Bruno Kirschner's Medal Collection and other Numismatic Items Objects – Judaica, Israeliana & Numismatics

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The Auction was held on 09/05/17

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Auction 55b Lot Number 111

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Silver Medal with Portrait of Elizabeth of Hungary – Prague, 17th Century

Silver medal - "Judenmedaille". [Prague, 17th century].
Obverse: portrait of Elizabeth of Hungary (Elizabeth of Thuringia), surrounded by the Latin legend "Elisabetha Filia Andr. Reg. Ungar. Obit. Marb. Ad. MCCXXXI" [Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew, King of Hungary…1231]. Reverse: Church of St. Elizabeth in Marburg surrounded by a legend.
This medal is one of a series of medals featuring portraits of personalities from the House of Hapsburg (one of the most important European royal houses). The medals were known as "Judenmedaille" on the assumption that they were produced by Jewish medalists in Prague. See Friedenberg, p. 94.
Diameter: 50 mm. Cracks.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening500$ Unsold

Auction 55b Lot Number 112

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Silver Medal with Portraits of Emperor Maximillian I and the Duchess of Burgundy – Prague, 17th Century

Silver medal - "Judenmedaille". [Prague, 17th century].
Obverse: portrait of Maximillian I, Holy Roman Emperor, surrounded by a legend. Reverse: portrait of Mary, Duchess of Burgundy, surrounded by a legend.
Diameter: 50 mm.
See previous item.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening500$ Sold For615$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 113

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Silver Medal with Hebrew Legend – Henry VIII of England, 19th Century

Silver medal. Replica of a medal struck in England in 1545 in honor of King Henry VIII. [19th century].
Obverse: Profile portrait of Henry VIII surrounded by a Latin legend. Reverse: Illegible Hebrew legend: "Henry VIII…in England..." above Greek legend and the words "Londini 1545".
Diameter: 50 mm.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Sold For394$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 114

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Token Portraying the Battle of Amalek – Holland, 16th Century – Tetragrammaton

Token portraying the battle of Amalek. [Holland, 1599].
Obverse: coat of arms of Zeeland (south-western Dutch province) with the Latin legend "Cui Tributum Tributum". Reverse: relief portraying the battle of Amalek - Moses, Aaron and Chur on a hilltop, beneath a sun with the Tetragrammaton. The relief is surrounded by the Latin legend "Victoria A Deo Precibus".
Diameter: 30 mm.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Sold For369$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 115

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Medal – “He Who Keeps Israel Neither Slumbers nor Sleeps”, 1608

Medal with a verse from psalms 121:4 in Latin. [Utrecht?], 1608.
Obverse: shepherd in a field surrounded by the Latin inscription "Non Dormit Nec Dormiet" [neither sleeps nor slumbers]. Reverse: Flock of sheep surrounding the coat of arms of Utrecht. The picture is surrounded by the Latin legend "Qui Custodit Israel" [He who keeps Israel].
Diameter: 29 mm. Reverse rotated about 90 degrees.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Unsold

Auction 55b Lot Number 116

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Purim Token – Germany, 16th Century

Rechnungspfennig token, with the figures of Mordecai and Haman (scenes from the Book of Esther). [Germany, ca. 1590]. Made by Hans Krauwinkel.
Obverse: Mordecai wearing regal attire, riding a horse led by Haman, surmounted by the legend "Haman Mordoche". Beneath is the legend "Esther VI". Signed - "H.K". Reverse: Haman hanged in his yard and the legend "Das Havs [Haus] Haman".
Diameter: 27 mm. Slightly bent.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Sold For369$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 117

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Silver Medal with Hebrew Legend – Breslau, 1700

Silver medal. [Breslau (Wroclaw), 1700].
Obverse: view of Breslau with the Hebrew legend "In the shadow of the Lord" surrounded by clouds. Underneath appears the Latin legend "seMper Defensa beLLo et paCe" [always protected during war and peace]. The large letters spell the year - 1700 - in Roman numerals (MDCLL). Reverse: an altar with the coat of arms of Breslau with a pair of hearts above, surrounded by the Latin legend "a Meo Com CorDes". Above the hearts appear the Hebrew words "God is our shield" in an oval border. Diameter: 51 mm.
A similar medal, (with a view of Breslau and the Hebrew words "In the shadow of the Lord"), appears in the catalog Great Jewish Portraits in Metal, edited by Daniel M. Friedenberg. New York, 1963, p. 137. The medal was struck to commemorate the entry of Fredrick II of Prussia into Breslau in 1741.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Sold For492$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 118

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Two Medals with Tetragrammaton – Victory of the Swedes at the Battle of Breitenfeld, 1631 / Visit of Peter the Great to Hamburg, 1713

1. Silver medal commemorating the victory of the Swedes (under King Gustav II Adolf) and the Protestants at the Battle of Breitenfeld, part of the Thirty Years' War, 1631.
Obverse: the tetragrammaton, inside a rising sun, surmounting the Latin legend "Dextera Tua Domine Percussit Inimicum" [Thy right hand shatters the enemy]. Surrounded by another legend. Reverse: Latin legend.
Diameter: 42 mm.
2. Medal commemorating the visit of Russian Tsar Peter the Great to Hamburg in 1713.
Obverse: tetragrammaton surrounded by the German legend "Sihe Der Huter Israel Schlafet Noch Schlummert Nicht" [He who keeps Israel Neither Slumbers nor Sleeps (Psalms 121, 4)]. On the bottom - "Im Ersten Monat / Des 1713 Iahrs" [In the first month / year of 1713].
Reverse: German legend.
Diameter: 35 mm.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Sold For738$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 119

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Four Coins with Tetragrammaton – Denmark, 1644-1645

Four coins, skilling and mark. Denmark, 1644-1645.
* Two 4-skilling coins, 1644 and 1645. * 2-mark coin, 1645. * 16-skilling (?) coin, 1644.
Obverse: the monogram C4 [Christian IV, King of Denmark] with a crown and the coin's denomination. Reverse: "Iustus Iudex" and the tetragrammaton.
Size and condition vary.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening800$ Sold For984$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 120

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Gold Coin with Tetragrammaton – Denmark, 1647

Gold coin, ducat. Denmark, 1647.
Obverse: Christian IV, King of Denmark. Reverse: "Iustus Iudex", the tetragrammaton and the year.
Diameter: 22 mm. Weight: 3.4 grams.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening1,000$ Sold For2,091$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 121

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Silver Medal with Tetragrammaton – Martin Luther, 1717

Silver medal, seemingly struck to commemorate 200 years since the Protestant Reformation. [1717].
Obverse: portrait of Martin Luther, surrounded by the legend "MartInVs LVutherVs theoLogIae DoCtor" (the enlarged letters spell the year 1717 in Roman numerals). Beneath is the legend "Verbum Domini Manet in Aeternum" [Latin - the word of the Lord endures forever]. Reverse: a figure kneeling at an altar on which there is an open book; above there is a sun containing the Tetragrammaton. The picture is surrounded by the verse "Si Non Dixerint Iuxta Verbum Hoc Non Erit Eis Matutina Lux" [Latin - If anyone does not speak according to this word, they have no light of dawn. Isaiah 8:20]. Beneath is the legend "In memor. Iubil Sec. Luther" [in memory of Luther’s Jubilee].
Diameter: 43 mm.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner

Opening300$ Unsold

Auction 55b Lot Number 122

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Four Medals – Moses

Four medals with portraits of Moses.
1-2. Two silver medals. Obverse: profile portrait of Moses, with the Hebrew name "Moshe" on the collar (different portraits, one portraying Moses with horns). Reverse: the Hebrew legend "Thou shalt have no other gods before Me."
Diameter: 31 mm, 34 mm. See:
* Jewish Tradition in Art, the Feuchtwanger Collection of judaica, Dr. Isaiah Shachar (Isreal Museum, Jerusalem, 1971), item 743.
* Catalogue of the Permanent and Loan Collections of the Jewish Museum, London, edited by R. D. Barnett. London, 1974. Items 1174 and 1175.
3-4. Two medals. Obverse: profile portrait of Moses with horns (different portraits), with the Hebrew name "Moshe" on the collar, the name "Moise" in the center, and a German legend around the edge. Reverse: the Hebrew legend "Thou shalt have no other gods before Me" in a square border, with other text. Diameter: 31 mm, 38 mm.
See Friedenberg, p. 93.
There exist various theories as to the origin of these medals. They were possibly made in Joachimstal, Bohemia, 16th century, or elsewhere in Europe at a later date.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner

Opening500$ Sold For615$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 123

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Three Medals – King David / Aaron the Priest / Moses – Paris, 1827

1. Medal with a portrait of King David. Paris, 1827.
Obverse: portrait of King David and the Hebrew legend "David Son of Jesse King of Israel". Signed - "Barre". Reverse: David's harp and the Hebrew legend "I will incline my ear to a proverb; I will solve my riddle to the music of the lyre, 5587" (Psalm 49). On the edge of the medal is the legend "David Paris 1827". Diameter: 34 mm.
2. Medal with a portrait of Aaron the priest. [Paris 1827].
Obverse: portrait of Aaron wearing a breastplate and the Hebrew legend "Aaron the High Priest". Signed - "Barre". Reverse: the Ark of the Covenant and the cherubim. Above is the Hebrew verse "Then Aaron lifted up his hands toward the people and blessed them". On the bottom - "5587". Diameter: 33 mm. Suspension loop.
3. Medal with portrait of Moses. [Paris 1827].
Obverse: portrait of Moses with horns on his head and the Hebrew legend "Moses master of all prophets". Signed - "Barre". Reverse: the Tablets of the Law with the Ten Commandments, and the Jewish year - 5587. Diameter: 34 mm. Amateur engraving of a serial number on reverse.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Unsold

Auction 55b Lot Number 124

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Silver Medal – Imaginary “Shekel”/ Medal with a Relief of the Spies

1. Silver medal styled as an ancient "Shekel" coin from the period of the Great Revolt. [19th century].
Obverse: manna jar between the Hebrew letters kaf and shin, near a shofar and a mitre (head-dress) and the Hebrew legend "God watches over Israel with a strong king in Jerusalem". Reverse: flowering branch, (representing the Aaron's rod), surrounded by a mitre, shofar and the Hebrew letters reish and shin, with the Hebrew legend "Shekel of David left hidden in the treasury of Zion in the Holy Temple". Diameter: 48 mm. Reverse rotated about 50 degrees.
See: Catalogue of the Permanent and Loan Collections of the Jewish Museum, London, edited by R. D. Barnett. London, 1974. Item 1142, plate CXCVI.
2. Medal with relief of the spies, 1914.
Obverse: the spies carrying a cluster of grapes, with the Hebrew legend "Canaan" (misspelled). Signed with the monogram "AZ 14" [evidently the sculptor Arnold Zadikow]. Reverse: the Hebrew letters alef and tzadi around a Star of David, with the legend "There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; and there is that withholdeth more than is meet, but it tendeth to poverty". (Proverbs 11:24). Diameter: 48 mm.
See: Great Jewish Portraits in Metal, edited by Daniel M. Friedenberg. New York, 1963. p. 139.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner
Opening Price: $300

Opening300$ Sold For800$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 125

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Collection of Supposed “Shekel” Coins – “Görlitz Shekels”

Eleven "Görlitz Shekels".
Obverse: manna jar and the legend "Shekel of Israel" [Hebrew]. Reverse: a branch (blossoming Aaron's rod) surrounded by the legend "Holy Jerusalem" [Hebrew, slightly faulty].
Diameter: ca. 30 mm (one of the coins has a diameter of 35 mm). Condition varies. One coin has a suspension loop and two are pierced.
The first "Görlitz Shekels" were issued in the 15th century, when it was still unknown what the "Shekel" coins of the Roman period looked like. It is believed that George Emmerich, mayor of the city of Görlitz in Prussia, was the first to "invent" these coins when he visited the Holy Land on a pilgrimage in 1465. Returning to Prussia, he brought with him an ancient Shekel coin, saying this was one of the thirty Shekalim which Judas Iscariot was given by the Romans for betraying "that man" (Jesus). From that year on, such coins were minted with minor changes throughout Europe and they became popular amongst Jews and Christians alike. The coins were used for various purposes: they served as memorial coins and amulets; amongst the European Jews the coins were used as part of the "Machatzit HaShekel" tradition, or for charity or donating to the poor during the Holiday of Purim; some used them for the "Pidyon HaBen" ceremony.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Sold For492$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 126

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Four Imaginary Pseudo-Ancient Coins

Four imaginary pseudo-ancient coins showing Biblical and Roman influence. [Europe, 18th-19th centuries].
1. Silver coin. Obverse: ancient seal and the Hebrew words "Eretz Israel" and "King Solomon". Reverse: illegible Hebrew legend -"Third year"(?) and "Shekel"(?).
2. Silver coin. Obverse: Hebrew legend, "Jerusalem the holy city", with a castle. Reverse: Hebrew legend - "King David… King Solomon".
3. Coin. Obverse: Hebrew legend, "Solomon, son of David King of Israel", surrounding a Star of David. Reverse: Hebrew legend - "Vanity of vanities… (Ecclesiastes 1:2)" and "Holy Jerusalem".
4. Coin. Obverse: Hebrew legend - "King Saul". Reverse: Illegible Hebrew legend.
Size and condition vary.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening400$ Sold For1,169$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 127

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Medal – Child’s Protective Amulet – Europe, 19th Century

Bronze medal - child's amulet. [Eastern or Central Europe, 19th century].
Obverse: inside a circular frame is the Hebrew legend "This child will grow to know the Torah and enter a chuppah and perform good deeds". A large heh in the middle, inside of which is a blossoming branch. Reverse: pair of minute fish and the Hebrew legend: "… may you save a child of Israel so he will not fall ill and will grow to adhere to your Torah and protect him in your mercy, Amen".
Diameter: 37 mm. Missing suspension loop. Wear and slight defects.
See: "Jewish Tradition in Art: The Feuchtwanger Collection of Judaica" by Dr. Isaiah Shachar (Israel Museum, 1971), item 966.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Sold For369$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 128

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Three Kabbalistic Amulets – 19th Century

1. Obverse: square with holy names, surrounded by the Hebrew verse "The Lord is our God the Lord is One". Reverse: the Hebrew acronym ARARITA in the center, surrounded by a Hebrew Kabbalistic verse (slightly faulty). Diameter: 58 mm. Remains of suspension loop. Damaged.
2-3. Two Jewish-Christian amulets. Obverse: square with holy names, surrounded by the names of the angels Uriel, Gabriel, Michael and Raphael. Reverse: Pentagon with the figure of Christ and the Hebrew inscription "showbreads", surrounded by various names and verses. Diameter: 36 mm, 44 mm. Both have suspension loops.
See: Catalogue of the Permanent and Loan Collections of the Jewish Museum, London, edited by R. D. Barnett. London, 1974. Item 618, plate CLXIII.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Sold For615$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 129

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Three Pendants – Amulets

1. Dutch coin from the 18th century. Sawed in the center is the Hebrew letter heh. Hole for hanging at the top.
2. Cast metal plaque. Etched on one side are the Hebrew letters "Shin Daled Yod" (Shadai) and on the other are Kabbalistic letter combinations.
3. Pendant (with suspension loop). On one side is the Hebrew legend "The virtue of Jerusalem will protect you 5680 [1920], the year of salvation" between two branches. Surmounted by a small Star of David. On the other side are decorations and a Star of David enclosing the name of God - the Hebrew letters shin, daled, yod. The amulet may have been minted on the occasion of the appointment of Jewish diplomat Herbert Samuel as the High Commissioner of Palestine, an appointment that aroused much joy and celebrations in the Jewish world.
* Enclosed is another pendant, with a Star of David.
4 pendants in all. Size and condition vary.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening400$ Sold For800$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 130

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Pendant with Hebrew Verses – “Blessed is the Man” and “God is Strong”

Brass pendant designed as a shining sun, with Hebrew verses. [Europe?, turn of the 20th century].
Obverse: sun with seventeen rays with the verse "The whole congregation in holy and God is among them" within a circle and the verse "God is the strongest of the strong…" within a triangle. Three flames are engraved on the sides of the triangle. Reverse: the verse "Blessed is the man who trusts in God" the letter bet is engraved at the top between two stars, and the letter yod (name of God) is within a triangle at the center of the pendant.
Diameter: 53 mm. Suspension loop.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Sold For394$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 131

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Silver Medal – Calendar – Hamburg, 1804

Silver medal - calendar for the year 1804. Hamburg.
Obverse: table with the dates of the year's Sundays, with the Hebrew year - 5565. Around the table are the dates of various holidays, including Jewish holidays. Reverse: closing times of the gates of the city of Hamburg.
The medal was issued by the merchant Jobst Schramm from Hamburg, who commissioned it from the Jewish medalist Abraham Abramson. The inclusion of Jewish dates in the calendar reflects the status and importance of Jewish merchants in Hamburg at the time.
Diameter: 42 mm.
Friedenberg, p. 78.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Sold For517$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 132

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Token – Hevra Kadisha

"Hevra Kadisha" token. [Germany, 18th century?].
Obverse: engraved legend - Hebrew initials: "het kuf / gimel het" [Hevra Kadisha gomlei hasadim]. Reverse: engraved Hebrew legend - "Yoel ben Uri".
Diameter: approx. 40 mm.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Sold For369$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 133

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Token – Jewish Community in Mattersdorf, Hungary

Token - Jewish community in Mattersdorf. Mattersdorf (Hungary), [19th century].
Obverse: two branches and the legend "IGM" [lsraelitische Gemeinde Mattersdorf]. Obverse: two branches and the Hebrew legend "קמד" [Kehilat Mattersdorf]. Apparently this is a slaughter token.
Diameter: approx. 25 mm.
See: "Jewish Tradition in Art: The Feuchtwanger Collection of Judaica" by Dr. Isaiah Shachar (Israel Museum, 1971), item 164a.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Sold For615$ Including buyers premium

Auction 55b Lot Number 134

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Five Jewish Tokens

Five Jewish tokens. Palestine and Europe.
1. Round token, with Hebrew initials - tzadi dalet / het kuf [Tzedaka (charity) / Hevra Kadisha". Tokens like this one were intended for coffin bearers or beggars at the Mount of Olives graveyard. According to Dov Genichovsky, the tokens were issued by the Toras Chaim yeshiva founded in the 1890s.
2. Round token. On one side is a Star of David and on the other is the number "127".
3-4. Two tokens of the Jewish community in Marczali (Marcali, Hungary). On one side is the legend "Marczali I.H.K" and on the other is the denomination (the first is 5, the second - 10).
5. Square token with the Hebrew legend "Hen" (?) [Possibly an elections token. See: Friedenberg, p. 98].
Size and condition vary.
Provenance: collection of Bruno Kirschner.

Opening300$ Sold For369$ Including buyers premium
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