folding marks (repaired with non-acidic tape on text). Filing holes.
Manuscript, order of blessings and prayers, Grace after Meals and other blessings. Kiddush of Shabbat. Rosh Chodesh service, Hallel and Mussaf prayer. [Yemen (Aden?), ca. early 20th century].
Calligraphic square script, vocalized, with ornaments in black, blue, red and green and folk-art illustrations.
 written leaves + additional leaves. Approx. 18 cm. Varying paper, blank leaves and lined notebook leaves. Bound in a notebook (with printed wrappers from Aden - featuring early pictures of King George VI of England and his wife Elizabeth). Good-fair condition. Worming. Colorful cloth binding with leather spine. Printed pictures in the endpapers.
Lengthy letter (2 pages) handwritten and signed by R. Mordechai Gimpel Jaffe. Rozhinoy (Ruzhany), 1883.
Addressed to his son R. Yaakov Rabinowitz and his family. Interesting letter concerning various familial matters (marriage prospects, education and study methods, health, reception of the rabbi in Kosava, charity to a relative, and more).
In the letter, R. Mordechai Gimpel refers to the rabbi's request "that I describe to him my grandson's way of learning… (presumably, for the purpose of the marriage prospect mentioned in the letter) …and indeed, it is impossible to define such things on paper, even though one can describe the proficiency and knowledge in general, the extent of his understanding in what he learns and learnt, I cannot portray, only a truly great person can see that with his eyes. He is now reviewing the order of Nashim, as well as Bava Kamma, and Bava Metzia he has also not forgotten from his childhood, and while debating in Halacha, he is lacking no weapon…".
R. Mordechai Gimpel Jaffe (1820-1892) was a leading Torah scholar in his generation - the times of the Netziv and R. Yitzchak Elchanan Spektor. He was a disciple of R. Yitzchak of Volozhin, who predicted that he would be amongst the foremost rabbis of the generation. He served as rabbi in Deretchin (Dziarečyn), and later in Rozhinoy (Lithuania, presently Belarus), a position he held for some 36 years, until his immigration to Eretz Israel in 1888. Upon his arrival in Eretz Israel, he settled in the newly established colony of Yehud, where he founded a yeshiva of outstanding Torah scholars and became the spiritual-religious leader of the new settlement in Eretz Israel. In the 1889 Shemittah polemic, R. Mordechai Gimpel was amongst the leading opponents of the Heter Mechira (maintaining that since the Jewish people's exile from the Land was due to Shemittah desecration, the survival of the new settlement would depend on full observance of the commandment of Shemittah), and he supported the farmers in Ekron who steadfastly observed the Shemittah. He authored many books on Halacha, Talmud and Aggadah, some of which were published, yet most of his writings were lost in fires in Slonim, during WWI and the Holocaust.
His descendants include many renowned Torah scholars: His son-in-law R. Yosef Zecharia Stern Rabbi of Šiauliai author of Zecher Yehosef; his son-in-law R. Tzvi Hirsch Wolk Rabbi of Pinsk author of Keter Kehuna on the Sifri; his son R. Tzvi Hirsch Jaffe, prominent Torah scholar in Brisk. The recipient of this letter is his son, R. Yaakov Rabinowitz (d. 1919), who while living in Luchin (Ludza) taught the young prodigy Avraham Yitzchak Kook. He was a prominent Torah scholar, and his opinion was influential regarding rabbinical appointments in his region, yet he himself did not serve in the rabbinate.
 leaf, written on both sides - approx. 42 lines. 21 cm. Thin, blueish paper. Good-fair condition. Tears and damage (from pasting) to top of leaf.
Order of prayers according to Roman rite, with Pirkei Avot, portions of Torah reading, Tehillim and Maamadot, "Reprinted now in a new, beautiful typeface". Venice: Vendramin, 1699.
Includes the order of supplications according to Venetian rite, prayers for the Three Festivals, for Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, various piyyutim, Tefillat HaDerech and Tefillat HaYam.
24, 26-228, 204 leaves. Lacking leaf 25 of the first pagination. First 12 leaves bound out of sequence. 9 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains. Tears to a few leaves, affecting text, repaired. Two detached leaves. Gilt edges. From leaf 133 onwards - larger leaves, presumably from a different copy. Early leather binding, with gilt ornaments. New metal clasp.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld, from the beginning of his tenure as "Rabbi of the Ashkenazi communities in the holy city of Jerusalem". Jerusalem, Av 1921.
At the foot of the letter: 3 additional lines handwritten and signed by R. "Lipman David son of R. Y." (R. Dovche Shuvaks) - head of the Chassidic Beit Din in Jerusalem.
Recommendation to assist R. Berish Saltz of Safed: "This eminent, outstanding rabbi… very proficient in Torah… amongst the Torah scholars and rabbis of Safed… he toils in Torah and worship of G-d in poverty, strain and difficult circumstances… apart from the good deed of supporting Torah, this also constitutes visiting the sick, since this rabbi is feeble and ailing…". The dayan R. Lipman David also acclaims him: "…for his main objective is Torah and fear of G-d, and it is a great mitzva to assist him…".
R. Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld (1849-1932), spiritual leader of Orthodox Jewry in Eretz Israel. An outstanding Torah scholar, a holy and wise man. He was a disciple of the Ketav Sofer in the Pressburg yeshiva, and of R. Avraham Schag Rabbi of Kobersdorf. He immigrated to Jerusalem in 1873 together with his teacher R. Avraham Schag, and was renowned as one of its leading Torah scholars. He was also reputed for his extensive engagement in public and charitable activities. When R. Yehoshua Leib Diskin (the Maharil) immigrated to Jerusalem in 1879, R. Yosef Chaim drew close to him, becoming his prime disciple and serving as dayan in his Beit Din. He was the Maharil's close attendant in the battle against the Christian mission and the Haskalah movement, which threatened the old Yishuv in Jerusalem.
For many years (following the passing of R. Shmuel Salant in 1909), R. Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld refused to take on the position of rabbi of Jerusalem, yet after the Chief Rabbinate was instated and R. Kook appointed Chief Rabbi in 1919-1921, a separate community was established - "the Eida HaChareidit of Ashkenazi communities", and R. Yosef Chaim was appointed its first rabbi under the title of Mara D'Ara DeYisrael (Rabbi of Eretz Israel).
R. Lipman David (R. Duvcha) Shuvaks (ca. 1830-1924), head of the Chassidic Beit Din in Jerusalem. He was raised in the home of Rebbe Mendel of Kotzk, and at the age of 14, married the Rebbe's niece, who had also grown up in the Rebbe's home. For many years, he studied together with his cousin (son-in-law of the Rebbe) R. Avraham Bornstein of Sochatchov - the Avnei Nezer, in the penetrating and profound study method they absorbed from their teacher, the Rebbe of Kotzk. At the age of 16, he was rabbinically ordained by his uncle the Rebbe of Kotzk, who even appointed him posek in Kotzk (Kock), position he held for some 25 years. In 1885, he went to serve as rabbi of Lubartów, remaining there for 13 years. In 1898, he immigrated to Eretz Israel, at the behest of his teacher, the Rebbe of Kotzk. Upon his arrival in Jerusalem, he was appointed head of the Chassidic Beit Din, serving in that capacity for over 25 years. His teachings have been published in recent years in the Chiddushei HaGrad series of books.
 leaf, official stationery. 27.5 cm. Fair-good condition. Stains. Wear and folding marks.
Letter of Warning to the Mantua Community, Regarding a Fraudulent Emissary Circulating in Italian Communities – Signed by Jerusalem Rabbis: Rabbi Yaakov Moshe Ayash, Rabbi Yaakov Koral and Rabbi Yom Tov Danon
Letter from the rabbis of Jerusalem addressed to the leaders of the Mantua community, alerting them of a person posing as an emissary of Jerusalem. Signed by the rabbis of the city: Chief Rabbi Yaakov Moshe Ayash, R. Yaakov Koral and R. Yom Tov Danon, with the stamp of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem. Jerusalem, 1814.
The rabbis of Jerusalem begin with writing that they were notified by their emissary - R. Yaakov David Yekutiel HaKohen, that there is a person claiming to be an emissary of the Jerusalem community, circulating in Italian cities and raising funds. The Jerusalem rabbis declare that they do not know the person, that he is an imposter and a charlatan, and warn the Mantua community not to allow him to deceive them, requesting they forewarn neighboring communities as well.
The rabbis first indicate that the sign of a true emissary is if his ledgers and emissary letters bear, apart from their signatures, the two stamps of the Jerusalem community - the old one and the new one. Later in the letter, below the date, the rabbis assert otherwise, writing that the ultimate proof of authenticity is only the new stamp adjoined to their signatures, without the old stamp.
The first signatory on this letter is the Chief Rabbi - R. Yaakov Moshe Ayash, followed by (far left) R. Yaakov Koral - his successor as Chief Rabbi, and finally (in the center) R. Yom Tov Danon (who served as Chief Rabbi after the Chikrei Lev). The stamp of the Jerusalem community is affixed beneath their signatures, serving in this case also as a sample to compare emissary letters with, for establishing authenticity.
 folded leaf (address inscribed on verso). 24 cm. Fair condition. Stains, ink stains. Wear, tears and holes. Folding marks.
Handwritten leaf, letter and ruling signed by leading rabbis of Fez, Morocco: R. Eliyahu HaTzarfati, R. Refael Oved ibn Tzur and R. Matitya Serrero. Fez, .
Regarding the estate of R. Yosef HaTzarfati (R. Eliyahu's father) and his family.
The first part of the leaf contains a letter in Judeo-Arabic addressed to "our prominent friend R. Yosef Alshakar", dated Nissan , bearing the calligraphic signature of R. Eliyahu HaTzarfati.
The second part of the leaf, written concurrently, contains a halachic ruling with reference to the letter, signed by Fez rabbis: R. Refael Oved ibn Tzur and R. Matitya Serrero. This ruling discusses the "properties which were known to be of R. Yosef HaTzarfati… became a mound of earth and also the synagogue was reduced to a graveyard, and the Torah scholar whose signature appears here (apparently, R. Eliyahu HaTzarfati) did not inherit property or chattels from his father, the aforementioned R. Yosef…".
R. Eliyahu HaTzarfati (1715-1805) was an eminent Moroccan rabbi and dayan in the city of Fez. He was a disciple of R. Chaim ibn Attar (the holy Or HaChaim) and of R. Yaakov ibn Tzur, the Yaavetz. The Chida, a contemporary of R. Eliyahu, refers to him with lofty titles in his book Shem HaGedolim (entry R. Vidal HaTzarfati), writing that he has heard that R. Eliyahu traces his genealogy fifteen generations back until Rabbeinu Tam, Rashi's grandson, and that he is a disciple of R. Chaim ibn Attar. R. Eliyahu was among the five leading Fez rabbis ordained by the Yaavetz, who were termed the "Beit Din of Five". These five rabbis led the Fez community and wrote hundreds of responsa and rulings, their authority reaching all Moroccan communities. The other four members of this "Beit Din" were R. Shaul ibn Danan, R. Refael Oved ibn Tzur, R. Matitya Serrero and R. Moshe ibn Zimra.
R. Refael Oved ibn Tzur (1706-1769) was a prominent Moroccan rabbi, ordained by his father, the Yaavetz, and likewise appointed to the "Beit Din of Five" which led the Fez community. This leaf bears his signature from the year of his demise.
R. Matitya Serrero (died 1786) was a leading Fez Torah scholar, maternal grandson of the Yaavetz. He too served as dayan in the aforementioned "Beit Din of Five".
 double leaf. 25 cm. Fair-poor condition. Stains and signs of past dampness. Tears and worming, affecting text. Folding marks and wear.
Two books printed in Russia-Poland, early 19th century:
• Sefer Yalkut Chadash, a compilation of Midrashim, Zohar and kabbalistic works (arranged according to subject in alphabetical order) by R. Yisrael son of R. Binyamin of Bełżyce. Radvil (Radyvyliv), [1814-1818].
Published by R. Yosef Yoska of Volochysk, with the approbation of his father, R. Mordechai of Kremenitz (1746-1820, son of R. Yechiel Michel, the Maggid of Zlotchov). The final leaf contains an interesting essay regarding the serious errors found in the Jewish calendars commonly printed in siddurim and chumashim. It is interesting to note that two years later, in 1820, the siddur "Tefilla Yeshara" was printed in Radvil. It was among the first Chassidic siddurim, and became known as "the Radvil siddur". The siddur was meticulously edited, proofread and brought to print by R. Mordechai of Kremenitz, under the supervision of Rebbe Avraham Yehoshua Heschel of Apta, the Ohev Yisrael.
• Bound with: Sefer Nisyonot Avraham, a commentary on the grammatical aspects of Rashi's commentary on the Prophets and the Talmud, by R. Avraham Luria of Shad (Seda, Lithuania). Vilna, .
Deleted ownership inscriptions on first leaves.
, 146; , 44 [i.e. 34] leaves. Mispagination. 21 cm. Good condition. Blue and light-blueish paper. Stains and worming. Tears to several leaves, affecting text. First leaves repaired with paper. Inscriptions, signatures and stamps. Original binding, damaged.
Handwritten document, tosefet ketubah from R. Moshe Tzvi son of R. Yisrael, to his wife Yenta daughter of R. Yitzchak Yaakov, signed by two witnesses and three dayanim. Safed, Sivan 1861.
The dayanim who signed the document: R. "Yaakov Moshe of Kosiv", R. "Mordechai of Uman", and R. "Baruch Kahana".
R. Mordechai (R. Motye) Zilberman (1819-1872) served as rabbi of Uman, succeeding his father-in-law R. Avraham Leib (rabbi of Uman in the time of R. Nachman of Breslov). In 1850, R. Mordechai immigrated to Eretz Israel, and served as dayan in the Beit Din of R. Shmuel Heller in Safed and in the Tiberias Beit Din. His son was R. Refael Zilberman, who served as rabbi of Safed and was the progenitor of a dynasty of Safed rabbis, the Zilberman and Kaplan families.
R. Yaakov Moshe was a posek in Kuty and Kosiv. He later immigrated to Eretz Israel and served in the Safed Beit Din. He exchanged halachic correspondence with R. Shlomo Drimmer Rabbi of Skala (Galicia), and responsa which R. Yaakov Moshe received from R. Shlomo Drimmer during the 1860s were printed in his book Beit Shlomo.
R. Baruch Kahana was also a dayan in Safed in the 1860s (a dayan named R. Baruch David Kahana of Vishnitza - author of Chibat HaAretz and of Birkat HaAretz, also served as dayan in Safed during a later period. The later R. Baruch Kahana was only born around 1850, immigrated to Eretz Israel in 1868 and died in Safed in 1921. Many Safed chroniclers erroneously confused these two rabbis).
 leaf. 27.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Tears to folds, repaired on verso. Light stains and creases.
Letter from the Jerusalem emissary, R. Yaakov David Yekutiel HaKohen, addressed to the Mantua community. [Italy], 1819.
The leaf opens with a letter in Italian to the Mantua community, with details of the debts of the Jerusalem community and other information. The letter ends in Hebrew (Italian scribal writing) with blessings for a good year.
The second half contains a handwritten request of the emissary R. Yaakov David Yekutiel HaKohen, with his calligraphic signature: "These are the words of David, who entreats you to have compassion on the miserable impoverished Jerusalem residents… These are the days that the King sits on his throne of justice… and the Mantua community should be blessed… So says the emissary… Yaakov David Yekutiel HaKohen…".
R. Yaakov David Yekutiel HaKohen (Rappaport) was a Torah scholar in Eretz Israel at the end of the 18th century and in the early 19th century. Around 1790, he was sent on behalf of the city of Safed to North Africa, and in 1806, he travelled as emissary of Jerusalem together with R. Refael Yaakov Matlon. In 1809, he printed in Livorno the book Daat Kedoshim by his grandfather R. David son of R. Aharon HaKohen Rappaport. In 1817 he returned to Jerusalem, and later traveled again to Italy to collect funds on behalf of the needy population of Jerusalem. He remained in Livorno from 1821-1823, and printed there his grandfather's book Ben He He.
 double leaf. 31 cm. Good condition. Stains. Folding marks.
Torah finials. United States (?), late 19th or early 20th century. Dedication dated 5684 (1924).
Silver (Marked "84" and "sterling"), cast, repouseé, cut and engraved.
Tall finials, consisting of two tiers and a crown, decorated with openwork and engraved foliate patterns. An eagle spreading its wings surmounts the finials.
A dedicatory inscription in Hebrew appears on the shafts: "…Shlomo David Ben Yosef Bushel and his wife Leah Bat Mordechai in memory of their daughter Sarah ….1924".
Height: 40 cm. Fair condition. Most bells are missing. Bends. Corrosion.
Two items for protection and segulah.
1. Parchment amulet, "Protect, save and assist the bearer of this amulet Yosef Avraham ben Simcha". [Eretz Israel and the vicinity, 19th or 20th century]. In the corner of the amulet appears a rectangular grid containing the letters of the verse "VaYaamod Pinchas VaYefalel VeTe'atzar HaMagefah" (Pinchas stood up and executed justice, and the plague was stopped). At the end of the amulet appears the name of the plant "Ruta", mentioned in amulets of this kind as a segulah for protection against plagues.
17X21 cm. Fair condition. Large tears and open tears. Stains. Damage. Mounted on cardboard.
2. Paper leaf with "Al-'Ahd" (apparently: Oath) text. [Yemen, 19th or 20th century].
Long and narrow leaf, containing the text of "Al-'Ahd al-Sadis" (Sixth Oath), mentioning the name of King Solomon who ruled over the animals and the demons, and "Al-'Ahd al-Sabi'" (Seventh Oath). Drawn at the bottom of the leaf is a Star of David with letters within it.
31.5X4.5 cm. Tears. Stains. Framed, unexamined out of frame.
Abudarham, commentaries to prayer and the laws pertaining to it, by R. David Abudarham. Prague, . With approbation by the Noda BiYehuda.
Signatures on the title page: "Yitzchak Itzek Fränkel Bach"; "Meir Perles".
R. Yaakov Yitzchak Fränkel Bach (1782/1776-1835), foremost disciple of the Chatam Sofer. In 1810, he was appointed rabbi of Santov (Abaújszántó), and from 1820, served as rabbi of Karaly (Carei). His teacher the Chatam Sofer was his matchmaker, recommending him to his father-in-law as one of his elite disciples. He authored Zeved Tov (Zhovkva, 1801) regarding agunot. The Chatam Sofer favored the book, and even commented on it. In his youth, while he was still serving as rabbi of Santov, his teacher commended him, in a responsum he wrote to the members of his community, regarding agunot: "…and their king and leader is my close disciple R. Itzek, who apart from his ascetic righteousness and absolute uprightness, is also clearly an outstanding Torah scholar, especially on the topic of agunot, and he has already earnt renown through the book he composed on the laws of agunot…" (see: Kinstlicher, HaChatam Sofer VeTalmidav, pp. 247-250).
R. Yitzchak Fränkel's son-in-law - R. Meir Perles (1811-1894), succeeded his father-in-law, after the latter's passing in 1835, as rabbi of Karaly, until his own demise. In his youth, he still merited studying in Pressburg under the Chatam Sofer for approximately six months, and in this short period he earnt his teacher's affection. His teacher the Chatam Sofer described the great pleasure he took in studying his novellae, which he composed at the young age of 18: "…the outstanding student, … Meir, of holy descent… my eyes lit up with his sharp pilpul and great erudition, how he connects various topics… I will not refrain from responding to him and showing my love for him…" (see: Kinstlicher, HaChatam Sofer VeTalmidav, pp. 309-310).
Other signatures on the title page: "This book I acquired in exchange for 3 gulden, Shlomo Zalman of Wies[el?]"; "I acquired with my wealth in exchange for…, Noach HaLevi".
, 118 leaves. Lacking final leaf. 21 cm. Good condition. Stains. Original binding, damaged.
Sefer Masorot, commentary on the Masorah, following literal and extended methods of interpretation. Venice: Giovanni di Gara, 1607. Only edition.
Thirty-five chapters on various topics, explaining the allusions contained in the atypical words in the Bible as recorded in the Masorah.
The identity of the author is not known. The book was compiled and brought to print by R. Yosef ibn Rai.
20 leaves. 19 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains. Wormhole to some leaves. Minor tears not affecting text. Upper margins trimmed with slight damage to the title-page border and headings of first two leaves. Marginal inscriptions on several leaves. New, elegant leather binding.
Or HaSechel, Midrash Bereshit Rabba, with the Rashi commentary and the "A.B.A." commentary by R. Avraham son of Asher of Safed (disciple of the Beit Yosef). Venice: Giovanni Griffio, 1567.
Griffio's printer's device is featured at the foot of the title page (see: A. Yaari, Diglei HaMadpisim HaIvriim, p. 18, figure no. 30; and pp. 135-136).
Handwritten inscription, in early Ashkenazic script, on the last leaf: "And may my name be remembered for the good, that I purchased this book for the Beit Midrash of the leader and philanthropist, R. Avraham Schneur of Fürth, therefore I signed my name, so says David Yitzchak son of R. Baruch of --- [?]". (R. Avraham Schneur mentioned here is presumably R. Avraham son of R. Schneur Zalman, who maintained a Beit Midrash in his home in Fürth, and was the brother-in-law of R. Yissachar Berman Frankel author of Mateh Yissachar, dean of the Fürth yeshiva. See: Hamburger, HaYeshiva HaRama BeFiurda, part I, p. 271).
192 leaves. 30 cm. Fair-good condition. Stains and wear. Light traces of past dampness. Worming. Marginal tear to title page, not affecting text. Detached leaves and gatherings. Old binding, detached, without spine.
Manuscript, various selections - novellae, Hoshanot for Sukkot, piyyutim and more. [Tlemcen (Algeria), ca. first half of 19th century].
The manuscript begins with several novellae (beginning of this section lacking), followed by: a copying of She'erit Yosef (by R. Yosef ben Shem Tov, first printed in Salonika, 1521), various selections (Talmudic and halachic methodology, poetic writing and more), Hoshanot for Sukkot, piyyutim for various occasions (for a groom, Simchat Torah, Shavuot and more. Many piyyutim by R. Natan Djian, a Tlemcen Torah scholar and leading rabbi of the Maghreb, mentioned in one instance in this manuscript as amongst the living; piyyutim by R. Eliyahu Sedbon, R. Fradji Shawat and others), "Re'ashim URe'amim", "Prayer to be recited by the gravesite of pious men", and more.
Two pages contain lists of books and items. The title of one of them mentions Tlemcen, Algeria.
On p. [19a], at the end of the copying of She'erit Yosef, the writer's colophon appears: "So says the young and small writer, Mordechai Atwati…". P. [83b] is decorated with a border to serve as the closing page (though another leaf was bound after it), and includes an additional colophon: "Said the young and small Mordechai Atwati, may G-d grant us the merit of studying His holy and living Torah".
 leaves. Lacking beginning. Several leaves missing in the middle and several are bound out of sequence. 15.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains. Wear, mostly marginal. Parchment binding, repaired.
Manuscript, Judeo-Persian composition (the tale of Yosef and Zuleicha, by the poet Shuela; and other compositions). [Iranian expanse, ca. 19th century].
Manuscript in notebook format (tall leaves), on colored paper - light-blue, purple, white, yellow and orange (bound alternately).
 leaves (and another approx. 15 blank leaves). Height of the leaves: approx. 22 cm. Width of the leaves: approx. 14 cm. Condition varies, fair-good. Stains, wear and tears. Early parchment binding, damaged.
Kiddush cup. [North Africa? Early 20th century].
The cup is designed as a twelve-faceted cup up to half of its height; from the middle to the top it is cylindrical. Engraved foliate bands, and an engraved caption on the upper part: "Ben Porat Yosef Ben Porat Ale Ayin".
Height: 8.5 cm. Diameter: 7.5 cm.
Illustrated manuscript, "daftar" [songbook]. Pizmonim for various occasions (for a groom, circumcision and more) in Hebrew and Judeo-Persian. [Persia, early 20th century].
Tall, narrow format. Illustrations and ornaments in paint and ink, floral borders and birds. The first page states: "This notebook belongs to me, Avraham". The last leaf: "This is the notebook of Avraham son of… Yitzchak…".
 leaves. Height: 20 cm. Width: 11 cm. Fair-good condition. Many stains, wear. Fine leather binding, with minor damage.
Letter of Passover wishes, with the handwritten signature of Rebbe Menachem Mendel Schneerson of Lubavitch. New York, Brooklyn, Nisan, 1972.
The date of the birthday is printed at the top of the leaf: "11th Nisan 1972". Most of the letter contains the printed standard text of the response letter dispatched to those who sent the Rebbe blessings for his 70th birthday, with several typewritten additions: the name of the addressee of the letter, and an additional line at the end, acknowledging receipt of his letter on 13th Nisan. In the printed closing line, the Rebbe inserted a word in his own handwriting: "Respectfully and [with holiday wishes] Menachem Schneerson".
"As the festival of Matzot approaches… I hereby wish to express my blessings for a happy and Kosher festival, for true freedom, freedom from material and spiritual worries - from anything which impedes worship of God with happiness and gladness of heart… With much appreciation for your (birthday) blessings. And it has already been said in the Holy Torah: And I (G-d, Source of blessings) will bless those who bless you, with the blessing of G-d Whose addition is greater than the principal".
 leaf, official stationery. 28 cm. Good condition. Stains. Folding marks. Filing holes.
Four books printed in Amsterdam, between the years [1655-1756]:
1. Musaf HeAruch - Sefer HeAruch, dictionary of difficult Talmudic words, by R. Natan son of Yechiel of Rome, with additions and critiques by R. Binyamin Musaphia. Amsterdam, . First edition. Early, ornamented leather-covered wood binding, damaged and detached. Lacking spine.
2. Ashlei Ravrevei, Shulchan Aruch Yoreh De'ah, with the Shach and Taz commentaries and Be'er HaGolah. Amsterdam, .
Inscription on the title page: "…This book came into my possession, an inheritance from my ancestors, Yechezkel…". A gloss in Ashkenazic script appears on p. 98a.
3. Reshit Chochmah, ethics, by R. Eliyahu de Vidas. Amsterdam, . Fine copy. Original leather binding, ornamented with gilt blocking (damaged spine).
4. Techunat HaShamayim, astronomy, by R. Refael HaLevi of Hanover. Amsterdam, . First edition. Lacking the last two leaves, 39-40.
4 books. Size and condition vary.
Kiddush cup with a lid and saucer. [Iraq or Eretz Israel, first half of 20th century].
Low-grade silver, cut, engraved and cast.
A narrow-waisted cup, with a lid surmounted by a bird. A matching saucer, with scalloped margins. The lid and the saucer are decorated with engraved symmetric patterns.
Height of cup with lid: approx. 14 cm. Diameter of saucer: approx. 13.5 cm. Good condition. Some bends. The base of the cup has been repaired and replaced with a new one.
Large handwritten leaf, ornamented and illustrated in red ink; a riddle, in honor of the wedding of the groom David Shmuel, son of "the glory of our generation, the great eagle… R. Yaakov Pardo", with the bride Rivka daughter of R. Refael Yedidia Valensin. [Ragusa (present day Dubrovnik, Croatia), first half of the 19th century].
The names of the groom, bride, their parents and some other words are written in red ink, the rest of the text is in black ink. Illustrated border with floral motives in red and black ink. The words written in red ink endured, whilst those in black ink faded with time and were recolored.
The heading "Key to the Riddle" (hint to the solution of the riddle) was inscribed in the center of the leaf, followed by the hint: "Avraham had a daughter…", in red ink. The riddle poem opens with: "I was placed in prison through no fault of my own".
Author's signature at the foot of the leaf: "One who rejoices in your joy, with faithful love, I, N.M.Y.".
Presumably, the groom was R. David Shmuel Pardo (1792-1858), son of R. Yaakov Pardo Rabbi of Ragusa. R. David Shmuel served as rabbi of Verona (Italy), and later immigrated to Eretz Israel, settling in Jerusalem.
 leaf. 51X35.5 cm. Mounted on cardboard. Fair-poor condition. Stains, dampness damage and tears. Dark dampstains to foot of leaf, with fading of text and border ink. Most words and border ornaments in black ink were recolored.
Manuscript, explanations of words from the Bible in Judeo-Arabic, piyyutim, segulot and more. [Morocco, 18th/19th century?].
Most of the manuscript is a composition on the Five Books of the Torah, Neviim and Ketuvim - explanations of the words in the order of the books (Bereshit-Devarim, Yehoshua, Shoftim, Shmuel, Yeshaya, Yirmiya, Yechezkel, Trei Asar, Ruth, Eicha, Mishlei, Iyov and Daniel). The explanation section is followed by (some in different script): piyyutim for Shavuot and other occasions; passages from the Midrash on the passing of Moshe; Sefer Segulot URefuot (approx. 6 pages); Ahuv VaChetzi tale; and several other inscriptions on the blank leaves.
At the beginning of the manuscript, a signature: "I, the young one who writes this… Yitzchak son of Yaakov Ben David VeYosef". Another signature of the writer appears at the end of the book of Iyov.
 leaves (and dozens more blank leaves). 17 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains and wear. Tears to several leaves. One leaf detached (cut out of the manuscript, with slight damage to text). Original leather binding, partly damaged.
Esther scroll. [Poland, first half of the 20th century].
Ink and paint on parchment.
Large-format "HaMelech" scroll (most columns open with the word "HaMelech").
The names of the ten sons of Haman appear at the top of a regular column (of 42 lines).
Preceding the first column is a drawing of Mordechai on horseback; the text columns are surrounded by a colorful abstract decoration.
42 lines per column. Height of parchment: 48.5 cm. Fair condition. Tears. Stains and wear. Faded ink.
Mikraot Gedolot, Neviim Acharonim and Ketuvim, with Targum, the commentaries of Rashi, ibn Ezra, Radak, Ralbag and the Mesorah. Venice: Bragadin, [1617-1619].
Two volumes comprising Neviim Acharonim and Ketuvim (from a complete four-volume edition of the Bible). The books were printed and sold in weekly booklets, between 1617-1619, to finance the printing (see Ketuvim volume, end of p. [8b]).
Ownership and other inscriptions in Hebrew and Latin. An ownership inscription in Ladino on p. 751b, of "Senior Chizkiyahu Ambron" (renowned wealthy man and Torah scholar from Florence, who lived in the first half of the 18th century - see enclosed material).
Neviim Acharonim volume: , 442-668. Mispagination. 40 cm. Overall good condition. Stains and wear. Significant damage to title page, with early paper repairs. Margins of several leaves reinforced with paper. Early, leather-covered wood binding. Worming to binding.
Ketuvim volume: , 672-908; 8;  leaves (lacking 1 leaf from the middle of the addenda at the end of the book, originally:  leaves). Mispagination. 39 cm. Varying condition, good-fair to poor. Stains and wear. Worming. Damage to dozens of leaves in the middle of the book, in particular to leaves of the Five Megillot, affecting text (with early paper repairs). Early leather binding, with strings for fastening.
Manuscript, including sections from various compositions: piyyutim for Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, Sindbad parables, tale of R. Yosef Della Reina, and more. [Morocco, ca. first half of 19th century].
The manuscript consists of several fragments of compositions, from various writers, bound together.
Leaves -: "Pizmonim of Rosh Hashanah"; -: Homilies(?); -: Sindbad Parables (the legend about the Queen of India and the wisdom of Sindbad and the King's seven viziers), seemingly lacking only first leaf and last leaf; -: Verses and pizmonim for Rosh Hashanah, Shofar blowing service, Reshut for Baruch SheAmar on Yom Kippur, pizmon and verses; : Midrash on the prophet Yonah; -: a section of the tale of R. Yosef Della Reina.
Scrawls and inscriptions on leaf . Among others: "My close friend… R. Yitzchak Biton…".
On blank leaf at beginning of manuscript, ownership inscriptions of R. Aharon HaLevi ibn Seton, signed by Yosef HaLevi.
 leaves. 19 cm. Fair-good condition. Stains and wear. Original leather binding, damaged.
Four printed leaves from Kisse Melech by R. Shalom Buzaglo (Amsterdam, 1769) are bound at the beginning of the manuscript.
Manuscript, composition on the laws of Shechita (ritual slaughter) and Terefot (animal defects). [Cochin, second half of the 19th century].
Oriental script. A compendium of the laws of Shechita and Terefot. Stated on p. 19b: "And now, I will list all the kinds of Terefot… and most I have personally seen, as follows…".
At the end of the manuscript - calendar for the year 1890-1891, with a column for each of the corresponding dates in the Hebrew, Christian and Indian months. Accounting inscriptions (penciled) on the last leaves, in Hebrew and Hindi.
Laws of Shechita and Terefot: , 20,  leaves; Calendar:  leaves, and many additional blank leaves. 17 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains. Several tears. Worming to several leaves. Old binding, damaged.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. Menachem Mendel Alter Rabbi of Pabianitz. Pabianitz (Pabianice), 1927.
Written on the official stationery of the Pabianitz Beit Din. The letter relates to mediation attempts between two litigants, and accords one of the parties the authorization to go to court to obtain repayment of the debt. R. Mendel notifies him of the failure of the mediation efforts, "he is adamant not to abide by the ruling… I hereby apprise you that according to Jewish law, you have no way of recouping your loan, and you are authorized to seek solutions on recovering your due in whichever way you can…". R. Mendel informs him that since the ruling of the Pabianitz Beit Din was somewhat based on the compromise, "it is understood that now, the ruling is null and void".
R. Menachem Mendel Alter (1877-perished in the Holocaust summer 1942), youngest son of the Sfat Emet, Rebbe of Ger. In 1921, he began serving as rabbi of Pabianitz near Łódź, and in 1934, went to serve as rabbi of Kalisz. He was the head of Agudat HaRabbanim in Poland and of Agudat Yisrael, and one of the foremost leaders of Orthodox Jewry in Poland. He was the founder and publisher of the daily papers of various Orthodox sects in Poland.
R. Mendeli was known for his exceptional wisdom and pleasant wit. "Chassidim who came to their Rebbe in Ger, would hurry to seize a side benefit, the spiritual pleasure of an audience with R. Mendel, hearing one of his discourses or Torah thoughts, or even the mundane talk of this Torah scholar, whose words spread throughout the country… His style was burning with the passion of his soul, and brilliant with the charm of his wisdom. His tongue was sharp and on the mark - just like his personality. He excelled in his sermons as well, and his appearance at conventions and meetings always made a strong impression on the crowd. In this way, he stood out as one of the most distinguished and influential figures of Polish Orthodox Jewry" (Dr. Hillel Zeidman, Eleh Ezkera, II, p. 60).
During the Holocaust, he was confined to the Warsaw ghetto, and later deported to Treblinka. Various legends are recorded, of R. Mendel striding confidently to his death in Treblinka. One testimony reports: "As the Jews were removed from the train and sent to the valley of death, where they were divested of their clothes, R. Mendeli pleaded a kapo for a bit of water, promising him in exchange a share in the World to Come. Upon receiving the water, he washed his hands, and began reciting the Vidui prayers with the crowd. The German murderers pounced upon them with savage cries: "Is this a synagogue?!" and fired a volley of shots, R. Mendeli was amongst the casualties (see enclosed material).
 leaf, official stationery. 14X21.5 cm. 8 autograph lines and signature. Good-fair condition. Wear and minor tears.
Chanukat HaBayit, explanation of the layout and structure of the destroyed Temple. R. Moshe Chefetz. Venice, .
Includes many illustrations of the Temple structure and its vessels. The book was printed in two stages: during the printing, blank spaces were left for the illustrations, which were later imprinted from engraved plates. This copy contains the illustrations, but not the map at the end.
Stamps of "Servant of G-d Aharon N'Kaoua" of Algiers. Late inscription on the flyleaf: "I acquired it in 1941… I need to reprint it… in Modern Hebrew, Y.Z. Sasson, here in Algiers.
, 52 leaves. High-quality paper. 20 cm. Good-fair condition. Half-leather binding, damaged.
Neviim Acharonim and Ketuvim. Venice: Giovanni Cajon for Bragadin, 1615. Pocket edition.
The third and fourth part of a complete edition of the Bible printed that year in Venice, "in Sabbioneta typeface" (as stated upon title page).
Signatures and notes in Latin.
-218; -337,  leaves. Lacking the last leaf from the Table of Haftarot at the end of the volume. 12 cm. Good condition. Stains. Small marginal tear to one leaf, slightly affecting text. Several Latin signatures and inscriptions in the margins of a few leaves. Early leather binding, slightly damaged. Colored edges.
Printed booklet, "Letter sent from the Ashkenazi rabbis in Eretz Israel, to the Sons of Moshe Rabbeinu and the Ten Tribes", by R. Yisrael of Shklow, head of the Ashkenazi community in Safed. [Amsterdam, Cheshvan 1830].
In 1830, R. Baruch son of R. Shmuel was sent as the emissary of the Prushim community of Safed. Apart from raising funds, he was given another mission - to locate the ten lost tribes in the desert on the border of Yemen. He was therefore provided with a special letter from R. Yisrael of Shklow, leader of the Prushim in Safed, signed also by the other leaders of the Prushim and Chassidim in Jerusalem and Safed. The letter depicts the state of the Jewish settlement in Eretz Israel, and cites information received about the ten tribes in various periods. The letter then portrays the situation of the Jews in the Diaspora, and outlines the evolution of the Oral Law from the Mishna until the Vilna Gaon. The letter concludes with several requests from the ten tribes.
A copy of the letter was sent to the "Pekidim and Amarkalim", heads of the center for fundraising for Eretz Israel in Amsterdam, where, having made a great impact, the letter was printed and distributed.
R. Baruch son of R. Shmuel reached Sanaa in Av 1833, about two years after he left, but after being accused of espionage he was murdered by the Imam Al-Mahdi in Av 1834.
This volume contains two additional (photocopied) leaves of the second letter written by R. Yisrael of Shklow, printed in Amsterdam ca. 1835, after the death of R. Baruch became known.
4 leaves. Printed without title page.  additional photocopied leaves. 19 cm. Good condition. Stains and light wear. Inner margins reinforced with paper. New binding, covered with marbled paper.
Regarding this historic letter, see: A. Yaari, Shlichim MeEretz Israel LaAseret HaShevatim - Sinai, 6, 1940, pp. 348-352.
Manuscript, homilies. [Izmir or Salonika?, ca. 1833-1839].
Oriental script. Author's autograph. We were unsuccessful in identifying the author, presumably a Torah scholar of Turkey or Salonika.
Some of the homilies pertain to the importance of charity. Title on p. [1b]: "Homily for Clothing for the Talmud Torah, 1833", and on p. [2a]: "For the Talmud Torah, 1833". Title on p. [24a]: "Written in a homily, 1839".
A Shabbat Halbasha (Clothing Shabbat) was customarily celebrated once a year in Izmir and Salonika, in which clothing would be donated to the indigent supported by the Talmud Torah (society which provided for Torah scholars). This was a festive Shabbat including a splendid ceremony, the focal point being the Drush Halbasha (Clothing Homily). The homily generally related to the importance of charity. R. Chaim Palachi's books contain many homilies for Shabbat Halbasha, as do other books by Torah scholars of Izmir and Salonika.
On p. [5a], the author praises (in flowery expressions) several members of his community who engage in charity.
 leaves (notebook with extra leaves bound into it), including 18 blank leaves. Approx. 16 cm. Varying condition, good-fair. Stains, tears and wear. Worming. Paper wrappers, damaged.
"Ahavat Zion", micrography by Shmuel Schulman, addressed to Baron Edmond James de Rothschild and the Hovevei Zion movement. Lithograph, hand-colored. Eretz Israel, [late 19th century].
A symbolic depiction of the site of the Holy Temple appears in the center, surmounted by a flag bearing the verse "Let us sing praises for your salvation, and let us assemble in the name of our G-d", and below the verse "Raise a standard to Zion". On both sides of this image are willow trees with musical instruments hanging on their branches.
A dedicatory inscription appears at the top of the leaf: "...dear Hovevei Zion and at their head the baron R. Avraham Binyamin son of Yaakov Rothschild". A caption at the bottom of the leaf (in Hebrew and French) describes what is seen in the micrography and the sources of the verses composing it; signed in the plate: "Made by me to commemorate the love of Zion, Shmuel Schulman".
R' Shmuel Schulman (1843-1900), a pioneer in Eretz Israel colonies, a scribe and painter of micrographies. Born in Cimkavičy in Belarus, he immigrated to Eretz Israel and settled in Safed. He was among the activists who endeavored to establish colonies and a member of "Vaad Chalutzei Yesod HaMaalah", the association that established Rishon LeZion; he tried to settle Jewish farmers in the Çiftlik area, in the Jordan valley. He channeled his artistic talents to achieve his goal, and this micrography, among others, was printed to raise funds to establish colonies.
Approx. 33.5X39.5 cm. Fair-poor condition. Mounted on cardboard. Several tears and open tears, affecting print. Many stains. Matted.
Literature: Omanut VeUmanut Be'Eretz Israel BaMe'a HaTesha Esreh (Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 1979), pp. 141-145.
Collection of handwritten documents. Morocco, 19th and 20th centuries.
• Document pertaining to monetary loan, signed by R. Daniel HaKohen and R. Sleiman son of Yitzchak Sabbah. Casablanca (Morocco), Cheshvan 1895.
• Ketubah for the marriage of the groom Avraham son of Baruch Toledano with the bride Sultana daughter of Yosef Uziyel. Larache (Morocco), Tishrei 1913. Signature and stamp of R. Chaim Yosef Maman.
• Property sale deed, signed by R. Yosef Elazar Haziza and R. Yitzchak son of Yosef Perez. With signature authentication signed by R. Moshe Toledano. El Jadida (Morocco), May 1923.
• Power of attorney, signed by R. Moshe Elkouby and R. Yaakov Ovadia, with signature authentication handwritten and signed by R. Mordechai Ankawa (Encaoua). Tangier (Morocco), Tevet 1955.
• Sale deed, signed by R. Yehuda HaKohen and R. Chanun Hassan, with signature authentication handwritten and signed by R. Chaim David Bensoussan, and the Beit Din stamp. Casablanca (Morocco), Tevet 1955.
• Gathering of leaves (7 leaves) from the Casablanca Beit Din ledger, from the years 1942-1954, with legal documents and Beit Din acts, signed by: R. Avraham Ifrah, R. Shimon Chaim Ben Harush, R. Shlomo Azagury, R. Shlomo Lamallem, R. David Adahan, R. Mordechai HaLevi Morenu, R. Yekutiel Michael Elbaz. Lacking beginning and end.
4 legal documents + Ketubah + gathering of  leaves. Varying size and condition, some in good condition and some in fair condition with stains, large tears and wear.
Esther scroll. [Israel, second half of the 20th century].
Ink and paint on parchment; turned wood; cast metal, cut and engraved; gilt; gemstones.
The scroll is written in Iraqi style, and decorated with a frame around the columns. Placed in a wooden and gilt-metal case, adorned with gemstones, lions and two rings engraved with verses from "Shoshanat Yaakov".
11 lines per column. Height of parchment: 12.5 cm. Height of case (including roller): approx. 33 cm. Good condition. Open tear at beginning of scroll, reinforced with transparent tape. Chips to wood. Scratches. One metal ring detached.
Torah, Neviim and Ketuvim, "translated from the Holy Tongue, and written in Yiddish", Yiddish translation of the Bible, based on the following commentaries: Rashi, ibn Ezra, Radak, R. Saadya Gaon, Ralbag and others. Amsterdam: Joseph Athias, .
Translated by R. Yosef son of Alexander Witzenhausen.
The title page is preceded by an elaborate, engraved frontispiece, depicting Moshe and David and biblical scenes.
The approbations of the rabbis of the Vaad Arba HaAratzot (Council of Four Lands) is featured on leaf . One was signed at the Yaroslav (Jarosław) fair in 1677, and the other at the Lublin fair in 1678. The approbations acclaim the printer "Joseph Athias son of the holy Abraham Athias who was burnt at stake in Spain", for the excellent printing press he established "and he improved upon what was already before him, to accord grandeur and glory to the Torah, with beautiful paper and ink, and by attaching crowns to the letters…".
Ownership inscription on the verso of the title page: "Moshe son of R. Yehuda Leib, known as Moshe Lissa (Lisser?)…".
, 79, 128, 133-150 leaves. Lacking 5 leaves (leaves 129-132, and a leaf following the title pages). 30.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains. Dampstains. Light wear. Tears to upper margin of illustrated title page (not affecting illustration) and to several other leaves, affecting text, repaired. Minor worming in a few places. New, elegant leather binding.
Joseph Athias presumably began printing the book around the year 1677 (the approbations from the Vaad Arba HaAratzot and the ban against printing this translation for sixteen years following the printing of the book are dated 1677 and 1678). However, another translation of the Bible was printed concurrently in Amsterdam by Uri Phoebus HaLevi, in 1676-1679, leading to a dispute between the printers, each one accusing the other of stealing. This dispute between the two printers is mentioned in rhyming verses in the center of the second title page, as well as in the "printer's apology" at the beginning of the book. Regarding the controversy between the printers surrounding this edition, see: A. M. Haberman, Perakim BeToldot HaMadpisim HaIvriim, pp. 300-310. These two translations are considered the first Yiddish translations of the Bible.
Collection of leaves from a "binding geniza" - fragments of letters and documents. [Salonika and the vicinity, 18th century].
The collection includes:
• A fragment of a letter in Ladino sent from Sidon to Salonika, to "our teacher and great rabbi" R. Yosef ibn Ardut (Chief Rabbi and leading Torah scholar in Salonika in the late 18th century). Only part of the letter remains. The full address survived on the verso: "To Yosef… our teacher and great rabbi R. Yosef ibn Adrut(!)… from Sidon to Salonika…". Several names are mentioned in the letter: "Yitzchak Cardilon", "Shabtai Najara", "Avraham Eyal Hazzan", and others.
• Testimony for permitting the remarriage of an agunah - testimony of a Jew who heard from a non-Jew while in Constantinople, that the latter saw the body of a Jewish man who had drowned at sea. He mentions the date: "Second day of Sukkot 1732…". Ladino and Hebrew. Half missing.
• Section of a halachic ruling (regarding an estate), on the verso is a list of names of Torah scholars, including: "Chacham Yitzchak Carasso, the Sephardi, Italia", "Chacham Meir Sornaga", "Chacham Yaakov Varsano", and others.
• Letter to "R. Yosef HaKohen" in Ladino. "Shmuel de Medina" is mentioned in the letter among others, and it contains regards to "Yitzchak de Mayo". The letter is signed "Chaim Yosef…", "signing here in Kastoria, 14th Tev[et?] 1740".
• Letter from a son to his mother, signed "from me, your son…". Ladino.
• Section of handwritten Torah novellae.
• Letter in Ladino, with a calligraphic signature: "Mordechai son of Yisrael".
• Fragment of a letter in Ladino, dated at the beginning: "Tevet, 1737".
• Other leaf fragments.
Approx. 12 fragments. Size and extent of damage vary, as a result of the binding.
Leaf from the ledger of the Ner Tamid (eternal flame) society in Slavita, with two approvals sanctioning the acceptance of new members into the "holy society", signed by nine of the society's members. Slavita, 1788-1792.
The upper part of the leaf contains an approval to accept new members into "the holy society Ner Tamid" in Slavita: "It has been agreed upon… to allow the following men to join in this great deed: the exalted R. Binyamin Ze'ev Wolf son of R. Yissachar Ber, R. Ze'ev son of R. Yehuda, R. Dov Ber son of R. Meshulam…". The approval, drawn up on the last day of Chanukah 1788, is signed by four members of the society: "Shmuel son of R. Moshe", "Avraham son of R. Shmuel", "Aryeh Leib son of R. Moshe…" and "Pesach son of R. Yehuda".
On the second part of the leaf, another approval regarding the acceptance of "the outstanding R. Yehuda Leib son of R. Kalonymus HaKohen" to the holy society. The approval mentions the "regulation of the rabbi of our community" - in reference to the rabbi of Slavita - Rebbe Moshe Shapira.
This approval was written of Monday, 29th Iyar 1792, and is signed by the society members: "Dov Ber son of R. Yitzchak Segal", "Shlomo son of R. Chaim", "Meir son of the late R. Yehuda", "Avraham son of R. Yaakov" and "Yehuda son of R. David HaKohen".
About the Ner Tamid Society in Slavita, see Kedem Auction 12, item 517.
 leaf. Approx. 31 cm. Good-fair condition. Several marginal tears, slightly affecting text. Stains.
Midrash Rabbot (Rabba), on the Five Books of the Torah and the Five Megillot. Venice: Marco Antonio Giustiniani, 1545. Five volumes.
Interleaved copy, including blank leaves for additions and notes, bound between the leaves (in the first volume, handwritten notes in German and Hebrew, were inscribed on these leaves, in the rest of the volumes, most of these leaves remain blank).
Separate title page for the Five Megillot section.
Early ownership inscriptions on the title page and verso of Vol. I ("I, the undersigned, sold this Rabbot to ---- [deleted], with an absolute sale… so says Yaakov son of R. Shmuel", "I acquired this book from Mr. Kaufmann Thannhausen, therefore I signed my name on it, Eliezer son of Yitzchak, known as Suesselen Gundelfingen"). Some leaves with glosses and marks in the body of the text.
Complete copy in 5 volumes. Bereshit: 64 leaves. Shemot: 65-104 leaves. Vayikra: 105-134 leaves. Bamidbar and Devarim: 135-208 leaves. Five Megillot: 90 leaves. Leaf 89 bound back to front. Approx. 29 cm. High-quality paper. Vol. I in fair condition, with extensive wear, tears and damage with loss to title page, and detached leaves. Other four volumes in overall good condition. Stains. Minor damage. Old bindings, damaged, some detached.
Promissory Note from the Leaders of the Palota Community in Hungary – Financial Support for Rabbi Amram Chasida, upon his Immigration to Eretz Israel – Signed by R. Zev Wolf Chayes Rabbi of Palota – 1825
Handwritten document, signed by the Palota community leaders, attesting to the commitment of the community members to financially support R. Amram Rosenbaum (known as R. Amram Chasida), with the signature of the rabbi of the city R. Zev Wolf Chayes Rabbi of Palota. Palota (Várpalota), 17th Tammuz, 1825.
In this document, signed on the eve of R. Amram Chasida's journey to Eretz Israel, the community undertakes to send him the sum of ten gulden annually, from the community fund.
"At the close of this day, when the community leaders and most of the community members gathered, to discuss the matter pertaining to… the true Torah scholar… R. Amram son of R. Nachum of Vashan, who served as rabbi and yeshiva dean in several holy communities. And all the people in this country desire to be of assistance and support to this great Torah scholar, at least in a minute way, to provide him with food there in Eretz Israel, for satiety rather than hunger. Therefore, we, the undersigned… have instituted to give this Torah scholar during his stay in the Holy Land, the sum of ten gulden yearly… and for this year we will give him immediately the sum of ten gulden, today, Sunday, 17th Tammuz 1825, Palota. And every year we will give him this sum of 10 gulden from the community fund".
The text of this promissory note is followed by the signatures of 12 community leaders. An additional inscription appears at the foot of the leaf, signed by the town rabbi, R. Zev Wolf Chayes, and the community trustees: "And the aforementioned signed before me, in the presence of most of the members of our community, and I therefore confirm it and uphold it, today, 17th Tammuz 1825 - Zev Wolf Chayes, residing here, Palota. Natan Trebitsch, trustee of Palota".
R. Binyamin Zev Wolf Chayes (1768?-Cheshvan 1846, Ishim BiTeshuvot HaChatam Sofer, p. 91). A disciple of the Chatam Sofer, he studied under R. Levi Pollack in Tritsch (Třešť). He was thereafter appointed as rabbi of Stampfen (Stupava), and in 1810, of Várpalota (a town in Veszprém county, Hungary), position he held for over 36 years. Responsa Chatam Sofer contains several responsa addressed to him (see Ishim BiTeshuvot HaChatam Sofer, ibid).
R. Amram Rosenbaum (1790-1830), a foremost disciple of the Chatam Sofer. Son-in-law of R. Yisrael Rabbi of Palota. In his early years, he lived in Palota and was held in high esteem by the community members. He served as rabbi of Mád, Hungary, and immigrated to Eretz Israel in 1826, where he served as rabbi of Safed. He was known from his youth for his brilliance and holiness (reputedly, already as a child he received a revelation from the prophet Elijah). He was dubbed by his teacher "R. Amram Chasida" (after the Amora by this name who is mentioned in the Talmud). His immigration to Eretz Israel was a historic event in the annals of Hungarian communities. R. Amram travelled through various communities who rejoiced to partner in this great deed, by undertaking to financially support his settlement in Eretz Israel. After he reached Eretz Israel, he attempted to convince his teacher the Chatam Sofer to also immigrate to the Holy Land, yet the latter responded to him in a lengthy letter detailing all his reasons for remaining in Europe (see Responsa Chatam Sofer, Yoreh De'ah section 233. At the beginning of that responsum, the Chatam Sofer terms him a G-dly prince, pious and ascetic, and other titles which disclose his great veneration for his disciple). In a different responsum in Responsa Chatam Sofer (Yoreh De'ah section 234), in which the Chatam Sofer writes to R. Efraim Zalman Margolies regarding the importance of residing in Jerusalem, he relates to him: "… and indeed, before R. Amram departed, I repeatedly enjoined him to only reside in Jerusalem, dwelling place of the holy Temple… and he travelled with the intention of reaching Jerusalem via Yaffo, and G-d diverted him to Safed via Akko, and after he arrived there, he wrote to me seeking advice on whether he should move from there to Jerusalem… since he had already settled there, and according to his letter, relocating to Jerusalem would be difficult for him, and I understood that he was only trying to appease me for disregarding my advice, therefore I let things be". R. Amram Chasida passed away at the young age of forty, and his teacher the Chatam Sofer eulogized him: "He literaly sacrificed himself out of the sorrow of the Shechina… apart from being a notable and renowned Torah scholar while still in Europe, even upon immigrating to Eretz Israel his preeminence was recognized…". His descendants include many families of Hungarian rabbis (R. Amram Blum author of Beit She'arim and others).
 leaf. 32.5 cm. High-quality paper. Good condition. Stains. Worming.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. Yosef Elimelech Kahana Rabbi of Ungvar and the region. Ungvar (Uzhhorod), 1943.
Addressed to his colleague R. Shmuel Sanvil Kahana-Fränkel, head of the Central Bureau of Orthodox Jewry in Hungaryv. In the letter, he writes: "I received the letter of invitation to the convention, and I would have loved to attend, but am unable to for lack of necessary documents, I am therefore afraid to travel, and since I attended the convention in Pest several years ago, I have not left my house. May G-d be with you and may you be successful, and may the work of your hands be established upon you, to endeavor for the benefit of the Jewish people, and may our eyes observe the return of G-d to Tzion speedily and with compassion…".
R. Yosef Elimelech Kahana (1866-1944, perished in the Holocaust), was a foremost rabbi and yeshiva dean in Hungary. A disciple of R. Shlomo Ganzfried, author of the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, and of the Shevet Sofer. He served as rabbi of Hernád-Zsadány (Zsadány) from 1892 in place of his father R. Yitzchak Isak Kahana. In 1917, he went to serve as rabbi of Bonyhád, and in 1923, of Tzelem (Deutschkreutz). In 1931, he was appointed rabbi of the big city of Ungvar and the region. Wherever he served as rabbi, he headed a large yeshiva, and edified thousands of disciples. His renowned disciples include: R. Shmuel HaLevi Wosner, author of Shevet HaLevi, R. Menasheh Klein Rabbi of Ungvar, author of Mishneh Halachot, R. Yaakov Snyders Rabbi of Basel, R. Amram Blum chief rabbi of Argentina, R. Yekutiel Yehuda Greenwald rabbi of Columbus. His writings - novellae on Talmudic topics and responsa, were destroyed in the Holocaust, and remnants of his novellae and responsa were published in the book Chiddushei R. Yosef Elimelech HaKohen (Jerusalem, 1969), by his grandson R. Yitzchak Isak Jungreis.
Beit Yisrael HaShalem (Taussig, part VIII, p. 211) relates in the name of his disciple R. Simcha Bunem David Sofer, that R. Yosef Elimelech Kahana Rabbi of Ungvar would recite the Akdamot on Shavuot with great passion, declaring that whoever listened carefully to his Akdamot recital, was assured to not pass away without repenting.
 leaf, official stationery. 23 cm. Approx. 14 autograph lines and signature. Very good condition.
Tikun Sofrim HaYesharim. The Five Books of the Torah, with Haftarot and the Five Megillot. Amsterdam, . Five volumes.
In each volume, the title page is preceded by a copper-engraved half title.
Accurate Tikun Sofrim by R. Itzek Premisla, published by his son R. Hirsch. Illustration on first title page, depicting a deer, presumably in reference to the name of R. Hirsch, the publisher.
Approbations by R. Shaul Rabbi of Amsterdam and his brother-in-law Rabbi Shaul HaLevi Rabbi of The Hague.
5 volumes. Pagination varies. 19.5 cm. Good condition. Stains. Original leather bindings, with gilt ornaments. Wear and damage to bindings.
Pri HaAretz, Chassidic and Kabbalistic essays on the Torah, by Rebbe Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk. Mohilev (Mohyliv-Podilskyi), . Second edition.
This book contains a collection of discourses which R. Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk delivered in Tiberias, following his immigration to Eretz Israel. The book was first printed in Kopust (Kopys), 1814. The title page states: "And they were collected together by the rabbi who was outstanding in Torah and fear of G-d, R. Elazar Zussman, scribe of the Holy Land, and from him it reached our hands". R. Elazar Zussman was the scribe of R. Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk, R. Avraham of Kalisk, and all the Chassidim who reached Eretz Israel in the famous 1777 immigration. The identity of the writer of this book is subject to dispute. Some say the essays were recorded by his disciples, primarily R. Elazar Zussman, who also edited and arranged them for print (Beit Rebbi). Conversely, according to a tradition of Slonim Chassidim, the entire book was written by R. Menachem Mendel himself, while R. Elazar Zussman only edited and arranged it for print, adding the opening words "Patach HaRav" and "Shaal HaShoel" (Yesod HaMaala, I, p. 59). In the opinion of the researcher R. Yehoshua Mondshine, R. Elazar Zussman "was the one who wrote the letters of the righteous men and Chassidim from Eretz Israel, and it is evident that he also wrote the teachings of R. Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk in the holy book Pri HaAretz, and the numerous figures of speech he uses render it an almost impenetrable book" (HaMaasar HaRishon, Jerusalem 2012, p. 222).
Pri HaAretz is one of the most profound and difficult to understand Chassidic books. The Yesod HaAvoda of Slonim declared that he wishes that in the times of Mashiach and in the World to Come he will be able to uphold the lofty levels described in this book. "We have a tradition from reliable people that this book never left the table of Rebbe Yisrael of Ruzhin, who would say that whoever is able to understand this book, is capable of combining the lower wisdom with the higher wisdom" (Yesod HaMaala, ibid).
 leaves. 19 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains. Worming to several leaves. Marginal tears and wear to last leaves. Most of the book printed on blueish paper. Last leaves on white paper (possibly supplied from a different copy). New binding.
Stefansky Chassidut, no. 478.
Lengthy letter handwritten and signed by R. Avraham Yitzchak Bloch, rabbi and yeshiva dean of Telz. Telz (Telsiai), Elul 1930.
Addressed to R. Eliyahu Botschko, dean of the Montreux yeshiva (Switzerland). Recommendation for a student of the Telz yeshiva, who requires a sojourn in Switzerland for health reasons. The administration of the Telz yeshiva advises that "it would be ideal for him to be accepted in his honor's yeshiva where he will be able to progress in Torah and fear of G-d, as he aspires…".
The letter begins with blessings for a good year: "In the book of righteous men may you be inscribed and sealed, my illustrious friend, rabbi who is eminent in Torah and fear of G-d…". The letter is signed: "Avraham Yitzchak Bloch son of R. Yosef Leib".
R. Avraham Yitzchak Bloch (1890-1941), Rabbi and yeshiva dean of Telz. Third generation of deans of the Telz yeshiva, second son of the Shiurei Daat, R. Yosef Leib Bloch, and grandson of R. Eliezer Gordon founder of the yeshiva. From his childhood, he was renowned for his outstanding talent and intensive study typical of Telz. At the age of 30, in 1920, he was appointed head lecturer and yeshiva dean (in his father's lifetime), and with his father's passing in Cheshvan 1929, he was appointed yeshiva dean and his father's successor as rabbi of the city. With the Nazi invasion in the summer of 1941, he was brutally murdered near Telz, together with hundreds of the yeshiva's students and rabbis, most of his family and community. His novellae were published in the book Chiddushei Rabbenu Avraham Yitzchak MiTelz. In the foreword, he is described as "a Torah teacher who merited fame in his own generation for his remarkable lectures displaying comprehension and depth of Torah knowledge".
Of all his children, only three daughters survived, one was Rebbetzin Rachel Sorotzkin, wife of R. Baruch Sorotzkin, who was later appointed dean of the Telz yeshiva in Cleveland, Ohio in the US.
 leaf, official stationery. 29 cm. 16 autograph lines and signature. Good condition. Folding marks, marginal wear and minor tears.
Manuscript, "Glosses on the laws of Shechita (ritual slaughter) - Belula BaSheMeN, acronym of Bedika (examination), Shechita, Melicha (salting), Nikur (porging)…" - Shechitot by R. Yaakov (Mahari) Weil. [Italy], 1727.
Cursive Italian script, with headings in square script. The manuscript begins with the title "The concise way of Shechita". The manuscript only contains the Shechitot section of the Shechitot UBedikot composition by R. Yaakov Weil, and also includes the glosses on this section, written after the Shechitot. A concluding colophon on p. [11a]: "The Shechitot composition was finished and completed… Monday, 13th Tevet 1727". Additional colophon on the last leaf: "And they were completed on this day, Monday, 13th Tevet 1727".
On the empty leaf at the end of the manuscript, inscription in different script: "I shall write the acronyms contained in this book… this is my book Tovia Anav".
 leaves. 15.5 cm. Good condition. Stains. Ink erosion in several places (in headings), slightly affecting text. Original card cover, with minor damage.
Midrash Tanchuma, on the Five Books of the Torah. Verona: Francesco dalle Donne, 1595.
On p. 96a, note of the proofreader Avraham son of R. Shabtai Matitya Batsheva (Basevi), followed by a colophon marking the completion of the printing: "And the holy work was completed on Monday, 11th of the month in which the Temple was twice destroyed, may G-d console us twofold, as it says 'Console, console', accept solace and may you be comforted in Jerusalem, with joy , here, Verona".
97,  leaf. Leaves 3-4 bound out of sequence. Printing error affecting leaves 51-52, which were printed on one side only, one leaf containing the text of p. 52a, and the other, of p. 51b. The verso of both leaves is blank. 30 cm. Fair condition. Stains, dampstains and wear. Tears to title page and other leaves, repaired with paper. Early parchment binding, repaired.
Maamar HaSechel, "Of the duties of the heart… arranged in the order of the Ten Commandments". Cremona: Vincenzo Conti, 1556.
Title page illustrated with a fine engraving. The identity of the author is not known. In subsequent editions, the book was erroneously attributed to R. Eliezer son of R. Natan (Raavan).
, 5-54 leaves. 18.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains. Slight traces of past dampness. Tears to title page and second leaf, repaired with paper (slightly affecting text on second leaf). Margins of several leaves trimmed on text border. New quarter-leather binding, covered with marbled paper.
Four large folk-art "Shiviti" leaves. [Eretz Israel, 20th century].
1. Lithographic "Shiviti" by Moshe ben Yitzchak Mizrachi. Jerusalem, 1926. Hand-colored. A handwritten dedication was added at the bottom of the leaf: "…to the Shalom UTzedaka synagogue in memory of… Zakiya bat Siti".
65X48.5 cm. Fair-poor condition. Mounted on a paper leaf and aluminum foil. Tears and open tears. Many stains. Pieces of paper and tape on margins of leaf.
2. "Shiviti", a leaf hand-drawn in black, blue, red, gold and silver. Jerusalem, 1957. Inscribed in the center of the leaf: "Donated by Tova bat Sarah".
70X50 cm. Poor-fair condition. Many stains. Tears and breaks.
3. "Shiviti", printed leaf - cutting and pasting craft - decorated with glitter and a hand-drawn frame. [Israel], 1959. Signed in the plate: "The young and small writer Yitzchak Cohen… this Menorah was written and signed on Thursday… ".
70X50 cm. Poor condition. Mounted on cardboard. Breaks, tears and open tears. Stains.
4. "Shiviti", hand-drawn in black, gold and pencil. [Israel, ca. mid 20th century]. The word "Shiviti" is missing from the top of the leaf; from the partial decorations, some of which are in ink and others only in pencil, it is obvious that this leaf is unfinished. The Ten Commandments appear in the center. A large gold-colored drawing of the Temple Mount and the Graves of the Righteous is pasted below the Ten Commandments.
48X60.5 cm. Poor condition. Tears, open tears. Breaks. Folding marks. Stains and damage. Rough erasures. Pieces of tape on verso.
Tikunei HaZohar. Zhitomir: R. Chanina Lipa and R. Yehoshua Heshel Shapira, 1865. With an approbation by Rebbe Aharon of Chernobyl, who blesses "our Jewish brethren": "May G-d bless them with good and lengthy years, and may G-d provide them with good in material and spiritual matters, with children, life and plentiful sustenance, Amen".
, 182 leaves. 21.5 cm. Good condition. Stains. Dampstains. Tears. Original, ornamented leather binding, damaged. Spine partially detached.
Lengthy letter handwritten and signed by the Rebbe of Skiernivitz, R. Yisrael Yitzchak Kalisch. Skiernivitz (Skierniewice), Elul 1936.
Addressed to R. Avraham Abba Frankel of Shedlitz (Siedlce) and his son R. Kalman Eliezer in Tel Aviv. The Rebbe extends his blessings for "a good and sweet life". The letter begins with the Rebbe's acknowledgement for the Etrog they sent him from Eretz Israel - "…and as I shake it, may G-d pour an abundance of blessing… and may He rebuild our Temple speedily in our times and avenge before our eyes the vengeance of His servants' spilt blood, may He accept our prayers with mercy and good will, and renew upon us and all of ours a good and sweet year…". Further in the letter, the Rebbe writes that he is enclosing a Kvittel "and please mention me for a good year at holy sites".
Rebbe Yisrael Yitzchak Kalisch (perished in the Holocaust, Cheshvan 1941), "one of the great and famous rebbes in Poland in the last generation" (Eleh Ezkera, VI, p. 315). Son and successor of Rebbe Shimon of Skiernivitz (1857-1926). Rebbe Yitzchak'l was the most distinguished of Rebbe Shimon of Skiernivitz's sons. In his father's lifetime, he attended him closely, never departing from Torah study. After the passing of his father and his brother Rebbe Menachem Mendel of Skiernivitz, he began leading the Skiernivitz Chassidic court. Skiernivitz was at the time one of the largest Polish Chassidic dynasties. Many cities and towns boasted communities of Skiernivitz Chassidim. In the interwar period, Polish Jewry suffered severe financial difficulties and persecution by the antisemitic government. The home of Rebbe Yisrael Yitzchak became a focal point, drawing prominent Jewish merchants in quest of advice and salvation, and though he was an unworldly man who had spent his entire life in the confines of the Beit Midrash, they benefitted from his wise counsel to navigate the crises of that time.
The modest personality of R. Yitzchak'l was imbued with pure fear of G-d. Vurka Chassidim saw in him the successor of his grandfather, the "Silent Rebbe" - R. Menachem Mendel of Vurka, who was known for his concealed ways. R. Yisrael Yitzchak would disguise his outbursts of emotion and enthusiasm, obscuring them in his burning heart. In this letter, the Rebbe expresses to his close friends a bit of the emotions aroused with the approach of the High Holidays and Sukkot. His words regarding the Kavanot during the shaking of the Lulav and Etrog, allow us a glimpse of the emotions of holiness and hope for salvation which surged within him.
Recipients of the letter: The renowned Chassid R. Avraham Abba Frankel of Shedlitz (1872-1961), a disciple of the Avnei Nezer. In 1924, he immigrated to Tel Aviv together with his son R. Kalman Eliezer Frankel (1895-1982), author of BeOhalei Tzadikim (Tel Aviv, 1967), biography of the Rebbes of the Vurka and Skiernivitz dynasties.
 leaf. 19.5 cm. Written on both sides, approx. 27 autograph lines and signature. Good-fair condition. Wear and folding marks.
Esther scroll. [Iraq, first half of the 20th century].
The beginning of the first membrane is decoratively cut. Sewn to it is a long strip of parchment for binding the scroll, with an ownership inscription: "The young Chaim son of Pinchas Kancor(?)".
Wound on a carved wooden roller.
17 lines per column. Height of parchment: 20 cm. Overall good condition. Stains and wear.
• Enclosed is a piece of (soft) parchment with the text of the blessings of the Megillah, including the text: "Blessed is Mordechai… blessed is Hashem… cursed is the wicked Haman… blessed are all Israelites… cursed are all Ishmaelites". Signed at the end: "The young Chaim Kand-cor(?)" (same as the above).
19 cm. Fair condition. Stains and wear. Ink markings.
Service for the Two First Nights of Passover, in Hebrew and English… Carefuly Revised and Corrected by Isaac Levi. London: E. Justins, 5568 .
The Hebrew title page reads: "Translated from the Holy Tongue to the tongue of England… with pure language, and not incorrect language, as was habitual previously". At the end of the Haggadah, Yiddish translation of the songs Adir Hu and Chad Gadya.
26 leaves. 29.5 cm. Light-colored, high-quality paper. Good-fair condition. Stains and light wear. Food stains. Worming to inner margins of several leaves (close to spine). New binding.
Yaari 360; Otzar HaHaggadot 516.
Esther scroll. [Israel, second half of the 20th century].
Sephardic script. Wound on a turned bone roller, with carved decorations on its upper part.
"HaMelech" scroll (most columns open with the word "HaMelech").
14 lines per column. Height of parchment: 14 cm. Overall good condition. Stains.
Manuscript, orders of Kabbalistic Kavanot for Shofar blowing, Yom Kippur night, shaking Lulav, Sukka and the Hakafot on Hoshana Raba, "according to the Kavanot of the Arizal, other Kabbalists and those who have knowledge of Torah secrets". Composed by "the young Eliezer son of R. Yosef Corinaldi". [Italy, 1782].
The manuscript begins with detailed Kavanot to concentrate on throughout the Shofar blowing services before and during the Mussaf prayer. Leaf : "Abridged Kavanot for Shofar blowing…". Leaf : "Maayan Ganim - Part II", from the Maayan Ganim essay by the Rema of Fano. The orders of Kavanot for the "Fast of Kippur, at night", for "Lulav" and "Sukka" are presented next, followed by a detailed order of Kavanot for the seven Hakafot on "Yom Arava" (Hoshana Raba).
 leaves. 15.5 cm. Good condition. Stains and wear. Original card cover, slightly damaged.
Talmud Yerushalmi. Zhitomir: R. Chanina Lipa and R. Yehoshua Heshel Shapira, 1860-1867. Five parts in four volumes.
Talmud Yerushalmi, with the Pnei Moshe, Mareh HaPanim, Korban HaEda and Sheyarei Korban commentaries. This is the first edition to include the Pnei Moshe and Mareh Panim commentaries on Orders Zera'im-Moed.
A handwritten dedication dated 1887, appears on the endpaper of Vol. I: "A gift… from the wife and sons of R. Naftali Hertz Frankfurt, to his dear friend, revered Torah scholar, rabbi of Arnhem and the province, R. Moshe Toviyahu Tal. Arnhem, 2nd Marcheshvan 1887". Illustrated bookplates of R. Moshe Tuvia Tal "Justus Tal" (depicting a Torah scroll, scientific instruments and a bookcase, captioned: "Beautiful is the study of Torah with the way of the world - Judaea Tenacitas").
R. Moshe Tuvia Tal (1847-1899) was a Torah scholar of Amsterdam. He served as Chief Rabbi of Arnhem, Netherlands, from 1881-1895. In 1895, he was appointed Chief Rabbi of The Hague. Erudite and preacher; a historian of Dutch Jewry.
Vol. I (Order Zera'im): , 14, 14-60; 30; 31; 24, 24-33; 33; 42; 18; 24; 18; 14; 9 leaves. Vol. II (Order Moed): , 52, 34; , 55; 61; , 39; 2-31; 17, 17-23; 20; 21; 2-23; 5, 7-32; 20; 17 leaves. Vol. III (Order Nashim): , 79; 45; 64; 34; 56; 51; 41 leaves. Vol. IV (Order Nezikin and Tractate Nidda): , 33; 2-29; 2-26; 42; 31; 26; 6; 15; 9 leaves. (Tractate Eduyot is bound here after Tractate Avoda Zara, and not after Tractate Sanhedrin as listed in the Bibliography of the Hebrew Book).
Four volumes. 37 cm. Title page printed in red and black. Good condition. Stains. Original leather bindings, with gold ornamentation. Damage to two of the bindings.
Miniature Torah Finials. Holland [19th century].
Silver (marked), cast and chased.
The finials are designed as three-tier towers, narrowing from the base towards the top, in a typical 18th century Dutch style. Decorated with foliate patterns; openings for bells (lacking). Surmounted by crowns.
Height: 9.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Bends. Corrosion and stains. Lacking bells. Remnants of gilding to crowns.
Manuscript, machzor for Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. [North Africa, Algeria or Tunisia, ca. 19th century].
Semi-cursive Western script, with some words emphasized in enlarged, square script. The leaves are inscribed on one side only. The machzor contains only the piyyutim, according to the rite of North-African Jewry (presumably Algeria or Tunisia), without the principal prayers. Also includes the Avoda service for Yom Kippur by R. Yossi son of Yossi ("Azkir Gevurot").
2-15; 1-37 leaves. Lacking leaf 1 of first sequence. It is unclear whether there were originally more leaves at the end of the machzor. 27 cm. Fair condition. Stains, dampstains and traces of mold to several leaves. Hole to first leaf, slightly affecting text. Tears to some leaves. New cloth binding.
Manuscript, "Aggadta DePischa" - Passover Haggadah. Sana'a, Nissan .
Neat Yemenite script, in black and red ink, ornamented in red and brown ink.
"This Haggadah was written upon the request of our dear associate, Yichye son of Suleiman son of R. Yosef son of Salem Albadichi, by the weak and wretched scribe Shalom son of Yichye son of R. Chaim son of R. Yosef Korach".
The scribe and illustrator: R. Shalom son of Yichye Korach (1873-1953), Torah scholar, educator and scribe of the Sana'a community. In 1946, he was appointed president of the new school in Sana'a together with the chief rabbi, R. Amram Korach. He immigrated to Eretz Israel in 1950 and settled in Jerusalem. He composed several books and was engaged in writing and copying. A talented artist, the books he copied are noted for their precision and beauty. See: Gavra, Encyclopedia LeChachmei Teiman, p. 566.
 leaves. Wide margins. Fair condition. Damage to title page illustrations due to adhesion to cover. Further damage, including damage to text, resulting from glue passing through to other leaves. Stains. Worming. New binding.
Portrait of the Cantor Salomon Sulzer, lithograph by Eduard Kaiser [published by Reiffenstein & Roesch], Vienna, [mid-19th century].
Salomon (Shlomo) Sulzer (1804-1890), Austrian cantor, composer and conductor. At the age of 16 he became a cantor in his hometown Hohenems. When the great synagogue in Vienna - the Stadttempel - was opened, Sulzer was invited to serve there as a cantor, and was one of the developers of the "Wiener Ritus" (Viennese liturgical rite). Sulzer composed a permanent musical sequence for the prayer, opposing the improvisations which were common until then; organized a choir in the synagogue; published his compositions and musical adaptations, and taught many cantors. His style spread all over Western Europe and cantors inspired by him were called "Sulzer cantors".
A handwritten dedication (part of which is lacking) appears on the lower part of the lithograph: "to Alois Kaiser, Cantor in Baltimore". Presumably, Sulzer dedicated his portrait to Alois Kaiser, an American cantor, born in Hungary, one of the first cantors in the United States and cantor in the Oheb Shalom congregation in Baltimore. As a boy, Kaiser sang in Sulzer’s choir at the Vienna synagogue.
Approx. 30X44 cm. Fair-poor condition. Large open tears on bottom, damaging the dedication and the printer's details. Small open tears at margins and along folding lines. Long tears. Creases. Stains. Framed.
Mishneh Torah by the Rambam. Fürth: Chaim Madpis, [1765-1767]. Four volumes.
Stamps: "Midrash Etz Chaim of the Sephardi Community" (in Amsterdam), and stamps attesting to the removal of the books from the library: "The stamp of the Etz Chaim Study Hall of the Sephardi Community on this book - is null and void".
Vol. I (Mada-Zemanim): , 271, 274-276 leaves. Mispagination. Vol. II (Nashim, Kedusha): , 261,  leaves. Vol. III (Haflaa-Tahara): , 176, 179-221 (lacking 2 leaves, 177-178); 142, 141-144, 144-166 leaves. Several leaves bound out of sequence. Vol. IV (Nezikin-Shoftim): , 135, 138-298, , 297-302 leaves. Mispagination. 35.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Many stains. Extensive wear. Many darkened and stained leaves. Old, half-leather bindings.
Miniature format manuscript - women's prayers, for Tevilah, pregnancy, smooth birth and Shabbat candle lighting. [Italy, 19th Century].
Italian square script, vocalized. Original, ornamented leather binding.
The manuscript was commissioned on behalf of a woman named "Virtuosa (?) daughter of Esther", whose name is integrated in the first prayer. On the leather binding, (front and back cover), gilt embossed border ornament and the woman's initials: V.P.
The manuscript includes: various prayers for the night of Tevilah (with the following titles: "It is customary for women to recite this prayer on the night of their immersion, prior to immersing"; "And when she reaches the mikveh, before removing her clothing, she says"; "While standing in the water, she says"; "And when the water reaches her throat, she should say"), prayer for a pregnant woman - supplications for easing the pain of the pregnancy and for an easy birth ("When a woman enters the seventh month, it is correct to establish a fast day and give charity… and she should pray fervently to G-d after Shemoneh Esreh… every day until she is due to give birth…"), prayers for the Shabbat candle lighting ("It is customary for women to say after lighting the Shabbat candles, before reciting the blessing"; "Following the candle lighting, he(!) should say").
 leaves. 10 cm. Fair-good condition. Leaves complete. Dark stains and dampstains. Minor damage to binding.
Ohev Yisrael, homilies on the Torah according to Chassidic teachings, by Rebbe Avraham Yehoshua Heshel of Apta. Zhitomir: R. Chanina Lipa and R. Yehoshua Heshel Shapira, 1863. First edition.
The book was brought to print by the grandson of the author, Rebbe Meshulam Zusia of Zinkov. He relates in his foreword how his father, Rebbe Yitzchak Meir, son of the author, realized that each person was recording the Rebbe's teachings according to their own perception, and was concerned this would lead to misunderstanding. He therefore chose one astute, outstanding Torah scholar and designated him to record the holy teachings, after which the writings were reviewed, and when necessary corrected, by the Rebbe. Later in the foreword, he explains that the book was named Ohev Yisrael, based on the author's repeated assertion that the one character trait he could confidently pride himself in, even before the Heavenly court, was his outstanding love for his fellow Jew. Before his demise, he instructed his sons to write no other praise on his tombstone but Ohev Yisrael (Lover of Jews).
R. Yosef Shaul Nathansohn wrote in his approbation (to the Lemberg edition): "…he loved every Jewish person with his heart and soul, and would show great affection particularly to Torah scholars. And our fathers related to us that while he was here [in Lviv], all the leading Torah scholars of the city would arise early to come and absorb his wondrous teachings…".
, 117 leaves. 24 cm. Good-fair condition. Tear to top of title page, affecting the border ornament. Inner margins of several leaves reinforced with paper. Stains and wear. Old, damaged binding.
In this copy, it is apparent that leaves 61 and 91 were pasted (originally) after the initial printing of the entire book (the original leaves may have been cut out due to printing errors or censor corrections).
Three letters from rabbis and rebbes of the Halberstam family, scions of the Sanz dynasty. 1928-1935.
1. Letter from R. Chaim Yitzchak Isek Halberstam, Rabbi of Slotfina (Solotvyno). Authorization regarding the heirs of R. Berish Picksler of Safed. Slotfina, [Kislev 1928].
R. Chaim Yitzchak Isek Halberstam (ca. 1899-Sivan 1944, perished in the Holocaust), son-in-law of the Atzei Chaim, Rebbe of Sighet. Son of Rebbe Yehoshua Halberstam of Dolyna (who was the son of Rebbe Moshe of Bardeyov and grandson of Rebbe Boruch of Gorlitz, son of the Divrei Chaim). In 1925, he was appointed rabbi of Slotfina and the region, and established there a prestigious yeshiva numbering hundreds of students. He perished in the Holocaust together with his community, wife and nine children. His two eldest daughters survived and raised illustrious families of rabbis and rebbes in the United States.
2. Letter from R. Pinchas Shemaya Halberstam of Sanz. New Sanz (Nowy Sącz), [ca. 1932]. Letter in Yiddish, containing blessings to a philanthropist that G-d should help her in all she requires, and wishing her an abundant livelihood in good health and wellbeing.
R. Pinchas Shemaya Halberstam (perished in the Holocaust), son of Rebbe Aryeh Leib Halberstam Rabbi of Gribov and Sanz (who was the son of R. Aharon Rabbi of Sanz, son of the Divrei Chaim). Son-in-law of Rebbe Naftali Horowitz of Melitz.
3. Letter from Rebbe Yekutiel Yehuda Halberstam of Nitra. Nitra, [Cheshvan 1935].
R. Yekutiel Yehuda Halberstam (d. Tishrei 1969), son of Rebbe Shmuel of Bardeyov (Bardejov) and son-in-law of his uncle Rebbe Yechiel Natan Halberstam of Bardeyov (sons of Rebbe Moshe of Bardeyov and grandsons of Rebbe Baruch of Gorlitz, son of the Divrei Chaim). He served as rebbe in Nitra. After the Holocaust, he reached New York where he was known as "the Rabbi from Bardeyov". He was amongst the leaders of the Satmar Chassidic court and heads of Hitachdut HaRabbanim.
3 letters. Varying size and condition. Items 1-2 in good condition. Item 3 in fair condition, singed. Item 1 on official stationery. Item 2 - official postcard with printed titles.
Lengthy responsum letter (3 leaves) handwritten and signed by R. Shmuel HaLevi Wosner "Rabbi, Beit Din Head and Yeshiva Dean of Zichron Meir, Bnei Brak". Tevet 1974.
Addressed to R. Efraim Greenblatt (author of Rivevot Efraim), it mostly concerns an incorrect ruling published in an English book regarding laws of Niddah. R. Wosner counters this ruling sharply and comprehensively: "…behold, this rabbi is causing the public to err in something which is explicit in the Talmud and halachic literature...".
This responsum was published in Responsa Shevet HaLevi, part III, section 114 (it is interesting to note that R. Efraim Greenblatt himself in his responsa book Rivevot Efraim, does not mention this responsa from R. Wosner addressed to him. See Rivevot Efraim, part VIII section 702, where a responsum of R. Greenblatt dated Cheshvan 1997 is presented, discussing the same topic as this letter. R. Greenblatt mentions there what he heard from R. Moshe Feinstein on the topic, thirty years back, yet does not refer at all to this responsum).
R. Shmuel HaLevi Wosner (1913-2015), author of Shevet HaLevi, was a leading Halachic authority of the past generation. Born in Vienna, he was a disciple of R. Shmuel David Ungar, rabbi of Nitra, R. Yosef Elimelech Kahana, rabbi of Ungvar (both perished in the Holocaust) and later a close disciple of Rabbi Meir Shapiro at the Chachmei Lublin yeshiva. In 1939, he immigrated to Eretz Israel with his wife. He first settled in Jerusalem, where he studied under the leading rabbis of the city. He soon thereafter earnt prominence as a leading Torah scholar and was appointed as rabbi and posek of the Geulah neighborhood. In 1947, he moved to Bnei Brak to serve as rabbi of the Zichron Meir neighborhood. He was recommended for this position by the Chazon Ish who already then discerned the greatness and strength of the young man and foresaw his illustrious future. After a short while, he was appointed rabbi of the Chug Chatam Sofer communities in the city and with time became renowned as a foremost halachic authority acknowledged by all circles. He responded to thousands of halachic queries which were published in the eleven volumes of his book Responsa Shevet HaLevi.
 leaves, official stationery. Approx. 28 cm. Approx. 68 autograph lines and signature. Good condition. Minor tears and creases.
Letter by Rebbe Menachem Mendel Schneerson of Lubavitch - Chabad, with his signature and with several words added in his own handwriting. Brooklyn, Sivan 1951.
Typewritten on the Rebbe's official stationery and bearing his signature. Several words and corrections in the Rebbe's handwriting.
The letter opens with the Rebbe's blessings for nachat (satisfaction) from the children and for appropriate matches: "I have received your letter from 3rd Sivan, in which you inform us that your son Yechezkel Asher has begun to study Chumash… It should be G-d's will that… he should also advance to the study of Mishnah, Talmud and esoteric wisdom, the study of Chassidism… together with the rest of your children… and G-d will surely provide your daughters with appropriate matches, the younger and the elder alike".
Further in the letter, the Rebbe refers to the deliberation whether to marry off the younger daughter before her older sister who is having difficulty finding her match: "If a match for your younger daughter is opportune, although your elder daughter is not yet engaged, in general, this is not recommended… However, from your letter it is apparent that you find this difficult… Therefore, if a suggestion arises for the younger daughter… I repeat before closing the letter that with proper effort, I hope that you will not need to change the order, and that you will find appropriate suggestions for the elder and later for her sister".
After the word "With my blessing", the Rebbe added in his own handwriting: "My regards to your group in the T.T." (=Talmud Torah/Tomchei Temimim?). The letter bears several corrections and additions in the Rebbe's handwriting.
The letter was written during the first months of the Rebbe's tenure, and to the best of our knowledge it has not been published.
 leaf. Approx. 27.5 cm. Good condition. Stains. Folding marks.
Sephardic Machzor for the High Holidays. Amsterdam: Abraham Athias, .
Includes Selichot for the month of Elul, prayers and supplications for Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur.
Miniature volume. Fine leather binding with gilt ornaments.
360 leaves. 8.5 cm. Good condition. Stains and wear, dampstains. Several tears. Gilt edges. Leather binding, slightly damaged, repaired.
Emissary letter for R. Yechezkel Eliezer Abulafia, who travelled to Italy on a mission on behalf of the Tiberias community, signed by the Torah scholars of the city. Tiberias, .
Neat scribal script. At the foot of the letter, the calligraphic signatures of the Tiberias Torah scholars: R. Yosef David Abulafia, R. Yehuda Nechmad, R. Yissachar Abulafia, R. Avraham Ashkenazi, R. Chaim Shmuel HaKohen, R. Yosef ibn Gabbai and R. Aharon Alchadif.
The rabbis of Tiberias portray the difficult state of the Jews residing in the city, the starvation afflicting them due to a locust plague and the large debts weighing on the community: "We have been struck, and all our money has been taken, and all that remains is our bodies and lands… and our most recent misfortune is the famine, the likes of which has never been in the past, since locust attacked last year and devoured all greenery, and our eyes witness helplessly the sorrow of Torah scholars, orphans and widows, and we have no power to assist…".
The scribe left a blank space at the head of the letter for inserting the name of the community the emissary would be approaching. This space was later filled-in in a different handwriting: "Vercelli" (Italy). The letter was folded and sent to the Vercelli community (the address was inscribed in Italian of the verso).
R. Yechezkel Eliezer Abulafia (d. 1859) was a leading Tiberias Torah scholar, emissary of the Ashkenazi and Sephardi communities in the city. He was the son of R. Michael Refael Shabtai Abulafia, and a descendant of R. Chaim Abulafia, who reestablished the Jewish settlement in Tiberias. Just like his father, he travelled as an emissary on behalf of the Tiberias community. Another emissary letter for him from 1827 is known, also addressed to Italian cities (see: Yaari, Shluchei Eretz Israel, p. 647). The mission extended until 1835, and this letter was written and sent during the course of this mission. A year prior, in 1831, R. Yechezkel Eliezer printed the book Ben HaMelech VehaNazir in Livorno.
 double leaf. 32 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains, folding marks.
Printed invitation from Rebbe Tzvi Hirsh Morgenstern of Kotzk-Pilov, to the wedding of his daughter Esther with the groom R. Aryeh Leib HaKohen Lieberman of Brisk, in Łuków, 3rd Tammuz 1902. On the other side of the invitation, a lengthy letter handwritten and signed by Rebbe Tzvi Hirsh. Łuków, 1902.
The letter is addressed to his uncle, his father's brother "the holy and pious rabbi" (presumably his uncle R. Tzvi Hirsh of Lomaz - 1852-1926), requesting that "my honored uncle should glorify our celebration, in particular since for a certain reason my father is unable to attend, surely his presence will add honor and grandeur, as all distinguished families reciprocate to each other, why should we not merit this as well, for the glory of our holy ancestors…".
Rebbe Tzvi Hirsh Morgenstern of Łuków (1858-1920, Encyclopedia of Chassidut III, p. 603), author of Ateret Tzvi, was the eldest son of Rebbe Yisrael Morgenstern of Pilov (Puławy), and brother of Rebbe Yitzchak Zelig Morgenstern, Rabbi of Sokolow. R. Tzvi Hirsh was born in 1858 and was the last descendant at whose circumcision the Rebbe of Kotzk served as sandak. He was raised in the court of his grandfather Rebbe David of Kotzk, and oversaw all matters in the Kotzk court. After his father's passing in 1906, he began leading his own following in Łuków, with the encouragement of his great-uncle, the Avnei Nezer - Rebbe Avraham of Sochatchov. During 1914-1917, he sojourned in Warsaw, and with the end of WWI returned to Łuków. In his later years, he was incredibly pained by the state of the Jewish Diaspora in Russia, under the Communist rule, and would pray extensively for the wellbeing of his oppressed Jewish brethren. His pure heart succumbed to his anguish over the troubles of the Jewish people. He was succeeded by his son R. Moshe Baruch of Włodawa.
 double leaf. 18.5 cm. 15 autograph lines and signature. Fair condition. Tears and wear to folds. Tape (acid-free) to verso.
Owner's stamp on verso: "Yechiel Meir son of the holy Rebbe of Praga" (R. Yechiel Meir Morgenstern of Kotzk-Lomaz, 1894-1974, son of the recipient of the letter Rebbe Tzvi Hirsh of Lomaz, who lived for a time in Praga, near Warsaw).
Varied collection of handwritten leaves, including eulogy poems, epitaph poems and more. Italy, 18th and 19th centuries.
The collection includes:
• Handwritten leaf, eulogy poem for the passing of R. Moshe HaLevi Zacuto of Casale (Casale Monferrato), by "Avraham of Porto, the weeper". 12 stanzas. .
• Handwritten leaf, eulogy poem of twenty stanzas. Presumably a eulogy on R. Yehuda Leon, Hebron emissary who was later appointed rabbi of Rome, and passed away on 10th Adar II 1824. [Rome, 1824].
• Two handwritten leaves, each containing a different eulogy poem on "the elderly and esteemed rabbi, yeshiva dean here in Ferrara, the exceptional dayan… R. Shabtai Elchanan Pesaro". [Ferrara, 1828].
• Two handwritten leaves, eulogy poem of ten stanzas, on a person named Yosef, who passed away in 1820. On one leaf, the song is written in semi-cursive Italian script, and on the other leaf in square script.
• Two handwritten leaves, epitaph poem in honor of the late righteous and respected woman, Paciencia Ascarelli, dated 1833. The poem is written twice, once on a small leaf and once on a large leaf.
• Handwritten leaf, epitaph poem in honor of Shlomo Sonnino son of Shalom Chaim, dated Adar 1835.
• Other leaves containing poems and poetry, including a leaf containing a (wedding) riddle, and more.
18 leaves. Size varies. Overall good condition.
Letter addressed to the community committee in Kraków, signed by R. Shimon Sofer Rabbi of the city. [Kraków, Cheshvan] 1873. German.
In his letter, R. Shimon Sofer informs the community committee that he is compelled to travel to Vienna for a few days, yet will continue to fulfill his official duties. The letter is signed with R. Shimon Sofer's German signature: "S. Schreiber". On the verso of the letter, address and stamp of the Chief Rabbinate of Kraków (in German).
R. Shimon Sofer of Kraków (1820-1883), son and disciple of the Chatam Sofer, a leader of his generation, was an outstanding Torah scholar, holy and pure from youth. His father regarded his intellect and ideas to be untainted, and would rely on his reasoning from a young age. He also dealt in Kabbalah, following his father's counsel. He served as rabbi of Mattersdorf, and in 1861, was appointed rabbi of Kraków. A leader of Orthodox Jewry in Galicia, he also served as a member of the Austrian Parliament. His books are named Michtav Sofer - responsa and novellae, homilies on the Torah.
 double leaf, 34 cm. Good condition. Stains. Two open tears, not affecting text, from unsealing the letter. Folding marks.
Hon Ashir, commentaries and novellae on the Six Orders of the Mishna, by the Kabbalist R. Immanuel Hai Ricchi. Amsterdam, . First edition.
Early signature on the title page: "Bendit Duschenes Segal Horowitz of Prague" - R. Baruch Bendit HaLevi Duschenes, Rabbi of Nijmegen in the Netherlands (d. 1803), son-in-law and disciple of R. Meir Fischeles-Bumsla who was a dean of the Prague yeshiva for forty years (d. Kislev 1769). A scion of the Duschenes family of Prague, which produced rabbis and community leaders in Prague for several hundred years (including R. Nechemia Feivel Duschenes, author of Divrei Neva, community leader in Prague in the 17th century, a relative of the Shelah). He went to serve as rabbi of Nijmegen, and was a foremost rabbi in the Netherlands.
R. Bendit was the father-in-law of R. Yisrael Landau, son of the Noda BiYehuda, and of R. Avraham Moshe Lehren of The Hague (father of R. Tzvi Hirsh Lehren and R. Akiva Lehren of Amsterdam, founders and heads of the Pekidim and Amarkalim, which administrated the Eretz Israel funds). Other renowned descendants include: his son R. Shlomo Duschenes, a dayan in Liptovský Mikuláš, who was close to the Chatam Sofer; his son R. Naftali Duschenes, father of R. Bendit Duschenes Rabbi of Leeuwarden in the Netherlands (d. 1886), who was one of the administrators of the Pekidim and Amarkalim in 1851.
This book was composed by the Kabbalist R. Immanuel Hai Ricchi, author of Mishnat Chassidim, who relates in his first preface that he composed the book over the course of two years in Safed. "I then travelled by ship overseas… and a misfortune befell me at sea, since G-d awakened a spirit of frenzy, and brought me along an unpaved path… and in the hands of harsh masters I was imprisoned, this is the miscreant people, the Barbarians, and they stole all my possessions… and this is what remains of all my toil, this book which I salvaged from the lion's mouth, almost in a miraculous way, of all the books they stole and took away from me…".
, 168 leaves. 21.5 cm. Good condition. Stains. Bookplate. Fine, early leather binding, with gilt ornaments. A dedication is embossed in gilt letters on the ornamented binding: "Wedding gift, fortune and wealth for the groom R. Eli[yahu] son of the community leader R. Leib Norden, ".
Variant. The two leaves of poems, which in most copies appear at the end of the book, were bound in this copy after the title page. Of these leaves in this copy, p. [2b] is blank, whilst in most copies, it contains musical notation for the poem featured on p. [3b].
Woolen tallit katan, with fringes (tzitzit), worn by R. Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg, dean of the Torah Or yeshiva.
R. Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg (1910-2012), a leading Torah scholar of recent times, was a holy and remarkable figure. An exceptional Torah scholar, he would spend almost all his days and nights diligently studying Torah, even beyond the age of 100. He was the dean of the Torah Or yeshiva and a renowned halachic authority, recognized at the end of his life as one of the elder yeshiva deans and a member of the Moetzet Gedolei HaTorah of Degel HaTorah. Born in Poland, he immigrated with his parents to the US at a young age, where he became close to R. Yaakov Yosef Herman ("All for the Boss"), who convinced the young boy to study in yeshivot in the US. Known for his genius, R. Chaim Pinchas completed the entire Talmud at age 16. After his marriage to R. Herman's daughter, the young couple travelled to Poland where R. Scheinberg studied at the Mir Yeshiva and became close to European Torah giants (such as R. Yerucham of Mir, the Chafetz Chaim and R. Baruch Ber Leibowitz who granted him rabbinic ordination). In 1935, they returned to the US, and R. Scheinberg served in the rabbinate and taught in various yeshivot. In 1960, he founded the Torah Or Yeshiva in the US, and a year later relocated to Eretz Israel with his disciples, establishing the yeshiva in Jerusalem. Within a few years, the yeshiva became a large Torah center, attracting over 1000 students. He wrote dozens of books on Halacha and Aggadah: his series on Ketzot HaChoshen, Avnei Milu'im, Shev Shemat'ta; and more.
He was an outstanding righteous man, and became known for his wonders and Segulot, attracting many to come request his blessings for salvation. He adopted many holy practices, such as not interrupting his study of Torah for small talk, not speaking on Shabbat about mundane matters, only eating from a Se'udat Mitzvah and donning tefillin the entire day, wrapped in a tallit on top of his suit. He wore dozens of tzitziot under his frock coat, an extraordinary practice which until this day remains a mystery. Even when walking in the street, he would don dozens of tzitziot, and upon returning home, he would add more bundles of tzitziot until he could almost not be seen under the mountain of cloth. He never revealed his reason for this practice and would deny all explanations others gave for this custom, but reputedly, he did so to fulfill a vow he pledged at a time of trouble, possibly out of love of this mitzvah or perhaps for ascetic reasons.
Tallit katan, thin wool fabric, white with black stripes. Approx. 140X66 cm. Thin, strong fringes. Good condition. Stains.
Enclosed is a letter of authorization by his son R. Simcha Scheinberg, who presented this tallit to his friend, attesting "that the tzitzit I gave to [---] was worn by my father R. Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg".
Esther scroll. [Poland, first half of the 20th century].
Ink and paint on parchment.
Large scroll, 45 lines per column. Drawn between the columns are flower-decorated pillars. At the bottom of the scroll, between the bases of the pillars, appear scenes from the story of the scroll. Preceding the first column, the initials "Ch.P." appear within a cartouche.
Height of parchment: 49.5 cm. Fair-good condition. Tears and open tears to first membrane, some repaired with pieces of parchment glued to the back. Tears and small open tears to margins. Stains. Creases.
Five Books of the Torah. Sabbionetta: Cornelio Adelkind for Tobias Foa, .
Pocket edition. On verso of title page: "Everyone needs this, since all are subject to the obligation of Torah reading… therefore we agreed to print this book… so that it can accompany the person at all times…". The title page states: "Open Parashiot according to the Rambam… and it resembles a copy of the Torah scroll, as much as possible, therefore it is not vocalized nor marked with cantillation notes. The table at the end provides the references of Torah readings for the year-round, Shabbat and Festivals…".
Owner's signature on leaf 2: "the young A.ChY.M" - signature of R. Avraham Chai Mussafia (Otzar HaRabbanim 1056), Torah scholar of Turkey and Jerusalem. Son of R. Chaim Yitzchak Rabbi of Spalatro (Split). He authored Tehilla LeDavid on the Tehillim (Livorno 1867), and his novellae were printed in his father's book Chaim VeChessed (Livorno 1844).
Ownership inscription at the end of VeZot HaBeracha: "Acquisition of my money Shmuel Plasas".
223,  leaves. Lacking last leaf (of list of Torah readings for festivals). 9 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains. Open tear to top of title page, affecting book title and text on verso, repaired with paper. Margins trimmed, slightly affecting headings in several places. Handwritten inscriptions. Minor damage. Old leather binding.
Year of printing according to Avraham Yaari, Mechkarei Sefer, Jerusalem 1958, p. 361 no. 15 and p. 348.
Five letters handwritten and signed by R. Shlomo Sofer, son of R. Shimon Sofer Rabbi of Kraków the Michtav Sofer. Seret (Siret), Adar-Iyar 1914.
Addressed to the historian Rabbi Dr. Yehuda Leib (Louis) Lewin Rabbi of Kempen (Kępno), the letters contain various inquiries regarding the biography of his grandfather the Chatam Sofer, and his great-grandfather R. Akiva Eger, as well as questions regarding the genealogy of the family. R. Shlomo Sofer mentions the manuscript Sefer HaZikaron authored by his grandfather the Chatam Sofer, which is in his possession, and his efforts to assist his cousin R. Shlomo Sofer Rabbi of Beregsaz to publish the writings of the Chatam Sofer and his biography (Chut HaMeshulash, Sefer HaZikaron, and Igrot Sofrim). He asks Rabbi Dr. Lewin to send him letters and copyings of letters from R. Akiva Eger, so that he can publish them in Igrot Sofrim.
The letters incidentally disclose a few details about R. Shlomo Alexandri's public activism. In a note in the margin of the postcard from Adar, he inquires whether a branch of Agudat Yisrael had been established in Kempen, and asks: "Has the Agudat Israel society taken root in your town? Here, many are arising to set up branches of this society" (in those days, the preparations for establishing Agudat Israel had gone into high gear, yet the outbreak of WWI in the summer of 1914 interrupted the arrangements, and only in summer 1923 was the first Knessia Gedolah of Agudat Israel held in Vienna).
In a different letter, dated Iyar, R. Shlomo relates about himself: "I am available to assist whoever approaches me almost every day, whether merchants… or community leaders and some rabbis regarding public matters, the one seeking counsel, and the other requesting a favor to petition before a minister, I have never sent anyone away empty handed, if it was only possible, I did not spare efforts nor expenses...".
R. Shlomo Alexandri Sofer (Tishrei 1856-Nissan 1924), son of R. Shimon Sofer Rabbi of Kraków, and grandson of the Chatam Sofer. Son-in-law of the philanthropist R. Moshe Wachs from Seret (Bukovina; father-in-law of the Harei Besamim and of R. Shlomo Ladier son of the Torat Chessed). An outstanding Torah scholar, he devoted his entire life to Torah study and worship of G-d, without requiring an official position, thanks to his father-in-law's wealth. He served as rabbi of Seret for short periods of time, only as an interim rabbi. A respected figure, he was amongst the leaders of Jewry in his country, entertaining friendly ties with the royal court, who revered him as an exalted person. Even more so was he esteemed by all ranks of Jewish society, be it rabbis and activists, maskilim or the masses. Many manuscripts from his father, the Michtav Sofer, and his grandfather the Chatam Sofer, were in his possession, and he published them together with his son-in-law R. Yosef Naftali Stern, who toiled devotedly throughout his life to arrange and publish the writings of the Chatam Sofer and the Michtav Sofer. R. Shlomo Alexandri was also a reliable treasure trove of numerous thoughts heard from the Chatam Sofer and leading scholars of his generation (there is a well-known tradition documenting the reaction of the Chatam Sofer to the words of the Yismach Moshe, who explained the difference between the root of his soul and that of the Chatam Sofer - see Otzrot HaSofer, issue 18, p. 181).
5 postcards. Approx. 14X9 cm. Good condition. Postmarks. Stains to some postcards.
Meoran shel Yisrael - Biography of R. Akiva Eger (Brooklyn, 2011, pp. 442-448) and the Otzrot HaSofer anthology (issue 14, p. 37) include several other letters which R. Shlomo Alexandri sent to R. Dr. Yehuda Leib Lewin Rabbi of Kempen in that period, and they complete the picture of the circumstances behind these letters.
Letter handwritten and signed by R. Chaim Leib Shmulevitz "son-in-law of R. Eliezer Yehuda Finkel - Dean and Director of the Mir yeshiva - currently in Shanghai". Shanghai, Av 1942.
The letter, addressed to the Erlanger brothers in Lucerne, Switzerland, endeavors to establish an ingenious way of relaying messages between the yeshiva in Shanghai, then under Japanese occupation, and the yeshiva's representative in the Unites States, R. Avraham Kalmanovitz, referred to in the letter as "Rabbi Tiktinai" (appellation derived from the town Tiktin - Tykocin, Poland, where he previously served as rabbi).
After the Japanese attack on the American naval base in Pearl Harbor, December 1941, the situation of European refugees in Japan and China worsened. The state of war between Japan and the United States denied the refugees in Shanghai any communication with the outside world (even established international organizations, such as the Joint, were unable to transfer funds from the United States to assist the Jewish refugees in Shanghai, and their activities were limited to monies borrowed from local wealthy people). The Mir yeshiva, who several months earlier had escaped Lithuania to Japan and Shanghai, was an exception, and subsisted for over four years with the financial support of American Jewry. R. Avraham Kalmanovitz obtained funds in the United States, and transferred them to the yeshiva in ingenious and circuitous ways, via neutral countries such as Sweden and Switzerland, whilst deceiving the Japanese authorities into believing that the yeshiva was subsisting only on funds from Swedish and Swiss Jewry. The communication between the Mir yeshiva and the outside world was upheld through its representatives in other countries: R. Wolbe in Sweden, R. Milevsky in Uruguay and the Erlanger family in Switzerland.
The Moach VaLev biography of R. Chaim Shmulevitz (chapter 6, pp. 51-56 in the 1984 edition, pp. 67-72 in Sefer HaZikaron LeHagrach Shmulevitz, Jerusalem, 1980) relates of the ingenious system of rabbinically encoded correspondence that R. Chaim devised (including Talmudic terms, strange codes of numerical values, hints and references to various folios in Talmudic tractates and the commentaries, and to various sections in Shulchan Aruch). The book also reports of the great difficulty involved in convincing the branches of international banks in Shanghai to transfer American monies on the basis of these encoded letters. On the other hand, R. Chaim was successful in convincing the rigid and threatening Japanese officials, that the yeshiva maintains no connection with the United States:
"The basis for this communication was established by R. Chaim. Strange letters and telegrams - whose contents had to satisfy the undercover police - were dispatched to neutral countries from the central post-office in Shanghai, under the nose of the undercover police, who scrutinized every single word, from time to time demanding 'explanations'…" (Moach VaLev, p. 52).
This letter is one of the first letters which established the system for this correspondence. The letter is very cleverly worded, in ambiguous terms, using Talmudic language. R. Chaim alludes in the letter to his scheme to sustain the yeshiva in indirect and circuitous ways. He suggests that even though the Jews of neutral Switzerland do not have sufficient means to support the yeshiva exiled in Shanghai, their connection with the United States can provide the channel for the maintenance of the yeshiva, through transfer of messages from "Rabbi Tiktinai" (R. Kalmanovitz).
R. Chaim Shmulevitz (1902-1979), dean of the Mir yeshiva, a most renowned Torah scholar. A grandson of the Saba of Novhardok, and son-in-law of R. Eliezer Yehuda Finkel, dean of the Mir yeshiva. R. Chaim began lecturing in the Mir yeshiva in 1936, and since then, delivered lectures unceasingly for over forty years. The outbreak of WWII compelled the yeshiva to flee to Lithuanian towns, and then to Japan and Shanghai. Throughout that entire trying period, R. Chaim served as yeshiva dean, delivering regular lectures and leading the yeshiva together with R. Yechezkel Levenstein. During the yeshiva's stay in Shanghai, the financial burden rested on R. Chaim's shoulders, with all the difficulties and danger this entailed. Despite all the adversities, R. Chaim did not cease his diligent Torah study and profound lectures in the yeshiva hall. After the war, he immigrated to Jerusalem in 1947, joining his father-in-law R. Eliezer Yehuda Finkel, who had been rescued in a different way and established the Mir yeshiva in Jerusalem. His teachings were published in the books: Shaarei Chaim - Lectures and musar discourses, edited by his disciples and sons. The book Sefer Zikaron LeHagrach Shmulevitz (Jerusalem, 1980) was published in his memory, incorporating the first edition of the Moach VaLev biography on R. Chaim Shmulevitz.
 leaf, official stationery. 27 cm. Close to 30 autograph lines and signature. Thin, high-quality paper. Good condition. Folding marks and minor stains.
Passover Haggadah, with selected Chassidic essays, by Rebbe Shneur Zalman of Liadi - the Baal HaTanya, and his disciple R. Aharon of Starosel'ye. [Warsaw? /Königsberg, 1866]. First edition.
The text of the Haggadah and the laws presented in it are based on the siddur of the Baal HaTanya. This edition is the first one featuring Chassidic essays from Rebbe Shneur Zalman of Liadi and his disciple R. Aharon HaLevi Horowitz of Starosel'ye, around the text of the Haggadah. The essays of the Baal HaTanya were copied from his books Likutei Torah and Siddur im Dach (Divrei Elokim Chaim), while the essays of R. Aharon of Starosel'ye originate from his book Avodat HaLevi on the Torah.
49 leaves. 23.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains and wear. Dampness damage. Tear to title page, repaired. Inner margins of first leaves strengthened and repaired with paper. New binding.
Yaari no. 949; Otzar HaHaggadot no. 1272; Stefansky Chassidut, no. 163.
Large collection of paper cards with names of the deceased and the dates of their death, from the archive of the burial society of Miskolc, 1832-1944.
The cards bear hundreds of handwritten names, death dates and other family details. Some of the cards are from the 1940s (after the outbreak of WWII), until close to the German invasion of Miskolc.
The inscription "Chevra Kadisa Miskolcz" is stamped on the verso of some cards.
The cards include calling cards, fragments of postcards and of other leaves, reused for recording the deceased. Some of them are written on printed entry tickets to a dinner of the Talmud Torah by the "founders and directors of the local Machzikei HaDat society".
267 paper cards. Average size: 9X6 cm. Good-fair condition.
Illustrated Esther scroll, in a wooden case. [Israel, 20th/21th century].
Sephardic script (second half of the 20th century), with later illustrations (late 20th century or early 21th century).
Ink and paint on parchment; turned wood.
Decorated pillars separate the text columns. At the top of the scroll, between the pillars, appear scenes from the story of the scroll.
The membranes are glued to each other, not sewn with sinews.
21 lines per column. Height of parchment: 25 cm. Height of case (including roller): 51 cm. Good condition. Minor creases.
Two handwritten letters, addressed to R. Shlomo Zalman Walldürn, dayan of the Electorate of Mainz in the first half of the 18th century: letter of approbation to a book, accorded by the renowned Torah scholar R. Moshe Charif Brandeis Rabbi of Mainz, and a letter from the Stuttgart community, requesting R. Zalman's involvement as arbitrator in a certain court case. Germany, 1738-1746.
• Lengthy letter handwritten and signed by R. "Moshe Segal Brandeis, who resides in the community of Mainz and the region". Mainz, Av 1746.
Approbation to an ethics book authored by R. Zalman - "Words of reproach and admonishment, to benefit youth and elders". In the approbation, R. Moshe writes that R. Zalman wishes to publish this book in order to find respite from the financial strain of his children's educational fees and the expenses of his daughter's wedding, and he therefore rules that no one should compete with him for the next eight years (see enclosed material: transcription of the approbation text). The composition referred to is not known and was presumably never published. A different composition by R. Zalman Walldürn, pertaining to synagogue customs, is extant today in manuscript, in the NLI, Jerusalem (Ms. Yah. Heb. 183, Microfilm B708).
 leaf (2 written pages). 21 cm. Fair condition. Stains. Tears to folding marks, affecting text. Brown ink (slightly faded and difficult to decipher).
• Letter (in Yiddish), signed by R. "Mordechai Schloss", requesting R. Zalman come to Stuttgart on the coming Tuesday to serve as arbitrator. Stuttgart, Av 1738. Address inscribed on the verso: "To the Bödigheim community, near Buchen(?) in Odenwald".
 folded leaf. 22 cm. Fair-poor condition. Stains and dampstains. Tears and wear. Remnants of wax seal.
R. Moshe Segal Brandeis - known as R. Moshe Charif (ca. 1680-1767), a foremost rabbi of his times (the generation of the Pnei Yehoshua and R. Yehonatan Eybeschutz). Eldest son of R. Yaakov Brandeis, Rabbi of Mainz, and descendant of the Maharal of Prague. In his youth, he studied under R. Avraham Broda, who held him in high esteem and even honored him with delivering a Torah discourse to his disciples in his presence. After his marriage to the daughter of R. Gavriel Frankel, founder of the Fürth Kloiz (he would sign with the acronym Ch.R.G. - Chatan R. Gavriel - son-in-law of R. Gavriel), he began disseminating Torah in 1706 to the students of the Kloiz (the Fürth yeshiva), and in 1713 was appointed rabbi of Schnaittach and the Ansbach district. In 1717, he went to serve as rabbi of Bumsla (Mladá Boleslav), and in 1733, was appointed rabbi of Mainz, position he held for 34 years. An astute Torah scholar, he was also proficient in Kabbalah. He edified many disciples who later served in the rabbinate and disseminated Torah. He was famous for his extraordinary sharpness, earning the title of R. Moshe Charif (this title was even inscribed in his epitaph in Mainz - "And he disseminated Torah in the yeshiva, until he became known by one and all as R. Moshe Charif"). Remnants of his writings were published in the book Chidushei R. Moshe Charif (Jerusalem Institute, Jerusalem 1987), see his biography in the foreword.
Recipient of the letter: R. Shlomo Zalman Walldürn (d. 1753), was born to R. Binyamin Ze'ev Wolf Rabbi of Lubaczów, yeshiva dean and head of dayanim in Pinsk, author of Gefen Yechidit. He was a disciple of R. Naftali Katz author of Semichat Chachamim in Posen, and son-in-law of R. Moshe HaKohen Walldürn. He served as dayan and posek of the Electorate of Mainz and as rabbi of Bödigheim and the region. He published the Passover Haggadah with the Avodat HaGefen commentary authored by his father and grandfather (Offenbach, 1722). In the Memorbuch of the Bödigheim, he is memorialized: "He led the residents of our region in the correct path for forty-seven years, established regulations and composed books, and conducted himself with modesty his whole life" (see enclosed material).