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Auction 64 Lot Number 25

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“From Deportation to Cyprus to Operation ‘P’dut'” – Photograph Album – Palestine, 1946-1949

"From Deportation to Cyprus (June 1946) to Operation 'P'dut' (February 1949)", "Photo-Studio L. Kougel, Haifa", photo album. [ca. 1949-1950].
Album with approx. 190 photographs (pasted to album's leaves), documenting the various stages in the "Cyprus Deportation": arrival of illegal immigrant ships from Europe to Palestine, arrest of immigrants and immigrants boarding the deportation ships, Cyprus and Atlit detention camps, and finally – operation "P'dut" – the transport of immigrants to Israel after the State of Israel was established.
The photographs portray, among others: Immigrants taken down from the ships Tel-Hai, Anzo Sireni, Henrietta Szold, Yagur, Bracha Fuld, Knesset Israel, Latroun, Haim Arlozoroff, Theodor Herzl, Shear Yashuv, Yetziat Europa 1947, Haganah, Birya, Palmach, Moledet, Haviva Reik, and other ships. • Life in Atlit detention camp – sewing course, babies ward, "Bikur Holim", and more. • Life in Cyprus detention camps – barracks in winter camps, dwelling tents, handicrafts of detainees, day of opening the gates and more. • Photographs of the last deportees arriving to Israel during Operation "P'dut", in January-February 1949 (on board of the ships Galila and Atzmaut). • and more.
The album is in its original binding; on the front appears the title in handwriting surrounded by a drawing of the Mediterranean basin, with Cyprus and Israel.
Enclosed: official envelope of Photo-Studio Kougel.
Photographs: approx. 8.5X6 cm. Album: 29X20.5 cm. Good overall condition. Some blemishes, creases and stains to photographs. Some tears and blemishes to margins of leaves. Tears to binding and spine (restored spine). Rear binding is detached. New tissue guards.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening600$ Opening600$

Auction 64 Lot Number 26

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Collection of Photographs – Cyprus Detention Camps, 1947-1949

Approximately 65 photographs documenting the lives of inmates in Cyprus detention camps. Cyprus (a small number of photographs from Palestine), ca. 1947-1949.
Documented in the photographs, among others, are: tents and tin barracks, drawing water from water reservoirs, work in the field, sports competitions, cultural events, Zionist groups in the camp ("Agudat Yisrael", "Ichud HaNo'ar HaZioni", "Shurot HaMaginim", "HaMifal LeBitachon Ha'am BeMachanot Cafrisin" and others), singer Shoshana Damari's performance on 28.4.1948, one of the camp's children learning how to lay Tefilin, camp's gate burning after being set on fire by the detainees, an escape tunnel dug in one of the barracks, Rosh HaShanah 5709 (1948) festivities in a tent, immigrants crowded near the gate before their liberation, and more. A number of photographs document the detainees on their way to Israel (among them photographs of the ships Ocean Vigour, Empire Rival and Empire Rest).
In addition, the collection includes three souvenir cards from the detention camps, two with a photomontage of photographs from the camp and one with an illustration and a photograph.
Pasted on the back of eight photographs are press information notes. Some photographs are titled by hand on the back. Six photographs are titled in the plate, and three are signed in the plate "Foto Sa-Ra" (active in camp 67), and "Foto Pais".
Approx. 65 photographs, approx. 6X6 to 20X26 cm. (most photographs are small). Condition varies. Good overall condition. Some stains, creases and blemishes to some of the photographs.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening1,000$ Opening1,000$

Auction 64 Lot Number 27

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“BeGerush Kafrisin” – Album with Prints from the Cyprus Detention Camps, 1948 – Naftali Bezem

"Begerush Kafrisin" [In the Cyprus Exile], album with twenty-six linocuts portraying the life of She'erit Hapletah in Cyprus detention camps, by art students, exiles in Cyprus, tutored by Naftali Bezem. Cyprus, [ca. 1948].
On the first leaf is a handwritten note: "this book was prepared by art students at the Instructors' seminar and was printed and bound by the students in 120 copies". A dedication appears on this page: "for Moshe Brachman, in memory of Cyprus days, with appreciation and respect, Baruch Rubinstein for the instructors' seminar in Cyprus camps. 1948". Brachman, one of the heads of the "Committee for Cyprus Exiles", visited the camps in March 1948.
The album opens with a short quote from the will and testament of Pinhas Rutenberg: "… We will be brothers in life, in creating, in action, and in building". On the following page is a short introduction: "Cyprus is one stop on the road of suffering en route to The Land of Israel. For Jews it meanes barbed wire fences, enforced idleness and being condemned to atrophy, but even within this reality, life is thriving. Of these it is told in this book by members of the camp of Israel in the Cyprus exile". These two leaves, and the list of prints appearing on the last leaf, are also linocuts.
The Pinchas Ruthenberg Seminar, financed by the JDC, operated in the Cyprus deportation camps from mid-1947 to 1949. The seminar offered diverse courses, and teachers were brought to Cyprus to instruct the classes. Among the teachers were artists (Naftali Bezem, Zeev Ben-Zvi and others) who instructed art workshops.
[29] leaves, 49 cm. Good-fair condition. Original binding with a linocut. Minor blemishes and stains. Tear to front endpaper. Loose binding. Stains, tears and blemishes to binding.

Opening700$ Opening700$

Auction 64 Lot Number 28

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A Ketubah and a Souvenir Card with Photomontage – Detention Camp in Cyprus, 1948

Marriage ketubah from a detention camp in Cyprus, and a card with a photomontage of the married couple and photos of the camp. Cyprus, ca. 1948.
1. Ketubah recording the marriage of Moshe Ben Ya'akov and Esther Bat Yitzhak, from 15 February 1948. "On this date in the camp of Jewish detainees near the city of Dekhelia on the island of Cyprus".
Near the city of Dekhelia north of Larnaca were seven internment camps known as "Winter Camps". Due to the poor conditions, the ketubah was typewritten and mimeographed, on thin paper of poor quality. On the leaf's verso is an ink stamp of the "Chief Rabbinate, Cyprus", hand-signed by the secretary.
Approx. 30.5X23 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains, folding marks and some holes (small, with no damage to text). Restored tears along folding marks and at the margins.
2. Souvenir card with a photomontage: photo of a young couple (presumably the couple whose names appear on the ketubah), surrounded by four photos of the camp.
6.5X9 cm. Good-fair condition. Creases and blemishes. Stains on verso.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening600$ Opening600$

Auction 64 Lot Number 29

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Souvenir Plaque from Cyprus Detention Camps – Wood Marquetry – Cyprus, 1946-1949

Souvenir plaque from Cyprus detention camps. [1946-1949].
Wood marquetry.
Seen on the plaque are a watch tower and the bridge which connected the two blocks of "Winter Camps" – detention camps no. 64-69 which were located on the east and west side of the Famagusta-Larnaca road. The word "Cyprus" is seen under the bridge.
Approx. 17X11 cm. Good condition. Slight damage to wood.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening500$ Opening500$

Auction 64 Lot Number 30

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Collection of Letters to Menachem Zaharoni from Detention Camps in Cyprus and Atlit, 1946-1947

22 handwritten letters sent to Menachem Zaharoni by his uncle, Benjamin Yaroshevsky, a holocaust survivor. Most of the letters were sent from a detention camp in Cyprus, two from the detention camp in Atlit, and one from a DP camp in Bavaria. June 1946 to June 1947.
Mentioned in these letters are, among other topics, Yaroshevsky's grief after the holocaust, locating surviving relatives, sentiment of revenge against the German nation, the Zionist enterprise, David Ben-Gurion, life in the detention camp and the Jewish identity.
In early letters Yaroshevsky deals in detail with the holocaust using, often enough, a harsh and sharp language. In a letter dated 27 Heshvan, 1946, for example, he writes: "why were we slaughtered at the last minute?...you want to kick, to burn and to bomb the entire world…".
Further on the letters are focused on the future of Zionism and building the land. In a letter dated Nisan 13, 1947, it is written: "No point in crying and weeping, this way we shall not save and not be saved, it is a new era in our history, a period of life and work, of strengthening the people and gathering it to the land of its ancestors".
Two letters were sent from Atlit detention camp and they reflect Yaroshevsky's overwhelming excitement following his arrival in Palestine.
Total of 22 letters. Size and condition vary. Overall good condition. Folding marks, stains and creases. Small tears at margins of a few letters and filing holes to one letter (not affecting text). One letter is cut width-wise and lacks the upper part. One letter is possibly lacking the top part.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening1,000$ Opening1,000$

Auction 64 Lot Number 31

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Photograph Collection from Atlit Detention Camp – 1940s

A dozen photographs of detainees and policemen at the Atlit detention camp. 1940s.
Photos include: female illegal immigrants from the ship Haviva Reik hanging laundry on barbed-wire fences; nurses vaccinating new detainees at the camp; doctors from the Jewish Agency performing medical inspections; five photographs from the estate of a Jewish policeman posted at the camp – photographs with policemen, a photograph with illegal immigrants, planting a tree near the camp fence and more; photographic portraits of children held at the camp; and more.
Four of the photographs are press photos, with ink stamps of press agencies and printed information notes on verso (in English). One photograph is divided on the back to be used as a postcard, with a handwritten inscription: "Souvenir, clearance camp Atlit, 14.4.1942".
Size and condition vary. Good overall condition. Minor blemishes. One photograph with ink marks.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening700$ Opening700$

Auction 64 Lot Number 32

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Collection of Broadsides, Booklets and Printed Paper Items – Irgun and Lehi – Late 1930s to Late 1940s

Approximately 50 broadsides, booklets, pamphlets and printed paper items by the Irgun (Etzel)and Lehi (most by the Irgun). Palestine (one item printed in New York), late 1930s to late 1940s.
• Eighteen broadsides and notices printed by the Irgun: an early broadside from 1939, calling for the release of Jewish prisoners from British jails; a sharply worded broadside from the "Saison" period condemning Haganah acts and threatening retaliation; a broadside from 1947 notifying the public of the British intention to execute Dov Gruner, and warning the British government that the sentence must not be carried out; a broadside from 1947 on behalf of the "Court of the Irgun", notifying the public of the execution of sergeants Clifford Martin and Mervyn Paice; broadside from 1947 detailing the involvement of the Haganah organization in the explosion at the King David Hotel; broadside from 1947 notifying the public of the planting of landmines along train routes in Palestine, and warning Jewish and Arab citizens that they should avoid boarding trains; broadside addressed to the Scouts organization in Haifa, in an attempt to persuade members to join the Irgun rather than the Haganah; and more.
• A dozen paper labels and propaganda notes of the Irgun, with propaganda slogans and Biblical verses.
• Three Irgun posters, including a poster of the radio station "Kol Tsion HaLochemet" (Voice of Fighting Zion) from April 25, 1948, notifying the public of the beginning of daily news broadcasts.
• Mourning notice published following the execution of the "Olei HaGardom" Dov Gruner, Dov Rosenbaum [Yehiel Dresner], Mordecai Elkoshi [Elkahi] and Eliezer Kashani, on June 16, 1947.
• "Commanders' Anthology 2, Talks to New Recruits", printed booklet with instructions on how to conduct talks with new Irgun recruits: the organization's ambitions, its military nature, secrecy and other issues. Dedicated in print to the organization's commander David Raziel. Ca. 1940s.
• In Kenyan Exile, Daily Newspaper, Published in the Camp of Jewish Citizens in British Detention in Kenya. Issue no. 370 from May 30, 1948, with reports from the front of the War of Independence and a review of discussions at the Security Council.
• "Letter to Every Loyal Hebrew – to Every Young Organized Hebrew – in the Homeland", booklet by the Irgun and Lehi, typewritten and mimeographed, addressing the Jewish Yishuv and calling on it to avoid a civil war. Printed in Heshvan 1944.
• "Statements of the Accused in the Cairo Trial, whose Publication was Prohibited by the President of the Court", booklet by Lehi, typewritten and mimeographed, with the statements of the two assassins of Lord Moyne, Eliyahu Bet-Zuri and Eliyahu Hakim. Printed in 1945.
• HaHazit [The Front], the Lehi newspaper. Issue no. 18, from Nissan 1945.
• And more.
Enclosed: Broadside with a notice from High Commissioner Alan Cunningham, broadcast on the radio on June 30, 1946 following the explosion at the King David Hotel.
Size and condition vary. Good-fair overall condition.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening1,200$ Leading1,200$

Auction 64 Lot Number 33

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Collection of Photographs – “Ole HaGardom” Avshalom Haviv – Photographs from his Life and Photographs of Menachem Begin with Haviv’s Family Members

Seven photographs of "Ole HaGardom" Avshalom Haviv and five photographs of his family members, during official memorial ceremonies. Jerusalem and other places, ca. 1930s through 1970s.
Among the photographs: a photograph of Avshalom with his family from his childhood; photograph of Avshalom and his sister Ruth, building a snowman on the roof of their house in Jerusalem; Avshalom in Palmach uniform on the beach; portrait photograph of Avshalom and his brother Israel; two photographs of Zalman Shazar shaking the hand of one family member (most probably Avshalom's father, Eliezer); two photographs of Menachem Begin and the family members; and more.
Two photographs appear in two copies. Six photographs are titled and dated on the back. Ink stamps on the back of three photographs.
Avshalom Haviv (1926-1947), Palmach and Etzel (Irgun) member, one of the ten underground activists sentenced to hanging by the British ("Olei HaGardon"). Haviv participated in numerous operations (among them the release of illegal immigrants from Atlit detention camp, attack on British secret police offices and bombing of the Goldschmidt British officers' club). On May 4, 1947 he was arrested together with four of his friends while breaking into the Acre prison. During his trial, Haviv refused to acknowledge the authority of the court, rejected the offer for legal defense and instead asked to read a long declaration, voicing his stands and beliefs. On July 29, at four o'clock in the morning, Haviv was taken from his cell and was led to the gallows singing "HaTikva".
Enclosed: three portrait photographs of Avshalom's brother, Israel Haviv; three invitations to ceremonies and official occasions in memory of "Olei HaGardom"; booklet commemorating "Olei HaGardom" issued by the Tel-Aviv-Jaffa Municipality; certificate of appreciation on behalf of "Misdar al shem Zeev Jaborinsky" awarded to the author Aryeh Eshel, following the publication of his book about Avshalom.
12 photographs (two appear in two copies). Size and condition vary. Good overall condition. Stains and blemishes (mostly slight). One photograph has four pinholes at the corners.

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Auction 64 Lot Number 34

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“Operation Elephant” – Secret Report by the British Army – Palestine, 1947

1st. Infantry Division Report on "Operation Elephant", Palestine, 1947. Printed by Survey of Palestine, [Jerusalem?], April 1947.
"Operation Hippopotamus" and "Operation Elephant" were the names given by the British authorities to the military curfew imposed on Tel Aviv and Jerusalem in response to actions by the Irgun and Lehi in the years 1946-1947. The operation, meticulously planned months in advance, was meant to force the Jewish public to hand in members of these paramilitary groups. It included the cessation of bus traffic, closing of the courts, cessation of mail and telephone services and a prohibition on leaving one's home during night hours. Despite the operation, the paramilitary groups continued to carry out dozens of missions while the curfew was in place. On March 17, 1947, about two weeks after it began, the British decided to end the operation.
The present item is the official report written by the commanders of the First Infantry Division, the unit responsible for imposing the curfew, in April 1947. The report includes, among other things, a witness statement by Richard Gale, the division's commander; English translations of articles from Hebrew newspapers; a survey of the preliminary planning and the execution of the curfew; diagrams of central streets in Tel Aviv with markings of passageways and entrances; maps with markings of telephone switchboards near the major cities; a list of telephone numbers of Jewish institutions; and other topics. In addition, at the end of the report are three large maps showing the area of the curfew, the forces' arrangement, and places where the paramilitary groups were able to carry out operations against the British army.
At the beginning of the report is an illustrated title page showing an elephant wearing a policeman's hat, waving the unit's flag with his trunk.
Numbered with an ink stamp on the front cover: 134 (the end of the report contains instructions for distribution among the different units. According to these instructions, only 200 copies in total were printed). Printed on the front cover and on top of each page is the classification: Secret.
[2], 145 pp + [3] folded maps and [1] folded index, 30 cm. Good condition. Stains, creases and minor blemishes (mostly to cover). Small tears to seam between title page and following leaf. Small marginal tear to one of the maps.

Opening500$ Opening500$

Auction 64 Lot Number 35

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Collection of Letters, Telegrams, Photographs and Paper Items – Irgun and Lehi Exiles in Africa, 1945-1948

Eighteen letters, telegrams, photographs and paper items from the internment camps of Irgun and Lehi exiles in Africa. Gilgil (Kenya), Asmara (Eritrea), Carthago (Sudan), Tel Aviv and Johannesburg, 1945-1948 [most of the letters are from the camp at Gilgil, from 1948].
Items include:
• Letter from May 11, 1945, sent by eleven mayors of Jewish cities and towns in Palestine to the High Commissioner John Vereker, with an urgent request to transfer the inmates of the African camps back to Palestine. Stamped with ink stamps and signed by each of the mayors of the following cities: Tel Aviv, Ramat Gan, Rishon LeTzion, Petah Tikva, Petah Tikva (rural area), Bat Yam, Kfar Saba, Holon, Ra'anana, Herzliya and Afula. Typewritten on official stationery of the "Union of Local Councils".
• Letter from March 28, 1948, sent by the "camp representative" at Gilgil, Shmuel M. Katzenelson (Shmuel Tamir) to a member of the Tel Aviv Municipality, H. Ariav. The letter expresses the apprehension of the detainees following the arrival in Kenya of the English officer Roy Farran, murderer of Alexander Rubowitz, accompanied by two deserters from the English army.
• Four handwritten letters sent by detainees at the Gilgil camp to Palestine in February-April 1948. The letters concern life in the camps, receiving newspapers and news from Palestine, sports competitions, the visit to the camp by Chief Rabbi of South Africa Louis Isaac Rabinowitz, and other topics. One of the letters is addressed to the "Le'Asireinu" ("For Our Prisoners") Society (which assisted Jewish prisoners and detainees), concerning the "disappearance" of moneys sent to detainees.
• Telegram sent from Tel Aviv in March 1948 by Rabbi Louis Rabinowitz to the Jewish inmates at Gilgil camp. The telegram tells of a U.N. resolution to return the inmates to Palestine no later than May 15, 1948.
• Certificate issued to Irgun member Chaim Tsines on behalf of the "Exile Camp Representatives". The certificate attests that Tsines "was detained at the Zion Exiles camp in Kenya and left for the homeland with the last exiles". It is dated on the bottom: "Eve of the closing of the Gilgil exile camp, 27 Sivan [June 4] 1948". Marked with an ink stamp of the "Directorate of the Jewish Exile Camp, Kenya".
• In Exile at Asmara, Quarantine Camp, Asmara, Eritrea. 22 Nissan (April 23) 1946. Issue no. 124. Single leaf in handwriting, in newspaper format – review of an attack on military camps and courts in Palestine, report on the proposal to return Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini to Lebanon, the burial of one of the detainees and other topics. Written on the reverse of a certificate used by the Italian army.
• In Exile in Sudan [...] Cathago Internment Camp, Sudan Desert. 4 Nissan (March 18) 1945. Issue no. 38 (107). Two leaves, typewritten and mimeographed, in newspaper format – review of the capture of detainees who had escaped from the camp, the inauguration of a Torah scroll at the camp synagogue, news from the war fronts in Europe and other topics.
• Two uncut sheets, one in Hebrew and the other in English, of notes with propaganda slogans protesting the deportation of Jews to African camps.
• Two group photographs of detainees at the Asmara camp.
• And more.
Enclosed: two envelopes of letters sent by detainees at the Gilgil camp in 1948, one to Palestine and the other to Paris.
Size and condition vary. Good-fair overall condition. Stains. Folding marks, filing holes, tears and open tears (mostly small and restored) to some items.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening800$ Leading800$

Auction 64 Lot Number 36

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“The Book of Detention and Exile” – Kenya, 1947

Sefer HaMa'atzar VeHagalut (Shalosh Shanim LeGalutenu) [The Book of Detention and Exile (three years to our exile)] / "Badad" – periodical for philosophy and literature. "Detention camp of Jews in exile", Gilgil, Kenya, 1947.
Thick book, mimeographed, with illustrations, diagrams, charts, sheet music, appendices and maps. A comprehensive study of the three years spent by the Etzel and Lehi exiles in detention camps in Africa.
A handwritten note to David Linivsky (Niv), one of the book's editors, was bound in the book. The note reads: "To David Linivsky from Rivka and Moshe Ben-Gal (Bachar), 'Good Luck'!!! 11.7.49".
321, [4] leaves + [3] photograph plates. Leaves 11 and 301 were bound twice. 33 cm. Some stains and markings in pen. Creases. Some tears at margins of leaves. Rough tears at margins of two leaves, affecting the text. Creases and tears to cover. The cover is restored, cloth spine.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening500$ Leading500$

Auction 64 Lot Number 37

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Collection of Newspapers – UN Partition Plan for Palestine – Palestine and Europe, November-December 1947

Collection of newspaper issues concerning the UN Partition Plan for Palestine. Palestine and Europe, November-December 1947 (most issues were printed on November 30, 1947, one day after the Partition Plan was adopted). Hebrew and Yiddish.
1-4. Four issues of "Kol Ha-Am" newspaper, official paper of the communist party. Issues nos. 237-240, 26-30.11.1947.
5-6. Issue of "HaAretz", 30.11.1947. Headline: "It was decided to establish a Jewish State". Enclosed is a single leaf – special edition of "HaAretz" newspaper, following the UN resolution.
7-8. Two issues of "Yediot Achronot" newspaper from 30.11.1947. First edition and second edition.
9-10. Two issues of "Davar" newspaper from 30.11.1947: issue no. 6802; headline: "Jewish State was Established", and a "Special Edition" issue, headline: "Executive Committee of the United Nations will Meet in Tel-Aviv".
11. Issue of "HaMashkif, National Daily Paper" from 30.11.1947. Headline: "It was Decided that Palestine will be Divided".
12. Issue of "Mishmar", from 30.11.1947. Headline: "33 Votes to 13 in favor of the Partition Plan".
13. Issue of "HaZofeh" from 30.11.1947. Headline: "The United Nations Approved the Establishment of a Jewish State – 33 Votes Against 13".
14. Issue of "HaBoker" from 30.11.1947. Headline: "Jewish State was Approved".
15. Issue of "Dos Yiddishe Vort". Munich, 12.12.1947. Yiddish and Hebrew.
A newspaper published in Germany, on behalf of "Agudat Israel", for She'erit Hapletah. The paper reported news, updates from "Agudat Israel" chapters worldwide, and more. On the first page of the paper appear updates about the UN resolution.
16. Issue of "Di Tzionistishe Shtime" [The Zionist Voice], published by the European office of "HaZionim HaKlalyim", 3.12.1947. Yiddish.
A special edition; headline: "Zol lebn di idishe medine! Zol lebn dos idishe folk!" [Long live the Jewish State! Long live the Jewish People!]. The issue is lacking at the end.
Enclosed: Single leaf from the newspaper "Ashmoret" from 4.12.1947. On this leaf appear photographs of the celebrations in the country, and the headlines of newspapers of the same day.
Total of 16 issues. Size and condition vary. Good overall condition. Tears, some slightly affecting text, some reinforced with adhesive tape. A piece is cut out from the last page of "HaBoker". Stains. Some pen inscriptions, folds and folding marks. The issue of "Di Tzionistishe Shtime" is incomplete (missing pages at the end).
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening1,000$ Opening1,000$

Auction 64 Lot Number 38

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Two Intelligence Reports from the War of Independence – Battles in Jerusalem – Report on the Death of Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni / Testimonies by Soldiers who Participated in Operation Shmuel

Two intelligence reports concerning battles in Jerusalem - War of Independence. [Jerusalem?], 1948.
1-2. Report from April 9, 1948, typewritten and mimeographed, containing a preliminary report about the death of Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, the commander of the Arab forces in Jerusalem, in the battle of the Castel. The report, which is addressed to "Eldad" and "Hashmonai" (apparently Eldad Orbach-Avidar, commander of the Nahshon Battalion, and intelligence officer Yaakov Eini) from "Tzaddik" (apparently intelligence officer Moshe Diskin), gives news that was received from "Yehiam" (Mordechai Gazit), commander of one of the companies that took part in the battle: "One Arab apparently lost his way and reached the headquarters, where he was killed, and a handgun, a Sten and important papers were found on him. His name – Abd El-Khadr Sulim….". A handwritten note in parentheses appears near that sentence: "Abdel Qadr Husayni". The report also refers to the troops’ exhaustion, the urgent need to replace them, and the fall of Haim Cohen, one of the combat soldiers (his personal information appears at the bottom, together with orders to notify his family of his death, and the handwritten note: "His body has not yet been found").
Two copies (the same handwritten additions appear on both).
[1] leaf, approx. 32.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Creases and slight stains. Filing holes and pinholes. Tears and open tears in the margins (not affecting text).
3. Report from March 13, 1948, typewritten, containing accounts by two combat soldiers who had returned from Operation Shmuel (an attempt by the Haganah to attack Arab vehicles on the Ramallah-Latrun highway). In their accounts, the two soldiers, Yitzhak Goldberger and Yitzhak Silberstein, describe the chain of events of the operation, the array of forces, the discovery of the ambush and the retreat under fire. The report also contains a handwritten sketch of the arrangement of the troops, with the names of the combat soldiers who took part in the action.
Only three of the nineteen combat soldiers who took part in Operation Shmuel returned alive. The writer of the report and those to whom it was addressed are the same people noted in the above paragraph, with two others: "Shadmi" [Issachar Shadmi?] and "Ben Yehudah" [Netiva Ben-Yehudah?].
2 pp, 33 cm. Good condition. Some creases and blemishes. Pinholes in the upper margin (not affecting text).

Opening400$ Leading400$

Auction 64 Lot Number 39

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Besieged Jerusalem – Independence War – Collection of Printed and Handwritten Items – Transport Orders, Food Stamps, Temporary Newspapers and Other Items

Approximately 50 paper items from besieged Jerusalem during the Israeli Independence War. Jerusalem, 1948 (one item from 1949).
• "Report by Shalom Horowitz about the Mount Scopus convoy disaster in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, on April 13, 1948". A ten-page report, typewritten and mimeographed, commissioned by the Hebrew University after the massacre of the medical convoy ("Hadassah Convoy") in Sheikh Jarrah. Enclosed are lists of injured, list of missing and list of casualties, as well as a letter sent by the report's author, Shalom Horowitz, to Dr. David Werner Senator, Hebrew University administrator.
• Eight food stamps and certificates for receipt of products: "Ticket for distribution of 'Tnuva' products" issued by the "Supply Department, Jerusalem", for children between 8 and 12 years; "Ticket for distribution of Kerosene" issued by "'Va'adat HaMatzav' by the Jewish Congregation Committee Jerusalem"; "Ticket for Water Supply" issued by the "Water Supply Department, Jerusalem Municipality"; two temporary food tickets, issued by the "Supply Department, Jerusalem"; and more.
• Six printed items issued by "Mishmar Ha'am" volunteer unit, Jerusalem: Certificate for a woman named Michal Spivak, indicating that she was appointed as "Commander of the Women Force of Mishmar Ha'am in Jerusalem", dated 27.5.1948; ticket for distribution of supplies in Mazkeret Moshe neighborhood (blank); certificate of appreciation awarded on 16.5.1949 to Moshe Levin, commander of zone 4 in "Mishmar Ha'am"; and more.
• Eleven transport orders and permits issued by military units and authorities in Jerusalem: "Walking permit in the military occupied zone" issued by representative of the military governor in south Jerusalem, dated 9.7.1948; two transport orders to soldiers issued by "The wing in charge of supervision of traffic and transport" of the General Staff, Supply Wing; two permits to leave the city issued by the "Jerusalem council, central emergency authority"; handwritten permit issued by the Notre Dame regiment, to transfer forty empty bottles out of the area; and more. The documents are ink-stamped by the various units and hand signed by the persons in charge. Four permits were given to the director of the Israeli Antiquities Department during the war, Shmuel Yevin.
• Thirteen issues of the newspaper "Hadshot Zohorayim", published by Jerusalem Workers Union, dated 30.5-3.6, 7.6, 8.6, 11.6, 14.6-17.6 and 20.6., typewritten and mimeographed. The issues include various news about the war.
• Mount Scopus, issue no. 3, from 25.4.1948. A typewritten and mimeographed booklet with news from the war fronts, mostly from Hebrew radio stations. With an illustrated title page. At the end of the booklet appear instruction for submitting material in "Command room of section B" (apparently, the paper was printed by fighters on Mount Scopus).
• A small cloth bag with a printed illustration of two soldiers and the legend "Gift from Jerusalem to its defenders".
• And more.
Size and condition vary. Good overall condition.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening1,000$ Leading1,000$

Auction 64 Lot Number 40

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Large Collection of Newspapers from Besieged Jerusalem, 1948

Approximately 80 newspapers and a number of leaflets printed in Jerusalem during the Israeli Independence War. Jerusalem, April-November, 1948.
• 63 issues of "Dvar Yerushalayim, Iton Poale Yerushalayim". July-November 1948. The issues contain news about the battles in the Jerusalem area.
• Four issues of "Hayom" newspaper. April-July 1948. The issues include, among other things, reports about the destruction of "Hachurva" synagogue, battles in Ramat Rachel and more.
• Three issues of "Iton Hamagen" newspaper, published by the publicity department of the Haganah. April-June 1948.
• Two issues of "Yediot Yerushalayim", a joint newspaper of six national newspapers published in Jerusalem during the siege. April-May 1948.
• Six issues of the paper "Chadshot Zohorayim" published by the Jerusalem Workers Council, typewritten and mimeographed. May-June 1948.
• "Hayoman", issue from 3.6.1948.
• Five leaflets with news and updates regarding Independence War battles: "Division 6, Diary of Jerusalem Division"; "Bulletin no. 145", 25.4.1948 – transcripts of radio updates broadcast by "Kol Hamagen HaIvri" radio station of the Haganah; "Eretz Israel BeShidurim Arviyim, 13-14.7.1948"; "Kol Yerushalayim"; and more.
Size and condition vary. Good-fair overall condition. Some issues are missing leaves. Stains. Tears and open tears (mostly small, at margins), some reinforced with adhesive tape. A number of issues with ink-stamps and handwritten inscriptions.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening500$ Leading500$

Auction 64 Lot Number 41

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“Decrees, Orders and Notices” – Collection of Drafts Composed by Dov Yosef, Governor of Jerusalem – 1948-1949

Approximately 125 drafts, written by hand, typewritten or written on galley proofs, for decrees issued by Dov Yosef as governor of Jerusalem during the Israeli War of Independence. Jerusalem, [1948-1949]. Hebrew (one item in English).
The drafts in this collection are from various stages of editing (some are written on notes and some are typewritten and stapled as booklets), and they record the work done by Yosef during the war, the procedure of wording laws, and life in besieged Jerusalem. Among them: thirteen drafts for Order no. 1, announcing that Dov Yosef is the Governor and that Jerusalem and its inhabitants are under his command; eleven drafts to Order no. 2, that includes the "held area" in Jerusalem in the zone of the State of Israel; dozens of galley proofs of the compilation "Decrees, orders and notices", with comments and additions handwritten by Yosef; drafts for decrees concerning annexation of neighborhoods occupied by IDF, abandoned property, supervision of food supply, limitations on residential rent, curfew on neighborhoods on the border, cancellation of claims against the administration and its representatives, and other subjects.
Dov (Bernard) Yosef (1899-1980), jurist and minister in Israeli governments, born in Montreal. On August 2, 1948 he was appointed military governor of Jerusalem and was in charge of its civil, economic and military matters. Yosef became governor when the city was besieged, with its destiny pending, and saw himself being responsible for supporting the citizens and strengthening Jerusalem's status as the capital of Israel. In his book "Kirya Ne'emana…1948" (Schocken, 1960), Yosef told about his feelings when he undertook this mission: "Most of my life I sat in Jerusalem… at that moment I felt the wings of providence, and I was praying for success in this crucial position imposed on me" (Hebrew).
Size and condition vary. Good overall condition. Minor blemishes. Filing holes. Tears and open tears at margins of some leaves (mostly small).

Opening2,000$ Leading2,000$

Auction 64 Lot Number 42

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Two Bound Volumes of Issues of the Newspaper “Befreiung” – Journal of the Poalei Zion Party for She’erit Hapletah in Germany – 1947-1948 – Issue from the Day of the Declaration of Independence

Befreiung, Eroisgeben fun "Poalei Zion" in Deutschland. Issues nos. 1-80, bound together in two volumes. Munich, 1947-1948. Yiddish.
80 issues of the journal of the Poalei Zion party for She'erit Hapletah (Holocaust survivors) in Germany, edited by the author and Zionist leader Mordechai Kroshnitz. The issues include articles and news items about important current events: illegal immigrant ships, Betar and Irgun activities in displaced-persons camps, the U.N. resolution regarding the Partition Plan, battles of the War of Independence, and an issue from Iyar 5, 1948 (May 14, 1948) announcing the the establishment of the State of Israel and other topics. Numerous pictures.
First volume: issues nos. 1-35, approx. 45 cm. Second volume: issues nos. 36-80, approx. 51.5 cm. Condition varies between issues. Good overall condition. Minor blemishes, mostly to margins. Slightly worn bindings, with rubbing and tears to spines and edges.

Opening500$ Opening500$

Auction 64 Lot Number 43

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Two “State Day” Newspapers for She’erit Hapletah in Lodz – Poalei Zion Party – May 15, 1948

Two newspapers printed by the Poalei Zion organization in Lodz on May 15, 1948, the day after the State of Israel's Declaration of Independence. Yiddish and Polish.
1. Wyzwolenie [Liberation], newspaper published by the Central Council of Poalei Zion in Poland. Lodz, May 15, 1948. Issue no. 1. Polish.
Printed at the top of the first page is the title: "Long live the Jewish State – The State of Israel!". The issue includes: photographs of Mapai members who participated in the People's Council – David Ben Gurion, Moshe Sharet, Eliezer Kaplan and David Remez; photographs of Haganah soldiers; an excerpt from a speech delivered by David Ben Gurion; and more.
4 pp, 47 cm. Fair condition. Folding marks. Tears to margins, along folding marks and to seam between the leaves. Stains. Torn and detached strip at the bottom of both leaves as a result of folding (without damage to text). Thin and brittle paper.
2. Befreiung [Liberation], newspaper published by the "Organ fun der Yid. Zionistisch-Socialisticher Arbater Partie Poalei Zion Hitachdut in Polin" [Poalei Zion in Poland]. Lodz, May 15, 1948. Issue no. 10. Yiddish.
Opening the issue is a blessing for the establishment of the state, "We Bless the first Jewish Government". On the first page is an illustration of a soldier waving a flag; beneath him is a map of Palestine. The illustration accompanies an essay by A. S. Yuris (Avraham Shmuel Yuris) – "Der Chalom fun Dorot".
4 pp, 47 cm. Fair-good condition. Folding marks. Tears and open tears to margins, along folding marks and to seam between the leaves, some of them restored. Stains. Filing holes at the top. Pages partly detached. Thin and brittle paper.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening500$ Leading500$

Auction 64 Lot Number 44

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“Ha’aretz” – Issue Announcing the Establishment of the State of Israel – May 16, 1948

Issue of "Ha'aretz" newspaper dated 16.5.1948.
Headline of this issue: "Vision of generations comes true: State of Israel is established".
4 pp, approx. 58 cm. Fair-good condition. Creases, stains and folding marks. Some tears and pinholes at margins and along the folding marks (mostly slight).

Opening400$ Opening400$

Auction 64 Lot Number 45

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Poster Issued by the Provisional Government of Israel – Iyar 5 (May 14), 1948

"Hachraza El Kol Toshvei Medinat Israel" [Announcement to all Inhabitants of the State of Israel], a poster issued by the Provisional Government. Tel-Aviv: "HaPoel HaTza'ir" cooperative press, Iyar 5 (May 14), 1948.
This was the first poster to be printed by the Provisional Government.
The poster calls upon the inhabitants of the state to enlist for the defense of the homeland and to work for its welfare: "At a time of supreme trial, at a time of malicious attack by our enemies, the Provisional Government is taking the rule of Israel into its hands"; "We have been thrust into a cruel war. But let us remember: Citizens who belong to the Arab nation will continue to live within the borders of our state - and many of them find this war abhorrent. We are obliged to uphold their rights, the equal rights of citizens. We seek peace. We stretch out our hands to them as partners in building the homeland. Citizens! Let us uphold the honor of our young state. Each one of us maintains it with his behavior, his good character and his integrity. Each person is responsible for its security and its future".
61.5X95 cm. Good condition. Folding marks, creases and minor blemishes. Some stains. A few tears, mostly at the margins and folding marks, some open (one open tear affects text). The entire poster is mounted on thin acid-free paper.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening1,200$ Leading1,200$

Auction 64 Lot Number 46

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Draft of the State Establishment Order – Iyar 5 (May 14), 1948

"State Establishment Order, no. 1, for the year 1948". The People's Administration, Legal Department. "Confidential, Seventh Proposal". May 14, 1948.
The State Establishment Order was the first legal document of the State of Israel, drawn up by the People's Council and People's Administration a few hours prior to the Declaration of Independence. The document was formulated at a meeting held at the JNF House in Tel Aviv (the same meeting in which the decision was taken to establish the State of Israel, and the formulation of the Declaration of Independence was agreed upon), and it regulates the operation of the three branches of the new state: "the Government" (the executive branch), "the Legislature" (the legislative branch) and "the Law" (the judicial branch). In addition, the document addresses the establishment of courts, a police force, budgets and other issues.
The present document is the order's seventh draft, typewritten and mimeographed, and it includes several amendments and erasures in pencil.
[6] leaves, 33 cm. Good condition. Creases to corners and bottom margins. Some stains. Small tears to margins, restored. A note in pen at the top of the first page.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening800$ Leading800$

Auction 64 Lot Number 47

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Collection of Day Orders – First IDF Oath Day, 1948

Collection of Day Orders and other paper items issued on the occasion of the first IDF Oath Day. Israel, 1948.
1. Day Order – "Integration of Etzel Batallions with IDF" [May 1948]. The order encourages Etzel fighters to join IDF and notes that they will join as units. The order also announces that Etzel will continue to fight in Jerusalem as a separate force. 31.5 cm. Good condition. Creases, stains and folding marks. Some tears at margins and folding marks, repaired with adhesive tape.
2. "Day Order for Etzel Fighters", dated June 24, 1948. The organization announces that following the shelling of the weapons ship (Altalena) the fighters will not enlist as units; individuals are not prevented from enlisting. 25.5 cm. Good condition. Stains. Folding marks and creases. Filing holes.
3. "Day Order for Oath Day", June 28, 1948. A day order on behalf of Palmach headquarters on the occasion of its fighters swearing in to IDF; ending: "Palmach will continue and participate in enforcing IDF…". 30 cm. Good condition. Stains. Creases. Tears at margins, repaired with adhesive tape.
4. Day order – "IDF Oath Day", 28.6.48. Signed in print by Chief of Staff Ya'akov Dostrovsky [Dori]. The order ends with the words "Military ethics, loyalty and devotion to the nation…. will be the 'pillar of fire' leading IDF" (Hebrew). 30 cm. Good condition. Creases and stains.
5. "IDF Oath", a military form with the text of the oath. The name of the soldier, Ezra Kadir, and the date 28.6.48 are written on the form. 24.5 cm. Good condition. Creases and stains.
6. "Defense-Forces", a booklet issued on IDF Oath Day, 28.6.48, by IDF Culture Department. 16 pp, 12 cm. Good condition. Pen inscriptions.
7. Printed badge with the IDF emblem and the inscription "IDF oath day…". Diameter: 3.5 cm. Fair condition. Tears and blemishes.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening600$ Leading600$

Auction 64 Lot Number 48

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General Staff Instructions for IDF Soldiers Taking an Enlistment Oath, 1948

General Staff document – "Instructions for IDF Soldiers' Cencus and Oath Ceremony". June 22, 1948.
The instructions specify the date, goal and framework of the ceremony. Its aim was also to collect soldiers' personal details, for which census forms were attached to be filled in by the soldiers.
[6] leaves, 33 cm. Good condition. Stains and folding marks. Tears and pinholes to margins (some restored).
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening400$ Leading400$
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