The Auction was held on 13/11/18
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A collection of about 320 original caricatures (ink on paper), by the illustrators and caricaturists Adar Darian, Ya'akov Shilo and "Ze'ev" (Ya'akov Farkash). Israel, ca. 1965-1973.
A rich collection of caricatures depicting in a sophisticated and critical manner a variety of subjects – current, political and social – which preoccupied the Israeli daily newspapers and Israeli citizens during the 1960s-70s, created by some of the leading Israeli caricaturists.
The collection includes caricatures that were published in the newspapers "Davar" and "Haaretz" and deal, among other things, with the War of Attrition, The French embargo on Israel, elections to the sixth Knesset, the 1960s economic recession, the relationships between Ben-Gurion and Levi Eshkol, irregularities concerning the health system and "Kol Israel", the relationships between Golda Meir and President Nixon, the Six Day War, Israel-Germany relations, peace talks in the Middle East (Rogers Plan), as well as international issues such as the Vietnam War, the Chinese-Soviet Split, Military coup d'état in Iraq, and more.
The collection includes:
· About 237 caricatures (228 are signed) by Adar Darian (1931-2015), Israeli caricaturist, graphic designer and illustrator, born in Romania, winner of the "Golden Pencil" award for 2012.
· About 59 caricatures (signed) by Ya'akov Shilo (born in Gedera, 1937), caricaturist and illustrator, winner of the "Golden Pencil" award for 2009.
· About 24 caricatures (Signed) by "Ze'ev" – Ya'akov Farkash (1923-2002), caricaturist and illustrator, winner of the Sokolow Journalism Award (1981) and Israel Prize for Communications and Journalism (1993).
· A number of unidentified caricatures (one by Gershon Apfel).
On the margins of the caricatures appear instructions for the printer (in pen and pencil) as well as ink-stamps of the newspapers in which they were published.
Total of about 320 caricatures. Size varies, approx. 14.5 X 21.5 cm to approx. 25 X 35 cm. Good overall condition. Stains to some (among them ink stains from preparations for print), folding marks and creases. Pasted pieces of paper (original). Pen and pencil inscriptions.
Twenty five photographs of the visit of Emperor Wilhelm II in Jerusalem and the Middle East, in 1898. Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Jaffa, Beirut, Baalbek and other locations, .
Among the photographs: a photograph of the Emperor and his entourage, on horseback, passing through one of the portable gates of honor erected for the visit, accompanied by Ottoman honor guard soldiers, arriving at the Mount of Olives; photograph of the Emperor attending an honor parade on Mount Zion, near the walls of Jerusalem (land on Mount Zion was presented as a gift to the Emperor by the Sultan Abdul Hamid II, and the Abbey of the Dormition was erected on that area); photograph of the Emperor on horseback, by a tent camp erected for him in Jerusalem; photographs of the Western Wall, Rachel's Tomb, Jaffa, the entourage of the Emperor departing the Grand Serai palace in Beirut, railway station between Beirut and Damascus, railway next to the town of Muallaq, and other places.
The photographs are mounted on thick paper plates and are titled by hand on the plates (German). On the margins appears an embossed stamp (weak): "Th. Jürgensen. S. M. Y. Hohenzollern 1901", stamp of Theodor Jürgensen, photographer of the imperial family in those years. Most of the photographs are numbered in the plate.
During October-November 1898 the German Emperor Wilhelm II visited the cities of the Ottoman Empire - Beirut, Constantinople, Jerusalem, Haifa and Jaffa. This journey, whose main goals were strengthening the Ottoman rule and supporting the Protestant Church, is considered one of the central and most important events in the history of Palestine in the 19th century.
Preparations for the Emperor's visit to Palestine already began in the summer of 1898, including major renovations and cleaning projects, improving and renovating infrastructures, installing a new telegraph line, and more. In anticipation of the Emperor's arrival in Jerusalem a number of roads in the city were widened, and an opening in the wall was even cut near Jaffa Gate, to allow the emperor's carriage to pass. In addition, the city's streets, particularly in the area surrounding HaNevi'im Street (where a tent camp for the Emperor and his entourage was to be pitched), were decorated with the flags of Germany and the Ottoman Empire and with portable gates of honor.
During his visit to Jerusalem, culminating in the ceremonial dedication of the Church of the Redeemer, the Emperor also visited the German Colony, the Mount of Olives, the Christian Quarter, the Municipality, and other places, and, among other things, met with Theodor Herzl. He toured the city with his queen consort (Empress Augusta Victoria), without a major entourage, on horseback or by carriage, followed by processions of persons of lesser rank and accompanied by mounted regiments and Kawas guards (Ottoman ceremonial guards). Many tourists arrived in Jerusalem ahead of the visit, renting spots on roofs and balconies on streets where the processions were to pass.
Twenty five photographs. Size varies, average size: approx.16.5 X 12 cm. Good overall condition. Stains. Slight defects (mostly to margins and to paper plates). Small open tear to top corner of one.
Six photographs portraying Hebron and the Cave of the Patriarchs. [Hebron-Jerusalem, second half of 19th century].
Rare photographs portraying the interior of the Cave of the Patriarchs in the last decades of the 19th century as well as the structure on top of the cave, built during the Second Temple period. According to tradition, the cave is the burial site of Adam and Eve, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Sarah, Rebecca and Leah, and is one of the holiest sites in Judaism and Islam (both a synagogue and a mosque exist there). In 2017 UNESCO declared the old city of Hebron and the Cave of Patriarchs in particular as a world heritage site.
1-2. Two photographs of the cave interior, by the photographer Garabed Krikorian. [Ca.1870s]. Signed in the plate: G. Krikorian.
27.5 X 21.5 cm. Good condition. Creases. Small tears at margins.
3-5. Three photographs depicting the stairs leading up to the cave and a general view of the town of Hebron and the structure on top of the cave. Possibly taken by Garabed Krikorian (not signed). [Ca. 1870s].
27.5 X 21.5 cm. Good condition. Creases. Slight tears at margins. Some stains.
6. Vue Générale d'Hebron – General view of Hebron, photograph by the photographer Felix Bonfils. [Ca. 1880]. Titled and signed in the plate.
28 X 21.5 cm. Good condition. Creases. Small tears at margins. Repaired with adhesive tape. Some stains.
The Armenian photographer Garabed Krikorian (1847-1918/20) was born in Izmir and arrived in Palestine at an early age. Studied in the Armenian Seminary for Priests in Jerusalem and learned photography with the photographer Garabedian, photographer of the Armenian Patriarchate (and later the Patriarch). In 1885 Krikorian opened the first studio in Jerusalem (on Jaffa Street). Among other things, he officially documented the visit of the German Emperor in Jerusalem in 1898 and taught the photographers Khalil Raad and Ya'akov Ben-Dov.
Krikorian's photographs documenting the Cave of Patriarchs interior and the structure on top of the cave are not recorded in literature about photography in Palestine in the 19th century.
158 photographs by photographer Shmuel Yosef Schweig. Palestine (few photographs from Syria and River Arnon in Jordan), [1920s].
Shmuel Yosef Schweig (1902-1984) – one of the leading photographers in Palestine in the 1920s-30s. Schweig, born in Tarnopol, Galicia, studied photography in Vienna and in London. Immigrated to Palestine in 1922. In 1925 started to work as a photographer for JNF and documented through his camera the development of Palestine and its views. Schweig opened a photography studio on Hanevi'im street in Jerusalem and served as curator of the Rockefeller Museum photography department. He was also involved in archaeological photography, photographed for the Mandate Police and headed the photography department of the Jewish Agency.
The collection offered here encompasses numerous photographs from Schweig's first years in Palestine, some in black and white and some sepia. Some photographs are numbered and titled by hand (on front or on verso, apparently in Schweig's handwriting). On a number of photographs appears the photographer's name (in the plate). Part of the photographs were printed in the folder "Yerushalem" published by Schweig in the 1920s, as postcards issued by "Eliyahu Brothers" in the 1920s-30s, and as postcards published by "Steimatzky" as part of "Artistic Photographs of the Country's Views" exhibition in the 1930s.
Among the photographs: visit of Baron Rothschild in Palestine (1925), High Commissioner Herbert Samuel with workers and pioneers, Menachem Ussishkin delivering a speech in a ceremony, panorama of Afula (consisting of four photographs), winery in Zichron Ya'akov, synagogue in Rehovot, building an electric pole in Tiberias, Tanur waterfall near Metula, "Silicat" factory in Tel-Aviv, "Exhibition and Fair for Promoting Local Products", and a number of additional photographs from Tel-Aviv, R. Yohanan Ben Zakai synagogue in Jerusalem, landscape photographs from Jerusalem, from different angles and photographs of the Western Wall and Rachel's Tomb, houses, streets and lanes in Haifa, Eliyahu's Cave in Mount Carmel and views in the vicinity of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Zebulun valley, Genosar valley, the Jordan River, Jericho and the Dead Sea, "Kfar Yeladim" educational institute (established in 1922, presently in Afula), Tiberias hot springs and grave of R' Meir Baal Haness, Beit Alfa, Ein Harod, Degania, Rosh Pina, Metula, "Givat Hachotzvim" of G'dud Ha'avodah between Kfar Giladi and Metula, a number of photographs documenting the establishment of Kfar Hasidim in Zebulun valley and its first years, irrigation and drainage tunnels, drying swamps in Jezreel valley, picking oranges and packaging oranges, a convention of Hebrew authors and artists in Kiryat Anavim, and more.
Size varies. Average size: 10 X 15 cm (some smaller or larger). Condition varies. Tears at margins of some photographs, creases, stains and dampstains. Defects and tears to back of some photographs caused by old pasting (mostly professionally restored).
37 photographs by the photographer Tsadok Bassan. Jerusalem and other places in Palestine. [early 20th century – 1930s; most photographs are from the 1910s and 1920s].
Tsadok Bassan (1882-1956), first Jewish photographer born in Palestine and the "court photographer" of the Old Yishuv community in Jerusalem. Studied in "Etz Haim" Yeshivah, and at the same time attempted to paint and learned photography with the photographer Edelstein. In 1900 – at the young age of 18 – he purchased the studio of the photographer Yeshayahu Rephaelovich in the Old City, and later opened a studio – "Zalmaniya" – of his own, on Ethiopia street. Bassan documented mainly the life of the Old Yishuv and its institutions: Yeshivahs, orphanages, soup-kitchens, hospitals, cemeteries and photographed quite often families and portraits of rabbis.
This collection includes photographs from the first decades of the 20th century, among them some which were taken when Bassan just started his career as a photographer, and on a variety of subjects. All of the photographs bear the photographer's stamp (some embossed on the corner, some embossed on the cardboard corner and some appear on the back of the photographs).
Among the photographs: a group of elderly people studying Talmud, girls from "Beit HaYetomot HaKlali" near the Western Wall, students in Talmud Torah "Etz Haim", children playing in a yard in "Mea Shearim", elderly people in their room in "Moshav Zekenim", opening ceremony of "Beit Halperin" (additional building for "Moshav Zekenim") in the presence of Rabbi Ya'akov Meir, photographs of Rabbi Yosef Haim Sonnenfeld, family photographs and studio photographs – some in costumes – of Zaksh and Bardaki families from Jerusalem and other families, photographs from a journey to the Jordan River, to Jericho and the Dead Sea, group photographs of students in religious schools in Jerusalem, and more.
Size varies, approx. 9 X 14 to 22.5 X 17 cm. 22 photographs are of a postcard size and some are even divided on the back to be used as a postcard. 11 photographs are attached to cardboard sheets. Good overall condition, varies. Tears at corners of a number of photographs and cardboard sheets (some repaired).
About 1500 aerial photographs of Palestine, photographed by the Royal Air Force aircrafts, in the framework of the mapping project of Palestine, 1944-1945.
These photographs were taken, most probably, as part of the mapping project performed by the British Mandate administration – the first project of its kind –photographing Palestine from the air.
Towards the end of World War II, in the years 1944-1945, numerous aircrafts of the British Army were parking in Palestine and made it possible to carry out the extensive aerial photography operation. The result – thousands of photographs of Palestine, which were used for the first mapping project of Israel. The collection includes an interesting documentation of the country prior to the Independence War: villages and settlements which were destroyed during the war, newly established Jewish towns and settlements, main roads, non-populated landscapes, airports, army camps and more.
The photographs show the northern part of Palestine, and depict, among others, the settlements Kfar Tabor; Kfar Giladi, Ein Shemer; Gan HaShomron; Pardes Hannah; Karkur; Al Malkiya (present day Kibutz Malkiya); the Arab villages Balida, Nuris, Al-Mazar, Lajun, and other locations. On the bottom margins of each photograph appear the height of flight, date, serial number of the photograph, and other technical data (in the plate, written by hand).
In addition – some markings with color crayons appear on some of the photographs, marking lands and agricultural areas, divided by kind of soil and development options. The photographs are placed in six filing folders, with various titles, written by hand, on the spine: "Center for study of rural construction"; "Settlement and Development", "regional planning", and other titles, and served most probably an entity engaged in settlement or in research.
On the back of most photographs appears an ink-stamp: "Aerial photography department, Israel Air Force" (first name of IDF aerial photographs deciphering unit, founded in 1948), and on some appear handwritten inscriptions: names of villages, settlements and datum points.
About 1500 photographs, approx. 24 X 24 cm (some photographs are larger or smaller). Condition varies. Good-fair overall condition. Creases, stains and damages (mostly at margins and on the back). A number of photographs are in fair-poor condition, with tears and open tears.
The Three Patriarchs, painting by Abel Pann.
Pastel on paper; signed and titled "Etude pour Les Patriarches" [Etude for "The Patriarchs"].
The painting depicts the Three Patriarchs in profile – old Abraham, Isaac at his best years and young Jacob. The head of Abraham is leaning downward, while Isaac and Jacob are gazing at the horizon.
Abel Pann (1883-1963), born in Russia, studied first with the artist Yehuda Pen (Marc Chagall's teacher), continued his studies in the Academy for Fine Arts in Odessa and worked in Paris. Arrived in Palestine in 1913 to teach in Bezalel, but one year later, while arranging his matters in France, World War I broke out and being a citizen of a hostile nation he was not permitted to return to Palestine; finally he returned in 1921, and it is in Palestine that he created his important body of work, the Bible paintings.
Approx. 60X40 cm, good condition. Framed: 80X66 cm. Unexamined out of frame.
Collection of paintings, sketches, photographs and letters from the estate of the artist Franz Winniger (Vienna, 1893-Berlin, 1960), including aquarelles from his stay in Ethiopia, [ca.1920s through the 1950s].
Franz Winniger (1893-1960) was born to a Jewish family in Vienna, studied art in Vienna, Paris and Munich and was a member in intellectual circles in Berlin in the 1920s. During the years 1928-1937 Winniger traveled through Africa and Ethiopia, and documented his travels in painting and photography. After Hitler's rise to power, he moved to England, and when the war ended he returned to Germany and settled in East Berlin. Winniger died in Berlin in 1960, after years of poverty under the Soviet regime.
Presented here is a large collection of paintings, photographs and letters from the estate of Winniger. The collection includes, among others:
More than one hundred photographs, paintings and sketches recording Winniger's journey to Africa and Ethiopia:
· 38 aquarelles in bright colors, in the spirit of expressionism. The paintings depict views and figures in Ethiopia. Size: 36.5 X 43 cm to 57 X 76.5 cm, signed by Winniger.
· 58 photographs from Africa and Ethiopia, mounted on thick sheets. A typewritten leaf is enclosed (in German) with the list of photographs (in the list appear 60 photographs) and a title indicating that the photographs were taken for a book by Winniger, titled: "Sonne uber dunklem Land, Durch Somali – und Oromoland" (it seems that the book was not published).
· Map of Ethiopia, drawn on a transparency.
· 28 sketches on transparencies and on tracing paper – some with instructions for coloring.
About 55 paintings and drawings in ink and watercolor, ca. 1920s-1950s:
· Ink drawings on paper – portraits and views, some are signed. Some are dated 1928.
· Watercolor drawings – landscapes, flowers and portraits (among them a portrait of Winniger's father).
About 25 letters exchanged between Winniger and his friend, the photographer Alice Hausdorff, who lived in Haifa. 1950s. German.
The letters document Winniger's life in West Berlin. Mentioned in the letters, among others, are Winniger's economic difficulties, and German artists and public figures with whom he has been in touch (among them Willy Brandt and Emil Nolde).
Total of about 200 items. Size and condition vary.