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Auction 64 Lot Number 1

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Autograph Letter Hand-Signed by Theodor Herzl – Vienna, 1901

An autograph letter, hand-signed by Theodor Herzl. Vienna, 1901. German.
The letter, dated 5.4.1901, is addressed to a person named Wolpe: "Dear Mr. Wolpe, thank you for your kind wishes, and reciprocate them most cordially. Best regards to you and your family". Signed: "Herzl".
This letter was written between the fourth and fifth Zionist congresses, held in London in 1900 and 1901. The congresses were held in London with the intention of influencing the English public opinion and government and lead them to support the Zionist enterprise. During these congresses it was decided, among other things, to found JNF, to institute regulations for the Zionist Organization and to start a competition for a national anthem. In addition, a public appeal to North African Jews was published and it was announced that the Ottoman Sultan supports the Jews.
The recipient of this letter is, most probably, Jonas Wolpe, a Zionist activist and a merchant, who was one of the delegates to the fourth Zionist Congress.
[1] leaf (folded in half, written widthwise on half a page), approx. 17.5 cm. Stains. Creases and minor blemishes. Folding marks. Some tears along the folding marks, by the margins. Small hole where folding marks meet.

Opening1,000$ Opening1,000$

Auction 64 Lot Number 2

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“Strictly Confidential” Circular Letter from the Zionist Congress Executive Committee – Vienna, 1900 – Hand-Signed by Theodor Herzl

A circular letter from the Zionist Congress Executive Committee. Signed by hand by Theodor Herzl and Dr. Oser Kokesch (committee secretary). Vienna, December 31, 1900. German.
A long circular letter (three pages) typewritten and mimeographed. An anti-Zionist notice, published in the newspapers on 27.12.1900, is cited on the first page; it claims that the Zionists are to blame for the prohibition imposed by the Ottomans on immigration to Palestine. The circular letter claims that this blame is just "a fairy tale" and that according to a reliable source in the Turkish court the atmosphere in the ruling circles tends to favor Zionism, seeing it as a great opportunity to develop the area (several months after this letter was written, Herzl was received, for the first time, by the Turkish Sultan, and negotiated granting the Jews a chartered company in Palestine).
Printed on top of the letter – "streng vertraulich" [strictly confidential]. At the end of the letter appear the signatures of Theodor Herzl and Dr. Oser Kokesch, secretary of the Zionist congress executive committee.
[3] leaves, approx. 27.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Folding marks, some stains and tears at margins (mostly small). Filing holes. Open tears between the margin and the filing holes (not affecting text).

Opening1,800$ Opening1,800$

Auction 64 Lot Number 3

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Handwritten Protocol – Reconciliation Convention of the “Zionist General Council” – Vienna, 1904 – Debate on the Uganda Plan with Theodor Herzl and Zionist Leaders

87 handwritten pages, with protocols of meetings of the Zionist General Council (Va’ad HaPoel HaZioni) in April 1904 – documentation of long debates between Theodor Herzl, Menachem Ussishkin, David Wolfson, Menachem Sheinkin, and others, about the Uganda Plan. [Vienna], April 1904. Hebrew and some German.
In August 1903, Herzl submitted to members of the Zionist Congress the British proposal to establish a Jewish settlement in East Africa, which became known as the Uganda Plan. The proposal, which many delegates viewed as a renunciation of Zionism’s entire purpose, drew stormy reactions and led the Zionist movement to the brink of its first rift. Theodor Herzl led the supporters of the Uganda Plan, while Menachem Ussishkin led the opposition, which was comprised mainly of Russian Zionists. The dispute between both sides included exchanges of letters, public accusations, and even threats of departure by the Russian Zionists. In a last-ditch effort to prevent a rift within the Zionist movement, Herzl announced an emergency meeting of the Zionist General Council, which took place in Vienna from April 11 to April 15, 1904.
These eighty-seven handwritten protocol pages record intense disputes, mutual accusations, and the agreement that was reached after four days of debate. The protocol contains, among other things, statements by Herzl (who led the meetings), Menachem Ussishkin, David Wolffsohn, Menachem Sheinkin, Jacob Bernstein-Cohen, Yehiel Chelnov, Zvi Belkovsky, Max Mandelstam, and Alexander Marmorek, among others.
The first meeting was devoted almost entirely to Herzl’s long opening address, which lays out his position regarding Palestine and his reasons for supporting the Uganda Plan: "Here is a piece of bread. I, who perhaps have cake to eat, and in any case can always have a piece of bread, have no right to reject the piece of bread which is being offered to the poor because I don’t need or want it". Ussishkin's harsh remarks, made later on, are also recorded ("If you want war, by all means go ahead – there will be war. We will fight, and we will see who wins"), as well as statements of other representatives from both camps.
The meetings also included discussions of other matters including financial affairs, the Jewish National Fund, the purchase of land, meetings with representatives of world governments, and donations for the planting of olive trees.
The reconciliation meeting of the Zionist General Council is considered Herzl’s last great achievement for the Zionist movement. Herzl died three months later.
1-32, 35-47 leaves (87 written pages) + [1] appendix (strip of paper with a handwritten addition). Two leaves (no. 33-34) are missing; other pages from the end of the protocol may be missing as well. 24-33 cm (mostly 33 cm). Good condition. Creases and stains to some leaves (mostly slight), tears and open tears at margins (most are small and repaired).
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening2,000$ Opening2,000$

Auction 64 Lot Number 4

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Folding “Shana Tova” Card – Picture of the Participants of the First Zionist Congress and Portraits of Jewish and Zionist Figures – Early 20th Century

Folding "Shana Tova" card, with portraits of Jewish and Zionist figures and a picture of the participants of the First Zionist Congress. [U.S.?, early 20th century].
The outer side of the card is made of embossed gold paper with decorations showing stretched-out hands offering greeting cards and flowers. The card opens into two parts, and each part opens on its inner and outer side, like a window with two flaps. Printed inside the card are Shana Tova greetings (in Hebrew, English, German and Russian) alongside painted and photographed portraits of figures from Jewish history, rabbis and Zionist figures, including: Moses and Aaron the Priest, the Vilna Gaon, Rabbi Yitzhak Elhanan Spector, Rabbi Tsadok Cohen, Theodor Herzl, Max Nordau, Moses Montefiore, Baron Hirsch, Baron Rothschild and others, as well as a composite photograph of all the delegates to the First Zionist Congress, which took place in 1897. The card's margins are decorated with fringes and red strings for tying.
Folded card: 8.5X12 cm. Good condition. Stains, tears and small open tears to gold paper. Light stains to card's inner side. Some fringes missing.

Opening400$ Opening400$

Auction 64 Lot Number 5

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“Tel Aviv” – First Hebrew Translation of Theodor Herzl’s “Altneuland”

Tel Aviv, a Story by Theodor Herzl. Hebrew: N. S. [Nahum Sokolow]. Warsaw: The Russian Zionist Organization, HaZfira Press, 1902 [on verso of the title page is a censure approval dated 1903].
First Hebrew translation of Theodor Herzl's utopian novel "Altneuland", published in German in the same year. The meaning of the Hebrew name is explained on p. 80: "And Friedrich whispered: Tel Aviv! (Altneuland: Tel – an ancient ruin, Aviv [spring] – resurrection, a new blossom). – Indeed!... This was an eternal ruin, a mound of ancient rubble, and now it is a mound of spring [Tel Aviv] and life. On our ancient land we have founded a new state".
The present copy is hardbound, with gilt decorations and illustrations (embossed on the back binding are the name of the bookbinder and his address in Warsaw, in Russian).
319 pp, 21 cm. Good condition. A few stains. Ink stamps on the endpaper and the title page (with slight damage to text). Blemishes and rubbings to binding (mostly slight, and mostly to spine and corners).

Opening700$ Leading700$

Auction 64 Lot Number 6

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“Jewish Statehood” – Booklet Published by the Education Department of the Israel Defense Forces, in Commemoration of the Anniversary of Herzl’s Death – July 1948 – Excerpts from “The Jewish State” / An English Translation of the Declaration of Independence

Jewish Statehood (1896-1948). Published by the Education department of IDF. Tamuz 20, 1948 (July 1948). English.
A booklet published by the education department of the IDF to commemorate the death anniversary of Theodor Herzl. The booklet includes an informative text about Herzl's book "The Jewish State", with select quotations; an informative text about the first Zionist congress in Basel, and a translation of Bialik's poem "The Zionist Delegates" which was written for the Congress; a collection of excerpts about the Jewish State by Chaim Weizmann, A.D. Gordon, David Ben- Gurion and Moshe Shertok (Sharett); and an English translation of the Declaration of Independence.
3-21, [1] pp, 11.5 cm. Back cover may be missing. Fair condition. Stains on all of the leaves. Small tears at margins of leaves. The leaves, which are disconnected from one another, have been placed in a new paper cover to which most of the original front paper cover has been affixed. The spines of the leaves are reinforced with thin, acid-free, paper.
Not in NLI or OCLC.

Opening400$ Opening400$

Auction 64 Lot Number 7

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Three Documents of the Jewish Community in Peki’in and a Booklet on the Settlement’s History – 1910-1932

Three documents of the Jewish community in Peki'in and a booklet on the settlement's history. Peki'in and Tel Aviv, 1910-1932.
1. Handwritten letter from the Jews of the village of Peki'in to the directors of the Anglo-Palestine Bank, 18 Heshvan 5671 (November 20, 1910). In the letter, the Jewish settlers of Peki'in request aid in acquiring land around the village and tell of the grim situation of the Jewish settlement in Peki'in, saying that many settlers have left the country: "We, the Jews of the village of Peki'in, the last survivors of the rural settlements in which our brethren formerly resided from time immemorial, turn to you today… to be our mouthpiece and represent our impoverished, failing community. You should know, our brothers and honorable ministers, representatives of the national bank, that just thirty years ago most of the lands of this village belonged to Jews, and it is only due to the heavy taxes imposed then by the government on our land and produce that nearly all our lands here passed into the hands of strangers… and therefore, since then and until today, our settlement has grown ever smaller and many of us have strayed abroad, for they have no land to sow at all… we thus turn to you now with a request, honored directors, that you attempt to purchase for us land here around the village, in a manner which will be proper to both sides, us and the bank…".
The letter is hand-signed by representatives of the Jewish families in Peki'in, including the Zinati family, the Oudi family, the Mizrachi family, the Toma family and others. The letter is also signed with the "Stamp of the Holy Community of Farmers in the Village of Peki'in near the Holy City of Safed", with a drawing of the carob tree at the entrance to the cave of Rabbi Simeon bar Yochai.
2. Proclamation of the "'Yeshurun Community' Committee in Peki'in Village, Palestine", from August 5, 1925, requesting donations through the emissary Zion Halevy, due to the difficult condition of the Jewish community: "It has no shochet, no doctor and no room for a school… and the ancient synagogue in the village is about to collapse". Formulated as a personal letter, with a blank space where the addressee's name is to be filled in. Signed on the bottom in print by the leaders of the community, and with an ink stamp identical to the one in item no. 1.
3. Handwritten permit from February 22, 1932, granted to the Jewish teacher Ben-Zion HaCohen to represent the Jewish village before the national institutions in Jerusalem and to be absent from his teaching duties. Signed by fourteen of the village's Jewish residents, with an ink stamp of the "Committee of the Peki'in Jewish Community" different from the stamps on the two previous documents: the carob tree has been replaced by a date palm (apparently according to the legend that the carob becomes a date palm every Sabbath eve).
4. The Jewish Settlement in Peki'in, by Yitzhak Ben Zvi. Ahdut Ha'Avoda Press, Tel Aviv, 1922. Booklet surveying the history of the Jewish settlement in Peki'in, with pictures of sites and figures.
Size and condition vary. Good-fair overall condition. Folding marks, stains, creases and small tears to margins. Filing holes to letter. Restored tears to proclamation and permit (with slight damage to text). Tears and blemishes to booklet's spine, with a strip of adhesive tape to its entire length. The back cover of the booklet may be missing.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening700$ Opening700$

Auction 64 Lot Number 8

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Collection of Letters, Broadsides and Booklets about the Revival of the Hebrew Language in Palestine and the Efforts to Spread the use of Hebrew – Palestine, 1902-1947 – Letters from Eliezer Ben-Yehudah and from others

36 letters, broadsides and booklets about the revival of Hebrew language and the "war of languages", issued by the Hebrew Language Committee, "Gdud Magine HaSafah" (Battalion for the Defence of the Language) and other organizations that worked to spread Hebrew as a spoken language in Palestine. Palestine, 1902-1947.
In the collection: • Letter from Avraham Eisenstein (Aldema), dated 1913, reporting a strike by students in "Ezra" school in Jaffa, seminary students and the School for Commerce in Jerusalem during the "languages war". At the end, Aldema declares: "Under no circumstances will I agree that in the 'Technikum' and the 'Reali School' teachers and students will use German. There are many more like me who will fight to their last drop of blood…".
• Two autograph letters hand-signed by Eliezer Ben Yehudah, addressed to Dr. Alexander Malchi. In the first letter, written on an official stationery of "S'fatenu, Histadrut LeHashlatat HaLashon HaIvrit", Ben Yehudah suggests to Malchi to change his name "Salzman" to "Malchi", and in the second letter, written on stationery of "Va'ad HaLashon HaIvrit", he replies about medical terms in Hebrew.
• Two more letters addressed to Malchi, written on "Va'ad HaLashon HasIvrit" stationery, regarding language matters. • Five letters, some handwritten and some typewritten on official stationery of "G'dud Magine HaSafah", about various ways to impose the use of Hebrew. 1924-1928. The original envelope is enclosed with one letter addressed to Avraham Aldema.
• Two handwritten leaves – draft of an address by Prof. Joseph Klausner, titled "Needs of the Hebrew language at present" (1930). • 14 broadsides and printed paper tags distributed by "G'dud Magine HaSafah HaIvrit": public notice calling the public to use Hebrew in transportation vehicles; two "Bikoret" tickets; 11 paper tags with slogans such as "Ivri, Daber Ivrit!", "Safah Achat – Nefesh Achat", "Techiyat Safah – Techiyat Am!" and more.
• Letter to JNF management, typewritten on stationery of "HaMosad LeLashon uLeTarbut HaIvrit" and signed by Prof. Joseph Klausner, requesting the renewal of annual funds allocated by JNF to the organization during Ussishkin's days. Dated 1.4.1947. • and more.
In addition, this collection includes three booklets: •"Milon HaLashon HaIvrit BaZman Hazeh", by Eliezer Ben Yehuda. Machberet 1. "Hahashkafah" printing press, Jerusalem, [1902]. The first booklet of the Hebrew dictionary composed by Ben Yehuda. • "HaGdud, Techiyat Safa – Techiyat Am, Choveret LeInayane Safa, Noar VeSifrut", published by "Gdud Magine HaSafah", Tel Aviv. Issues from Kislev 1923 and from Shvat 1924.
Size and condition vary.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening800$ Opening800$

Auction 64 Lot Number 9

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eaflet Published by the English Zionist Federation – With Text of the Balfour Declaration, in Yiddish and Hebrew – London, 1917

"The Land of Israel for the People of Israel" / "Tsum Iddishen Folk!", leaflet published by the English Zionist Federation for a Zionist convention in London, held on December 2, 1917. [London]: Goroditzky Press, 1917. Yiddish and Hebrew.
Four-page leaflet printed by the English Zionist Federation for a Zionist convention held in London in December 1917, one month after the Balfour Declaration was issued. Printed on the first page of the leaflet is the text of the Balfour Declaration, in Yiddish and Hebrew. Printed further on in the leaflet is a public appeal by the English Zionist Federation titled "Tsum Iddishen Folk!" [To the Jewish People!], signed in print by Chaim Weizmann and Nahum Sokolow.
[2] leaves (four printed pages), detached from each other. 26.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Folding marks, creases and minor blemishes. Stains, some dark. Tears (some open), repaired with acid-free tape.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening500$ Opening500$

Auction 64 Lot Number 10

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Prayer Booklet for the Jews of London – The Capture of Jerusalem by the British Army – London, 1917

Form of Praise and Thanksgiving to Almighty G-d for the Taking of Jerusalem. London: Office of the Chief Rabbi, 1917. Hebrew and English.
A booklet of prayers issued in honor of the capture of Jerusalem during World War I. The prayers were "to be used Sabbath Chanukah, Parashat Mi-ketz, December 15, 5678 (1917)" – four days after the city surrendered to the British army.
3, [1] pp, (sheet folded in half), 21.5 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains, creases and blemishes. Tears and open tears at margins and along the folding mark (mostly small).

Opening400$ Leading400$

Auction 64 Lot Number 11

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Four Bulletins and a Proclamation about the 1929 Riots – Jerusalem, 1929

Four bulletins and a proclamation printed during the 1929 riots, and therafter, on behalf of the British Administration. Jerusalem, August-September 1929.
1-4. Palestine Government, Official Bulletin. [Jerusalem]: Greek Convent. Issues nos. 2-5. August 26-31, 1929.
Four official bulletins, with a daily survey of the events in various areas, including a report about the number of dead and injured, Jews and Arabs.
5. Proclamation issued by the High Commissioner John Chancellor. Jerusalem: Greek Convent, September 4, 1929.
A proclamation about the investigation of the riots, and bringing the rioters to trial. In this proclamation accusations are against the Jewish and Arab public alike, as an "amendment" to a previous proclamation that blamed only the Arabs: "Representations have been made to me, which point to a belief in the minds of certain people that the trial of persons charged with criminal acts is to be confined to one section of the population. This belief does not correctly interpret the intentions of Government, which are that, since crimes of various descriptions are known to have been perpetrated by both Arabs and Jews, all offenders without distinction of race or creed will be brought to trial before the Courts…".
Size and condition vary. Good overall condition. Folding marks and creases. Some tears at margins and folding marks, some reinforced with adhesive tape. Some stains, mostly on the backs of the leaves.

Opening500$ Leading500$

Auction 64 Lot Number 12

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“Falastin” – English Edition of the Arabic Newspaper – Jaffa, 1929-1931

Falastin (Palestine Newspaper), Arab National Organ, English edition. Editors: I. D. El-Issa, Azmi El-Nashashibi. Jaffa, 1929-1931. English.
Issues from the first and second years, bound together: first year, issues nos. 1-51 (September 1929 - August 1930); second year, issues nos. 1-33, 35-39, 41-50 (September 1930 – August 1931).
Bound volume of issues of the English edition of the newspaper "Falastin". The issues contain articles about the 1929 riots, British policy in Palestine (in particular the Second White Book), and other current matters. Printed in the February 1930 issue is a letter sent by Albert Einstein to the editorial of the paper, concerning the Jewish-Arab conflict.
The newspaper "Falastin" was founded in 1911 by Issa El-Issa, a Christian Arab from Jaffa. The paper served as a voice for Palestinian nationalism, and until the 1930s was the most circulated newspaper in the Palestinian society.
Total of 98 issues, 48 cm. Bound together in new paper cover. Fair condition. Significant worming. Thin and fragile paper. Tears (some reinforced with adhesive tape). Loose leaves, creases and some stains. Markings in colored pencil on a number of leaves. Tears at margins of paper cover.

Opening500$ Opening500$

Auction 64 Lot Number 13

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Receipt for a Donation – “Central Committee of National Jihad in Palestine”, 1938

A receipt for a donation to the "Central Committee of National Jihad in Palestine", [Damascus, 1938]. Arabic.
A printed receipt, with illustrations of a fighter and of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, ink-stamped by the organization.
The Central Committee of National Jihad in Palestine was founded in 1937 with the aim of financing and assisting the leadership of the Great Arab Revolt in Palestine. The committee was located in Damascus, where its members gathered after the British issued arrest warrants against the leaders of the revolt. Among the committee members were Izzat Darwaza (educator and political activist, born in Nablus, one of the first national movement activists in Great Syria), Jamal el-Huseini, Akram Zaitar, and others.
17.5X11 cm. Fair-good condition. Folding marks and creases. Many stains. Tears and rubbings at margins and folding marks. Four filing holes at the top. Pen inscription on the back.

Opening400$ Opening400$

Auction 64 Lot Number 14

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Four Documents and Reports Related to the Assassination of Arlosoroff, 1933-1934

Four official documents, regarding the Arlosoroff assassination and the trial of the suspects Avraham Stavsky and Zvi Rosenblatt. Palestine, 1933-1934. English.
1. Police broadside dated 17.6.1933 informing that the police and the Jewish Agency promise a prize of 1500 pounds to whoever supplies information which will lead to the suspects in the assassination of Arlosoroff.
2. Arlosoroff's autopsy report dated 17.6.1933. Signed in print by Dr. Haim Stein and Dr. Aryeh Alutin.
3. Medical report from 3.7.1933 about the medical treatment given to Arlosoroff in "Haddasah" hospital in Tel Aviv and the cause of death. Signed in print by Dr. Aryeh Alutin and Dr. Meshulam Levontin.
4. Verdict by judge Joseph Moshe Valero from 15.6.1934. The verdict states that Stavsky and Rosenblatt are innocent, and that the motive for the murder was sexual and not political.
[4] leaves, approx. 32 cm. Good condition. Filing holes, some stains. Folding marks and creases. Small marginal tears, some repaired. Some text completions in pen.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening500$ Leading500$

Auction 64 Lot Number 15

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Large Collection of Items – First and Second “Maccabiah” / “Maccabi”

46 items related to the first and second "Maccabiah" competitions (1932, 1935) in Palestine, as well as to other "Maccabi" sports competitions in Palestine and abroad. Tel-Aviv and elsewhere, late 1920s-30s.
The collection includes:
32 postcards, photographs and Real Photo postcards. Among the items: • Postcard with a photograph of the first "Maccabiah" opening ceremony (1932). • Real Photo postcard depicting a high jump competition in the first "Maccabiah" and other postcards with photographs from the first "Maccabiah". • Four postcards issued by the JNF (with photographs by Zoltan Kluger) printed for the second "Maccabiah". • Official postcard of the second "Maccabiah" designed by Franz Kraus. • Sixteen Real Photo postcards from the second "Maccabiah" (1935): opening ceremony, the sports field, a motorcycle spectacle, sportsmen from different countries marching on the field. • Other items.
14 printed items and pins. Among them: • circular letters no. 1, no. 18 and no. 20 of "'Maccabiah' News" - an information leaflet published towards and during the first "Maccabiah". • "Why we do not participate in the Maccabiah", a manifest issued by the "HaPoel Center", explaining the reasons why their groups do not participate in the first "Maccabiah". • "Maccabiah 1932" - a booklet with short essays and information about the "Maccabiah". • An appeal to women in Tel-Aviv to host in their homes guests who came for the first "Maccabiah". • Participant card - First "Maccabiah". • Participant card - Second "Maccabiah". • Entrance ticket to the Second "Maccabiah" closing ceremony. • Silver pin of the second "Maccabiah". • More items.
Size and condition vary. Good overall condition.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening600$ Opening600$

Auction 64 Lot Number 16

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Collection of Photographs – “Maccabiah” Events and Sports Teams – Palestine, 1930s

42 photographs of "Maccabiah" events and sports teams in Palestine. [Palestine, 1930s (one photograph from the 1950s)].
Photographs of "Maccabiah" events and sports teams in Palestine, most of them taken during the first and second "Maccabiah". Among the photographs: • Opening ceremony of the first "Maccabiah", 1932. • High Commissioner Arthur Wauchope walking with Tel-Aviv Mayor Meir Dizengoff at the opening ceremony of the first "Maccabiah". • General exercises at the opening ceremony of the first "Maccabiah". • Photographs of delegations from Germany, Czechoslovakia and England marching at the opening ceremony of the first "Maccabiah". • "Maccabi" Poland team, first prize winner for artistic gymnastics in the first "Maccabiah". • Street posters announcing the second "Maccabiah", 1935. • Opening ceremony of the second "Maccabiah". • General exercises in the opening ceremony of the second "Maccabiah". • Motorcycle riding exercises in the second "Maccabiah". • Poster announcing the third "Maccabiah". • Team of sportsmen wearing "Maccabi" uniforms. • A neighborhood football team, Tel-Aviv. Ink-stamped on the back: "Photo-Lev". • and more.
Many of the photographs are titled (mostly on the back), some in print and others by hand.
Approx. 8.5X5.5 cm to 14X8.5 cm. Good overall condition. Some creases, stains and blemishes. Some photographs are trimmed at margins.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening500$ Opening500$

Auction 64 Lot Number 17

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Large Photograph Collection – Illegal Immigrant Ships – 1939-1948

Approximately 120 photographs of illegal immigrant ships. Tel Aviv, Haifa, Nahariya, Burgas, Constanza and elsewhere, 1939-1948 (a number of photographs from later years).
The collection contains photographs of some 30 different ships, documenting conditions on deck, the living quarters, deboarding to beaches, confrontations with the British forces and other scenes. Among other things the photographs show: the Rim immigrant ship burning off the coast of the Greek Island of Symi, in 1939; members of the Haganah transferring immigrants from the ship Hannah Szenes to the coast of Nahariya in dinghies, in 1945; the illegal immigrant ship Rafiah surrounded by British warships at sea, in 1946; an infant born at sea aboard the Champollion being transferred to land at Haifa Port, in 1946; a British airplane passing over SS HaUmot HaMeuhadot off the Nahariya coast in 1947; and the ships Tel Hai (1946), Eliyahu Golomb (1946), Dov Hoz (1946), Haviva Reik (1946), Max Nordau (1946), Latrun (1946), Theodor Herzl (1947), HaTikvah (1947), Af Al Pi Chen (Nevertheless) (1947), The Jewish State (1947), and other ships.
Some of the photographs in the collection are press photographs, with different ink stamps and information notes mounted on verso. A number of photographs are captioned and numbered by hand in the plate.
Enclosed: broadside from February 25, 1942 notifying of the sinking of the Struma; a mourning notice by "Mishmar HaYishuv" (the Yishuv Defense Force) regarding the death of an immigrant; three postcards with pictures of the illegal immigrant ships Patria and Rim.
Size and condition vary. Good-fair overall condition.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening1,200$ Opening1,200$

Auction 64 Lot Number 18

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Collection of Broadsides and Letters – Patria Deportation Ship – Palestine, November 1940

Seven broadsides, letters and other items concerning the illegal immigrant ship SS Patria. Palestine, November 1940. Hebrew and English.
1. Petition from immigrants on SS Patria to the High Commissioner, pleading to be allowed to stay in Palestine: "There are among us hardly any enemies of Great Britain and Palestine… there are among us 500 Chalutsim who prepared themselves for years intensively for life in Eretz Jisrael… hundreds of our young men […] are eagerly ready to join a Jewish-Palestine troup…". Signed (in print) by representatives of the illegal immigrants: Ephraim Frank, Abraham Kornfeld and Jochanan Rabel. Typewritten (English).
2-3. A letter sent to the British High Commissioner by Esther Mittelman from Tel-Aviv, requesting to let her cousin Meyer Halberstam and his wife Miryam Halberstam to disembark SS Partia and enter Palestine. The sender declares that she will do her utmost to support her relatives in the country. Typewritten (English).
Enclosed with the letter is a reference letter written by David Zvi Pinkas, then CEO of Mizrachi Bank in Tel Aviv and a future Scroll of Independence signatory, testifying to the character and professionalism of Meir Halberstam, who had worked in the bank owned by Pinkas family in Vienna. (English).
4. Broadside from November 24 or 25, 1940, informing Jewish inhabitants in Palestine that illegal immigrants waiting to be deported on SS Patria announced a hunger strike, that on the same day another ship arrived [Atlantic] and that the passengers on board of this ship will be deported to "remote British colonies". The broadside calls to demand that the immigrants be allowed to stay in Palestine.
5. "Yizkor", broadside in memory of the Patria victims, dated 28.11.1940, demanding to let the survivors stay in the country. Signed "Mishmar HaYishuv".
6. Printed paper strip for collection of donations for Patria immigrants.
7. Letter from the "Committee for Patria illegal immigrants" confirming receipt of a donation on the amount of 1 pound by Z. Aharonovitz (later Zalman Aran, Minister of Education in Mapai governments), dated 31.12.1940.
Size and condition vary. Good-fair overall condition.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening800$ Opening800$

Auction 64 Lot Number 19

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Broadsides Concerning Illegal Immigrant Ships Milos, Pacific and Atlantic / Postcard and Four Postal Envelopes Sent from and to Mauritius Detention Camp – Palestine and Mauritius, 1940-1945

Six broadsides and leaflets concerning the plan of the British to deport illegal immigrants on the ships Milos, Pacific and Atlantic to Mauritius, and five postal items sent from and to Mauritius detention camp. Palestine, 1940; Mauritius, 1941-1945.
The ships Milos, Pacific and Atlantic arrived at the shores of Palestine between November 15 and November 24, 1940, carrying 3,500 refugees from Europe, among them refugees who were imprisoned in concentration camps. The journey was organized by Berthold Storfer‏ on behalf of the Central Office for Jewish Immigration established by the Nazi authorities in Vienna. The three ships were captured by the British at sea and led to Haifa. On November 25, after the passengers of Pacific and Milos and some of the Atlantic passengers boarded the Patria deportation ship meant to sail to a British detention camp in Mauritius, the Haganah organization sabotaged the ship; it sank, taking the life of more than 250 immigrants. The Jewish Yishuv managed to leave the Patria survivors in Palestine, while the rest of the Atlantic passengers, 1700 persons, were deported to Mauritius and were detained there until the end of World War II.
1-6. Six broadsides and leaflets: • Broadside dated 8.11.1940, to the "Jewish Yishuv", publicizing the intention of the British to "deport those who escaped torture… to an island near Madagascar". The broadside also declares that the "Yishuv will not let those who escaped from exile be deported to a second exile" (Hebrew). • Two broadsides on behalf of "Mishmar HaYishuv" announcing a general strike on 20.11.1940. • Protest leaflet on behalf of "Mishmar HaYishuv", dated 9.12.1940, against the British plan to deport the Atlantic passengers to Mauritius. • Leaflet on behalf of "Mishmar HaYishuv" dated 10.12.1940, calling for a general strike "against the deportation of 1700 of Atlantic immigrants". • Broadside announcing that passengers of Atlantic boarded the deportation ships.
7-11. Four postal envelopes and a postcard, with postal stamps and ink-stamps, sent by prisoners in Mauritius and to them: • Envelope sent from Canada to Mauritius detention camp in 1941. • Two envelopes sent from Mauritius detention camps to Palestine in 1943. • Envelope sent from Mauritius detention camp to a soldier in the Jewish Brigade, 1945. • Postcard with a handwritten letter (German) sent from Mauritius detention camp to Haifa, 25.2.1945. In the letter, the sender, Adolf Gerstl, informs his daughter Kathie that he was released from the detention camp with all the other detainees, however there are not enough ships and if the Yishuv will not assist, they might stay on the island for much longer.
Size and condition vary. Good to fair overall condition.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening800$ Leading800$

Auction 64 Lot Number 20

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Collection of Items Documenting the Illegal Immigrant Ship Exodus, 1947

15 photographs, certificates and other printed items documenting the illegal immigrant ship Exodus; arrival in Palestine and deportation of the illegal immigrants to Poppendorf camp in Germany. Palestine and Germany, 1947. Hebrew and English.
1-9. Nine photographs, some for the press, among them: photographs of the struggle of the Exodus illegal immigrants against the British forces; photograph of the ship at sea; photographs of the ship in Haifa port (one photograph by Hans Haim Pinn); photograph of Poppendorf DP camp, Germany, to where the illegal immigrants were deported; and more.
10. Issue 6-7 of the monthly "Palestine and Middle East". Tel-Aviv, June-July 1947. English. Special issue of the monthly dedicated, almost entirely, to the visit of UNSCOP United Nations committee. On the title page and on a number of other pages appear photographs of the illegal immigrant ship.
11. "Broadcast of an Alarm from the Illegal Immigrant Ship!" – special edition of "Hatzofe" newspaper dated 18.7.1947. Single leaf. Update about the British forces taking control over Exodus, call to the UNSCOP committee members to arrive in Haifa and observe the struggle, and an announcement of a general strike for several hours.
12. Exodus 1947, by Daphne Trevor. Published by "Palestine and Middle East", Tel-Aviv, 1947. English. A booklet with seven photographs, telling the story of Exodus.
13-15. Three certificates given to illegal immigrants of Exodus in Poppendorf camp, Germany. The certificates state that "The holder of this… is a Maapil of 'Exodus' 1947; he/she was brought by force to Germany from Haifa and is in exile on his way back to Eretz Israel". Two certificates are filled-in by hand and bear a passport photograph of the holder. The third certificate is blank.
Size and condition vary. Good overall condition.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening1,200$ Leading1,200$

Auction 64 Lot Number 21

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Label with the Flag of Britain and a Swastika – Protest Against Deportation of Exodus Illegal Immigrants – 1947

A label issued during the protest against British policy when illegal immigrants on the ship Exodus were deported, 1947.
Printed on the label are the flag of Britain with a Swastika in the center and the legend: "S.S. Exodus 1947, British Floating Dachau".
This label may have been created in Washington by The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington. See enclosed article.
7X11 cm. Good condition.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening400$ Opening400$

Auction 64 Lot Number 22

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Press Telegram Sent Upon the Arrival of Illegal Immigrant Ship Exodus in Haifa Port, 1947

Press Telegram sent to the editorial of the Daily Press in London upon the arrival of the illegal immigrant ship Exodus in Haifa port. [1947]. English.
The telegram, written by an English journalist, describes the arrival of the ship Exodus and the boarding of immigrants on deportation ships: "Part of 4500 repeat 4500 immigrants stood on densely crowded upper deck singing Jewish national anthem… shortly after began transshipment to… Ocean Vigour… [one of the deportation ships to which deportees were transferred in Haifa port] one woman had died during journey".
[1] leaf, 26 cm. Good condition. Stains and creases. A few tears, some reinforced with adhesive tape on verso.
Enclosed is a receipt for delivery of the telegram from July 18, 1947.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening800$ Leading800$

Auction 64 Lot Number 23

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Booklet about the Exodus Affair – Germany, 1948

Ekzodus affair–1947. Aroisgegebn durkh der Haganah in galut Europa, [published by Haganah in Europe exile], [Germany?, 1948]. Yiddish.
A booklet telling the story of the illegal immigrant ship Exodus, with passages written by the ship's captain, the commander and other crew members. It seems that the booklet was printed for Haganah people who, at the time, were in Germany, acquiring weapons, recruiting and training volunteers and assisting "Habricha" movement. One of the first publications concerning the Exodus Affair.
134 pp, 14.5X21 cm. Missing back cover. Good-fair condition. Stains. Tears at margins of front cover and some of the booklet's leaves (small open tears to corners of a number of leaves). Some of the tears are repaired with adhesive tape. Strips of paper are pasted to margins of front cover and last leaf. Two last leaves are detached. Ink-stamp. One leaf is trimmed at the bottom.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening500$ Opening500$

Auction 64 Lot Number 24

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“BaDerech” – Newspaper of the Illegal Immigrants aboard SS Empire Rival, 1947

"BaDerech, Newspaper of the Illegal Immigrants aboard SS Empire Rival – a Ship of the Famed British Navy, Etched in our Hearts for Eternity in Disgrace". Created by: representatives of the immigrants and Haganah members; location of the editorial board: the ship's cellars. [July?]-August 1947. Yiddish, headlines in Hebrew.
Two issues of a newspaper, typewritten by passengers of SS Empire Rival and mimeographed in the ship's hold at sea. The Empire Rival was one of three ships to which the passengers of the Exodus were transferred at Haifa Port on July 18, 1947, after their entry into Palestine was refused. Apparently, no other issues were printed.
First issue: 5 leaves (detached from each other), second issue: 4 leaves (detached from each other), 25-29.5 cm. Good condition. Stapling holes and a few small tears to margins (some reinforced with adhesive tape). Folding marks and minor blemishes. One leaf has an open tear at the lower right corner.
Provenance: Rimon Family Collection.

Opening500$ Leading500$
Show 24 of 405 Lots

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