Portrait of Theodor Herzl, Chromolithograph in a small format. Odessa, . Portrait of Theodor Herzl, framed with ribbons. Herzl's name is printed in Russian beneath the portrait. At the bottom of the leaf are the printing details and a censor's stamp from September 1904 (Herzl died about two months earlier). Approx. 16X11.5 cm. Good condition. Creases and slight defects. Stains, mostly to reverse.
Dr. Theodor Herzl, Alt Neu Land, a printed micrography, [created by Osias Wolinski]. [Lvov, ca. 1913].
Text out of "Altneuland" (German).
65.5X48.5 cm. Fair condition. Creases and folding marks. Tears at bottom (not affecting portrait). Stains on the reverse.
Postcard with portraits of Theodor Herzl and Max Nordau and the emblem of the first Zionist Congress. Published by Isidor Knopf, Vienna, [1897/1898].
Sent from Wels to Ischl, upper Austria, in 1898.
9X14 cm. Good condition. Some stains.
"Not by Force but by My Spirit" (Hebrew), official postcard from the 12th Zionist Congress, held in Carlsbad in 1921, with an illustration by Joseph Budko.
On both sides of the postcard are the signatures of eleven participants of the Zionist Congress: Joseph Budko, David Yellin, Nahum Sokolow, Chaim Weizmann, Hayim Nahman Bialik, Otto Warburg (signed in Roman script), Aryeh Leib (Leo) Motzkin, Menachem Ussishkin, Zvi Hirsch Masliansky, J. Cowen [apparently Joseph Cowen] and Moshe Kleinman [?] (all the signatures are in pen, except Ussishkin's, which is in pencil).
9X14 cm. Good condition.
Riemer no. 39.
Der Judenstaat, Versuch Einer Modernen Lösung Der Judenfrage [The Jewish State, An Attempt to Find a Modern Solution to the Jewish Question], by Theodor Herzl. Vienna-Leipzig: M. Breitenstein, 1896. German. First edition. Printed in 300 copies.
"The Jewish State: An Attempt to Find a Modern Solution to the Jewish Question". The famous book by Herzl, in which he presents the Jewish question and the need to find a political-national solution.
86 pp, 21 cm. Fair-good condition. Stains. The leaves of the first gatherings are loose and partly detached. Original cover missing. Owner's stamp on reverse of title page and on front endpaper. Tears to endpapers (endpapers are partly detached). Cardboard and cloth binding, worn and somewhat loose.
A large relief - portrait of Theodor Herzl. [First half of 20th century].
Cast bronze; wooden frame.
A massive relief - a profile portrait of Herzl (looking to the left). The inscription "Binyamin Ze'ev Herzl" (Hebrew) and a Star of David are embossed below the portrait. Framed in a wooden frame and positioned on a wooden stand.
33.5X24 cm; wooden frame: 40X36 cm. Some defects to relief. Some defects to wooden stand.
Decoration to be flown atop a flag, made of cast, sawn and engraved brass. [Europe or Palestine, first decades of the 20th century].
Designed in the shape of the emblem of the First Zionist Congress - a Star of David with seven stars and a lion in its center, like the flag proposed by Theodor Herzl. The Hebrew inscription "KKL" (JNF) is engraved on one of the sides of the Star of David.
Maximum length: 36.5 cm. Good condition. Corrosion and rust damage, bends and soldering repairs.
1. Handwritten letter from the leaders of the Calcutta Community to Sir Moses Montefiore, 1864.
Letter of thanks for Montefiore's activities benefiting the Jews, particularly during the Damascus Affair and the Morocco blood libel, with signatures of the community leaders.
In 1863, in light of the deteriorating situation of the Jews of Morocco, Moses Montefiore set out on an urgent mission to obtain a writ ensuring their rights and protection. The leaders of the Calcutta community, many of whom had fled the riots in Baghdad half a century earlier, rejoiced in the knowledge that a similar fate had been averted for the Jews of Morocco, and decided to express their appreciation through this letter. See enclosed material.
Approx. 33.5X43.5 cm. Fair-poor condition. Torn and cut to five parts (a small piece is detached from one of the parts).
2-13. Twelve books about and by Moses Montefiore (Hebrew and English):
* "The Voice of Joy and Salvation, an Ode to Commemorate the Providential Success, which attended Israel׳s Illustrious Champion, Sir Moses Montefoire on the occasion of his mission to Roumainia", by Rev. Samson H. Rausuk. London: P. Vallentine . * "The Mission to Barbary, a Hebrew Poem in Honor of Sir Moses Montefiore… on returning from his mission to Morocco", by Rev. B. H. Ascher. London, 1864. * The Life of Sir Moses and Lady Judith Montefiore, by Ezra Benvenisti. Jerusalem, . * "Yehudit" [Judith], shortened translation of the travel diary of Judith Montefiore in Palestine. London, [1879?]. * "Mazkeret Moshe VeYerushalayim" (Andenken an Moses und Jerusalem), part 1, by Osias (Yehoshua) Falk Ze'ev ben Yosef Zvi Wolfson. Chernivtsi, 1884. [Additional title page in German]. * "A Hymn of Thanksgiving, Composed on the Occasion of the Safe Return Home of Sir Moses Montefiore from Jerusalem". London, 1866. * "Prayer and Thanksgiving… on the Occasion of Sir Moses Montefiore's Return from Roumania". London, . * "Service of Prayer and Thanksgiving… on the Occasion of Sir Moses Montefiore, Bart., Completing his hundredth Year". London, 1884. * "Owel Mosche", eulogy of Moses Montefiore, by Shlomo Aharon Wertheimer. Jerusalem, . * An Open Letter Addressed to Sir Moses Montefiore", by Samuel Salant. London, 1875. * "Order of Service at the Celebration of the Dedication of the Synagogue Founded by Moses Montefiore…". London, 1933. * "Moses Montefiore, His Life and Times", by Albert M. [Montefiore] Hyamson. London, .
Size and condition vary. Good overall condition. Stains and creases. Some tears to margins of part of the items. Slight defects to bindings.
An extensive collection of letters and documents (most of them are handwritten) concerning the Jewish settlement in Peki'in, and in particular with relation to loans granted to local inhabitants. The collection includes letters from inhabitants in Peki'in, letters to and from Israel Rivlin (teacher in Peki'in who served as the representative of the settlers in their endeavors to get loans from the national institutes), official letters on behalf of the National Council and JNF, and more. Peki'in, Jerusalem, and other locations, 1930s. Hebrew.
The collection includes: * Many letters recording the efforts of Peki'in inhabitants to get loans from the Jewish institutes in Palestine: letters to Yitzchak Ben-Zvi; correspondence between Peki'in inhabitants and Israel Rivlin who represented them vis-à-vis the institutes (some letters are stamped with the ink-stamp "Council of Peki'in Jewish Congregation" and hand-signed by Peki'in inhabitants of the families Nakibli, Mizrahi, Zinati, Uda and others). * Letters from the Jewish National Council, typewritten and hand-signed by Yitzchak Ben-Zvi. * A letter on behalf of Peki'in Jews to Menachem Ussishkin, chairman of JNF. * An autograph letter to the headquarters of the Jewish Agency, the department for settlement, with list of Peki'in inhabitants and their ages. * Official letter from the Anglo-Palestine Bank (typewritten on official letterhead of "The Anglo Palestine Company Ltd.") with list of loans granted to Peki'in inhabitants. * Additional letters and handwritten lists.
Total of about 75 items, including handwritten letters and leaves (some in pen and others in pencil) and several typewritten letters. Size and condition vary. Filing holes to all of the leaves.
Five documents, printed and handwritten, regarding the opposition of the Haredi community in Safed to women voting for the "Assembly of Representatives". Safed and Jerusalem, [ca. 1928-1930]. Hebrew.
In 1926, the "Assembly of Representatives" pledged to uphold "equality for women in all spheres of civic, political and economic life of the Jewish Yishuv". The decision aroused fierce opposition from the Haredi community, which demanded its annulment, asked to be erased from the voters register and threatened to resign from "Knesset Yisrael". A struggle ensued between the Haredi factions and the women's organizations and Yishuv representatives, until the 1931 elections for the Third Assembly, when the issue was resolved de facto and women were granted legal voting status.
1. Handwritten petition calling on the public to refrain from participating in the elections for the Assembly of Representatives, due to the fact that women were also granted the right to vote. Signed by about 150 rabbis and Haredi residents of Safed, including Rabbi Aaron Ben Shimon, the city's chief rabbi.
2. Handwritten letter draft by the "Members of the Temporary Committee of Knesset Yisrael in Safed". Report on the activities of the Haredi secessionists from Knesset Yisrael, their leaders and the steps that should be taken to hinder the secession.
3. Postcard with a printed notice regarding erasure from the "Register of Jewish Adults in Palestine", sent by "Knesset Yisrael in Palestine" to Safed resident Miriam Klinger in 1929.
4. Voter's card for the Assembly of Representatives, printed and filled in by hand, issued in 1930 to Safed resident Pearl Buchner.
5. Printed booklet, "Regulations for the Organization of Knesset Yisrael, Issued by the High Commissioner in accordance with Paragraph 2 of the Religious Communities Ordinance 1926", Jerusalem, 1928.
Enclosed: voter's card for the Fourth Assembly of Representatives (elected in 1944), printed and filled in by hand, issued by "Knesset Yisrael in Palestine" to a woman named Elisheva Stark.
Size and condition vary. Fair-good overall condition. Stains, creases and tears (mostly small). Folding marks. Open tear on the bottom of the first leaf, and a coarse tear on the last leaf of the regulations booklet.
Collection of letters and drafts about the 1929 riots in Safed. Safed, Jerusalem, Tel-Aviv and Haifa, ca. 1929-1930. Hebrew and some English.
Among the items:
* "Memorandum from Safed Jews to the High Commissioner", a printed document composed by Jews in Safed, detailing the incidents, the inadequate attention and their demands to improve the situation. Dated in print: 17.11.1929. 4 pp. * "Memorandum from Safed merchants who suffered during the riots, to the central assistance committee", a printed document dealing with the deterioration in the state of Jewish merchants in Safed, their dependence on Arab customers and their economic troubles. 3 pp. * "Welfare Fund in Safed", a printed draft for an article concerning the negligence of Safed inhabitants who were affected by the riots, composed by "HaTzohar" member I. Amiel, and sent to the editorial of the revisionist paper "Doar Hayom". Hand-signed by the author. 3 pp.* A letter from Yehudh Leib Magnes, typewritten on official stationery and signed by him, sent on 20.4.1930. The letter deals with the amounts transferred by assistance funds to those affected by the riots and blames the addressee of the letter for inaccurate financial reports. 2 pp. * Additional items.
Total of 11 items. Size and condition vary. Overall good-fair condition. Stains, creases and folding marks. Tears at margins and along folding marks of some items (mostly small). Handwritten inscriptions on some of the items.
About 140 handwritten and typewritten paper items, recording the operations of "Agudath HaDor HaTzair" [The Association of the Young Generation] in Safed. Safed, Tel-Aviv, Jerusalem and Rosh Pina, 1921-1937 (most of them of the early 1920s). Hebrew.
"Agudath HaDor HaTzair" was active in the early decades of the twentieth century, with the aim to encourage spiritual and cultural development among Jewish youth in Safed. Among other activities, the members organized lectures, discussions, parties and even a theater group which drew the attention of the press and received positive reviews.
Among the items: * Booklet - regulations of the Association. * Two member-cards of the association. * Seven application forms to the association. * Invitation poster to a dance, handwritten. * Nine items on behalf of "Association of the young generation, Jewish Theater Enthusiasts in Safed" (an early theater group that acted in Safed sponsored by the association). * Two letters and an envelope sent from JNF to the directors of the association. * About 40 handwritten items, including minutes of the association's meetings, copies of letters, invitations to events and other items.
Size and condition vary. Overall fair-good condition. Stains, creases and tears (mostly small, at margins). Folding marks to some of the items.
Handwritten diary, written by a woman-pioneer from Szydłowiec in Poland. Palestine, ca. 1929-1936.A very detailed personal diary; tells about conflicts, lists names, and gives description of atmosphere and the life of a young pioneer girl, with a very obvious political awareness, member of "HaBacharut HaSocialistit". The writer describes the time she stayed in Petach Tikva, Gan Shmuel, Gesher, Hadera and other places in the country; her daily life and her relations with other pioneers; political events in Palestine; and more. The diary also contains copied passages from poems, stories or news articles. The diary was written continuously during 1929, and later only here and there, during the first half of the 1930s.
Enclosed is a small notebook with dedications written for the author of the diary, in Szydłowiec, in 1920 (most dedications are in Polish).
About  leaves, most of them written on both sides of the leaf, 17.5 cm volume. Overall good condition. Stains. Binding distorted and somewhat worn. Some leaves were cut by the diary's owner. Some later corrections.
Notebook: 14.5X8 cm. Good condition, some stains and creases.
About 190 printed items of the "Agudath Meshotetim Erez-Israelith" (Palestine Ramblers' Association), filed in a folder. Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and Haifa (most from Tel Aviv), ca. 1933-1947. Hebrew and some English.
The collection includes dozens of circulars and news leaflets for club members, including detailed information on hiking trails, historical background and maps. Trails include: a trip to the Ramallah environs; a trip to Lebanon, the land of the Alawites and Syria; and other sites. In addition, the collection includes a number of lists of regulations, a financial report for 1934, large maps and other items.
"Agudath Meshotetim Erez-Israelith" was founded in 1916 by Pinchas Cohen (1887-1956) with the aim of deepening knowledge of Palestine and imparting it to the younger members of the Yishuv. Some of the most prominent scholars of Israeli geography were educated in the club, including Zev Vilnay, Nathan Shalem and David Benvenisti. See item 87.
About 190 items, filed in a folder, 34 cm. Some items appear in multiple copies. Some items are handwritten and stenciled. One item is handwritten. Handwritten inscriptions, drawings and scribbles appear on some of the items. Size and condition vary. Good-fair overall condition. Filing holes, stains, creases and folding marks. Tears to margins (mostly small) and open tears to a small part of the items. Ink-stamps and postage stamps on some of the items.
Collection of architectural drawings of the Yosef Eliyahu Chelouche House and other residences of the Chelouche family, drawn by architect and family member Hillel Chelouche. Palestine, [ca. 1940s].
1-19. Drawings in pencil and in color, including facades, cross-sections, and a façade illustration in pencil and watercolors. Most were prepared for the Yosef Eliyahu Chelouche House on 9 Rothschild St. in Tel Aviv. About half are signed in pencil by the architect.
20-24. Printed drawings, one with an addition drawn in pencil.
25-26. Two sketches, one in pencil and the other in print, for the logo of the architectural firm of Hillel Chelouche.
The Yosef Eliyahu Chelouche House, one of the houses built following the "Seashell Lottery", was inaugurated in 1910 and is considered one of the first houses of Tel Aviv. Hillel Chelouche, a family member who was born and raised in the house, grew up to become an architect and was charged with planning and renovating the building in accordance with the family's needs.
Size and condition vary. Good overall condition. Folding marks, creases and tears to margins. Stains. Small holes and open tears on some of the drawings.
Issue of The Times. London, 9 November 1917. English.
On page 7, beneath the headline "Government Pledge", appears the wording of the Balfour Declaration. On the same page is an article titled "The British Victory in Palestine", reviewing the campaign of the British Army led by Edmund Allenby in Palestine.
In other copies of the issue, the Balfour Declaration is printed under the headline "Official Sympathy" (see: Kedem catalogue no. 50, item no. 33).
The Balfour Declaration, pledging British support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine, was signed by Sir Arthur James Balfour on 2 November 1917. A week later, on 9 November, the declaration was first printed in the press.
14 pp, 59 cm. Good condition. Cut margins. Folding marks. Tears to leaf margins. Open tears to spine, repaired with adhesive tape along the entire spine. Ink-stamp.
Resolution Adopted by the Central Conference of American Rabbis at Chicago ILL., July 4th, 1918, Anent the Balfour Declaration. [Chicago, 1918]. English.
Printed leaflet containing the response of the Central Conference of American Rabbis to the Balfour Declaration. The association supports granting Jews the opportunity of immigrating to Palestine, but opposes defining Palestine as the national home of the Jewish people: "Jews in America are part of the American Nation […] our survival as a people is dependent upon the assertion and the maintenance of our historic religious role and not upon the acceptance of Palestine as a home-land of the Jewish people. The mission of the Jew is to witness to God all over the world".
 leaf (printed on one side), 21.5 cm. Good condition.
Not in NLI.
Two printed broadsides. Herbert Samuel's address after being appointed High Commissioner of Palestine. . One broadside is printed in Hebrew and the other in English.
The broadside opens with words on behalf of King George V regarding the British Mandate for Palestine and the appointment of the High Commissioner: "The Allied Powers whose Arms were victorious in the late War have entrusted to My Country a Mandate to watch over the interests of Palestine and to ensure to your Country that peaceful and prosperous development which has so long been denied to you…". Following are Samuel's plans to develop the country and promote the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine while maintaining balanced relationships between the Jewish Yishuv and the Muslim and Christian populations. The coat of arms of the United Kingdom appears on top.
Hebrew broadside: approx. 56.5X46.5 cm. Fair condition. Stains and creases. Worn margins (with many tears and creases). English broadside: approx. 56.5X41 cm. Fair condition. Dark stains and creases. Tear of about 6 cm. at right margins (slightly affecting text).
Collection of letters and documents of Josiah Clement Wedgwood (1872-1943), British parliament member, one of the leading Anglo-Christian advocates for Zionist causes. Most items are from Britain and the United States from the years 1938-1939. English (some items in German).
During his years of office in the British Parliament (first on behalf of the Liberal party and later on behalf of the Labor) Wedgwood worked tirelessly to support Zionist interests. Wedgwood criticized the moderate attitude of the Zionist leadership towards the British and was close to Revisionist leaders. During World War II he attempted to assist Jews in Nazi occupied territories and encouraged Ha'apala (illegal immigration) and underground operations in Palestine (one of the illegal immigration ships was even named after him).
The documents in this collection record Wedgwood's activity during the years 1938-1939, and mainly his pro-Zionist activity, and include copies of letters and memorandums, letters sent to him, personal documents, and more.
Among the items:
* A printed memorandum to Chaim Weizmann concerning Palestine, in which Wedgwood writes which of the territories should be under Jewish rule and which under British rule (in case the country is divided), and recommends that Weizmann treats the British more assertively, and to face them with the "threat of force". * A copy of a letter to Chaim Weizmann in which Wedgwood writes that he will be unable to assist Jews in Palestine unless Weizmann makes it clear to the British government that Jews in the country will resist by every means the establishment of an independent state as outlined by the British government. At the end of the letter Wedgwood writes: "Neither Churchill nor I will raise a finger unless you and your people show courage and take risks upon yourselves". * A printed draft of an address to the British prime minister concerning Palestine. * Two letters from the American rabbi Louis Newman from "Rodeph Sholom" congregation in New-York, typewritten and signed by hand. In one of the letters Newman announced the founding of the organization "American Friends of a Jewish Palestine". * Copy of a typewritten letter from March 1939, dealing with the initiative of an alliance between Britain and the Soviet Union against Hitler. * "An Autobiography for Great-Grandchildren". Wedgwood's autobiography, printed (17 pages). * More documents and letters.
Total of about 50 items. Size and condition vary. Filing holes to all of the leaves.
A collection of photographs and documents which belonged to Nathan Kaplan, a policeman in the Palestine Police Force and in the Israeli Police. Tel-Aviv, Jerusalem, Petach Tikva and Rishon LeZion. [ca. 1920s until the 1960s]. English, Hebrew and some Arabic.
* 97 photographs (some titled and stamped with an ink-stamp on the reverse), among them: photographs of a cadets' course in the British school for policemen; photograph of a police funeral of a Jewish policeman in Tel-Aviv; photograph of a soccer team of Haifa Police Force; photographs of Zionist parades during the mandate period; about 30 photographs from Kaplan's service in the Israeli Police; personal photographs. Size and condition vary. Overall good-fair condition. Creases, defects and tears to some photographs. Pen inscriptions on several photographs.
* Four certificates and registers, printed and completed by hand, issued for Kaplan: Palestine Police Service register, issued in 1933; Certificate of appointment (Superior Police Officers and Inspectors), issued in 1947; Certificate of discharge from service, dated 15.5 1948 (date of termination of British Mandate); British Passport, Palestine, 1939.
* Other documents.
Total of 105 items. Size and condition vary. Overall good-fair condition.
45 broadsides and pamphlets published by the underground movements and Mapai. Palestine, [ca. 1945]. Hebrew, some English and some Arabic.
Items include: * Twelve publications by Etzel (Irgun), including a trilingual broadside (in Hebrew, English and Arabic) calling for the evacuation of civilians from British government offices; issues 2 and 3 of the pamphlet "Trial of the Twenty" (printed following the imprisonment of twenty Etzel cadets by the British); and four issues of the pamphlet "Af Al Pi" (Despite It All). * Six publications by Lehi, including a notice regarding the execution of Yosef Davidescu on the charge of transferring information to the British secret police. * Twelve publications of the Hagana organization, including nine issues of "HaHoma" (pamphlet to be posted in the streets), and three small broadsides published by "HaHoma". * Twelve issues of "Aleph-Bet" / "Ashnav", the mouthpiece of "Mifleget Poalei Eretz Israel" (Workers' Party of Palestine) (issues 92-102 in full sequence. Issue 100 appears in two copies). * Additional items.
Size and condition vary. Good-fair overall condition. Stains, creases, folding marks and tears. Open tears to some items and one item with a repaired tear to its entire length.
19 newspapers and pamphlets printed following the death of Ze'ev Jabotinsky. Palestine (later Israel), 1940-1964 (most from 1940). Hebrew.
1-3. Three newspapers from August 5, 1940, first notifying the public of Jabotinsky's death: "HaBoker" newspaper, the mouthpiece of the General Zionists; evening edition of "HaBoker"; issue of "Davar" (mouthpiece of the Histadrut, which devoted its editorial to an obituary of Jabotinsky, the movement's political rival).
4-11. Three issues of "HaYarden" and three issues of "HaMashkif", the official mouthpieces of the Revisionist party, dated August 6, 1940 to September 2, 1940. Two of the "HaYarden" issues appear in two copies.
12-14. Two issues of "HaBoker", dated August 6-7, 1948, reporting on Jabotinsky's funeral in New York. Issue of August 6 appears in two copies.15-17. Three booklets commemorating Ze'ev Jabotinsky: * "Why Did We Love Ze'ev Jabotinsky,
O.B.M.?", [Tel Aviv, 1940?]. * "In His Memory…", published by the Betar Headquarters, Jerusalem, . * "Ze'ev Jabotinsky 1940-29 Tamuz 1947", supplement to issue no. 5256 of "HaMashkif", 29 Tamuz (July) 1947.
18-19. Two issues of the newspaper "HaHerut" from July 1964, reporting on the arrival of Jabotinsky's coffin in Israel.
Enclosed: part of an issue of "HaBoker" from July 1941 containing an article about Jabotinsky.
Size and condition vary. Good-fair overall condition. Folding marks, creases and tears (mostly small, to newspaper margins).
A collection of letters sent to and from the couple Yizchak (Izzy) and Adela (Lottie) Salonikio, Etzel members arrested in March 1947 and imprisoned in Bethlehem and Latroun detention camps. 1947. Bulgraian, some English and Hebrew.
Among the items: * thirteen letters that the couple Yitzchak and Lottie Salonikio sent to each other; sent while he was in the Latroun detention camp and she was in the women's detention camp in Bethlehem. * Ten original envelopes in which the letters were sent, addressed to Latroun, Bethlehem and Atlit. * Four photographs, of Yitzchak and Lottie Salonikio (among them are photographs from the detention camps) and six negatives of the photographs. Enclosed: a text written for the couple's silver anniversary (1971), and several additional documents.
Size and condition vary. Overall good condition. Envelopes in fair condition, worn, creased and stained.
20 items from the estate of Meir Rosnak, an Irgun commander in Jerusalem's Old City and an activist in the Herut Movement. Israel, ca. 1949-1974. Hebrew.
Items include: * Two tickets to the "Old City Fighters Party", held in March 1949. * Movement order issued to the last commander of the Jewish Quarter, Moshe Rosnak, dated May 16, 1949. * Two cloth epaulettes: the Irgun emblem and the menorah emblem with the Tablets of the Law and the inscription "Brit" [Hebrew]. * Wooden baton and whip (apparently from his time as member of Irgun). * Two letters from Menachem Begin, from the years 1967 and 1974 (printed and signed in his hand). * "Summing Up the Elections", pamphlet by Menachem Begin (August 1955), signed and dedicated in his hand; list of Irgun candidates for the "Founding Conference", 1949; and other items from various periods in his life (most of them printed).
Size and condition vary. Good-fair overall condition. Creases and stains, small tears. Folding marks to letters and documents. Wooden baton scuffed, whip worn and slightly scuffed.